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Wanshan District, Tongren Prefecture, Guizhou Province, China

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Name(s) in local language(s):万山特区, 铜仁地区, 贵州省, 中国
Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 27° 30' 0'' North , 109° 7' 59'' East (est.)
Margin of Error:~0km
Locality type:District
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate


Central part of the Tongren-Fenghuang belt of mercury deposits, that straddles the border between Hunan and Guizhou provinces. This mercury-bearing zone is 150 km long and 5 to 10 km wide, and its measured reserves of mercury account for 50% of the total mercury reserves of China. The main mining areas in this belt include Jiudiantang, Xiangjiadi, Wanshan, Lengfengdong, Yanwuping, Yunchangping (Dadongla), Hepingzhen, Chatian and Houziping. Each of these mines has produced at least a few cinnabar crystals, but most of the crystals are very small (<0.5 mm). Nearly all of the larger and finer crystals have been found in the mines lying in the belt's central segment, most notably the Wanshan, Yanwuping, Yunchangping and Chatian mines. The first three of these lie within the area of Tongren Prefecture, Guizhou Province, while the Chatian mine lies in Fenghuang County, Hunan Province.

Regions containing this locality

Southwest China, China

Region - 931 mineral species & varietal names listed

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

17 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Alabandite
Formula: MnS
'Apatite'
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
'Bitumen'
Reference: Yongfeng Hua (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(3), 68-76
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
'Chert'
Reference: Yongfeng Hua (1987): Mineral Deposits 6(3), 68-76
'Chlorite Group'
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dolomite var: Manganoan Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
'Manganoan Calcite'
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Mercury
Formula: Hg
Metacinnabar
Formula: HgS
Metacinnabar var: Onofrite
Formula: Hg(S,Se)
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Mercury1.AD.05Hg
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
'Cinnabar'2.CD.15aHgS
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
Metacinnabar2.CB.05aHgS
var: Onofrite2.CB.05aHg(S,Se)
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Realgar2.FA.15aAs4S4
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
var: Manganoan Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Kutnohorite'5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Bitumen'-
'Chert'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Manganoan Calcite'-(Ca,Mn)CO3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Mercury1.1.7.1Hg
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Metacinnabar2.8.2.3HgS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Tiemannite2.8.2.4HgSe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Bitumen'-
'Chert'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Dolomite
var: Manganoan Dolomite
-CaMg(CO3)2
'Manganoan Calcite'-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Metacinnabar
var: Onofrite
-Hg(S,Se)

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C Dolomite (var: Manganoan Dolomite)CaMg(CO3)2
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Dolomite (var: Manganoan Dolomite)CaMg(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Dolomite (var: Manganoan Dolomite)CaMg(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AlabanditeMnS
S BaryteBaSO4
S CinnabarHgS
S GalenaPbS
S MetacinnabarHgS
S Metacinnabar (var: Onofrite)Hg(S,Se)
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S SphaleriteZnS
S StibniteSb2S3
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Dolomite (var: Manganoan Dolomite)CaMg(CO3)2
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Mn Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
SeSelenium
Se Metacinnabar (var: Onofrite)Hg(S,Se)
Se TiemanniteHgSe
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
Hg MercuryHg
Hg MetacinnabarHgS
Hg Metacinnabar (var: Onofrite)Hg(S,Se)
Hg TiemanniteHgSe
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Yongfeng Hua (1987): On the sedimentary genesis of mercury substance in the Wanshan mercury ore district. Mineral Deposits 6(3), 68-76 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Guanghua Liu (2005): Chinese cinnabar. The Mineralogical Record 36(1), 69-80.
Applied Geochemistry 23, 2055-2064.

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