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Wasson Bluff (Wasson's Bluff), Parrsboro, Cumberland Co., Nova Scotia, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Wasson Bluff (Wasson's Bluff)- not defined -
Parrsboro- not defined -
Cumberland Co.County
Nova ScotiaProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
45° 23' 30'' North , 64° 14' 31'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Parrsboro1,472 (2014)6.7km
Springhill3,940 (2008)32.4km
Wolfville3,523 (2008)35.6km
Hantsport1,253 (2008)36.6km
Kentville12,636 (2014)40.2km


A shoreline exposure accessible at low tide. The rock alternates between red sandstone and gray to brown Triassic basalt. The sedimentary rocks are famous for containing dinosaur fossils from near the Triassic-Jurrasic boundary (near the time of the extinction). The fossils are protected by law through the Special Places act.

Excellent minerals, particularly vibrantly colored chabazite, have been known for about 150 years. The orange and red chabazites are generally considered some of the finest examples of that mineral in the world.

Note that old references from the 1800s do not use Wasson's Bluff as the name of this locality. Swan's Creek (or some variant of spelling) is used instead, but it is clear from the minerals descriptions that this is the same as what is now Wasson's Bluff.

Coordinates were taken by GPS at the occurrence.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


15 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Colour: White
Fluorescence: Some crystals fluoresce blue especially those with included copper.
Reference: Emmons E (1836) Notice of a Scientific Expedition. American Journal of Science and Arts, vol. 30, no. 2, pg. 330-354. Tschernich R (1992) Zeolites of the World. p.51. Pe-Piper G and Miller L (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology, 38, 11–28.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: Simple flat rhombs.
Colour: White, colorless.
Reference: Pe-Piper G and Miller L (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology 38, 11–28.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Colour: White, gray
Reference: Emmons E (1836) Notice of a Scientific Expedition. American Journal of Science and Arts, vol. 30, no. 2, pg. 330-354. Gregory G. (1966) Mineral hunting in the Parrsboro, Nova Scotia area. Rocks and Minerals, 41(2):88. Pe-Piper G and Miller L (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology, 38, 11–28.
'Chabazite'
Habit: rhombohedrons, simple penetration twins, rare contact twins
Colour: salmon orange, red, pink, white
Reference: Emmons, E. (1836) Notice of a Scientific Expedition. American Journal of Science and Arts, 30(2), 330-354.; Gregory, G. (1966) Mineral hunting in the Parrsboro, Nova Scotia area. Rocks and Minerals, 41(2), 88.; Grice, Joel D. (1989) Ancient Lavas: Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia. In: Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 136-145.; Pe-Piper, G., Miller, L. (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology, 38, 11–28.
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Habit: Rhombs, internal and penetration twins ubiquitous, contact twins rare.
Colour: White, pink, orange, red
Fluorescence: None
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Russ Rizzo specimen
Clinoptilolite-Ca
Formula: Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Description: See analysis W180, originally cited as W108
Reference: PE-PIPER, G. and MILLER, L. (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia, Atlantic Geology, 38, 1, 11-28. (Sample W180)
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Specimens are generally poor. Good sharp micro crystals have been found included within analcime.
Reference: Sabina, A.P., "Rocks and Minerals for the Collector : Bay of Fundy Area", Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 64-10, 1964.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Ronnie Van Dommelen Collection
'Gmelinite'
Habit: rhombohedral habit, up to 2cm, with large triangular faces; many crystals have the interior dissolved
Colour: dark salmon red
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.204; Georgia Pe-Piper and Lisa Miller (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology 38, 11–28
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: PE-PIPER, G. and MILLER, L. (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia, Atlantic Geology, 38, 1, 11-28.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Rocks & Min.41(2):86-87 (1966); Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.51,255; Georgia Pe-Piper and Lisa Miller (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology 38, 11–28
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Colour: White
Reference: Ronnie Van Dommelen Collection
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Habit: Sprays, balls and jackstraw arrangements of delicate crystals. Curved crystals have also been found.
Colour: colorless, white
Reference: Emmons E (1836) Notice of a Scientific Expedition. American Journal of Science and Arts, vol. 30, no. 2, pg. 330-354. Gregory G (1966) Mineral hunting in the Parrsboro, Nova Scotia area. Rocks and Minerals, 41(2):88. Tschernich R (1992) Zeolites of the World. Pe-Piper G and Miller L (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology, 38, 11–28.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Georgia Pe-Piper and Lisa Miller (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology 38, 11–28
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Georgia Pe-Piper and Lisa Miller (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology 38, 11–28
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Reference: Clarke, F.W. (1903) Mineral Analyses from the Laboratories of the United States Geological Survey 1880 to 1903, 119p.
'Stilbite subgroup'
Habit: Radiating aggregates and fan-like groups to 4cm long.
Colour: Orange, white, reddish brown
Fluorescence: None
Reference: Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, p.458; Georgia Pe-Piper and Lisa Miller (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology 38, 11–28
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Colour: White
Description: Micro clusters.
Reference: Mineralogy of Nova Scotia, nsminerals.atspace.com [2005]. Pe-Piper G and Miller L (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology, 38, 11–28.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 9 - Silicates
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinoptilolite-Ca9.GE.05Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chabazite'-
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chabazite'-
Clinoptilolite-Ca-Ca3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
NaSodium
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
AlAluminium
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
SiSilicon
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
KPotassium
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca Clinoptilolite-CaCa3(Si30Al6)O72·20H2O
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Jackson, C.T., Alger, F. (1829) Remarks on the mineralogy and geology of the peninsula of Nova Scotia.
Clarke, Frank Wigglesworth (1910) Analyses of Rocks and Minerals from the Laboratory of the United States Geological Survey, 1880 to 1908. U.S. Government Printing Office: 282-283.
Sabina, A.P. (1964) Rocks and Minerals for the Collector: Bay of Fundy Area. Geological Survey of Canada, Paper 64-10.
Gardiner, Gregory (1966) Mineral hunting in the Parrsboro, Nova Scotia area. Rocks and Minerals, 41(2), 85-91.
Grice, Joel D. (1989) Ancient Lavas: Bay of Fundy, Nova Scotia. In: Famous Mineral Localities of Canada. Published by Fitzhenry & Whiteside Limited & the National Museum of Natural Sciences, 190 pages: 136-145.
Tschernich, R. (1992) Zeolites of the World. Geoscience Press, Phoenix, Arizona: 51, 204, 255, 361, 458.
Pe-Piper, G., Miller, L. (2002) Zeolite minerals from the North Shore of the Minas Basin, Nova Scotia. Atlantic Geology, 38(1), 11-28.
Jänchen, Jochen, Bish, David L., Möhlmann, Diedrich T.F., Stach, Helmut (2006) Investigation of the water sorption properties of Mars-relevant micro- and mesoporous minerals. Icarus, 180(2), 353-358.
Sabina, A.P. (2015) Rocks and minerals for the collector: Bay of Fundy, New Brunswick and Nova Scotia; South Shore, Nova Scotia. Geological Survey of Canada, Popular Geoscience 97, 456 pages.
Misaelides, P., Sarri, S., Noli, F., Kantiranis, N., Filippidis, A., de Blochouse, B., Maes, A., Breynaert, E. (2017) Investigation of Chabazitic Materials as Sorption Sink for 137Cs in Cementitious Aqueous Solutions. Conference proceedings, Migration 2017.

External Links

nsminerals.atspace.com [The Mineralogy of Nova Scotia]

Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

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