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Prospect Park Quarry (Sowerbutt Quarry; Vandermade Quarry; Warren Brothers Quarry), Prospect Park, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Prospect Park Quarry (Sowerbutt Quarry; Vandermade Quarry; Warren Brothers Quarry)Quarry
Prospect ParkPark
Passaic Co.County
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Northeast wall of the Prospect Park Quarry 2011

Prospect Park Quarry, Prospect Park, Passaic Co., New Jersey, USA
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
40° 56' 29'' North , 74° 10' 32'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Prospect Park5,953 (2017)0.5km
Haledon8,451 (2017)1.1km
North Haledon8,548 (2017)1.7km
Hawthorne19,074 (2017)2.0km
Paterson147,754 (2017)2.8km


This First Watchung basalt traprock quarry retains its original name and is seldomly referred to by any of the owners' names. It is approximately 2 miles (3.1 km) North of Paterson. It was opened in 1901 by James A. Sowerbutt, who ran it until his death in 1916. His son-in-law, Abraham Vandermade and his son, James Vandermade, took over the operation until it was sold to Warren Brothers in 1969. In the early 1980s, Tilcon New Jersey, Inc., purchased the quarry. Mineralization has been found in the interior of pillows, in junction pockets between pillows, in veins, and within cavities of the amygdaloid. The quarry pit is currently being filled in for a future housing development.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


45 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Habit: trapazohedra to 6.2cm in diameter
Colour: colorless to white; red-orange (hematite inclusions); green (chlorite inclusions)
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 67; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.
Babingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Colour: White
Description: Occurs here uniquely in the trap quarries as masses of lustrous, white, platy crystals and cleavages
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18; Rocks & Min.: 19:179.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
'Chabazite'
Habit: rhombohedra and penetration twins to 45mm across
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Quest for NJ Mins. (1978), R. Speiser; Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 115
Chabazite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Quest for NJ Mins. (1978), R. Speiser: 18.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; American Museum of Nat. History specimens; Collected by Mark Dietz, circa 1990 (Lemanski collection).; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Van King
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Description: No longer questioned. Occurs associated with chrysocolla and selenite.
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Collected by Mark Dietz, circa 1990 (Lemanski collection).
Datolite
Formula: CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Ferro-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Mineralogical Record 9:157-179; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
'Gmelinite'
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Gmelinite-Na
Formula: Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.
Gypsum var: Selenite
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Heulandite-Ca
Formula: (Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Reference: http://rruff.info/index.php/r=sample_detail/sample_id=21/sample_search_id=ljmWWUIjwBmqgvPyDuhvjyWK
'Heulandite subgroup'
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Description: Very unusual.
Reference: Mineralogical Record 9:89-92
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Pectolite
Formula: NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
'Pumpellyite'
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Mason, B., 1960, Trap Rock Minerals of New Jersey.
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; American Museum of Nat. History, NY, specimens; Paterson, NJ, Museum specimens.
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Silver
Formula: Ag
Description: Hauck, Richard, 1986, History of a Traprock Silver, Mineralogical Record, 17:407-408.
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: 2 cm crystal
Colour: apple green
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Stevensite
Formula: (Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Stilbite-Ca
Formula: NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18; Rocks & Min.: 19:179.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Talc ?
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Description: The only data for talc from traprocks are from NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Minerals of NJ, Mason, B. (1960), but the optical data used for the determination do not match talc closely enough. More study is needed.
Reference: NJ Geol. Survey Bull. #64, Trap Rock Mins. of NJ, Mason, B. (1960); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.
Thaumasite
Formula: Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; Rocks & Minerals 80:4 pp234-241
Thomsonite-Ca
Formula: NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Reference: Lapidary Jour.: 32:1700-1720, Mins. of the Watchungs, Part II, Vitali, G. (1978); Mineralogical Record: 9:157-179., Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978); Rocks & Min.: 59:157-183 (1984), Peters, J.J.; A Quest for NJ Mins., R. Speiser (1978): 18.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
var: Selenite7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Thaumasite7.DG.15Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Babingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Chabazite-Ca9.GD.10(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Datolite9.AJ.20CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ferro-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Gmelinite-Na9.GD.05Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Heulandite-Ca9.GE.05(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Pectolite9.DG.05NaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stevensite9.EC.45(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Stilbite-Ca9.GE.10NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Talc ?9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Thomsonite-Ca9.GA.10NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Gmelinite'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Stilbite subgroup'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Hydrated Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Thaumasite32.4.4.4Ca3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Datolite54.2.1a.1CaB(SiO4)(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Pectolite65.2.1.4aNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Babingtonite65.4.1.2Ca2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Talc ?71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Stevensite71.3.1b.6(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Chabazite-Ca77.1.2.1(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Heulandite-Ca77.1.4.1(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Stilbite-Ca77.1.4.3NaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Apophyllite'-
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Ferro-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Fe2+4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Gmelinite'-
Gmelinite-Na-Na4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Gypsum
var: Selenite
-CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)-KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
'Pumpellyite'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Amethyst-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'Stilbite subgroup'-
Thomsonite-Ca-NaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
H PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
H Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
H DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
H Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
H Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
H Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
H Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
BBoron
B DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
OOxygen
O Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
O PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
O Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
O DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
O Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CupriteCu2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
FFluorine
F Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
NaSodium
Na Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Na PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Na Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Al Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
SiSilicon
Si Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Si PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Si Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Si DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Si Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Gmelinite-NaNa4(Si8Al4O24] · 11H2O
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
SSulfur
S GreenockiteCdS
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BaryteBaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
KPotassium
K Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Stilbite-CaNaCa4[Al9Si27O72] · nH2O
Ca PectoliteNaCa2Si3O8(OH)
Ca Hydroxyapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(OH,F) · 8H2O
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Ca DatoliteCaB(SiO4)(OH)
Ca Stevensite(Ca,Na)xMg3-x(Si4O10)(OH)2
Ca Thomsonite-CaNaCa2[Al5Si5O20] · 6H2O
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Gypsum (var: Selenite)CaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Ca ThaumasiteCa3(SO4)[Si(OH)6](CO3) · 12H2O
Ca Chabazite-Ca(Ca,K2,Na2)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Heulandite-Ca(Ca,Na)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 26H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
MnManganese
Mn BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
FeIron
Fe BabingtoniteCa2(Fe,Mn)FeSi5O14(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Ferro-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Fe42+Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CopperCu
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Jurassic
174.1 - 201.3 Ma



ID: 2821781
Orange Mountain Basalt

Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Orange Mountain Basalt

Description: (Olsen, 1980) - Dark-greenish-gray to greenish-black basalt composed mostly of calcic plagioclase (typically An65) and clinopyroxene (augite and pigeonite); crystals are generally less than 1 mm (0.04 in) long. Consists of three major flows. The flows are separated in places by a weathered zone or by a thin, up to 3-m- (10-ft-) thick bed of red siltstone (not shown on map) or volcaniclastic rock. Lowest flow is generally massive and has widely spaced curvilinear joints; columnar joints in lowest flow become more common toward the northeast. Middle flow is massive or has columnar jointing. Lower part of the uppermost flow has pillow structures; upper part has pahoehoe flow structures. Tops and bottoms of flow layers are vesicular. Maximum thickness is about 182 m (597 ft).

Comments: Newark Supergroup, Brunswick Group (Lyttle and Epstein, 1987). Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{basalt}, Minor:{siltstone}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3187774
Mesozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Newark Graben System; Newark-Delaware Basin

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
The Mineral Industry of New Jersey for 1926: 10.
Rocks & Minerals (1944): 19: 179.
Mason, B. (1960) Trap Rock Minerals of New Jersey. New Jersey Geological Survey, 64.
Narsavage R. (1977) Update on Collecting in Paterson, New Jersey, Rocks and Minerals: 52 (1977): 372-76.
Peters, T.A. & Peters, J.J. (1978) Famous Mineral Localities: Paterson, New Jersey. Mineralogical Record: 9: 157-179.
Vitali, G. (1978) Minerals of the Watchungs - Part I. Lapidary Journal: 32: 1492-1507.
Vitali, G. (1978) Minerals of the Watchungs - Part II. Lapidary Journal: 32: 1700-1720.
Peters, J. (1984) Triassic Traprock Minerals of New Jersey. Rocks and Minerals: 59: 157-183.
Hauck, Richard (1986), History of a Traprock Silver, Mineralogical Record: 17: 407-408.
Tschernich, R. (1992): Zeolites of the World, 66, 115 p.
Zigras, J. (2005) Recent Finds at the Famous Prospect Park Quarry, Prospect Park, Passaic County, New Jersey. Rocks & Minerals: 80: 234-241.

External Links



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