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Yaogangxian Mine, Yaogangxian W-Sn ore field, Yizhang Co., Chenzhou, Hunan, Chinai
Regional Level Types
Yaogangxian MineMine
Yaogangxian W-Sn ore fieldOre Field
Yizhang Co.County
ChenzhouPrefecture
HunanProvince
ChinaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):瑶岗仙矿, 瑶岗仙钨锡矿田, 宜章县, 郴州市, 湖南省, 中国
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 25° 38' 35'' North , 113° 19' 17'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 25.64306,113.32139
GeoHash:G#: ws89fsnje
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Chenzhou179,038 (2018)33.7km


Tungsten-tin deposit in the contact aureole of the Mesozoic Yaogangxian composite pluton (consisting of coarse-grained biotite granite, fine-grained porphyritic granite, and quartz porphyry), which intruded into Cambrian-Devonian sediments (mainly sandstones) and Jurassic limestones. The mine field covers an area of about 4 x 2.5 km and includes two large deposits of a distinct type and mineralization style:

(1) The Yaogangxian quartz vein-type tungsten-tin deposit with minor greisen-style mineralization, which has been mined since 1914. The veins are hosted in the biotite granite phase of the Yaogangxian pluton and in its western and northern contact zone. They trend NW to NNW and are grouped in three vein swarms (ore blocks), from west to east: Yangmeiling, Luchangping, and Hamashi. The ore bodies contain minor copper, silver, lead, zinc and bismuth minerals. They are strongly zoned both vertically and horizontally. Another group of veins with economic tungsten grades was recently discovered at depth southwest of the Yangmeiling ore block (Yan et al., 2010).
(2) The Heshangtan skarn-type tungsten-tin deposit, which was discovered in 1947, explored during the 1950s and has been mined since the early 1960s. The ore bodies are hosted in Devonian sandstone and skarnized slate in the eastern contact zone of the Yaogangxian pluton. They contain significant amounts of associated silver ores.

The mineral list includes all species reported from both deposit types, since there is often no clear distinction made in papers on the Yaogangxian mine, especially in western publications. Apart from the obvious differences between quartz vein and skarn mineralization, there also are some notable differences in the ore mineral assemblages:

(1) Except for bismuthinite, which has been reported from the skarn ore bodies (Xu, 1957) and as a microscopic constituent of greisen inclusions in the host granite (Zhou et al., 2013), bismuthiferous minerals have only been reported from the vein-type ore bodies.
(2) Most of the silver minerals and most of the sulfosalts have only been reported from the skarn ore bodies.
(3) All wolframites from the vein-type ore bodies have a significant excess of manganese over iron and are thus hübnerites (Chen, 1981).


IMPORTANT NOTES:
(1)
All fibrous sulphosalts are notoriously traded by Chinese dealers as "bismuthinite". Analyses have shown, however, that they are mostly stibnite, or, more rarely, boulangerite, jamesonite, berthierite, kobellite or cosalite (Jensen, 2009; Ottens, 2011). According to Jensen (2009), independent bismuth minerals listed in earlier reports were never confirmed in a very large number of analyses. Saul Krotki (personal communication, October 10, 2009) had a "bismuthinite" from this locality analyzed by semiquantitative microprobe by CannonMicroprobe and the composition was very bismuthian and ambiguously stibnite/bismuthinite.
These findings do not necessarily discredit all earlier reports on bismuthiferous minerals, since it has to be kept in mind that all parts of the deposit were mined long before the first specimens appeared on the western market in the early 1990s, that mineralization zoning is a common phenomenon in intrusion-related deposits, and thus a different mineral assemblage may have been found in parts that are now mined out. They indicate, however, that bismuth minerals are now rare at this locality if they can still be found at all. Microscopic bismuthinite has been recently found in greisen inclusions in the host granite (Zhou et al., 2013).
(2) Reports on the chemical composition of wolframite are not conclusive. Data presented by Chen (1981) show a significant excess of manganese over iron (Fe:Mn ranging from 1:4 to 3:4) in all analyzed samples of wolframite from the vein-type ore bodies. Ottens and Cook (2005) however state that wolframite is predominantly ferberite and hübnerite was only found in one single pocket, suggesting that their samples came mainly (all ?) from the skarn-type ore bodies. Ottens (2011) states that the Fe:Mn ratio is variable, ranging from 2:1 to 1:2 even in black crystals, but which deposit the specimens came from is not known. Consequently, wolframites from the vein-type ore bodies are almost certainly hübnerite, while specimens from the skarns or an unknown location within the mine field need to be analyzed to identify the species.
(3) Beryl is listed from the mine, but decent specimens are not known. In particular, the "goshenites" sold by some dealers do not come from the Yaogangxian mine, but actually from Pingwu, Sichuan Province.
(4) Molybdenite is one of the main ore minerals but does not occur in decent specimens. Molybdenites in trade attributed to this locality are really from different localities, many of them probably from the Piaotang mine in Dayu.
(5) Freibergite has been reported by Chinese authors (Zheng, 1989; Zhou et al., 2002), but an analysis to confirm its identity is lacking. In fact, in many reports by Chinese authors, the name "freibergite" refers to silver-rich tetrahedrite and not to true freibergite in which silver is dominant over copper. Analyses of some of the "freibergite" specimens in trade showed them to be argentian tetrahedrite.
(6) Alleged bertrandite specimens from here were really from the Liubao mine in Guangxi Province (Disputed by Berthold Ottens !). Another possible occurrence is the Jiepailing Mine, which works a beryllium-rich deposit in the southernmost part of the Yaogangxian ore field.

Regions containing this locality

Yangtze PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


78 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Argentine'
Formula: CaCO3
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Bertrandite ?
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Biotite'
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite ?
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bornite ?
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Calcite var: Manganoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Chamosite
Formula: (Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite ?
Formula: (Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Dyscrasite
Formula: Ag3Sb
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Ferrokësterite
Formula: Cu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Freibergite
Formula: Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena
Formula: PbS
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gustavite
Formula: AgPbBi3S6
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Jamesonite
Formula: Pb4FeSb6S14
Kaňkite
Formula: FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Kutnohorite
Formula: CaMn2+(CO3)2
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
'Lepidolite'
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Miargyrite
Formula: AgSbS2
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Ferrimuscovite
Formula: K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Milky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Ramdohrite
Formula: Pb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Semseyite
Formula: Pb9Sb8S21
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Silver
Formula: Ag
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Tetrahedrite var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
Formula: (Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tungstite
Formula: WO3 · H2O
Vesuvianite
Formula: (Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Wurtzite ?
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite ?2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Dyscrasite2.AA.35Ag3Sb
Ferrokësterite2.CB.15aCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
Freibergite2.GB.05Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Gustavite2.JB.40aAgPbBi3S6
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Jamesonite2.HB.15Pb4FeSb6S14
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Miargyrite2.HA.10AgSbS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Ramdohrite2.JB.40aPb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Semseyite2.HC.10dPb9Sb8S21
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite2.GB.05(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Wurtzite ?2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Milky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Tungstite4.FJ.10WO3 · H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Bismutite ?5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Manganoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Mn)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite5.AB.10CaMn2+(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Kaňkite8.CE.60FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite ?9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Chamosite9.EC.55(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite ?9.EC.55(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hydrobiotite9.EC.60K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Ferrimuscovite9.EC.15K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Vesuvianite9.BG.35(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Argentine'-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Lepidolite'-
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:1
Dyscrasite2.2.1.1Ag3Sb
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite ?2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite ?2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Ferrokësterite2.9.2.10Cu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
Freibergite3.3.6.3Ag6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
Gustavite3.4.15.3AgPbBi3S6
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
Ramdohrite3.4.15.6Pb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Jamesonite3.6.7.1Pb4FeSb6S14
Kobellite3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Semseyite3.6.20.4Pb9Sb8S21
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Miargyrite3.7.3.2AgSbS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
AX3
Tungstite4.5.2.1WO3 · H2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Kutnohorite14.2.1.3CaMn2+(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bismutite ?16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AXO4·xH2O
Kaňkite40.5.4.FeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite ?56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Vesuvianite58.2.4.1(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Hydrobiotite71.2.2d.1K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Chamosite71.4.1.7(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Cookeite ?71.4.1.2(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Argentine'-CaCO3
'Biotite'-
Calcite
var: Manganoan Calcite
-(Ca,Mn)CO3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Lepidolite'-
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite
var: Ferrimuscovite
-K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Fuchsite-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Milky Quartz
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2
Tetrahedrite
var: Argentian Tetrahedrite
-(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H TungstiteWO3 · H2O
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Ferrimuscovite)K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
LiLithium
Li Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BeBeryllium
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C ArgentineCaCO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
OOxygen
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FerberiteFeWO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O HübneriteMnWO4
O Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
O QuartzSiO2
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O TungstiteWO3 · H2O
O ArgentineCaCO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Muscovite (var: Ferrimuscovite)K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Ferrimuscovite)K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Milky Quartz)SiO2
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si QuartzSiO2
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Ferrimuscovite)K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Cookeite(Al2Li)Al2(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S StibniteSb2S3
S GalenaPbS
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
S RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S MiargyriteAgSbS2
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
K Muscovite (var: Ferrimuscovite)K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca ArgentineCaCO3
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite (var: Fuchsite)K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn Calcite (var: Manganoan Calcite)(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn KutnohoriteCaMn2+(CO3)2
FeIron
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe Chamosite(Fe2+,Mg,Al,Fe3+)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH,O)8
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
Fe KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Fe Vesuvianite(Ca,Na,☐)19(Al,Mg,Fe3+)13(☐,B,Al,Fe3+)5(Si2O7)4(SiO4)10(OH,F,O)10
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Fe Muscovite (var: Ferrimuscovite)K(Al,Fe3+)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
CuCopper
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
Cu Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
Zn Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As KaňkiteFeAsO4 · 3.5H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Ag Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Ag RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Ag DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag MiargyriteAgSbS2
CdCadmium
Cd RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
SnTin
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn FerrokësteriteCu2(Fe,Zn)SnS4
SbAntimony
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb FreibergiteAg6[Cu4Fe2]Sb4S13-x
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb Tetrahedrite (var: Argentian Tetrahedrite)(Cu,Ag)6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Sb DyscrasiteAg3Sb
Sb MiargyriteAgSbS2
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
TeTellurium
Te HessiteAg2Te
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W FerberiteFeWO4
W HübneriteMnWO4
W TungstiteWO3 · H2O
W StolzitePb(WO4)
PbLead
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb JamesonitePb4FeSb6S14
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb SemseyitePb9Sb8S21
Pb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Pb GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Pb RamdohritePb5.9Fe0.1Mn0.1In0.1Cd0.2Ag2.8Sb10.8S24
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Bi KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Bi GustaviteAgPbBi3S6
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3187133
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Keqin Xu (1957) Discovery of pyrometasomatic scheelite deposits near a wolframite-producing district in southern China, and a discussion about the origin of these two classes of deposits. Acta Geologica Sinica, 37(2), 117-153.
Yirang Chen (1981) Geology and Prospecting of the Yaogangxian vein tungsten deposit. Geology and Prospecting, 17(2), 25-30.
Ruilong Qiu (1984) Wall rock alterations of a "five-storied" vein-type tungsten deposit at Yaogangxian, Hunan province. Mineral Deposits, 3(2), 68-75 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Nanshi Zheng (1989) Physicochemical conditions of argentian tetrahedrite-fredericite [freibergite] formation from a tungsten deposit in Hunan Province. Journal of Mineralogy and Petrology, 10(3), 87-93.
Yirang Chen (1992) Analysis of the control factors and conditions of the mineralization in Yaogangxian ore field, Yizhang County, Hunan. Hunan Geology, 11(4), 285-293 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Deyi Liu (1994) Typomorphic peculiarities of quartz in the Yaogangxian tungsten deposit, Hunan. Acta Mineralogica Sinica, 14(1), 74-82 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Keqin Xu, Jiyue Xue, Yang Ding, and Guanglie Lü (1995) Discovery of stolzite in China and refinement of its crystal structure. Acta Geologica Sinica, English Edition, 8(1), 111-116.
Bosheng Zhou, Guohua Zhang, Shuqing Gong, and Yousheng Zeng (2002) Characteristics of geochemical anomalies and ore-search prospects in the Yaogangxian ore field, Hunan Province. Geophysical & Geochemical Exploration, 26(6), 436-438.
Ottens, B. and Cook, R.B. (2005) The Yaogangxian tungsten mine, Yizhang County, Chenzhou, Hunan Province, China. Rocks & Minerals, 80(1), 46-57.
Jiantang Peng, Meifu Zhou, Ruizhong Hu, Nengping Shen, Shunda Yuan, Xianwu Bi, Andao Du, and Wenjun Qu (2006) Precise molybdenite Re–Os and mica Ar–Ar dating of the Mesozoic Yaogangxian tungsten deposit, central Nanling district, South China. Mineralium Deposita, 41, 661-669.
Xiaofeng Cao, Xinbiao Lü, Mouchun He, Hong Niu, Baofeng Du, and Wei Mei (2009) An infrared microscope investigation of fluid inclusions in coexisting quartz and wolframite: A case study of Yaogangxian quartz-vein wolframite deposit. Mineral Deposits, 28(5), 611-620 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Jensen, M. (2009) Mineralogy of the Yaogangxian Mine, Hunan Province, China. Mineral News, 25(4), 1-11 & 14.
Yueping Yan, Qianwei Dai, and Xianping Gan (2010) The effect of integrated geophysical exploration in the Yaogangxian wolframite ore deposit. Geophysical & Geochemical Exploration, 34(1), 59-62 (in Chinese with English abstract).
Shunting Li, Jingbing Wang, Xinyou Zhu, Yanli Wang, Ying Han, and Ningning Guo (2011) Chronological characteristics of the Yaogangxian composite pluton in Hunan Province. Geology and Exploration, 47(2), 143-150.
Ottens, B. (2011) Chinesisches Tagebuch (VII): Ilvait und andere Neufunde aus Nei Mongol. Lapis, 36(9), 27-33 (in German).
Ottens, B. (2011) The Yaogangxian mine, Hunan Province, China. Mineralogical Record, 42, 557-603.
Xinyou Zhou, Jingbin Wang, Yanli Wang, Xiyin Cheng, Peng He, Qibin Fu, and Shunting Li (2013) Characteristics of greisen inclusions in alkali feldspar granite of Yaogangxian tungsten deposit. Mineral Deposits, 32(3), 533-544 (in Chinese with English abstract).

Mindat Articles

Chinese Minerals Hunting trip in GuiLin,Chenzhou,Ganzhou area 20100312 by XiaoJun Chen
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Yaogangxian mine, China Minerals Hunting trip, 2009 Aug 26th to 31th by XiaoJun Chen



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