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Gem mines, Bo Phloi, Bo Phloi District, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailandi
Regional Level Types
Gem minesGroup of Mines
Bo Phloi- not defined -
Bo Phloi DistrictDistrict
Kanchanaburi ProvinceProvince
ThailandCountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 14° 19' 28'' North , 99° 30' 56'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 14.32472,99.51583
GeoHash:G#: w4wc2x9pw
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Aw : Tropical savanna, wet
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Bo Phloi16,786 (2013)0.1km
Phanom Thuan12,469 (2012)29.2km
Kanchanaburi63,699 (2015)35.8km
Tha Muang26,746 (2012)42.6km


Mining of alluvial blue sapphire in several open pits.
Blue and yellow sapphire, black spinel, and minor zircon have been mined for over three decades (Khamloet et al., 2014).

Regions containing this locality

Sunda PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

16 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Alkali Feldspar'
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
'Biotite'
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Choowong, M. (2002). Quaternary geology and sapphire deposits from the BO PHLOI gem field, Kanchanaburi Province, Western Thailand. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 20(2), 119-125.; Srithai, B., & Rankin, A. (2006). Geochemistry and genetic significance of melt inclusions in corundum from the Bo Ploi sapphire deposits, Thailand. In Ni Pei and Li Zhaolin. Nanjing: First Meeting Asia Current Research on Fluid Inclusion.; Limsuwan, R. “Bore-Pile Drilling” a New Choice for Deep Sampling for Placer Deposits of Gemstone.
Corundum var: Sapphire
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Choowong, M. (2002). Quaternary geology and sapphire deposits from the BO PHLOI gem field, Kanchanaburi Province, Western Thailand. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 20(2), 119-125.; Srithai, B., & Rankin, A. (2006). Geochemistry and genetic significance of melt inclusions in corundum from the Bo Ploi sapphire deposits, Thailand. In Ni Pei and Li Zhaolin. Nanjing: First Meeting Asia Current Research on Fluid Inclusion.; Limsuwan, R. “Bore-Pile Drilling” a New Choice for Deep Sampling for Placer Deposits of Gemstone.; Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Srithai, B. (2005, November). Petrography and mineral chemistry of ultramafic xenoliths from Bo Ploi basalt, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. In Proceeding of international conference on geology, geotechnology and mineral resources of Indochina (pp. 28-30).
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Reference: Srithai, B. (2005, November). Petrography and mineral chemistry of ultramafic xenoliths from Bo Ploi basalt, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. In Proceeding of international conference on geology, geotechnology and mineral resources of Indochina (pp. 28-30).; Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: Srithai, B. (2005, November). Petrography and mineral chemistry of ultramafic xenoliths from Bo Ploi basalt, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. In Proceeding of international conference on geology, geotechnology and mineral resources of Indochina (pp. 28-30).
Galaxite
Formula: Mn2+Al2O4
Reference: RRUFF Specimen ID: R120116
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Limsuwan, R. “Bore-Pile Drilling” a New Choice for Deep Sampling for Placer Deposits of Gemstone.
Hercynite
Formula: Fe2+Al2O4
Reference: Gunnar Färber
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Ilmenite var: Manganoan Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Limsuwan, R. “Bore-Pile Drilling” a New Choice for Deep Sampling for Placer Deposits of Gemstone.; Srithai, B. (2005, November). Petrography and mineral chemistry of ultramafic xenoliths from Bo Ploi basalt, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. In Proceeding of international conference on geology, geotechnology and mineral resources of Indochina (pp. 28-30).
'Monazite'
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Srithai, B. (2005, November). Petrography and mineral chemistry of ultramafic xenoliths from Bo Ploi basalt, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. In Proceeding of international conference on geology, geotechnology and mineral resources of Indochina (pp. 28-30).
Sapphirine
Formula: Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Spinel var: Pleonaste
Formula: (Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Reference: Srithai, B. (2005, November). Petrography and mineral chemistry of ultramafic xenoliths from Bo Ploi basalt, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. In Proceeding of international conference on geology, geotechnology and mineral resources of Indochina (pp. 28-30).
Staurolite
Formula: Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Reference: Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Limsuwan, R. “Bore-Pile Drilling” a New Choice for Deep Sampling for Placer Deposits of Gemstone; Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
var: Sapphire4.CB.05Al2O3
Galaxite4.BB.05Mn2+Al2O4
Hercynite4.BB.05Fe2+Al2O4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Manganoan Ilmenite4.CB.05(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
var: Pleonaste4.BB.05(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Sapphirine9.DH.45Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Staurolite9.AF.30Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Monazite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Galaxite7.2.1.2Mn2+Al2O4
Hercynite7.2.1.3Fe2+Al2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Staurolite52.2.3.1Fe2+2Al9Si4O23(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Sapphirine69.2.1b.1Mg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Almandine-Pyrope Series'-
'Biotite'-
Corundum
var: Sapphire
-Al2O3
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Ilmenite
var: Manganoan Ilmenite
-(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
'Monazite'-
Spinel
var: Pleonaste
-(Mg,Fe)Al2O4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
O Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
O GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O CorundumAl2O3
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O CalciteCaCO3
O SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
O Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
NaSodium
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
MgMagnesium
Mg Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Al Corundum (var: Sapphire)Al2O3
Al GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
SiSilicon
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si SapphirineMg4(Mg3Al9)O4[Si3Al9O36]
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
KPotassium
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn GalaxiteMn2+Al2O4
Mn Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
FeIron
Fe Spinel (var: Pleonaste)(Mg,Fe)Al2O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HercyniteFe2+Al2O4
Fe StauroliteFe22+Al9Si4O23(OH)
Fe Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3185854
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Choowong, M. (2002). Quaternary geology and sapphire deposits from the BO PHLOI gem field, Kanchanaburi Province, Western Thailand. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 20(2), 119-125.
Srithai, B., & Rankin, A. (2006). Geochemistry and genetic significance of melt inclusions in corundum from the Bo Ploi sapphire deposits, Thailand. In Ni Pei and Li Zhaolin. Nanjing: First Meeting Asia Current Research on Fluid Inclusion.
Srithai, B. (2005, November). Petrography and mineral chemistry of ultramafic xenoliths from Bo Ploi basalt, Kanchanaburi, Thailand. In Proceeding of international conference on geology, geotechnology and mineral resources of Indochina (pp. 28-30).
D’Ippolito, V., Andreozzi, G. B., Bosi, F., & Hålenius, U. (2012). Blue spinel crystals in the MgAl2O4-CoAl2O4 series: Part I. Flux growth and chemical characterization. American Mineralogist, 97(11-12), 1828-1833.
Khamloet, P., Pisutha-Arnond, V., Sutthirat, S. (2014): Mineral inclusions in sapphire from the basalt-related deposit in Bo Phloi, (Kanchanaburi, western Thailand): indication of their genesis. Geologiya i Geofizika 55, 1374-1391 (in Russian).

Localities in this Region
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