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Madan ore field, Smolyan Oblast, Bulgaria

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Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Ore Field


Large Pb-Zn(-Ag) mining district.
Known since ancient times, exploited in the Middle Ages and extensively mined during the last 50 years, producing over 95 Mt ores (∼2.5 Mt Pb, ∼2 Mt Zn; 2.54% Pb, 2.10% Zn) in more than 40 underground mines.

The main quartz-sulphide mineralization (associated with Mn-skarns) was deposited at 350-280°C. Major ore minerals are sphalerite, galena, chalcopyrite, and pyrite. Galena prevails in the veins, sphalerite is more abundant in the skarn-ore bodies. Subordinate and minor ore minerals are arsenopyrite, tennantite-tetrahedrite, pyrrhotite, marcasite, cobaltite, scarce sulphosalts of Ag, Bi.

The deposits are closely related to six subparallel NNW-SSE (320-340°) mineralised faults, acting as ore-controlling channel-ways for the fluids. Tertiary (∼30Ma) Pb-Zn hydrothermal mineralization, embedded in a metamorphic gneiss-amphibolite core complex with certain marble horizons, is most extensive in the intersections with WNW-trending faults. Economic ore bodies are presented by sulphide veins (1-3 m wide; up to 7 km long), disseminated stockworks and replacement bodies.
Major Oligocene lead-zinc mineralization in the Central Rhodopes occurs in four ore fields: Madan, Laki, Davidkovo (South Bulgaria) and Thermes (Greece).

Madan ore field is situated in the southwest part of the Central Rhodope Dome. Thirty-nine lead-zinc deposits were mined within the Madan field. Madan ore field occurs as an area of the most considerable deposition of Pb-Zn ores in the Rhodope massif and represents one of the most significant manifestations of vein type Pb-Zn mineralization in the world. The larger deposits are related to six fault zones with lengths up to 15 km and more. The ore bodies are of three types – veins, carbonate replacement bodies and stockworks. Veins are the most widespread with typical lengths between 500 m and to 2 to 2.5 km and vein widths up to 10 m (more commonly 1–2 m). The main minerals of all deposits are quartz, galena, and sphalerite with additional johannsenite becoming important in the peripheral parts of the replacement ore bodies. In decreasing order of abundance, additional ore minerals are pyrite, chalcopyrite, and arsenopyrite, and as gangue minerals calcite, manganocalcite, rhodochrosite, dolomite and rhodonite, the last occurring in the metasomatic ore bodies only. One of the most important faults for ore-localization is the Karaaliev dol-Petrovitsa fault on which the Osikovo, Mogilata, Karaaliev dol, Petrovitsa, Yuzhna Petrovitsa and Erma Reka deposits are located.

NOTE on the locality names: In Bulgaria "mine" is usually used as an exploration-administrative term and not always coincides with the name of the ore deposit. Thus, a mine can include several deposits.

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Madan ore field, Rhodope Mts, Smolyan Oblast, Bulgaria

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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

76 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
'Amphibolite'
Reference: Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]; Bonev, I. K. (2007). Crystal habit of Ag-, Sb-and Bi-bearing galena from the Pb-Zn ore deposits in the Rhodope Mountains. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 45, 1-18.
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Bianchite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Bustamite
Formula: CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Petrussenko, S. (1991). Minerals of the Madan ore field, Bulgaria. Mineralog. Record, 22, 439-445.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Cesàrolite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Chalcoalumite
Formula: CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Chalcophanite
Formula: (Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clino-suenoite
Formula: □{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Coronadite
Formula: Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Cubanite
Formula: CuFe2S3
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Freieslebenite
Formula: AgPbSbS3
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Fülöppite
Formula: Pb3Sb8S15
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bonev, I. K. (2007). Crystal habit of Ag-, Sb-and Bi-bearing galena from the Pb-Zn ore deposits in the Rhodope Mountains. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 45, 1-18.
'Gneiss'
Reference: Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Graphite
Formula: C
Greenockite
Formula: CdS
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Hedenbergite var: Manganoan Hedenbergite
Formula: Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Heteromorphite
Formula: Pb7Sb8S19
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
'Hydrogoethite'
Formula: 3Fe2O3·4H2O
'Hydrohetaerolite'
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Johannsenite
Formula: CaMn2+Si2O6
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Mackinawite
Formula: (Fe,Ni)9S8
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Manganilvaite (TL)
Formula: CaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: I. K. Bonev et al.: Canadian Mineralogist 43:1027-1042 (2005); A. Piestrzynski (2001) Mineral Deposits at the Beginning of the 21st Century. pp 925-928
'Manganoan Calcite'
Formula: (Ca,Mn)CO3
Manganogrunerite
Formula: ☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Marble'
Reference: Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
'Mica schist'
Reference: Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., & Raicheva, R. (2005). 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27(1), 53-89.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Plagionite
Formula: Pb5Sb8S17
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Polybasite
Formula: [(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]; Bonev, I. K. (2007). Crystal habit of Ag-, Sb-and Bi-bearing galena from the Pb-Zn ore deposits in the Rhodope Mountains. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 45, 1-18.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Pyroxene Group'
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bonev, I. K. (2007). Crystal habit of Ag-, Sb-and Bi-bearing galena from the Pb-Zn ore deposits in the Rhodope Mountains. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 45, 1-18.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Silver
Formula: Ag
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bonev, I. K. (2007). Crystal habit of Ag-, Sb-and Bi-bearing galena from the Pb-Zn ore deposits in the Rhodope Mountains. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 45, 1-18.
Sphalerite var: Cleiophane
Formula: ZnS
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Reference: [MinRec 22 p.439]

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
'Aikinite'2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
'Alabandite'2.CD.10MnS
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Bornite'2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cobaltite2.EB.25CoAsS
Cosalite2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
Cubanite2.CB.55aCuFe2S3
Freieslebenite2.JB.15AgPbSbS3
Fülöppite2.HC.10aPb3Sb8S15
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greenockite2.CB.45CdS
Heteromorphite2.HC.10cPb7Sb8S19
Mackinawite2.CC.25(Fe,Ni)9S8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Plagionite2.HC.10bPb5Sb8S17
Polybasite2.GB.15[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Cleiophane2.CB.05aZnS
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cesàrolite'4.FG.10Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Chalcophanite4.FL.20(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Coronadite4.DK.05aPb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
Hydrohetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Ankerite'5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Bianchite'7.CB.25(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
'Caledonite'7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcoalumite7.DD.75CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Bertrandite'9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
'Bustamite'9.DG.05CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clino-suenoite9.DE.□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
var: Manganoan Hedenbergite9.DA.15Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Johannsenite9.DA.15CaMn2+Si2O6
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Manganilvaite (TL)9.BE.07CaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibolite'-
Chlorite Group-
Gneiss-
Hydrogoethite-3Fe2O3·4H2O
Manganoan Calcite-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Manganogrunerite-☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Marble-
Mica schist-
Pyroxene Group-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Mackinawite2.7.2.1(Fe,Ni)9S8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Greenockite2.8.7.2CdS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Cubanite2.9.13.1CuFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Polybasite3.1.7.2[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Freieslebenite3.4.6.2AgPbSbS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
2 < ø < 2.49
Fülöppite3.6.20.1Pb3Sb8S15
Heteromorphite3.6.20.3Pb7Sb8S19
Plagionite3.6.20.2Pb5Sb8S17
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
'Hydrohetaerolite'7.2.7.3ZnMn2O4 · H2O
(AB)5X8
Cesàrolite7.6.1.1Pb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
AB8X16
Coronadite7.9.1.4Pb(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bianchite29.6.8.2(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chalcoalumite31.3.1.1CuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Johannsenite65.1.3a.4CaMn2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Bustamite65.2.1.2CaMn2+(Si2O6)
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibolite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Clino-suenoite-□{Mn2+2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Gneiss'-
Hedenbergite
var: Manganoan Hedenbergite
-Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
'Hydrogoethite'-3Fe2O3·4H2O
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Manganilvaite (TL)-CaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
'Manganoan Calcite'-(Ca,Mn)CO3
Manganogrunerite-☐{Mn2+2}{Fe2+5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Marble'-
'Mica schist'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
Sphalerite
var: Cleiophane
-ZnS

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
H ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
H Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
H HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H Manganogrunerite☐{Mn22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
CCarbon
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
O BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
O CalciteCaCO3
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
O Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O CupriteCu2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
O HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
O Hedenbergite (var: Manganoan Hedenbergite)Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
O Manganogrunerite☐{Mn22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si Hedenbergite (var: Manganoan Hedenbergite)Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Si Manganogrunerite☐{Mn22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S AlabanditeMnS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S Sphalerite (var: Cleiophane)ZnS
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S CubaniteCuFe2S3
S FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
S FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
S GalenaPbS
S GreenockiteCdS
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Ca ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Ca Hedenbergite (var: Manganoan Hedenbergite)Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
MnManganese
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn BustamiteCaMn2+(Si2O6)
Mn CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Mn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Mn Clino-suenoite□{Mn22+}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mn CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
Mn JohannseniteCaMn2+Si2O6
Mn ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Mn Manganoan Calcite(Ca,Mn)CO3
Mn Hedenbergite (var: Manganoan Hedenbergite)Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Mn Manganogrunerite☐{Mn22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CubaniteCuFe2S3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Hydrogoethite3Fe2O3·4H2O
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
Fe ManganilvaiteCaFe2+Fe3+Mn2+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe Hedenbergite (var: Manganoan Hedenbergite)Ca(Fe,Mn)2+Si2O6
Fe Manganogrunerite☐{Mn22+}{Fe52+}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
NiNickel
Ni Mackinawite(Fe,Ni)9S8
CuCopper
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcoalumiteCuAl4(SO4)(OH)12 · 3H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CubaniteCuFe2S3
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn Bianchite(Zn,Fe)SO4 · 6H2O
Zn Chalcophanite(Zn,Fe,Mn)Mn3O7 · 3H2O
Zn Sphalerite (var: Cleiophane)ZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn HydrohetaeroliteZnMn2O4 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag SilverAg
CdCadmium
Cd GreenockiteCdS
SbAntimony
Sb FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Sb FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
Sb HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Sb PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
Sb Polybasite[(Ag,Cu)6(Sb,As)2S7][Ag9CuS4]
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CesàrolitePb(Mn4+)3O6(OH)2
Pb CoronaditePb(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Pb FreieslebeniteAgPbSbS3
Pb FülöppitePb3Sb8S15
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb HeteromorphitePb7Sb8S19
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PlagionitePb5Sb8S17
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Petrussenko, S. (1991) Minerals of the Madan ore field, Bulgaria. Mineralogical Record, 22, 439-445.
Bonev, I.K., Boyce, A.J., Fallick, A.E., and Rice, C.M. (2000) Ore fluids, light stable isotopes, and ore-forming processes in the tertiary Pb–Zn vein and replacement ore deposits of the Madan district. In: K. Bogdanov (Editor) Geodynamics and Ore Deposit Evolution of the Alpine-Balkan-Carpathian-Dinaride Province. Abstracts, ABCD-GEODE 2000 Workshop, Borovets, Sofia University, Bulgaria, p. 13.
Vassileva, R.D. and Bonev, I.K. (2001) Manganoan amphiboles from the skarn-ore Pb-Zn deposits in the Madan district, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Bulgarian Academy of Sciences: Geochemistry, mineralogy and petrology, 38, 45-53. [http://www.geology.bas.bg/mineralogy/gmp_files/gmp38/Vassileva.pdf]
Vassileva, R.D. and Bonev, I.K. (2003) Retrograde alterations of manganoan skarns in the Madan Pb–Zn deposits, South Bulgaria. In: D. Eliopoulos et al. (Editors) Mineral Exploration and Sustainable Development, Millpress, Rotterdam, pp. 403–406.
Marchev, P., Kaiser-Rohrmeier, M., Heinrich, C., Ovtcharova, M., von Quadt, A., and Raicheva, R. (2005) 2: Hydrothermal ore deposits related to post-orogenic extensional magmatism and core complex formation: The Rhodope Massif of Bulgaria and Greece. Ore Geology Reviews, 27, 53-89.
Vassileva, R.D., Bonev, I.K., Marchev, P., and Atanassova, R. (2005) 2-1: Pb–Zn deposits in the Madan ore field, South Bulgaria: Madan District: Lat. 41°30′ N, Long. 24°56′ E. Ore Geology Reviews, 27, 90-91 (Abstract).
Kostova, B., Pettke, T., Driesner, T., Petrov, P., and Heinrich, C.A. (2004) LA-ICPMS study of fluid inclusions in quartz from the Yuzhna Petrovitsa deposit, Madan ore field, Bulgaria. Schweizerische Mineralogische und Petrographische Mitteilungen, 84, 25-36.
Vassileva, R.D., Atanassova, R., and Bonev, I.K. (2009) A review of the morphological varieties of ore bodies in the Madan Pb-Zn deposits, Central Rhodopes, Bulgaria. Geochemistry, Mineralogy and Petrology, 47, 31-49.

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Rhodope Mts, Bulgaria/Greece

Mountain Range - 382 mineral species & varietal names listed

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