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Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine), Capoliveri, Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)Mine
Capoliveri- not defined -
Elba IslandIsland
Livorno ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera di Capo Calamita (Miniera di Calamita), Capoliveri, Isola d'Elba, Livorno, Toscana, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 42' 45'' North , 10° 23' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.71261,10.39578
GeoHash:G#: spx6ux9fz
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Capoliveri2,049 (2014)4.0km
Porto Azzurro3,088 (2014)6.1km
Lacona303 (2014)9.4km
Schiopparello I258 (2014)10.1km
Magazzini128 (2014)10.2km


This locality is the most important mine of the Calamita peninsula. There are no references to exploitations in ancient ages, but mining was surely started by the 18th century. Like other Elba mines, extensive modern exploitation started about 1870-1880. The ore body is magnetite (generally pseudomorphous after hematite) and limonite and is linked to skarns, mainly hedenbergite/ilvaite but also andradite (Macei stope).
The mining area extends from sea level to about 300 m with a width from West to East of 1.7 km. The most important stopes are the Francesche (later included in Vallone), Vallone, Macei, and Nuova Zona; other stopes are the Albaroccia, Coti Nere, Polveraio, Civetta, Le Piane, and Punta Rossa (see map in site photos).
The mining area is divided horizontally by the road Capoliveri-Calamita-Ripalti at the level 167-176.
In some limited places, there are also copper mineralisations and very little cobalt mineralisation.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

73 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: L. Dell'Anna, C.L. Garavelli (1967) - Plancheite di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Per. Min., 36: 126-146.
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: F. Quagliarella (1966) - Su alcuni solfati di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Rend. Soc. Min. It., 22: 210.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: "Giorgio Bortolozzi (visual identification)" + chemical test.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Bonattite (TL)
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Bonattite: un nuovo minerale di alterazione del giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita – Atti Acc. Naz. Lincei, Rend., v.21, s.8, f.3: 318-327.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: PXRD by Roegner
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: W. Strohschneider (1975) - Neue Elba Minerallen - Der Aufschluss, 12.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Reference: F. Millosevich (1910) - Una varietà di calcite cobaltifera del Capo Calamita nell'Isola d'Elba - Atti R. Acc. Naz. Lincei, Rend., 19: 91-92.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Andrea Ortenzi Collection
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: [www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: W. Strohschneider (1975) - Neue Elba Minerallen - Der Aufschluss, 12.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 625.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Min Rec (2009) 40:69
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: L. Dell'Anna, C.L. Garavelli (1967) - Plancheite di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Per. Min., 36: 126-146.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 616.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Minerali di cobalto, bonattite, e solfato di Mg esaidrato e tetraidrato tra i minerali di alterazione del giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita Calamita – Rend. Soc. Min. It., 13: 268-270.
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Reference: Garavelli C.L. (1955): Ritrovamento di oxalite tra i minerali secondari del giacimento di Capo Calamita – Rend. Soc. Miner. Ital., 11, 176-181.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1955) – Sulla presenza di paratacamite e di gesso cuprifero fra i minerali secondari del giacimento di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) – Rend. Soc. Min. It., 11: 147-175.
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: F. Quagliarella (1966) - Su alcuni solfati di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Rend. Soc. Min. It., 22: 210.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.; [www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Minguzzite (TL)
Formula: K3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Atti Accad.Lincei.Rend.Cl.Sci.fis.mat.nat., Roma (1955) ser.8, 18, 392-402
Natrochalcite
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: F. Quagliarella (1966) - Su alcuni solfati di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Rend. Soc. Min. It., 22: 210.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: N. Calanchi, G. Dal Rio, A. Prati (1976) - Miniere e minerali dell'Elba orientale - Tip. Cacciari, Bologna
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: L. Dell'Anna, C.L. Garavelli (1967) - Plancheite di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Per. Min., 36: 126-146.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Reference: N. Calanchi, G. Dal Rio, A. Prati (1976) - Miniere e minerali dell'Elba orientale - Tip. Cacciari, Bologna
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Reference: no ref. in literature
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Andrea Ortenzi Collection
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Minerali di cobalto, bonattite, e solfato di Mg esaidrato e tetraidrato tra i minerali di alterazione del giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita Calamita – Rend. Soc. Min. It., 13: 268-270.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Reference: W. Strohschneider (1975) - Neue Elba Minerallen - Der Aufschluss, 12.
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
'Wad'
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Minerali di cobalto nel giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita – Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., P.V., 64: 16-32.
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Aluminocopiapite7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Bieberite7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Bonattite (TL)7.CB.10CuSO4 · 3H2O
Botryogen7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kröhnkite7.CC.30Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Natrochalcite7.DF.15NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Humboldtine10.AB.05Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Minguzzite (TL)10.AB.25K3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Kröhnkite29.3.2.1Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Natrochalcite31.8.1.1NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Amarantite31.9.3.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Botryogen31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Humboldtine50.1.3.1Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Minguzzite (TL)50.1.4.1K3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Bonattite (TL)-CuSO4 · 3H2O
Calcite
var: Cobaltoan Calcite
-(Ca,Co)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Prase-SiO2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
H BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
H NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
CCarbon
C MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
C HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
O BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O SideriteFeCO3
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
O NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O CalciteCaCO3
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
NaSodium
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Na KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
SSulfur
S BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
S NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
S KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
S AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
CuCopper
Cu BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Cu KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
AsArsenic
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ma



ID: 3159158
submarine continental crust

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cocco, G., Garavelli, C. (1954) Studio di alcuni problemi geochimici relativi al giacimento di ferro di capo Calamita (Elba). Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 10, 269-350 (in Italian).
Dell'Anna, L., Quagliarella, F. (1968) Su alcuni solfati cupriferi di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba). Periodico di mineralogia - Roma: 349-365.
De Michele, V., Boscardin, M., Scaini, G. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, Vol. 1 and 2, (216 pages and 192 pages).
Calanchi N., Dal Rio G., Prati A. (1976) Miniere e minerali dell'Elba Orientale. Grafiche Cacciari, Bologna, 102 pages.
Göske, J., Witzke, T., Pöllmann, H., Stöber, S. (1997) Neufunde von Sekundärmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba. Der Aufschluss, 48, 305-313.
Orlandi, P., Pezzotta, F. (1996) Minerali dell'isola d'Elba. I Minerali dei Giacimenti Metalliferi dell'Elba Orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne. Bergamo: Novecento grafico, 245 pages and maps (in Italian).

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