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Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine), Capoliveri, Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 42' 45'' North , 10° 23' 44'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.71261,10.39578
GeoHash:G#: spx6ux9fz
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera di Capo Calamita (Miniera di Calamita), Capoliveri, Isola d'Elba, Livorno, Toscana, Italia


This locality is the most important mine of the Calamita peninsula. There are no references to exploitations in ancient ages, but mining was surely started by the 18th century. Like other Elba mines, extensive modern exploitation started about 1870-1880. The ore body is magnetite (generally pseudomorphous after hematite) and limonite and is linked to skarns, mainly hedenbergite/ilvaite but also andradite (Macei stope).
The mining area extends from sea level to about 300 m with a width from West to East of 1.7 km. The most important stopes are the Francesche (later included in Vallone), Vallone, Macei, and Nuova Zona; other stopes are the Albaroccia, Coti Nere, Polveraio, Civetta, Le Piane, and Punta Rossa (see map in site photos).
The mining area is divided horizontally by the road Capoliveri-Calamita-Ripalti at the level 167-176.
In some limited places, there are also copper mineralisations and very little cobalt mineralisation.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

71 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Aluminocopiapite
Formula: Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Bonattite (TL)
Formula: CuSO4 · 3H2O
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Bonattite: un nuovo minerale di alterazione del giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita – Atti Acc. Naz. Lincei, Rend., v.21, s.8, f.3: 318-327.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Min Rec (2009) 40:69
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Andrea Ortenzi Collection
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: [www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 625.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Min Rec (2009) 40:69
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 616.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Grossular var: Hessonite
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Maggie Wilson
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: No reference listed
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Linnaeite
Formula: Co2+Co3+2S4
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: AA. VV., 1996. Collezionare minerali. Hobby & Work.; [www.thamesvalleyminerals.com]
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Minguzzite (TL)
Formula: K3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Reference: Atti Accad.Lincei.Rend.Cl.Sci.fis.mat.nat., Roma (1955) ser.8, 18, 392-402
Natrochalcite
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Rhomboclase
Formula: (H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Andrea Ortenzi Collection
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Voltaite
Formula: K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.
'Wad'
Woodwardite
Formula: Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Reference: J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997) - Neufunde von Sekundarmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba - Der Aufschluss, 48: 305-313.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Linnaeite2.DA.05Co2+Co3+2S4
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Aluminocopiapite'7.DB.35Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Alunogen'7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Amarantite'7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Bieberite7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Bonattite (TL)7.CB.10CuSO4 · 3H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kröhnkite7.CC.30Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Natrochalcite7.DF.15NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Rhomboclase7.CB.55(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Voltaite7.CC.25K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Woodwardite7.DD.35Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Allophane'9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
var: Hessonite9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Humboldtine10.AB.05Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Minguzzite (TL)10.AB.25K3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Chlorite Group-
Garnet Group-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Wad-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Linnaeite2.10.1.1Co2+Co3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
Hydrated Acid Sulfates
Rhomboclase29.1.1.1(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Kröhnkite29.3.2.1Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Miscellaneous
Voltaite29.9.1.1K2Fe2+5Fe3+3Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Woodwardite31.2.2.1Cu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Natrochalcite31.8.1.1NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Amarantite31.9.3.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Aluminocopiapite31.10.5.7Al2/3Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Humboldtine50.1.3.1Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Minguzzite (TL)50.1.4.1K3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Bonattite (TL)-CuSO4 · 3H2O
Calcite
var: Cobaltoan Calcite
-(Ca,Co)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Grossular
var: Hessonite
-Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Prase-SiO2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
H NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
H WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
OOxygen
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
O NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SideriteFeCO3
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
O WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
NaSodium
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Na NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
AlAluminium
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
Al WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
S BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
S WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Grossular (var: Hessonite)Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
FeIron
Fe AluminocopiapiteAl2/3Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Rhomboclase(H5O2)Fe3+(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe VoltaiteK2Fe52+Fe33+Al(SO4)12 · 18H2O
CoCobalt
Co BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
Co Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co LinnaeiteCo2+Co23+S4
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
CuCopper
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BonattiteCuSO4 · 3H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu WoodwarditeCu1-xAlx(OH)2(SO4)x/2 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ma



ID: 3159158
submarine continental crust

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cocco, G. and Garavelli, C. (1954) Studio di alcuni problemi geochimici relativi al giacimento di ferro di capo Calamita Elba. Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 10, 269-350.
Dell'Anna, L. and Quagliarella, F. (1968) Su alcuni solfati cupriferi di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba). Periodico di mineralogia - Roma: 349-365.
De Michele, V. (1974) Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.
Göske, J., Witzke, T., Pöllmann, H., and Stöber, S. (1997) Neufunde von Sekundärmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba. Der Aufschluss, 48, 305-313.
Orlandi, P. and Pezzotta, F. (1996) Minerali dell'isola d'Elba. I Minerali dei Giacimenti Metalliferi dell'Elba Orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne.

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