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Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine), Capoliveri, Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 42' 45'' North , 10° 23' 45'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.7126055556, 10.3957777778
Name(s) in local language(s):Miniera di Capo Calamita (Miniera di Calamita), Capoliveri, Isola d'Elba, Livorno, Toscana, Italia

This locality is the most important mine of Calamita peninsula. There are no references of exploitations in ancient ages, but mining was surely started by the XVIII century. Like other Elba mines, extensive modern exploitation started about 1870-1880. The ore body is magnetite (generally pseudomorphous after hematite) and limonite and is linked to skarns, mainly hedenbergite/ilvaite but also (Macei stope) andradite.
The mining area extends from sea level to about 300 m with a width from West to East of 1.7 km. The most important stopes are Francesche (later included in Vallone), Vallone, Macei, Nuova Zona; other stopes are Albaroccia, Coti Nere, Polveraio, Civetta, Le Piane, Punta Rossa (see map in site photos).
The mining area is divided horizontally by the road Capoliveri-Calamita-Ripalti at the level 167-176.
In some limited places there are also copper mineralisations and very little cobalt mineralisation.

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69 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

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Cocco G.,Garavelli C. (1954): Studio di alcuni problemi geochimici relativi al giacimento di ferro di capo Calamita Elba. Rendiconti della Societa Mineralogica Italiana. 10: 269-350

Dell'Anna L., Quagliarella F. (1968): Su alcuni solfati cupriferi di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba). Periodico di mineralogia - Roma, 349-365.

De Michele, V. (1974): Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol.

J. Göske, T. Witzke, H. Pöllmann, S. Stöber (1997): Neufunde von Sekundärmineralen in der Lagerstatte Calamita/Insel Elba. Der Aufschluss, 48, 305-313.

Orlandi, P. & Pezzotta, F. (1996): Minerali dell'isola d'Elba. I Minerali dei Giacimenti Metalliferi dell'Elba Orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne.

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