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Colavi Mine, Colavi subdistrict, Machacamarca District (Colavi District), Cornelio Saavedra Province, Potosí, Bolivia

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 19° 19' 8'' South , 65° 32' 30'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -19.31889,-65.54167
GeoHash:G#: 6s96he452
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


22 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Bismite (TL)
Formula: Bi2O3
Reference: Ahlfeld 1955
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Paolo Franchi collection
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Cosalite
Formula: Pb2Bi2S5
Reference: Alfredo Petrov specimen, analyzed by Dr Frank Keutsch
'Dacite'
Reference: Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guía a los Yacimientos Metalíferos de Bolivia, p 48-49.
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: PXRD by John Attard, 18-01-2012
Gibbsite
Formula: Al(OH)3
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Kempff, O., Paar, W.H., Tawackoli, S.: "Minerales de Bolivia", 115pp (La Paz, 2009)
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Hocartite
Formula: Ag2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
Kësterite
Formula: Cu2ZnSnS4
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Ludlamite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Description: Large blocky crystals to 4cm, on siderite. Unfortunately, mostly associated with marcasite, subject to "pyrite disease", and the matrix decomposes relatively rapidly.
Reference: First found here in December 2003. -Alfredo Petrov
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Masses of "melnicovita", very subject to "pyrite disease", commonly associated with Colavi ludlamite, which eventually ruins the ludlamite.
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guía a los Yacimientos Metalíferos de Bolivia, p 48-49.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guía a los Yacimientos Metalíferos de Bolivia, p 48-49.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
'Sandstone'
Reference: Osvaldo R. Arce Burgoa (2007) Guía a los Yacimientos Metalíferos de Bolivia, p 48-49.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
'commodity:Tin'
Formula: Sn
Reference:  
Valentinite
Formula: Sb2O3
Reference: Mineralogical Record (2001) 32:248
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Ahlfeld & Munoz Reyes (1955): Las Especies Minerales de Bolivia
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Salomon Rivas y Federico Ahlfeld (1998) Los Minerales de Bolivia y sus Parajes. (Santa Cruz)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Bismuth'1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Bismuthinite'2.DB.05Bi2S3
'Cosalite'2.JB.10Pb2Bi2S5
'Hocartite'2.CB.15aAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
'Kësterite '2.CB.15aCu2ZnSnS4
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bismite' (TL)4.CB.60Bi2O3
'Cassiterite'4.DB.05SnO2
'Gibbsite'4.FE.10Al(OH)3
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Opal'4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Valentinite4.CB.55Sb2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Ludlamite'8.CD.20Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
'Dickite'9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Muscovite'9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Dacite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Sandstone'-
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Hocartite2.9.2.6Ag2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Kësterite 2.9.2.9Cu2ZnSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
2.5 < ø < 3
Cosalite3.5.9.1Pb2Bi2S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Bismite (TL)4.3.10.2Bi2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Valentinite4.3.11.1Sb2O3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)3
Gibbsite6.3.1.1Al(OH)3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Ludlamite40.3.5.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Dacite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Sandstone'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H GibbsiteAl(OH)3
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O BaryteBaSO4
O BismiteBi2O3
O CassiteriteSnO2
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O GibbsiteAl(OH)3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O ValentiniteSb2O3
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
AlAluminium
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al GibbsiteAl(OH)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S CosalitePb2Bi2S5
S HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
S Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MnManganese
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe LudlamiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 4H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AgSilver
Ag HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn HocartiteAg2(Fe2+,Zn)SnS4
Sn Kësterite Cu2ZnSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Sb ValentiniteSb2O3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
WTungsten
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PbLead
Pb CosalitePb2Bi2S5
BiBismuth
Bi BismiteBi2O3
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi CosalitePb2Bi2S5

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3192909
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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