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Althaus Mine, St Martin am Silberberg, Friesach - Hüttenberg area, Carinthia, Austriai
Regional Level Types
Althaus MineMine
St Martin am Silberberg- not defined -
Friesach - Hüttenberg areaArea
Carinthia- not defined -
AustriaCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Grube Althaus, St. Martin am Silberberg, Region Friesach - Hüttenberg, Kärnten, Österreich
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 0' 31'' North , 14° 29' 30'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.00861,14.49167
GeoHash:G#: u2673v8t0
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Mühlen295 (2018)2.8km
Jakobsberg195 (2018)3.3km
Sankt Veit in der Gegend292 (2018)4.2km
Kulm am Zirbitz299 (2018)5.5km
Zeltschach171 (2018)6.4km


Ancient copper and iron mine. Located about 800 meters SW of the ruin of Althaus castle, west of St Martin.

The localities (Fundorte), i.e. the mine dumps, are within the triangle:
N47.00855 E14.49170; N47.00453 E14.49463; N47.00431 E 14.48794.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Boulangerite
Formula: Pb5Sb4S11
Reference: NIEDERMAYR, G. & BRANDSTÄTTER, F. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich, XLVIII. - 1159. Siderit und Boulangerit vom ehemaligen Bergbau Althaus, W St. Martin am Silberberg, Kärnten.- Carinthia, II, 189./109, 206-207.; G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.: 161-172 (2000)
Bournonite
Formula: PbCuSbS3
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Pitticite
Formula: (Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Quartz var: Rock Crystal
Formula: SiO2
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: NIEDERMAYR, G. & BRANDSTÄTTER, F. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich, XLVIII. - 1159. Siderit und Boulangerit vom ehemaligen Bergbau Althaus, W St. Martin am Silberberg, Kärnten.- Carinthia, II, 189./109, 206-207.; G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.: 161-172 (2000)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: G. Blass, A. Pichler: Carinthia II 190./110.:161-172 (2000)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Boulangerite2.HC.15Pb5Sb4S11
Bournonite2.GA.50PbCuSbS3
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Rock Crystal4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Parasymplesite8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Pitticite8.DB.05(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 3
Bournonite3.4.3.2PbCuSbS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Boulangerite3.5.2.1Pb5Sb4S11
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Pitticite43.5.3.1(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Rock Crystal-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
O CerussitePbCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
O SideriteFeCO3
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Rock Crystal)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
S BournonitePbCuSbS3
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu BournonitePbCuSbS3
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As Pitticite(Fe, SO4, AsO4, H2O) ?
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
SbAntimony
Sb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Sb BournonitePbCuSbS3
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb BoulangeritePb5Sb4S11
Pb BournonitePbCuSbS3
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Silurian - Cambrian
419.2 - 541 Ma



ID: 3132509
Grauwackenzone, Ostalpine Palaeozoic

Age: Paleozoic (419.2 - 541 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{phyllite}, Minor{shale/slate,sandstone,undifferentiated}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cambrian - Proterozoic
485.4 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3189284
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: to Cambrian (485.4 - 2500 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Redlich, Karl, A. (1931): Die Geologie der Innerösterreichischen Eisenerzlagerstätten, Prag.
Niedermayr, G. & Brandstätter, F. (1999): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich, XLVIII. - 1159. Siderit und Boulangerit vom
ehemaligen Bergbau Althaus, W St. Martin am Silberberg, Kärnten.- Carinthia, II, 189./109, 206-207.
Blass, G. and A. Pichler (2000): Althaus - ein alter Kupfer- und Eisenbergbau in Kärnten. Carinthia II, 190./110., 161-172.
Pichler, A. (2003): Bergbau in Ostkärnten - Eine Bestandsaufnahme der noch sichtbaren Merkmale der historischen Bergbaue in Ostkärnten.

External Links

http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/CAR_189_109_0201-0236.pdf (Neue Mineralfunde XLVIII 1999)

http://www.landesmuseum.at/pdf_frei_remote/CAR_190_110_0161-0172.pdf (Blass, G. und Pichler, A. 2000 : Althaus – ein alter Kupfer- und Eisenbergbau in Kärnten)


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