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Salton Sea, Imperial Co., California, USAi
Regional Level Types
Salton Sea- not defined -
Imperial Co.County
CaliforniaState
USACountry

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Key


The Salton Sea is a 376 square mile (970 km²) saline, endorheic rift lake located directly on the San Andreas Fault N of the Mexican border. The lake occupies the lowest elevations of the Salton Sink in the Colorado Desert of Imperial and Riverside Counties in Southern California. Currently, its surface is 226 ft (69 meters) below sea level. The sea is fed by the New, Whitewater, and Alamo rivers (Wikipedia).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

35 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Skinner, Brian John,, White, D.E., Rose, H.J., Mays, R.E. (1967) Sulfides associated with the Salton Sea geothermal brine. Economic Geology: 62: 321; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 75.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boussingaultite
Formula: (NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Skinner, Brian John,, White, D.E., Rose, H.J., Mays, R.E. (1967) Sulfides associated with the Salton Sea geothermal brine. Economic Geology: 62: 321; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 97.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
Cristobalite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rogers, Austin Flint (1925), Geology of Cormorant Island, Salton Sea, Imperial County, California, …(abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 37: 219; Rogers, Austin Flint (1928), Natural history of the silica minerals: American Mineralogist: 13: 219; Rogers, Austin Flint (1935), Salton volcanic domes of Imperial County, California (abstract): Geological Society of America, Proceedings, 1934: 328; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 162, 372; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 351.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
'Feldspar Group'
Reference: Rogers, Austin Flint (1925), Geology of Cormorant Island, Salton Sea, Imperial County, California, …(abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 37: 219; Rogers, Austin Flint (1928), Natural history of the silica minerals: American Mineralogist: 13: 219; Rogers, Austin Flint (1935), Salton volcanic domes of Imperial County, California (abstract): Geological Society of America, Proceedings, 1934: 328; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 162, 372; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 351.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Econ Geol (1984) 79:671-695
Glauberite
Formula: Na2Ca(SO4)2
Reference: Reiner Mielke
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Mark Rogers (1982) Octahedral Sylvite. Mineralogical Record 13:42
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
Koktaite
Formula: (NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Konyaite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Lecontite
Formula: (NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Mascagnite
Formula: (NH4)2SO4
Mirabilite
Formula: Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
Nitratine
Formula: NaNO3
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
'Ochre'
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
Rinneite ?
Formula: K3Na[FeCl6]
Description: May be saltonseaite.
Reference: Mike Scott S104332 from Cureton #CRD ID by A Roberts 1993
Salammoniac
Formula: NH4Cl
Saltonseaite (TL)
Formula: K3NaMnCl6
Type Locality:
Reference: Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Nestola, F., Kasatkin, A. (2012) Saltonseaite, IMA 2011-104. CNMNC Newsletter No. 13, June 2012, page 809; Mineralogical Magazine, 76, 807-817. ; Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Nestola, F., Ciriotti, M.E., Kasatkin, A.V. (2013): Saltonseaite, K3NaMn2+Cl6, the Mn analogue of rinneite from the Salton Sea, California. American Mineralogist, 98, 231-235.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Econ Geol (1988) 83:511-523
Stromeyerite
Formula: AgCuS
Reference: Skinner, Brian John,, White, D.E., Rose, H.J., Mays, R.E. (1967) Sulfides associated with the Salton Sea geothermal brine. Economic Geology: 62: 321; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 108.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: RRUFF Project Specimen ID: R050166; Mark Rogers (1982) Octahedral Sylvite. Mineralogical Record 13:42
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Reference: Adams, P., & Lynch, D. (2014). A mineralogical inventory of geothermal features southeast of the Salton Sea, Imperial County, California. Trough to trough: The Colorado River and the Salton Sea (Reynolds, R, 39-43.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Skinner, Brian John,, White, D.E., Rose, H.J., Mays, R.E. (1967) Sulfides associated with the Salton Sea geothermal brine. Economic Geology: 62: 321; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 133.
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rogers, Austin Flint (1925), Geology of Cormorant Island, Salton Sea, Imperial County, California, …(abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 37: 219; Rogers, Austin Flint (1928), Natural history of the silica minerals: American Mineralogist: 13: 219; Rogers, Austin Flint (1935), Salton volcanic domes of Imperial County, California (abstract): Geological Society of America, Proceedings, 1934: 328; Murdoch, Joseph & Robert W. Webb (1966), Minerals of California, Centennial Volume (1866-1966): California Division Mines & Geology Bulletin 189: 162, 372; Pemberton, H. Earl (1983), Minerals of California; Van Nostrand Reinholt Press: 351.
Tschermigite
Formula: (NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stromeyerite2.BA.40AgCuS
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Rinneite ?3.CJ.05K3Na[FeCl6]
Salammoniac3.AA.25NH4Cl
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cristobalite4.DA.15SiO2
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Nitratine5.NA.05NaNO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boussingaultite7.CC.60(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Glauberite7.AD.25Na2Ca(SO4)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Koktaite7.CD.35(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Konyaite7.CC.80Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Lecontite7.CD.15(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Mascagnite7.AD.05(NH4)2SO4
Mirabilite7.CD.10Na2SO4 · 10H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Tschermigite7.CC.20(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Ochre'-
Saltonseaite (TL)-K3NaMnCl6

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Stromeyerite2.4.6.1AgCuS
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Salammoniac9.1.3.1NH4Cl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
AmBX6
Rinneite ?11.5.3.1K3Na[FeCl6]
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 18 - NORMAL NITRATES
AXO3·xH2O, where x can equal zero
Nitratine18.1.1.1NaNO3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
Mascagnite28.2.1.1(NH4)2SO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Miscellaneous
Glauberite28.4.2.1Na2Ca(SO4)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4·xH2O
Lecontite29.2.1.1(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Mirabilite29.2.2.1Na2SO4 · 10H2O
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Boussingaultite29.3.7.2(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Koktaite29.3.1.2(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
Konyaite29.3.5.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Tschermigite29.5.5.3(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Cristobalite75.1.1.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Ochre'-
Saltonseaite (TL)-K3NaMnCl6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
H Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
H Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
H Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
H SalammoniacNH4Cl
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
NNitrogen
N NitratineNaNO3
N Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
N Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
N Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
N Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
N Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
N SalammoniacNH4Cl
OOxygen
O GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O CristobaliteSiO2
O TridymiteSiO2
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
O NitratineNaNO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
O Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
O Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
O Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
NaSodium
Na SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6
Na HaliteNaCl
Na GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Na NitratineNaNO3
Na Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
Na RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
MgMagnesium
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
Mg Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si CristobaliteSiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
SSulfur
S GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S StromeyeriteAgCuS
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S KonyaiteNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 5H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
S Mascagnite(NH4)2SO4
S Boussingaultite(NH4)2Mg(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
S SulphurS8
S Tschermigite(NH4)Al(SO4)2 · 12H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S MirabiliteNa2SO4 · 10H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
ClChlorine
Cl SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl SalammoniacNH4Cl
Cl RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
KPotassium
K SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K SylviteKCl
K Lecontite(NH4,K)NaSO4 · 2H2O
K RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
CaCalcium
Ca GlauberiteNa2Ca(SO4)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Koktaite(NH4)2Ca(SO4)2 · H2O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn SaltonseaiteK3NaMnCl6
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe RinneiteK3Na[FeCl6]
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu StromeyeriteAgCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
AgSilver
Ag StromeyeriteAgCuS
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Brown, J.S. (1923) The Salton Sea region, California, a geographic, geologic, and hydrologic reconnaissance, with a guide to desert watering places. USGS, Water Supply Paper 497, 292 pp.
Rogers, Austin Flint (1925) Geology of Cormorant Island, Salton Sea, Imperial County, California […(abstract): Geological Society of America Bulletin: 37: 219; …Pan-Am Geologist: 435: 249-250 (1926)].
Berkholz, Mary Frances (1958) Salton Sea glauberite. Gems and Minerals, 245 (Feb 1958), 17-19.
Skinner, Brian John, White, D.E., Rose, H.J., and Mays, R.E. (1967) Sulfides associated with the Salton Sea geothermal brine. Economic Geology, 62, 316-330.
Keith, T.E.C., Muffler, L.J.P., and Cremer, M. (1968) Hydrothermal epidote formed in the Salton Sea geothermal system, California. American Mineralogist, 53, 1635-1644.
Economic Geology (1988) 83, 511-523 (Salton Sea Scientific Drilling project well).
Kampf, A.R., Mills, S.J., Nestola, F., Ciriotti, M.E., and Kasatkin, A.V. (2013) Saltonseaite, K3NaMn2+Cl6, the Mn analogue of rinneite from the Salton Sea, California. American Mineralogist, 98, 231-235.

Localities in this Region

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