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Isenwegg, Wasen Alp, Ganter valley, Simplon pass area, Brig, Wallis (Valais), Switzerlandi
Regional Level Types
Isenwegg- not defined -
Wasen AlpMountain
Ganter valleyValley
Simplon pass areaArea
Brig- not defined -
Wallis (Valais)- not defined -
SwitzerlandCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Isenwegg, Wasenalp, Gantertal, Simplonpassgebiet, Brig, Wallis (Valais), Schweiz (Suisse; Svizzera)
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 46° 16' 5'' North , 8° 5' 8'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 46.26833,8.08583
GeoHash:G#: u0jxpyzut
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Termen793 (2016)8.2km
Brig5,000 (2013)9.5km
Bitsch802 (2013)9.6km
Naters7,552 (2017)9.8km
Mörel477 (2016)10.3km


A place with Ba-rich metamorphic rocks and minerals on the north slope of Wasenhorn mountain, close to the Wasen Alp. Located in the upper Ganter valley, a small rift on the slopes northeast of the Simplon pass, just south of Berisal.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian Plate (Eurasia Plate)Plate
EuropeContinent
The Alps, EuropeMountain Range

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals. 2 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

'Apatite'
Armenite
Formula: BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Celsian
Formula: Ba(Al2Si2O8)
'Chlorite Group'
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ganterite (TL)
Formula: (Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Type Locality:
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Martinandresite (TL)
Formula: Ba2(Al4Si12O32)·10H2O
Type Locality:
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Barian Muscovite
Formula: (K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 9 - Silicates
Armenite9.CM.05BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Celsian9.FA.30Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ganterite (TL)9.EC.15(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Barian Muscovite9.EC.15(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zoisite9.BG.10{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Martinandresite (TL)-Ba2(Al4Si12O32)·10H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Armenite63.2.1b.1BaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Celsian76.1.1.4Ba(Al2Si2O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Ganterite (TL)-(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Martinandresite (TL)-Ba2(Al4Si12O32)·10H2O
Muscovite
var: Barian Muscovite
-(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MartinandresiteBa2(Al4Si12O32)·10H2O
H ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
H Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
OOxygen
O Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MartinandresiteBa2(Al4Si12O32)·10H2O
O ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
O Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
O Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
NaSodium
Na Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MartinandresiteBa2(Al4Si12O32)·10H2O
Al ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Al Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MartinandresiteBa2(Al4Si12O32)·10H2O
Si ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Si Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Si Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
KPotassium
K Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Ca Zoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
BaBarium
Ba Ganterite(Ba,Na,K)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Ba MartinandresiteBa2(Al4Si12O32)·10H2O
Ba ArmeniteBaCa2Al6Si9O30 · 2H2O
Ba CelsianBa(Al2Si2O8)
Ba Muscovite (var: Barian Muscovite)(K,Ba)(Al,Mg)2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Unknown
Ma



ID: 2346834
Metamorphe Gesteine, meist Metasedimente

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Lithology: Gneiss and mica schist

Reference: Geological Institute. Geological Map of Switzerland 1:500,000. isbn: 3906723399. University of Bern. [49]

Paleozoic - Precambrian
251.902 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3148772
Penninic basement, Penninic nappes, Austroalpine nappes, Southern Alpes

Age: Eoarchean to Triassic (251.902 - 4000 Ma)

Description: medium grade metamorphic

Lithology: Gneiss

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Late Paleozoic
251.902 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3192871
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 358.9 Ma)

Comments: Alps

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Graeser S., Hetherington C.J., Gieré R. (2003) Ganterite, a new barium-dominant analogue of muscovite from the Berisal Complex, Simplon Region, Switzerland. The Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1271-1280.
Hetherington C.J., Giere, R., Graeser, S. (2003) Composition of barium-rich white micas from the Berisal Complex, Simplon Region, Switzerland. The Canadian Mineralogist: 41: 1281-1291.
Graeser, S., Hetherington, C.J. (2004) Ganterit - ein neues Mineral aus den Walliser Bergen. Lapis: 29(2): 37-40.
Weiß, S. (2016) Seltener "Kollege" des Milarits: Armenit von der Wasenalp, Simplongebiet, Schweiz. Lapis: 41(7-8): 40-48.
Chukanov, N.V., Zubkova, N.V., Meisser, N., Ansermet, S., Weiss, S., Pekov, I.V., Belakovskiy, D.I., Vozchikova, S.A., Britvin, S.N., Dmitry Yu. Pushcharovsky, D.Yu (2017): Martinandresite, Ba2(Al4Si12O32)·10H2O, a new zeolite from Wasenalp, Switzerland. Mineralogy and Petrology, 44: 511–521


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