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Vale das Gatas Mines (São Lourenço de Riba Pinhão and Souto Maior), Sabrosa, Vila Real District, Portugal

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Key
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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° North , 7° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~18km
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Couto Mineiro de Vale das Gatas (São Lourenço de Riba Pinhão e Souto Maior), Sabrosa, Distrito de Vila Real, Portugal


Tin-tungsten mines (1937 - closed in 1986).

- Best Portuguese fluorite occurrence.

According to the local tradition the exploration of the mines began with the extraction of cassiterite during the Roman period.
1883, began the first mining works.
1994, the 16 existing mining concessions were extinguished by government legislative decree.

Vale das Gatas Mining Field

mineralparishmining concessionregistered on
WSão Lourenço561 Delgada08-03-1913
W São Lourenço359 Codeceira27-03-1903
WSouto Maior360 Vinheiros28-03-1903
W Souto Maior562 Prainelas08-03-1913
Sn-W São Lourenço1954 Senhora da Saúde13-05-1939
WSouto Maior1979 Fraga Alta01-04-1940
WSouto Maior2008 Feitais03-07-1941
W São Lourenço2753 Paredes04-07-1951
Sn-WSouto Maior2843 Prainelas 127-07-1953
Sn-WSouto Maior2844 Cebolas and 5845 Coelheira28-07-1953
W São Lourenço2846 Granjal 29-07-1953
W São LourençoCodeceira 2 and Cebolas 21956
WSouto Maior3115 Vinheiros 3 and 3156 Pontinha 201-08-1956 and 17-08-1957
W São Lourençon/a Senhora da Saúden/a 1981


One ore vein (1 meter wide) in two-mica Hercynian granite batholith and schists/greywackes.
Four stages of mineralization:
Stage I - Quartz + hübnerite
Stage II - Cassiterite, arsenopyrite, muscovite (greisenization and muscovitization of schists)
Stage III - Sphalerite, pyrrhotite, stannite, chalcopyrite, pyrite, fluorite, chlorite
Stage IV - Galena and Ag/Pb/Bi-sulfosalts

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Vale das Gatas Mines, Sabrosa, Vila Real District, Portugal

Regions containing this locality

Iberian Peninsula

Peninsula - 1,540 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

63 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Michel Ambroise collection
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
'Apatite'
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Rui Nunes collection; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
'Biotite'
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Rui Nunes and Pedro Alves collections; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Geffroyite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Antonio Monteiro collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
'K Feldspar'
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
'Monazite'
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Neyite
Formula: Ag2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pavonite
Formula: AgBi3S5
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
'Phengite'
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Antonio Monteiro's mineral collection, Oct 2014
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: LNEG/Museu Jazigos Geológicos collection; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Museu Geológico de Lisboa collection; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Acanthite'2.BA.35Ag2S
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Canfieldite2.BA.70Ag8SnS6
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geffroyite2.BB.15(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Neyite2.JB.25iAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Pavonite2.JA.05aAgBi3S5
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Anatase'4.DD.05TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Kintoreite8.BL.10PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rooseveltite8.AD.50Bi(AsO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
Biotite-
Chlorite Group-
K Feldspar-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Monazite-
Phengite-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Wolframite-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Argyrodite2.5.6.1Ag8GeS6
Canfieldite2.5.6.2Ag8SnS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Geffroyite2.7.1.6(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Neyite3.5.1.1Ag2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
1 < ø < 2
Pavonite3.8.10.1AgBi3S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Rooseveltite38.4.4.1Bi(AsO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Preisingerite41.10.9.1Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kintoreite42.7.3.6PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-
'Biotite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Phengite'-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AnataseTiO2
O AnglesitePbSO4
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O CassiteriteSnO2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FerberiteFeWO4
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HübneriteMnWO4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
O RutileTiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O TenoriteCuO
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CanfielditeAg8SnS6
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
S PavoniteAgBi3S5
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S PyriteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe PhengiteKAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
CuCopper
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Cu NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
GeGermanium
Ge ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
SeSelenium
Se Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
Ag CanfielditeAg8SnS6
Ag Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Ag PavoniteAgBi3S5
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
SnTin
Sn CanfielditeAg8SnS6
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
SbAntimony
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W HübneriteMnWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Bi PavoniteAgBi3S5
Bi PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Bi RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W. (1985). Nota preliminar sobre a paragénese dos sulfussais de Bi-Pb-Ag do jazigo de tungsténio de Vale das Gatas (Norte de Portugal). Estudos, Notas e Trabalhos do IGM, Tomo XXVII, 49-54.
Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Maria Otília Pereira Lage, Wolframio - Terra Revolvida, Memória Revolta para uma análise transversal da Sociedade Portuguesa (1930/1960), Novembro 2002.
Avila, P. Freire; Oliveira, J. M. Santos; da Silva, E. Ferreira; Fonseca, E. Cardoso (2005): Geochemical signatures and mechanisms of trace elements dispersion in the area of the Vale das Gatas mine (Northern Portugal). Journal of Geochemical Exploration 85, 17-29.
Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.

Localities in this Region
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Portugal
  • Vila Real District
    • Sabrosa
      • Vale das Gatas Mines (São Lourenço de Riba Pinhão and Souto Maior)

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