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Vale das Gatas Mines (São Lourenço de Riba Pinhão and Souto Maior), Sabrosa, Vila Real, Portugali
Regional Level Types
Vale das Gatas Mines (São Lourenço de Riba Pinhão and Souto Maior)Group of Mines
Sabrosa- not defined -
Vila RealDistrict
PortugalCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
41° North , 7° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~18km
Locality type:
Group of Mines
Name(s) in local language(s):
Couto Mineiro de Vale das Gatas (São Lourenço de Riba Pinhão e Souto Maior), Sabrosa, Distrito de Vila Real, Portugal


Tin-tungsten mines (1937 - closed in 1986).

- Best Portuguese fluorite occurrence.

According to the local tradition the exploration of the mines began with the extraction of cassiterite during the Roman period.
1883, began the first mining works.
1994, the 16 existing mining concessions were extinguished by government legislative decree.

Vale das Gatas Mining Field

mineralparishmining concessionregistered on
WSão Lourenço561 Delgada08-03-1913
W São Lourenço359 Codeceira27-03-1903
WSouto Maior360 Vinheiros28-03-1903
W Souto Maior562 Prainelas08-03-1913
Sn-W São Lourenço1954 Senhora da Saúde13-05-1939
WSouto Maior1979 Fraga Alta01-04-1940
WSouto Maior2008 Feitais03-07-1941
W São Lourenço2753 Paredes04-07-1951
Sn-WSouto Maior2843 Prainelas 127-07-1953
Sn-WSouto Maior2844 Cebolas and 5845 Coelheira28-07-1953
W São Lourenço2846 Granjal 29-07-1953
W São LourençoCodeceira 2 and Cebolas 21956
WSouto Maior3115 Vinheiros 3 and 3156 Pontinha 201-08-1956 and 17-08-1957
W São Lourençon/a Senhora da Saúden/a 1981


One ore vein (1 meter wide) in two-mica Hercynian granite batholith and schists/greywackes.
Four stages of mineralization:
Stage I - Quartz + hübnerite
Stage II - Cassiterite, arsenopyrite, muscovite (greisenization and muscovitization of schists)
Stage III - Sphalerite, pyrrhotite, stannite, chalcopyrite, pyrite, fluorite, chlorite
Stage IV - Galena and Ag/Pb/Bi-sulfosalts

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

62 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Michel Ambroise collection
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Description: In granite.
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Argyrodite
Formula: Ag8GeS6
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Rui Nunes collection; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by p-XRD and EDS
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...
Carminite
Formula: PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: Pedro Alves collection.
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Rui Nunes and Pedro Alves collections; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Rui Nunes collection; Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Description: Late replacement of hubnerite.
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Geffroyite
Formula: (Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Antonio Monteiro collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
'K Feldspar'
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-60.
Kintoreite
Formula: PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
'Monazite'
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Replaces biotite in granite. Quartz/muscovite symplectites (post-magmatic growth in granite).
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Muscovite var: Phengite
Formula: KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Description: In vein muscovite.
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: Replaces plagioclases.
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Neyite
Formula: Ag2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pavonite
Formula: AgBi3S5
Reference: Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W., 1985; Mineralizações e Recuros em W/Sn...; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pearceite
Formula: [Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Plumbogummite
Formula: PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Preisingerite
Formula: Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Description: Visual identification
Reference: Antonio Monteiro's mineral collection, Oct 2014
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rooseveltite
Formula: Bi(AsO4)
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: LNEG/Museu Jazigos Geológicos collection; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Description: In granite.
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
Segnitite
Formula: PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Pedro Alves collection. Characterized by p-XRD and EDS
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Sillimanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Description: In the core of granite muscovite.
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Stannite
Formula: Cu2FeSnS4
Reference: Bull. Minéral. , 1987, 110, pp. 613-622.; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Stolzite
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Reference: Pedro Alves information November 2014
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Pedro Alves collection.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Reference: Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Reference: Museu Geológico de Lisboa collection; Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Argyrodite2.BA.70Ag8GeS6
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Canfieldite2.BA.70Ag8SnS6
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Geffroyite2.BB.15(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Neyite2.JB.25iAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Pavonite2.JA.05aAgBi3S5
Pearceite2.GB.15[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stannite2.CB.15aCu2FeSnS4
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Ferberite4.DB.30FeWO4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Carminite8.BH.30PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Kintoreite8.BL.10PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Plumbogummite8.BL.10PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Preisingerite8.BO.10Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Rooseveltite8.AD.50Bi(AsO4)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Segnitite8.BL.10PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Group 9 - Silicates
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Phengite9.EC.15KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Sillimanite9.AF.05Al2(SiO4)O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Argyrodite2.5.6.1Ag8GeS6
Canfieldite2.5.6.2Ag8SnS6
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 9:8
Geffroyite2.7.1.6(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Stannite2.9.2.1Cu2FeSnS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø > 4
Pearceite3.1.8.1[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
3 <ø < 4
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
2.5 < ø < 3
Neyite3.5.1.1Ag2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
ø = 2
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
1 < ø < 2
Pavonite3.8.10.1AgBi3S5
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
AXO4
Rooseveltite38.4.4.1Bi(AsO4)
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq
Carminite41.10.6.1PbFe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)2
Preisingerite41.10.9.1Bi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Kintoreite42.7.3.6PbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Plumbogummite42.7.3.5PbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Segnitite42.7.4.4PbFe3+3AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Sillimanite52.2.2a.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Monazite'-
Muscovite
var: Phengite
-KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O HübneriteMnWO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O CassiteriteSnO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
O SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O RutileTiO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
O AnglesitePbSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O StolzitePb(WO4)
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O CupriteCu2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
O RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O CalciteCaCO3
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F FluoriteCaF2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
MgMagnesium
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Al SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Si SillimaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S PyriteFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S StanniteCu2FeSnS4
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S PavoniteAgBi3S5
S CanfielditeAg8SnS6
S NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
S SulphurS8
S CovelliteCuS
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S AnglesitePbSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S DigeniteCu9S5
S ChalcociteCu2S
S Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti AnataseTiO2
MnManganese
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Muscovite (var: Phengite)KAl1.5(Mg,Fe)0.5(Al0.5Si3.5O10)(OH)2
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Cu NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
GeGermanium
Ge ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
As RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)
SeSelenium
Se Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
AgSilver
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag PavoniteAgBi3S5
Ag CanfielditeAg8SnS6
Ag NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ArgyroditeAg8GeS6
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag Geffroyite(Cu,Fe,Ag)9(Se,S)8
Ag Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn StanniteCu2FeSnS4
Sn CanfielditeAg8SnS6
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb Pearceite[Ag9CuS4][(Ag,Cu)6(As,Sb)2S7]
WTungsten
W HübneriteMnWO4
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W FerberiteFeWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Pb CarminitePbFe23+(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb SegnititePbFe33+AsO4(AsO3OH)(OH)6
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb KintoreitePbFe3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Pb PlumbogummitePbAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi PavoniteAgBi3S5
Bi NeyiteAg2Cu6Pb25Bi26S68
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi PreisingeriteBi3(AsO4)2O(OH)
Bi RooseveltiteBi(AsO4)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gaspar, O., Bowles, F.W. (1985). Nota preliminar sobre a paragénese dos sulfussais de Bi-Pb-Ag do jazigo de tungsténio de Vale das Gatas (Norte de Portugal). Estudos, Notas e Trabalhos do IGM, Tomo XXVII, 49-54.
Bowles, J. (1987). Silver mineralization at the Vale das Gatas tungsten mine, Portugal. Mineralogical Magazine, 51, 305-10.
Maria Otília Pereira Lage, Wolframio - Terra Revolvida, Memória Revolta para uma análise transversal da Sociedade Portuguesa (1930/1960), Novembro 2002.
Avila, P. Freire; Oliveira, J. M. Santos; da Silva, E. Ferreira; Fonseca, E. Cardoso (2005): Geochemical signatures and mechanisms of trace elements dispersion in the area of the Vale das Gatas mine (Northern Portugal). Journal of Geochemical Exploration 85, 17-29.
Alves, P. (2017) The Mining District of Vale das Gatas, Sabrosa, Portugal. Mineral Up Vol. IV, nº5, 8-53.

Localities in this Region

  • Vila Real
    • Sabrosa
      • Vale das Gatas Mines (São Lourenço de Riba Pinhão and Souto Maior)

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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