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Collins Mine (Collins vein; mammoth-Collins Mine), Mammoth-Saint Anthony Mine (Mammoth-St Anthony Mine; Mammoth Mine; St. Anthony Mine), St. Anthony deposit, Tiger, Mammoth District, Pinal Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Collins Mine (Collins vein; mammoth-Collins Mine)Mine
Mammoth-Saint Anthony Mine (Mammoth-St Anthony Mine; Mammoth Mine; St. Anthony Mine)Mine
St. Anthony depositDeposit
Tiger- not defined -
Mammoth DistrictMining District
Pinal Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 32° 42' 27'' North , 110° 41' 12'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 32.70750,-110.68667
GeoHash:G#: 9tc6160qv
USGS MRDS Record:10210264
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BSk : Cold semi-arid (steppe) climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Mammoth1,487 (2017)4.6km
San Manuel3,551 (2011)13.1km
Oracle3,686 (2011)13.3km
Saddle Brooke9,614 (2017)26.0km
Dudleyville959 (2011)30.6km


A former underground Au-Cu-Mo-Pb mine located in sec. 26, T8S, R16E, on private land. This was a gold mine started about 1881, and is next to the Mammoth property on the West. It was leased in 1894 by Johnston, Barnhart, and Collins, who, up to the end of 1895, mined more than 40,000 tons of ore from above the 300 level. The Mammoth Gold Mining Co. acquired the Collins Mine in 1898 and operated it as the Mammoth-Collins Mine for 4 years. Also known as / designated: St Anthony Mining and Development Co. property; Great Western Copper Co. property; Collins property.

During April, 1901, a large stoping area at the North end of the mine suddenly caved from the surface to the 750 level and caused about an acre of the surface to subside for some 35 feet. The hill behind Tiger in old photographs bears the gap in the hill as a result of this cave-in. The gap is still there today. Subsequently the property was consolidated with, and subhumed by the Mammoth-St Anthony Mine.

Mineralization is the Collins vein, that dips steeply southwestward. With approximately the same strike, but steep northeastward dip, the Mammoth fault comes to the surface near the Collins vein, and, southeast of the Collins adit, transects its outcrop. Oxidation is rather complete to the 650 level. The orebody between the tunnel level and the 226 level ranged from 110 to 160 feet long by 5 to 30 feet wide.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlatePlate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


16 valid minerals.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Boleite3.DB.15KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Diaboleite3.DB.05Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Matlockite3.DC.25PbFCl
Paralaurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Phosgenite5.BE.20Pb2CO3Cl2
Plumbonacrite5.BE.15Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Matlockite9.2.11.1PbFCl
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
A(O,OH)Xq
Paralaurionite10.2.3.1PbCl(OH)
AmBn(O,OH)pXq
Boleite10.6.6.1KPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Diaboleite10.6.1.1Pb2CuCl2(OH)4
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Phosgenite16a.3.4.1Pb2CO3Cl2
Plumbonacrite16a.5.1.1Pb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
H DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
CCarbon
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
OOxygen
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
O DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
O CerussitePbCO3
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
O ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
FFluorine
F MatlockitePbFCl
SiSilicon
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
SSulfur
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
ClChlorine
Cl BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cl DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Cl ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Cl MatlockitePbFCl
KPotassium
K BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Cu DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
PbLead
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Pb BoleiteKPb26Ag9Cu24(OH)48Cl62
Pb DiaboleitePb2CuCl2(OH)4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb PhosgenitePb2CO3Cl2
Pb ParalaurionitePbCl(OH)
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MatlockitePbFCl
Pb PlumbonacritePb5O(OH)2(CO3)3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Quaternary - Miocene
0 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3185380
Cenozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cenozoic (0 - 23.03 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Calymmian
1400 - 1600 Ma



ID: 2905688
Middle Proterozoic granitic rocks

Age: Calymmian (1400 - 1600 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Oracle Granite; Ruin Granite

Description: Mostly porphyritic biotite granite with large microcline phenocrysts, with local fine-grained border phases and aplite. Associated pegmatite and quartz veins are rare. This unit forms large plutons, including the Oracle Granite, Ruin Granite, granite in the Pinnacle Peak - Carefree area northeast of Phoenix, and several bodies west of Prescott. (1400-1450 Ma)

Comments: ~ 1.4 Ga Original map source: Arizona Geological Survey, DI-8 Geologic Map of Arizona, Digital Spatial data for the Geologic Map of Arizona, v. 3.0, edited by S.M. Richard and S.M. Kneale, 2002, 10 p., 2 DOS HD disks. Arc/INFO export file (.e00) format, scale 1:1,000,000.

Lithology: Major:{granite}, Minor:{aplite}, Incidental:{pegmatite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Pogue, J.E. (1913), On cerussite twins from the Mammoth Mine, Pinal County, Arizona, American Journal of Science: 35: 90-92.
Tenny, J.B. (1927-1929) History of Mining in Arizona, Special Cllection, University of Arizona Library & Arizona Bureau of Mines Library: 325-329.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1934), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 137: 172-174.
Peterson, N.P. (1938b), Geology and ore deposits of the Mammoth mining camp area, Pinal County, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 144: 58-60.
Palache, C. (1941b), Diaboleite from Mammoth mine, Tiger, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 26: 605-612.
Fahey, J.J., et al (1950), Wherryite, a new mineral from the Mammoth mine, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 35: 93-98.
Palache, C. (1950), Paralaurionite, Mineralogical Magazine: 29: 341-345.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 42, 44, 45, 50, 54, 55, 67.
Harrer, C.M. (1964), Reconnaissance of iron resources in Arizona, US Bureau of Mines Information Circular 8236: 64.
Creasey, S.C. (1965) Geology of the San Manuel area, Pinal County, Arizona, USGS Professional Paper 471: 31.
Wilson, E.D., Cunningham, J.B., and Butler, G.M. (1934), Arizona Lode Gold Mines and Gold Mining (revised 1967), Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 137: 170-174.
Bideaux, R.A. (1980), Tiger, Arizona, Mineralogical Record: 11: 155-181.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 121, 141, 153, 158, 170, 202, 246, 254, 274, 291, 320, 327, 332.
USGS Mammoth Quadrangle map.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Mammoth-Tiger Extension ining Corp. file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources St. Anthony Miningn and Development Co. file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources U file.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10210264, MAS ID #0040210242.


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