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Mostardeira Mine, Glória, Estremoz, Évora, Portugali
Regional Level Types
Mostardeira MineMine
Glória- not defined -
Estremoz- not defined -
ÉvoraDistrict
PortugalCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
38° 48' 6'' North , 7° 35' 27'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Estremoz9,350 (2014)4.7km
Borba4,586 (2014)11.8km
Vila Viçosa8,319 (2017)15.2km
Redondo5,845 (2014)17.4km
Monforte3,329 (2018)31.0km
Name(s) in local language(s):
Mina da Mostardeira, Glória, Estremoz, Distrito de Évora, Portugal


Cu mine (1861/2 - 1881).

Mining concession no. 19 Herdade da Mostardeira (Cu), registered on 07-08-1862.

The mine of Herdade da Mostardeira, probably discovered by the Romans, exploited existent copper ores in quartz veins, formed in post-tectonic faults.
Granted in August 1862, it had a short productive life, because it scarcity in ores, it low content in copper and a lack of suitable technology. At the time, there were major copper mines offering serious competition by the same markets, also.
One century over its closing, it still remains major traces of great activity, denounced by ore and scoria wastes and by the old shafts and main buildings. From the whole, it stand out the old chimney of the roasting plant, majestic memory, built in stone, raised indifferent to the times and weather.
in J. Brandao & Joao Matos: Memórias do cobre, 2002

-

A Mina da Mostardeira fica situada junto ao vale de Campo do Rei a cerca de 4,5 km de Estremoz. A sua exploração de cobre teve início em 1863 e estendeu-se até 1894, tendo durante cerca 20 anos extraído e exportado mais de 2.000 toneladas de minério e empregando largas dezenas de mineiros portugueses e também espanhóis. Após esse período de atividade, a Mina da Mostardeira foi desativada e abandonada, não tendo tido quaisquer trabalhos de recuperação e requalificação ambiental ao longo de todo o Século XX.
in JF de Glória



Mindat Articles


Portuguese Ossa-Morena Zone Mining by Martins da Pedra http://www.mindat.org/article.php/1631

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
Iberian PeninsulaPeninsula

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


21 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Rui Nunes collection 2012
Ceruleite
Formula: Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Reference: Identified by Christian Rewitzer (unknow method).
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: J. Brandao & Joao Matos: Memórias do cobre. Nota sobre a criaçao de um parque arqueo-industrial na mina da Herdade de Mostardeira (Extremos, Portugal)
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: IST Lisbon collection
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Rui Nunes collection
Chenevixite
Formula: Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: Bello mineral collection in the MNHN Lisbon
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Rui Nunes Jan 2012
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: J. Brandao & Joao Matos: Memórias do cobre. Nota sobre a criaçao de um parque arqueo-industrial na mina da Herdade de Mostardeira (Extremos, Portugal)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: J. Brandao & Joao Matos: Memórias do cobre. Nota sobre a criaçao de um parque arqueo-industrial na mina da Herdade de Mostardeira (Extremos, Portugal)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rui Munez
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: J. Brandao & Joao Matos: Memórias do cobre. Nota sobre a criaçao de um parque arqueo-industrial na mina da Herdade de Mostardeira (Extremos, Portugal)
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Bello mineral collection in the MNHN Lisbon. Rui Nunes and Artur Neves collections.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rui Nunes Jan 2012
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Rui Nunes September 2008 (from Christian Rewitzer)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rui Nunes collection 2012
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Rui Nunes collection 2012
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Pedro Alves
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rui Nunes collection
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Description: Rui Nunes collection
'Tetrahedrite Group'
Formula: M2(A6)M1(D4C2)X3(E4)S1(Y12)S2(Z)
Reference: J. Brandao & Joao Matos: Memórias do cobre. Nota sobre a criaçao de um parque arqueo-industrial na mina da Herdade de Mostardeira (Extremos, Portugal)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Ceruleite8.DE.25Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Chenevixite8.DD.05Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Tetrahedrite Group'-M2(A6)M1(D4C2)X3(E4)S1(Y12)S2(Z)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Chenevixite42.7.10.1Cu2Fe3+2(AsO4)2(OH)4
Miscellaneous
Ceruleite42.13.6.1Cu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
var: Opal-AN-SiO2 · nH2O
'Tetrahedrite Group'-M2(A6)M1(D4C2)X3(E4)S1(Y12)S2(Z)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Tetrahedrite GroupM2(A6)M1(D4C2)X3(E4)S1(Y12)S2(Z)
OOxygen
O SideriteFeCO3
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Al CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
PPhosphorus
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S GalenaPbS
S Tetrahedrite GroupM2(A6)M1(D4C2)X3(E4)S1(Y12)S2(Z)
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Fe ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CopperCu
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu CupriteCu2O
AsArsenic
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ChenevixiteCu2Fe23+(AsO4)2(OH)4
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As CeruleiteCu2Al7(AsO4)4(OH)13 · 11.5H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
YYttrium
Y Tetrahedrite GroupM2(A6)M1(D4C2)X3(E4)S1(Y12)S2(Z)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
J. Brandao & Joao Matos: Memórias do cobre. Nota sobre a criaçao de um parque arqueo-industrial na mina da Herdade de Mostardeira (Extremos, Portugal). In: Libro de actas del Primer Simposio sobre la Minería y la Metalurgía Antigua en el Sudoeste Europeo : Centre d'Arqueologia d'Avinganya, Serós (Segría, Catalunya, España), del 5 al 7 de mayo del 2000 (coord. por Joan Ramón González Pérez, Josep Maria Mata Perelló), Vol. 2, 2002, 483-494. [ISBN 84-88894-74-0]
BARRIGA, F.; CARVALHO, D.: “Carboniferous volcanogenic sulphide mineralizations in South Portugal (Iberian Pyrite Belt)”. In SOUSA, M. L.; OLIVEIRA, J. T. (Ed.): The Carboniferous of Portugal. Mem. Serv. Geol. Portugal, 29 (1983), pp. 99-113.
BRAGA, João F.: “Relatório acerca da mina de cobre da Mostardeira - freguesia da Glória – Estremoz”. 18/Jan./1861. Rel. int. Arquivo do IGM. 17 p.
BRAGA, João F.: “Relatório de uma visita de inspecção à mina da Mostardeira”. 1863. Rel. int. sem título, Arquivo do IGM. 4 p.
CARVALHO, D.; OLIVEIRA, V.: Notícia explicativa da Carta Geológica de Portugal Fl.8. Esc. 1:200.000, Cap.7. Recursos Minerais, Serv. Geol. Portugal, 1992.

Mindat Articles

The copper mine of Herdade da Mostardeira by Rui Nunes



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