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Izumrudnye Kopi area, Malyshevo, Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russiai
Regional Level Types
Izumrudnye Kopi areaArea
MalyshevoUrban Locality
Sverdlovsk OblastOblast
RussiaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
57° 4' 37'' North , 61° 24' 9'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Name(s) in local language(s):
Изумрудные Копи (Малышевское месторождение, Малышево)


Classic emerald and alexandrite mining area and the main source of industrial beryllium in the former Soviet Union. More than 35 points of beryllium mineralization were discovered in this 25x2 km belt.

Clinobehoite and Ginzburgite were found in hydrothermally altered zones of desilicated pegmatites of the Malyshevo quarry.

GPS coordinates are approximate.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

47 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35 ; Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Albite var. Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'
Reference: Rock Currier
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Reference: Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.
Beryl var. Aquamarine
Formula: Be3Al2Si6O18
Reference: No reference listed
Beryl var. Emerald
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Reference: Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).; Kievlenko, E.Y. (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Koroteev, V.A., Popov, M.P., Erokhin, Yu.V., Khiller, V.V. (2017): Parkerite and Bismutohauchecornite in Chromitites of the Urals: Example of the Uralian Emerald Mines. Doklady Earth Sciences, 473, 438-440
Bismutohauchecornite
Formula: Ni9Bi2S8
Reference: Koroteev, V.A., Popov, M.P., Erokhin, Yu.V., Khiller, V.V. (2017): Parkerite and Bismutohauchecornite in Chromitites of the Urals: Example of the Uralian Emerald Mines. Doklady Earth Sciences, 473, 438-440
Bityite
Formula: LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Bromellite
Formula: BeO
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Zhitova, E. S., Popov, M. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Zaitsev, A. N., & Vlasenko, N. S. (2017). Quintinite-1M from the Mariinsky Deposit, Ural Emerald Mines, Central Urals, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(8), 745-751.
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Popov, M.P.,Erokhin, Y.V., Khiller, V.V. and Karpenko, V.Y. (2011): Mariinskite, IMA 2011-057. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Koroteev, V.A., Popov, M.P., Erokhin, Yu.V., Khiller, V.V. (2017): Parkerite and Bismutohauchecornite in Chromitites of the Urals: Example of the Uralian Emerald Mines. Doklady Earth Sciences, 473, 438-440
Chromite var. Aluminian Chromite
Formula: Fe(Cr,Al)2O4
Reference: Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.
Chrysoberyl
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.
Chrysoberyl var. Alexandrite
Formula: BeAl2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83
Clinobehoite (TL)
Formula: Be(OH)2
Type Locality:
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.); Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data; Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.
Clinochlore var. Sheridanite
Formula: (Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: P.M. Kartashov data
Columbite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Nb2O6
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Eskolaite
Formula: Cr2O3
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Popov, M.P.,Erokhin, Y.V., Khiller, V.V. and Karpenko,V.Y. (2011): Mariinskite, IMA 2011-057. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Kissin, A.; Gottman, I.; Sustavov, S.; Murzin, V.; Kiseleva, D. (2020) The First Find of Cr2O3 Eskolaite Associated with Marble-Hosted Ruby in the Southern Urals and the Problem of Al and Cr Sources. Minerals 10, 101.
Euclase
Formula: BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Fluorophlogopite
Formula: KMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Reference: Kissin, A.; Gottman, I.; Sustavov, S.; Murzin, V.; Kiseleva, D. (2020) The First Find of Cr2O3 Eskolaite Associated with Marble-Hosted Ruby in the Southern Urals and the Problem of Al and Cr Sources. Minerals 10, 101.
Hydroxycalciomicrolite
Formula: Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83
Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Margarite var. Beryllian Margarite
Formula: CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Reference: Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Mariinskite (TL)
Formula: BeCr2O4
Type Locality:
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Popov, M.P.,Erokhin, Y.V., Khiller, V.V. and Karpenko,V.Y. (2011): Mariinskite, IMA 2011-057. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Kissin, A.; Gottman, I.; Sustavov, S.; Murzin, V.; Kiseleva, D. (2020) The First Find of Cr2O3 Eskolaite Associated with Marble-Hosted Ruby in the Southern Urals and the Problem of Al and Cr Sources. Minerals 10, 101.
Millerite
Formula: NiS
Reference: Koroteev, V.A., Popov, M.P., Erokhin, Yu.V., Khiller, V.V. (2017): Parkerite and Bismutohauchecornite in Chromitites of the Urals: Example of the Uralian Emerald Mines. Doklady Earth Sciences, 473, 438-440
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Pautov, L.A., Popov, M.P.,Erokhin, Y.V., Khiller, V.V. and Karpenko, V.Y. (2011): Mariinskite, IMA 2011-057. CNMNC Newsletter No. 11, December 2011, page 2888; Mineralogical Magazine, 75, 2887-2893; Kissin, A.; Gottman, I.; Sustavov, S.; Murzin, V.; Kiseleva, D. (2020) The First Find of Cr2O3 Eskolaite Associated with Marble-Hosted Ruby in the Southern Urals and the Problem of Al and Cr Sources. Minerals 10, 101.
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: Koroteev, V.A., Popov, M.P., Erokhin, Yu.V., Khiller, V.V. (2017): Parkerite and Bismutohauchecornite in Chromitites of the Urals: Example of the Uralian Emerald Mines. Doklady Earth Sciences, 473, 438-440
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2012)
Parkerite
Formula: Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Reference: Koroteev, V.A., Popov, M.P., Erokhin, Yu.V., Khiller, V.V. (2017): Parkerite and Bismutohauchecornite in Chromitites of the Urals: Example of the Uralian Emerald Mines. Doklady Earth Sciences, 473, 438-440
Phenakite (TL)
Formula: Be2SiO4
Habit: Crystals to 20cm
Colour: colorless to tea colored
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
'Phillipsite subgroup'
Reference: Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov data
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Quintinite
Formula: Mg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2O
Reference: Zhitova, E. S., Popov, M. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Zaitsev, A. N., & Vlasenko, N. S. (2017). Quintinite-1M from the Mariinsky Deposit, Ural Emerald Mines, Central Urals, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(8), 745-751.
'Quintinite-1M'
Reference: Zhitova, E. S., Popov, M. P., Krivovichev, S. V., Zaitsev, A. N., & Vlasenko, N. S. (2017). Quintinite-1M from the Mariinsky Deposit, Ural Emerald Mines, Central Urals, Russia. Geology of Ore Deposits, 59(8), 745-751.
Roggianite
Formula: Ca2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
Reference: Voloshin A.V., Pakhomovskii Ya.A., Rogachev D.L., Tyusheva F.N., Shishkin N.M. (1986) Ginzburgite - the new calcium-beryllium silicate from desilicified pegmatites, - Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal, v.8, №4, p. 85-90 (in Rus.). Avdonin V.N., Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals, - UGGA press, p. 419 (in Rus.).
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: No reference listed
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: http://webmineral.ru/deposits/item.php?id=1375 ; https://www.mindat.org/forum.php?read,11,442296,442299#msg-442299
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83; Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35 ; Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union 369p. Ocean Pictures, Moscow; Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35 ; E. Y. Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Description: Blue
Reference: Emeralds of the World English extraLapis Vol. 2 2002 pp24-35
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Reference: Kissin, A.; Gottman, I.; Sustavov, S.; Murzin, V.; Kiseleva, D. (2020) The First Find of Cr2O3 Eskolaite Associated with Marble-Hosted Ruby in the Southern Urals and the Problem of Al and Cr Sources. Minerals 10, 101.
Zincochromite
Formula: ZnCr2O4
Reference: Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.

Gallery:

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bismutohauchecornite2.BB.10Ni9Bi2S8
Millerite2.CC.20NiS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Parkerite2.BE.20Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Bromellite4.AB.20BeO
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
var. Aluminian Chromite4.BB.05Fe(Cr,Al)2O4
Chrysoberyl4.BA.05BeAl2O4
var. Alexandrite4.BA.05BeAl2O4
Clinobehoite (TL)4.FA.05bBe(OH)2
Columbite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Nb2O6
Eskolaite4.CB.05Cr2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Zincochromite4.BB.05ZnCr2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Quintinite5.DA.40Mg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var. Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var. Aquamarine9.CJ.05Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Emerald9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Bityite9.EC.35LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var. Sheridanite9.EC.55(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Euclase9.AE.10BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Fluorophlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
var. Beryllian Margarite9.EC.30CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phenakite (TL)9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Roggianite9.GB.20Ca2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Mariinskite (TL)-BeCr2O4
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Quintinite-1M'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 5:2
Parkerite2.3.4.1Ni3(Bi,Pb)2S2
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Millerite2.8.16.1NiS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Bismutohauchecornite3.2.5.2Ni9Bi2S8
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Bromellite4.2.2.2BeO
A2X3
Eskolaite4.3.1.3Cr2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Clinobehoite (TL)6.2.3.1Be(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Chrysoberyl7.2.9.1BeAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Zincochromite7.2.3.6ZnCr2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
AB2O6
Columbite-(Mn)8.3.2.4Mn2+Nb2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Quintinite16b.7.16.3Mg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite (TL)51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Euclase52.2.1.1BeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Bityite71.2.2c.3LiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Margarite71.2.2c.1CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Roggianite77.1.7.4Ca2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Albite
var. Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Almandine-Spessartine Series'-
Beryl
var. Aquamarine
-Be3Al2Si6O18
var. Emerald-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
'Chlorite Group'-
'Chrome-Spinel (of Dana)'-
Chromite
var. Aluminian Chromite
-Fe(Cr,Al)2O4
Chrysoberyl
var. Alexandrite
-BeAl2O4
Clinochlore
var. Sheridanite
-(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fluorophlogopite-KMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Hydroxycalciomicrolite-Ca1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Margarite
var. Beryllian Margarite
-CaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Mariinskite (TL)-BeCr2O4
Muscovite
var. Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
'Phillipsite subgroup'-
'Quintinite-1M'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ClinobehoiteBe(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinochlore var. Sheridanite(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
H HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
H Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Margarite var. Beryllian MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
H MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2O
LiLithium
Li BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be MariinskiteBeCr2O4
Be ClinobehoiteBe(OH)2
Be Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Be Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Be Chrysoberyl var. AlexandriteBeAl2O4
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Be EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Be BromelliteBeO
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
BBoron
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2O
OOxygen
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O MariinskiteBeCr2O4
O ClinobehoiteBe(OH)2
O Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
O QuartzSiO2
O Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
O RutileTiO2
O Chrysoberyl var. AlexandriteBeAl2O4
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O EskolaiteCr2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Clinochlore var. Sheridanite(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
O Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
O Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
O HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O BromelliteBeO
O Margarite var. Beryllian MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2O
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Chromite var. Aluminian ChromiteFe(Cr,Al)2O4
O ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
O FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
MgMagnesium
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Clinochlore var. Sheridanite(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2O
Mg FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
AlAluminium
Al Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Al Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al ChrysoberylBeAl2O4
Al Chrysoberyl var. AlexandriteBeAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinochlore var. Sheridanite(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Al Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Margarite var. Beryllian MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al QuintiniteMg4Al2(OH)12(CO3) · 3H2O
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Chromite var. Aluminian ChromiteFe(Cr,Al)2O4
Al FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
SiSilicon
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si Beryl var. AquamarineBe3Al2Si6O18
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Beryl var. EmeraldBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Clinochlore var. Sheridanite(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Si Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si EuclaseBeAl(SiO4)(OH)
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si Margarite var. Beryllian MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
Si MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
S BismutohauchecorniteNi9Bi2S8
S MilleriteNiS
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K FluorophlogopiteKMg3(Si3Al)O10F2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca BityiteLiCaAl2(AlBeSi2O10)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Albite var. Oligoclase(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
Ca Margarite var. Beryllian MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca RoggianiteCa2Be(OH)2Al2Si4O13 · 2.5H2O
Ca MargariteCaAl2(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr MariinskiteBeCr2O4
Cr EskolaiteCr2O3
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Cr Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Cr Chromite var. Aluminian ChromiteFe(Cr,Al)2O4
Cr ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
MnManganese
Mn Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe Actinolite◻Ca2(Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5)Si8O22OH2
Fe Clinochlore var. Sheridanite(Mg,Al,Fe)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg/Ti)([Si/Al/Fe]2Si2O10)(OH/F)2 or Simplified: K(Mg,Fe)3AlSi3O10(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe Chromite var. Aluminian ChromiteFe(Cr,Al)2O4
NiNickel
Ni ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Ni BismutohauchecorniteNi9Bi2S8
Ni MilleriteNiS
Ni NickelineNiAs
ZnZinc
Zn ZincochromiteZnCr2O4
AsArsenic
As NickelineNiAs
NbNiobium
Nb Columbite-(Mn)Mn2+Nb2O6
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
TaTantalum
Ta HydroxycalciomicroliteCa1.5Ta2O6(OH)
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
PbLead
Pb ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi ParkeriteNi3(Bi,Pb)2S2
Bi BismutohauchecorniteNi9Bi2S8
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Gübelin, E. and Wolgensinger, M. (1976) Edelstenen. Uitgeverij Artis, Brussel (in Dutch).
Voloshin, A.V., Pakhomovskii, Ya.A., Rogachev, D.L., Tyusheva, F.N., and Shishkin, N.M. (1986) Ginzburgite - the new calcium-beryllium silicate from desilicified pegmatites,. Mineralogicheskii Zhurnal, 8(4), 85-90 (in Rus.).
Pekov, I. (1998) Minerals First discovered on the territory of the former Soviet Union, 369 pp. Ocean Pictures, Moscow.
Extra Lapis (2002) Emeralds of the World, English, Vol. 2, 24-35.
Kievlenko (2003) Geology of Gems, 82-83.
Avdonin, V.N. and Polenov Yu.A. (2004) Essays on Uralian minerals. UGGA press: 419 (in Russian).
Popov, M. P., Sorokina, E. S., Kononkova, N. N., Nikolaev, A. G., & Karampelas, S. (2019, June). New Data on the Genetic Linkage of the Beryl and Chrysoberyl Chromophores of the Ural’s Emerald Mines with Chromium-Bearing Spinels of the Bazhenov Ophiolite Complex. In Doklady Earth Sciences (Vol. 486, No. 2, pp. 630-633). Pleiades Publishing.

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