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Leadville Mining District, Lake Co., Colorado, USAi
Regional Level Types
Leadville Mining DistrictMining District
Lake Co.County
ColoradoState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
39° North , 106° West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~27km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Empire District; California District; Evans District; Iowa District


A former Ag-Zn-Au-Pb-Cu-Mn-Fe-S-Bi-Cd-V-W mining district. The district extends from Leadville East to the crest of the Mosquito Range and from Canterbury Hill and Prospect Mountain in the North to Empire Gulch in the South. It includes about 30 square miles, mostly in T9S, R79 & 80W. The most intensely mineralized area lies immediately East of Leadville and covers about 8 square miles. Operated during the period 1860 to 1999. Coordinates provided by the USGS MRDS database are to the approximate center of the district.

At today's metal prices (2006), Ag, Zn, Au, & Pb are the main products of the district; Cu is a byproduct. Manganiferous iron ore was used in steelmaking; iron-silver and iron-manganese-silver ores were produced for smelter flux. Bi & Cd were recovered as byproducts of smelting. Pyrite was used to make sulfuric acid. Tungsten minerals (in one ore body) and vanadium minerals are reported but have not been recovered.

Mineralization is comprised of replacement deposits (Deposits data: Model code 72; USGS model code 19a; Deposit model name: Polymetallic replacement; Mark3 model number 47;; Model code 56; USGS model code 17a; Deposit model name: Placer Au;; Model code 224; USGS model code 32a; BC deposit profile E12; Deposit model name: Mississippi Valley, S.E. Missouri Pb-Zn; Mark3 model number 42) hosted in rocks of the Curtis Formation (dolomite). The host rocks include Proterozoic Sawatch Quartzite; Cambrian Peerless Shale; Cambrian Manitou Dolomite; Ordovician Parting Sandstone; Devonian Dyer Dolomite; Devonian Gilman Sandstone; Late Devonian Leadville Dolomite; Mississippian Belden Formation black shale; Pennsylvanian Minturn Formation arkose; Pennsylvanian porphyry (Pando, Lincoln, Evans Gulch, Sacramento, Johnson Gulch, rhyolite, and fragmental porphyries). Associated rocks include Tertiary St. Kevin Granite. Gangue contains manganoan siderite (manganosiderite). Local alteration includes silicification & sericitization. Local rocks include Laramide intrusive rocks.

Major minerals in each of four types of ore bodies are listed: (1) hypogene oxide-silicate ore, (2) hypogene sulfide veins and stockworks, (3) blanket or manto replacement ore, and (4) oxidized or supergene ore.

Granitic and metamorphic basement rocks are overlain by 500 feet of east-dipping marine Paleozoic sedimentary rocks, cut by numerous faults, and intruded by many Tertiary igneous rocks. Five types of ore bodies are (1) hypogene oxide-silicate ore, (2) hypogene sulfide veins and stockworks, (3) blanket or manto replacement ore, (4) oxidized or supergene ore, and (5) placer deposits.

Local geologic structures include numerous faults of several periods.

After 140 years of nearly continuous mining activity, the Leadville district ranks among the most productive areas for base and precious metals in the U.S. First, gold placer deposits, then lode gold deposits were worked, from 1860 to 1875; oxidized silver-lead ores were dominant from 1876 to 1902; then oxidized zinc ores were worked from 1902 to 1923; finally, mixed sulfide base- and precious-metal ores were mined from 1924 almost continuously until 1999.

Production information: An estimate of total metal production, based on published reports and the reporter's estimate of recent production, includes 3,250,000 ounces of Au, 270,000,000 ounces of Ag, 53,000 tons of Cu, 1,200,000 tons of Pb, and 1,235,000 tons of Zn. Nearly 29 million tons of ore were mined. Almost 1,000,000 tons of manganiferous iron ore and 2,900,000 tons of iron-silver and iron-manganese-silver ore, plus an unknown quantity of pyrite, were produced.

For the 1860-1999 cumulative production listed in the previous comment, assuming the amounts are metric tons, at 2010 prices, the commodity importance order and dollar value in millions is: Ag $4.9 Au $3.7 Zn $3.0 Pb $2.6 Cu $0.4 For the 1860-1963 cumulative production, Tweto, 1968, lists the relative economic importance as follows: 37% Ag; 22% Zn; 21% Pb; 13% Au; 3% Cu; 4% other including Bi and Mg.

Production statistics data: Year: 1999 (period 1860-1999): Ore mined: 29,000,000 metric tons.

Production history details: Primary recovery: Ag: 8,400 metric tons; Zn: 1,235,000 metric tons; Au: 101 metric tons; Pb: 1,200,000 metric tons; and, Secondary recovery: Cu: 53,000 metric tons.

Reserve resource information: Low-grade manganese resources may total 2,000,000 tons of oxidized ore, containing 10% to 35% Mn, plus 2,000,000 tons of primary (manganosiderite) ore, containing 14 to 20% Mn. (Hedges, J.H., 1940).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

113 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 1 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Aikinite
Formula: PbCuBiS3
Alabandite
Formula: MnS
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
'Alaskaite'
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Altaite
Formula: PbTe
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Aragonite var: Plumboan Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Pb)CO3
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Aragonite var: Zincian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Zn)CO3
Reference: Mineralogical Record:16(3):171-201; Rocks & Minerals 81:5 402-409
Argentojarosite ?
Formula: AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
'Bindheimite'
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Birnessite
Formula: (Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Eckhard D. Stuart collection (XRD by Canadian Museum of Nature)
Bromargyrite
Formula: AgBr
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
Calaverite
Formula: AuTe2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Reference: Dana 6: 1090.
Canfieldite
Formula: Ag8SnS6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 47 localities in this region.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Chalcophanite
Formula: ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Chalcophyllite ?
Formula: Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckels, E. B.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
Localities: Reported from at least 35 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
Formula: Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Eckhard D. Stuart collection (visual identification)
Cryptomelane
Formula: K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Descloizite var: Dechenite
Formula: PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Localities: Reported from at least 17 localities in this region.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 72 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Galenobismutite
Formula: PbBi2S4
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gold
Formula: Au
Localities: Reported from at least 18 localities in this region.
Goslarite
Formula: ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Graphite
Formula: C
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rocks & Minerals 81:5 402-409
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Hessite
Formula: Ag2Te
Hetaerolite
Formula: ZnMn2O4
Hetaerolite var: Hydrohetaerolite (FRL)
Formula: ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Description: Hydrohetaerolite is known only in the Leadville district, Lake County. There it is widespread, relatively abundant, and important as an ore of zinc. The mineral is widespread in the district, even well below the main zone of oxidation. It occurs as fra
Reference: "Minerals of Colorado, updated & revised", p. 272, by Eckel, Edwin B., 1997; Rocks & Minerals 81:5 402-409
Hollandite
Formula: Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Hübnerite
Formula: MnWO4
Huntite
Formula: CaMg3(CO3)4
Description: Forms a major portion of the "Chinese talc" with quartz, dolomite and possibly native silver.
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Hydrozincite
Formula: Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 248.
Iodargyrite
Formula: AgI
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
Kobellite
Formula: Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Reference: Dana 6: 1090.
Lanarkite
Formula: Pb2(SO4)O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298.
Lead
Formula: Pb
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 298; Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Lillianite ? (TL)
Formula: Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Type Locality:
Description: Type specimen proved to be mixture of galena, bismuthinite, and argentite
Reference: Dana 6: 1090; Am.Min.: 54:579 (1969)(abstract); Keller (1889).
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Litharge
Formula: PbO
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
'Manganese Oxides'
Reference: Paul Broyles
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Massicot
Formula: PbO
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Matildite
Formula: AgBiS2
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Minium
Formula: Pb3O4
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Natroalunite
Formula: NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Oxyplumboroméite
Formula: Pb2Sb2O6O
Reference: Tony Nikischer
Paragonite
Formula: NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Pearceite-T2ac'
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Plumbojarosite
Formula: Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Proustite
Formula: Ag3AsS3
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
'Psilomelane'
Formula: Mn, O
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
Pyrargyrite
Formula: Ag3SbS3
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 46 localities in this region.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Localities: Reported from at least 14 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
'Pyroxene Group'
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 34 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Rhodonite
Formula: Mn2+SiO3
Romanèchite
Formula: (Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Sauconite
Formula: Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Selenium
Formula: Se
Reference: MinRec 16:171-201
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Siderite var: Manganoan Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Siderite var: Mg-rich Siderite
Formula: (Fe,Mg)CO3
Reference: The Oxidized Zinc Ores of Leadville Colorado, G. F. Loughlin, 1918
Siderite var: Oligonite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)CO3
Reference: AmMin 19:304
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 37 localities in this region.
Sphalerite var: Marmatite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) Eckel, E. B.
Stephanite
Formula: Ag5SbS4
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Geology and Mining Industry of Leadville, Samuel F. Emmons, 1886
Tarbuttite ?
Formula: Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckels
Tellurium
Formula: Te
Reference: Tony Nikischer
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
'Tetrahedrite'
Formula: Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Turgite'
Reference: http://mars.mines.edu/smplist/GeoMHema/smplist.htm
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 950; Mineralogical Record: 16: 171-201.
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
'Wad'
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
'Wad var: Wackenrodite'
Reference: Van King
Willemite
Formula: Zn2SiO4
Reference: Minerals of Colorado (1997) E.B. Eckel
'Wolframite'
Formula: (Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Wurtzite
Formula: (Zn,Fe)S
Zincrosasite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Tony Nikischer specimen and analysis

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Lead1.AA.05Pb
Selenium1.CC.10Se
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Tellurium1.CC.10Te
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Aikinite2.HB.05aPbCuBiS3
Alabandite2.CD.10MnS
Altaite2.CD.10PbTe
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Calaverite2.EA.10AuTe2
Canfieldite2.BA.70Ag8SnS6
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Galenobismutite2.JC.25ePbBi2S4
Hessite2.BA.60Ag2Te
Kobellite2.HB.10aPb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Lillianite ? (TL)2.JB.40aPb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Matildite2.JA.20AgBiS2
Proustite2.GA.05Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite2.GA.05Ag3SbS3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
var: Marmatite2.CB.05a(Zn,Fe)S
Stephanite2.GB.10Ag5SbS4
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Wurtzite2.CB.45(Zn,Fe)S
Group 3 - Halides
Bromargyrite3.AA.15AgBr
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite3.AA.15Ag(Cl,Br)
Iodargyrite3.AA.10AgI
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Bindheimite'4.DH.20Pb2Sb2O6O
Birnessite4.FL.45(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Chalcophanite4.FL.20ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
Cryptomelane4.DK.05aK(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Hetaerolite4.BB.10ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite (TL)4.BB.10ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Hollandite4.DK.05aBa(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Hübnerite4.DB.30MnWO4
Litharge4.AC.20PbO
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Massicot4.AC.25PbO
Minium4.BD.05Pb3O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Oxyplumboroméite4.DH.Pb2Sb2O6O
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Romanèchite4.DK.10(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Pb)CO3
var: Zincian Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Zn)CO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Huntite5.AB.25CaMg3(CO3)4
Hydrozincite5.BA.15Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Leadhillite5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
var: Manganoan Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
var: Mg-rich Siderite5.AB.05(Fe,Mg)CO3
var: Oligonite5.AB.05(Fe,Mn)CO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Zincrosasite5.BA.10(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Argentojarosite ?7.BC.10AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Caledonite7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite7.CB.40ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite7.BD.40Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Natroalunite7.BC.10NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Plumbojarosite7.BC.10Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Chalcophyllite ?8.DF.30Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
var: Dechenite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Tarbuttite ?8.BB.35Zn2(PO4)(OH)
Turquoise8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Paragonite9.EC.15NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhodonite9.DK.05Mn2+SiO3
Sauconite9.EC.45Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Willemite9.AA.05Zn2SiO4
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Alaskaite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
'Pearceite-T2ac'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Turgite'-
'Wad'-
'var: Wackenrodite'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Lead1.1.1.4Pb
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Selenium1.3.4.1Se
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Tellurium1.3.4.2Te
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Hessite2.4.2.1Ag2Te
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Canfieldite2.5.6.2Ag8SnS6
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Alabandite2.8.1.4MnS
Altaite2.8.1.3PbTe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Wurtzite2.8.7.1(Zn,Fe)S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Calaverite2.12.13.2AuTe2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
Stephanite3.2.4.1Ag5SbS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
'Tetrahedrite'3.3.6.1Cu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
ø = 3
Aikinite3.4.5.1PbCuBiS3
Lillianite ? (TL)3.4.15.1Pb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Proustite3.4.1.1Ag3AsS3
Pyrargyrite3.4.1.2Ag3SbS3
2 < ø < 2.49
Kobellite3.6.19.1Pb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
ø = 2
Galenobismutite3.7.9.1PbBi2S4
Matildite3.7.1.1AgBiS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Litharge4.2.4.1PbO
Massicot4.2.7.1PbO
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Hetaerolite7.2.7.2ZnMn2O4
var: Hydrohetaerolite (FRL)7.2.7.3ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Minium7.2.8.1Pb3O4
(AB)2X3
Birnessite7.5.3.1(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
AB3X7
Chalcophanite7.8.2.1ZnMn4+3O7 · 3H2O
AB8X16
Cryptomelane7.9.1.2K(Mn4+7Mn3+)O16
Hollandite7.9.1.1Ba(Mn4+6Mn3+2)O16
Romanèchite7.9.2.1(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Bromargyrite9.1.4.2AgBr
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
Iodargyrite9.1.5.1AgI
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Miscellaneous
Huntite14.4.3.1CaMg3(CO3)4
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zincrosasite16a.3.1.4(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Hydrozincite16a.4.1.1Zn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Goslarite29.6.11.2ZnSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Argentojarosite ?30.2.5.5AgFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Lanarkite30.2.1.1Pb2(SO4)O
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Plumbojarosite30.2.5.6Pb0.5Fe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A2(XO4)Zq
Tarbuttite ?41.6.7.1Zn2(PO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Hydrated Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Chalcophyllite ?43.5.14.1Cu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
A2X2O6(O,OH,F)
'Bindheimite'44.1.1.2Pb2Sb2O6O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Hübnerite48.1.1.1MnWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Willemite51.1.1.2Zn2SiO4
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=5
Rhodonite65.4.1.1Mn2+SiO3
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Paragonite71.2.2a.2NaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Sauconite71.3.1b.3Na0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Alaskaite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Plumboan Aragonite-(Ca,Pb)CO3
var: Zincian Aragonite-(Ca,Zn)CO3
Chlorargyrite
var: Bromian Chlorargyrite
-Ag(Cl,Br)
'Chlorite Group'-
Descloizite
var: Dechenite
-PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Manganese Oxides'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natroalunite-NaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Oxyplumboroméite-Pb2Sb2O6O
'Pearceite-T2ac'-
'Psilomelane'-Mn, O
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
var: Manganoan Siderite
-(Fe,Mn)CO3
var: Mg-rich Siderite-(Fe,Mg)CO3
var: Oligonite-(Fe,Mn)CO3
Sphalerite
var: Marmatite
-(Zn,Fe)S
'Turgite'-
'Wad'-
'var: Wackenrodite'-
'Wolframite'-(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Descloizite (var: Dechenite)PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
H Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
H ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
H ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
H TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C Siderite (var: Mg-rich Siderite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C GraphiteC
C HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
C Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
C Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
C Aragonite (var: Zincian Aragonite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
C Siderite (var: Oligonite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
OOxygen
O Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O QuartzSiO2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O SideriteFeCO3
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O TenoriteCuO
O CalciteCaCO3
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O HübneriteMnWO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
O AragoniteCaCO3
O RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O HematiteFe2O3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O Descloizite (var: Dechenite)PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O AnglesitePbSO4
O MiniumPb3O4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O Siderite (var: Mg-rich Siderite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
O GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O WillemiteZn2SiO4
O Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
O Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
O OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
O Aragonite (var: Zincian Aragonite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
O CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
O Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O LithargePbO
O PsilomelaneMn, O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O Siderite (var: Oligonite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
O Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
O LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
O MassicotPbO
O UraniniteUO2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
O ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
O TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
NaSodium
Na SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Na ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Na Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Na NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg Siderite (var: Mg-rich Siderite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
AlAluminium
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si ParagoniteNaAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si WillemiteZn2SiO4
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S AcanthiteAg2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
S TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MatilditeAgBiS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CanfielditeAg8SnS6
S AikinitePbCuBiS3
S GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S SulphurS8
S PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
S GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S StephaniteAg5SbS4
S KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S CovelliteCuS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S ProustiteAg3AsS3
S PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
S Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
S NatroaluniteNaAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S DigeniteCu9S5
S Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S MarcasiteFeS2
S AlabanditeMnS
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
S ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
S ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
Cl Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca HuntiteCaMg3(CO3)4
Ca Aragonite (var: Zincian Aragonite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
Ca Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
VVanadium
V Descloizite (var: Dechenite)PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MnManganese
Mn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Mn Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Mn ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn HübneriteMnWO4
Mn RhodoniteMn2+SiO3
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Mn Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
Mn CryptomelaneK(Mn74+Mn3+)O16
Mn Birnessite(Na,Ca)0.5(Mn4+,Mn3+)2O4 · 1.5H2O
Mn PsilomelaneMn, O
Mn Siderite (var: Oligonite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
Mn AlabanditeMnS
Mn HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Mn Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Siderite (var: Mg-rich Siderite)(Fe,Mg)CO3
Fe KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Siderite (var: Manganoan Siderite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe Siderite (var: Oligonite)(Fe,Mn)CO3
Fe Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
Cu TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu AikinitePbCuBiS3
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Hetaerolite (var: Hydrohetaerolite)ZnMn2O4 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ChalcophaniteZnMn34+O7 · 3H2O
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SauconiteNa0.3Zn3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Zn Descloizite (var: Dechenite)PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn GoslariteZnSO4 · 7H2O
Zn HetaeroliteZnMn2O4
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn WillemiteZn2SiO4
Zn Zincrosasite(Zn,Cu)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Aragonite (var: Zincian Aragonite)(Ca,Zn)CO3
Zn Wurtzite(Zn,Fe)S
Zn Sphalerite (var: Marmatite)(Zn,Fe)S
Zn HydrozinciteZn5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn TarbuttiteZn2(PO4)(OH)
AsArsenic
As TennantiteCu6(Cu4X2)As4S12S
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As Descloizite (var: Dechenite)PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
As ProustiteAg3AsS3
As ChalcophylliteCu18Al2(AsO4)4(SO4)3(OH)24 · 36H2O
SeSelenium
Se SeleniumSe
BrBromine
Br Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Br BromargyriteAgBr
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag MatilditeAgBiS2
Ag CanfielditeAg8SnS6
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
Ag Chlorargyrite (var: Bromian Chlorargyrite)Ag(Cl,Br)
Ag HessiteAg2Te
Ag IodargyriteAgI
Ag StephaniteAg5SbS4
Ag BromargyriteAgBr
Ag ProustiteAg3AsS3
Ag PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag ArgentojarositeAgFe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
SnTin
Sn CanfielditeAg8SnS6
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6(Cu4X2)Sb4S13
Sb StephaniteAg5SbS4
Sb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Sb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
Sb PyrargyriteAg3SbS3
TeTellurium
Te CalaveriteAuTe2
Te AltaitePbTe
Te HessiteAg2Te
Te TelluriumTe
IIodine
I IodargyriteAgI
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba HollanditeBa(Mn64+Mn23+)O16
Ba Romanèchite(Ba,H2O)2(Mn4+,Mn3+)5O10
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W Wolframite(Fe2+)WO4 to (Mn2+)WO4
W HübneriteMnWO4
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au CalaveriteAuTe2
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
PbLead
Pb LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb AltaitePbTe
Pb AikinitePbCuBiS3
Pb GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Pb Aragonite (var: Plumboan Aragonite)(Ca,Pb)CO3
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb Descloizite (var: Dechenite)PbZn(VO4,AsO4)(OH)
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb MiniumPb3O4
Pb PlumbojarositePb0.5Fe33+(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb BindheimitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb OxyplumboroméitePb2Sb2O6O
Pb LithargePbO
Pb LeadPb
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LanarkitePb2(SO4)O
Pb MassicotPbO
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
BiBismuth
Bi LillianitePb3-2xAgxBi2+xS6
Bi MatilditeAgBiS2
Bi AikinitePbCuBiS3
Bi GalenobismutitePbBi2S4
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3
Bi KobellitePb22Cu4(Bi,Sb)30S69
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Shannon, J.M., Shannon, G.C. (1985) Famous mineral localities: the mines and minerals of Leadville. Mineralogical Record, 16(3), 171-201.
Emmons, S.F., Irving, J.D., Loughlin, G.F. (1927) Geology and ore deposits of the Leadville mining district, Colorado. United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 148, 368 pages.
Hedges, J.H. (1940) Mineral industries survey of the United States, Colorado, Lake County, Possibilities of manganese production at Leadville, Colorado. United States Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7125, 23 pages.
Behre, C.H., Jr. (1953) Geology and ore deposits of the west slope of the Mosquito Range (Colorado). United States Geological Survey Professional Paper 235, 176 pages.
Harrer, C.M., Tesch, W.J., Jr. (1959) Reconnaissance of iron occurrences in Colorado. United States Bureau of Mines Information Circular 7918, 82 pages.
Tweto, O. (1968) Leadville district, Colorado, in Ridge, J.D. (Ed.) Ore deposits of the United States, 1933-1967 (Graton-Sales volume): New York, American Institute of Mining Engineers: 681-705.
Smith, D.A. (1977) Colorado Mining - A photographic history. Albuquerque, University of New Mexico Press, 176 pages.
Johansing, R.J., Thompson, T.B. (1990) Geology and origin of Sherman-type deposits, central Colorado. Economic Geology Monograph 7.
Thompson, T.B., Arehart, G.B. (1990) Geology and the origin of ore deposits in the Leadville district, Colorado: Part I. Geologic studies of orebodies and wall rocks. Economic Geology Monograph 7: 130-155.
Dunn, L.G. (2003) Colorado mining districts: A reference. Golden, Colorado, Colorado School of Mines Library, 364 pages.
Leach, D., Sangster, D., Kelley, K., Large, R.R., Garven, G., Allen, C., Gutzmer, J., Walters, S. (2005) Sediment-hosted lead-zinc deposits: A global perspective. Economic Geology, 100th Aniversary Volume: 561-607, appendices A, B, C, D, E, and supplement.
USGS (2005) Mineral Resources Data System (MRDS): U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia, loc. file ID #10008106.
U.S. Bureau of Mines, Minerals Availability System (MAS) file ID #80650007.
Sharps, Colorado School of Mines Mineral Industries Bulletin: Volume 6, No.___ (reference truncated by MRDS database).
Sunshine Mining Co. Colorado exploration files, unpublished data, Colorado Geological Survey.

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Leadville_mining_district
Wikidata ID:Q6508807

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