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Bugalho Mine, São Brás dos Matos, Alandroal, Évora District, Portugal

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 38° 41' 8'' North , 7° 19' 4'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 38.68575,-7.31796
GeoHash:G#: eyfu16x0z
Locality type:Mine (Abandoned) - last checked 2018
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Mina do Bugalho, São Brás dos Matos, Alandroal, Distrito de Évora, Portugal


Inactive Cu mine.

Mining concession no. 30 Herdade do Bugalho (Cu), old parish of São Brás dos Matos or Mina do Bugalho, registered on 23-08-1866 (closed around 1900).

From these mines were extracted copper, pyrite, sulphur, silver and gold. The mines are closed since about a hundred years.

[Zona da Ossa Morena; faixa de Sousel-Barrancos.
Filão-falha de quartzo e carbonatos, discordante em relação à estrutura regional, com direcção NE-SW, pendor 80º NW e possança de 1,2 a 1,3 m com 1 Km de extensão, filão de quartzo e carbonatos menos possante e orientado N 30º W.
Rochas encaixantes: liditos, xistos.
Geologia local: Silúrico, perto da grande falha de Messajana.
Siorminp ID 1226]



There are two megalithic dolmens in the nearby Herdade dos Galvões, Mina do Bugalho: Anta dos Galvões N38.636819, W7.468679 and Anta do Pão Mole N38.698864 W7.312013

---

Mindat Articles


Portuguese Ossa-Morena Zone Mining by Martins da Pedra http://www.mindat.org/article.php/1631

Regions containing this locality

Iberian Peninsula

Peninsula - 1,540 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


31 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (Siorminp ID 1226Cu)
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Rui Nunes collection
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Cacoxenite
Formula: Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Reference: Rui Nunes visit 18 July 2015
Camérolaite
Formula: Cu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Rui Nunes collection
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: LNEG Siorminp database
Chalcosiderite
Formula: CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Rui Nunes visit 18 July 2015
Copper
Formula: Cu
Crandallite
Formula: CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Reference: Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Rui Nunes collection
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Ferrisymplesite
Formula: Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: LNEG - Laboratório Nacional de Energia e Geologia (Siorminp ID 1226Cu)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Pedro Alves and Rui Nunes visit 18 July 2015
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Rui Nunes 2009
Mansfieldite
Formula: AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection and analytical data.
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: IST Lisbon collection
Parasymplesite
Formula: Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: Rui Nunes visit 18 July 2015
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Rui Nunes collection
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Pedro Alves collection
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Reference: Alfredo Bensaude Museum / IST Lisbon
Turquoise
Formula: Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Reference: Rui Nunes visit 18 July 2015
Wavellite
Formula: Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Reference: Pedro Alves analytical data and collection.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Copper'1.AA.05Cu
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Arsenopyrite'2.EB.20FeAsS
'Chalcocite'2.BA.05Cu2S
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Tetrahedrite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Cuprite'4.AA.10Cu2O
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
'Ranciéite'4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Camérolaite'7.DE.75Cu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
'Chalcanthite'7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Cacoxenite'8.DC.40Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
'Chalcosiderite'8.DD.15CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
'Crandallite'8.BL.10CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
'Ferrisymplesite'8.CE.40Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
'Libethenite'8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
'Mansfieldite'8.CD.10AlAsO4 · 2H2O
'Olivenite'8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
'Parasymplesite'8.CE.40Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Pseudomalachite'8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
'Turquoise'8.DD.15Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
'Wavellite'8.DC.50Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Parasymplesite40.3.6.6Fe2+3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Mansfieldite40.4.1.4AlAsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Crandallite42.7.3.1CaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
(AB)7(XO4)4Zq·xH2O
Chalcosiderite42.9.3.4CuFe3+6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Turquoise42.9.3.1Cu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
A3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Ferrisymplesite42.10.1.1Fe3+3(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Wavellite42.10.2.1Al3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Cacoxenite42.13.5.1Fe3+24AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Group 44 - ANTIMONATES
Miscellaneous
Camérolaite44.3.11.1Cu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
H CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
H FerrisymplesiteFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
H WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
O CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O FerrisymplesiteFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
O WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Al CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
Al CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Al MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
Al TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Al WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
P ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
P WavelliteAl3(PO4)2(OH,F)3 · 5H2O
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CrandalliteCaAl3(PO4)(PO3OH)(OH)6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
MnManganese
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe CacoxeniteFe243+AlO6(PO4)17(OH)12 · 75H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Fe FerrisymplesiteFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcosideriteCuFe63+(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu TurquoiseCu(Al,Fe3+)6(PO4)4(OH)8 · 4H2O
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As FerrisymplesiteFe33+(AsO4)2(OH)3 · 5H2O
As MansfielditeAlAsO4 · 2H2O
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
As ParasymplesiteFe32+(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SbAntimony
Sb CamérolaiteCu6Al3(OH)18(H2O)2[Sb(OH)6](SO4)
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Devonian - Ordovician
393.3 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3152125
Ordovician quartzite

Age: Paleozoic (393.3 - 485.4 Ma)

Description: low grade metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{quartzite}, Minor{phyllite,shale/slate,meta-volcanic rock group}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Ordovician - Late Cambrian
470 - 501 Ma



ID: 3187313
Paleozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Paleozoic (470 - 501 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Osso Formation

Comments: Zona De Ossa Morena

Lithology: Metasedimentary schist

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Estudo radiográfico e por espectrografia dos raios infravermelhos, de descloizite, libetenite e atacamite das minas da Preguiça, Vieiros e Bogalho: Alentejo / L. Aires-Barros
In: Boletim da Sociedade Geológica de Portugal - Vol. XVII, fasc. I, (1969-1970), p. 51-64.
Mina do Bugalho, da riqueza do passado ao esquecimento do futuro / António Pé-Curto... [et al.]
In: Congresso Internacional sobre Património Geológico e Mineiro, 4 a 7 de Outubro de 2001: livro de resumos / edição Museu do Instituto Geológico e Mineiro; coordenação José M. Brandão, Octávio Puche-Riarte. Lisboa: Museu do Instituto Geológico e Mineiro, 2001 - p. 189
Património geológico da Mina do Bugalho: valorização do seu passado histórico-mineiro / A. Pé-Curto... [et al.]
In: Actas do Congresso Internacional sobre Património Geológico e Mineiro, [Beja, 4-7 Outubro 2001] / coordenação José M. Brandão. Lisboa: Museu do Instituto Geológico e Mineiro, 2002 - p. 211-218.


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