The world's largest open pit gold mine. Reserves are 220 Mt grading at 1.4 g/t (5.6 Moz gold equivalent).
Host rocks are shales and carbonate rocks cut by a quartz stockwork. The mineralized zone is a metasomatic assemblage (diaphtoresis) with biotite, orthoclase, albite and quartz, grading into black banded biotite-graphite schists and into carbon-rich sandstones at the periphery. The deposit is related to a gold-bearing shear zone (thrust zone).
Note on the mineral list: presently not complete, to be updated with data from Wilde & Gilbert (2000).
45 valid minerals.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality
is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys.
This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
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Wilde, A. and Gilbert, D. (2000): Setting of the giant Muruntau Gold Deposit: Implications for ore genesis. In: Gordon Lister (Ed.), Geological research for the exploration industry, Journal of the Virtual Explorer, Electronic Edition 1(1), ISSN 1441-8142.
Graupner, T., Kempe, U., Spooner, E.T.C., Bray, C.J., Kremenetsky, A.A., and Irmer, G. (2001): Microthermometric, Laser Raman Spectroscopic, and Volatile-Ion Chromatographic Analysis of Hydrothermal Fluids in the Paleozoic Muruntau Au-Bearing Quartz Vein Ore Field, Uzbekistan. Economic Geology 96(1), 1-23.
Kempe, U., Belyatsky, B.V., Krymsky, R.S., Kremenetsky, A.A., and Ivanov, P.A. (2001): Sm-Nd and Sr isotope systematics of scheelite from the giant Au(-W) deposit Muruntau (Uzbekistan): implications for the age and sources of Au mineralization. Mineralium Deposita 36, 379-392. DOI 10.1007/s001260100156
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005): Au-Ag-Se-Te mineral and geochemical systems in black shale-hosted deposits (Uzbekistan). In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406.
Fuquan Yang, Yitian Wang, Mengwen Li, Huijuan Deng, and Liben Wang (2005): Geological characteristics of black shale-hosted ore deposits and their prospecting in the Tianshan mountains, Xinjiang. Geological Bulletin of China 24(5), 462-469.
Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov,
Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Kempe, U., Seltmann, R., Graupner, T., Rodionov, N., Sergeev, S. A., Matukov, D. I., & Kremenetsky, A. A. (2015). Concordant U–Pb SHRIMP ages of U-rich zircon in granitoids from the Muruntau gold district (Uzbekistan): Timing of intrusion, alteration ages, or meaningless numbers. Ore Geology Reviews, 65, 308-326.