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Muruntau Mine, Muruntau ore field, Zarafshan, Central Kyzylkum Region, Navoiy Viloyati (Navoi), Uzbekistan

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 28' 59'' North , 64° 34' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.48333,64.56667
Other regions containing this locality:Kyzylkum Desert, Central Asia
Soviet Union (1922-1991)
Köppen climate type:BWk : Cold desert climate

The world's largest open pit gold mine. Reserves are 220 Mt grading at 1.4 g/t (5.6 Moz gold equivalent).

Host rocks are shales and carbonate rocks cut by a quartz stockwork. The mineralized zone is a metasomatic assemblage (diaphtoresis) with biotite, orthoclase, albite and quartz, grading into black banded biotite-graphite schists and into carbon-rich sandstones at the periphery. The deposit is related to a gold-bearing shear zone (thrust zone).

Note on the mineral list: presently not complete, to be updated with data from Wilde & Gilbert (2000).

Mineral List

45 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

358.9 - 443.8 Ma

ID: 1379600
Silurian-Devonian sedimentary rocks

Age: Paleozoic (358.9 - 443.8 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Wilde, A. and Gilbert, D. (2000): Setting of the giant Muruntau Gold Deposit: Implications for ore genesis. In: Gordon Lister (Ed.), Geological research for the exploration industry, Journal of the Virtual Explorer, Electronic Edition 1(1), ISSN 1441-8142.
Graupner, T., Kempe, U., Spooner, E.T.C., Bray, C.J., Kremenetsky, A.A., and Irmer, G. (2001): Microthermometric, Laser Raman Spectroscopic, and Volatile-Ion Chromatographic Analysis of Hydrothermal Fluids in the Paleozoic Muruntau Au-Bearing Quartz Vein Ore Field, Uzbekistan. Economic Geology 96(1), 1-23.
Kempe, U., Belyatsky, B.V., Krymsky, R.S., Kremenetsky, A.A., and Ivanov, P.A. (2001): Sm-Nd and Sr isotope systematics of scheelite from the giant Au(-W) deposit Muruntau (Uzbekistan): implications for the age and sources of Au mineralization. Mineralium Deposita 36, 379-392. DOI 10.1007/s001260100156
Eilu, P. (2003). Exploration for orogenic gold deposits. Fennoscandian Exploration and Mining 2003. Rovaniemi, Finland
Koneev, R.I., Turesebekov, A.H., Ignatikov, E.N., Vasilevsky, B.B., and Rakhimov, R.R. (2005): Au-Ag-Se-Te mineral and geochemical systems in black shale-hosted deposits (Uzbekistan). In: Jingwen Mao and Bierlein, F.P. (Eds.): Mineral Deposit Research: Meeting the Global Challenge, Vol. 1, 1403-1406.
Fuquan Yang, Yitian Wang, Mengwen Li, Huijuan Deng, and Liben Wang (2005): Geological characteristics of black shale-hosted ore deposits and their prospecting in the Tianshan mountains, Xinjiang. Geological Bulletin of China 24(5), 462-469.
Rustam Koneev, Evgeniy Ignatikov, Arpay Turesebekov, Umid Aripov,
Rustam Khalmatov, Obidjon Kodirov, Miraziz Usmanov (2005) Gold ore deposits of Uzbekistan: Geochemistry and nanomineralogy of tellurium and selenium. IGCP Project 486, 2005 Field Workshop, Kiten, Bulgaria, 14-19 September 2005
Kempe, U., Seltmann, R., Graupner, T., Rodionov, N., Sergeev, S. A., Matukov, D. I., & Kremenetsky, A. A. (2015). Concordant U–Pb SHRIMP ages of U-rich zircon in granitoids from the Muruntau gold district (Uzbekistan): Timing of intrusion, alteration ages, or meaningless numbers. Ore Geology Reviews, 65, 308-326.

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