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Potts Gill Copper Mine, Potts Gill, Caldbeck, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Potts Gill Copper MineMine
Potts GillGill
CaldbeckCivil Parish
AllerdaleDistrict
CumbriaCounty
EnglandConstituent Country
UKCountry
Potts Gill Copper Mine, Potts Gill, Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 43' 26'' North , 3° 3' 32'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.72416,-3.05902
GeoHash:G#: gctz66hrr
UK National Grid Reference:NY318371
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Caldbeck311 (2018)2.8km
Bassenthwaite412 (2018)10.1km
Wigton5,831 (2018)13.0km
Thursby846 (2018)13.2km
Greystoke654 (2018)13.4km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:North and Western Region; Cumberland


This small mine is situated on the lower slopes of High Pike beside a small gill called Gill Beck (although it has also been known as Priestman Gill and Man Gill). The area was first explored in the early 1800's when the vein was first discovered but little work was done. The mine was then re-worked in 1867 and exploited a NNW-SSE copper vein on two levels. However, the mine was never very successful and mining here finished just a few years later in 1874 (1871 according to Cooper & Stanley, 1990).

The workings have collapsed and their extent is unknown. It may well have been from stringers of this vein in the Old Potts Gill mine, that specimens labelled 'old No. 1 cross-cut' by Kingsbury originated.

Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UKMining District
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
British IslesGroup of Islands
Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UKNational Park
Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Green Zone, Cumbria, England, UKMineral Collecting Permit Zone

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


38 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Arseniosiderite
Formula: Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: BMS Database
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Bariopharmacosiderite
Formula: Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Bayldonite
Formula: PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Reference: BMS Database
Beudantite
Formula: PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].; Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Shaw, 1970 and Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: BMS Database
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: BMS Database; Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, vol. 11, 3-28.
Cornwallite
Formula: Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Reference: BMS Database
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: BMS Database
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: BMS Database; Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Langite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; BMS Database
Mimetite
Formula: Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Philipsburgite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: BMS Database
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Reference: BMS Database
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.; Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp. (referring to Hartley, 1984).; Mike Leppington collection (visual ID).
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.; Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Schulenbergite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Scorodite
Formula: Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)
Zálesíite ?
Formula: CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Reference: Mike Leppington collection (visual ID)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cinnabar2.CD.15aHgS
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Langite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Schulenbergite7.DD.80(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Arseniosiderite8.DH.30Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite8.DK.10Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Bayldonite8.BH.45PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Beudantite8.BL.05PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Cornwallite8.BD.05Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Mimetite8.BN.05Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Philipsburgite8.DA.35(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Scorodite8.CD.10Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Zálesíite ?8.DL.15CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Schulenbergite31.1.6.1(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Langite31.4.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5(XO4)2·xH2O
Scorodite40.4.1.3Fe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Cornwallite41.4.2.2Cu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Bayldonite41.5.14.1PbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
A5(XO4)3Zq
Mimetite41.8.4.2Pb5(AsO4)3Cl
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Philipsburgite42.2.4.2(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)7(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Zálesíite ?42.5.1.7CaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Arseniosiderite42.8.4.3Ca2Fe3+3(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Bariopharmacosiderite42.8.1a.3Ba0.5Fe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Group 43 - COMPOUND PHOSPHATES, ETC.
Anhydrous Compound Phosphates, etc·, Containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Beudantite43.4.1.1PbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
H BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
H ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
H ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
CCarbon
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
O BaryteBaSO4
O BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
O ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
O ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S CinnabarHgS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S BaryteBaSO4
S BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Fe BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu LangiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Cu ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
Zn Schulenbergite(Cu,Zn)7(SO4)2(OH)10 · 3H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
As CornwalliteCu5(AsO4)2(OH)4
As Philipsburgite(Cu,Zn)6(AsO4,PO4)2(OH)6 · H2O
As ArseniosideriteCa2Fe33+(AsO4)3O2 · 3H2O
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
As BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
As MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl
As ScoroditeFe3+AsO4 · 2H2O
As ZálesíiteCaCu6(AsO4)2(AsO3OH)(OH)6 · 3H2O
BaBarium
Ba BariopharmacosideriteBa0.5Fe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 5H2O
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg CinnabarHgS
PbLead
Pb BayldonitePbCu3(AsO4)2(OH)2
Pb BeudantitePbFe3(AsO4)(SO4)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb MimetitePb5(AsO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3132076
Early Carboniferous limestone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2034047
Unnamed Extrusive Rocks, Ordovician

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Felsic tuff

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Shaw, W.T. (1970) Mining in the Lake Counties. Dalesman Books, Kendal. [2nd edition 1975 incorporating minor changes].
Hartley, J. (1984) A list of minerals associated with the ore deposits of the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria. Transactions of the Leeds Geological Association, 10(3), 22-39.
Cooper, M.P. and Stanley, C.J. (1990) Minerals of the English Lake District: Caldbeck Fells. Natural History Museum Publications, London, 160 pp.
Neall, T. and Leppington, M. (1994) Cinnabar from the Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria, England. Journal of the Russell Society, 5(2), 123-124.
Adams, J. (1995) Mines Of The Lake District Fells. Dalesman Publishing Company, second edition.
Tyler, I. (2006) The Lakes & Cumbria Mines Guide. Blue Rock Publications.
Green, D.I., Bridges, T.F., Rumsey, M.S., Leppington, C.M., and Tindle, A.G. (2008) A review of the mineralogy of the Roughton Gill Mines, Caldbeck Fells, Cumbria: Part 2 The Roughton Gill South Vein on Balliway Rigg. Journal of The Russell Society, 11, 3-28.
Tyler, I. (2009) Roughton Gill And The Mines Of The Caldbeck Fells. Blue Rock Publications.


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