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Acari Mine, Caraveli Province, Arequipa Department, Peru

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
 
Latitude & Longitude: 15° South , 73° West (est.)
Margin of Error:~122km
Locality type:Mine


Copper mine in far northern Arequipa Department, near to Nazca (although Nazca itself is in neighboring Ica department). Surrounding country rock, outside the mine, is the source of both the pink and blue "Andean opal" of commerce. The blue opal is opal colored by chrysocolla inclusions. The "pink andean opal" is a special type of fibrous opal-CT, with about 10 - 40% palygorskite (Fritsch et al, 2004).

Alternative Label Names

This is a list of additional names that have been recorded for mineral labels associated with this locality in the minID database. This may include previous versions of the locality name hierarchy from mindat.org, data entry errors, and it may also include unconfirmed sublocality names or other names that can only be matched to this level.

Acari Mine, Caraveli Province, Arequipa Dept, Peru

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


8 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: https://www.mindat.org/mesg-11-316209.html (James Bauer collection, identified by acid test)
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003), Min. Record 34:254
Conichalcite
Formula: CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Reference: Jolyon Ralph collection (purchased in Tucson, 2008)
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: (specimens on sale in Lima, May 2004)
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Jolyon Ralph collection (purchased in Tucson, 2008)
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003), Min. Record 34:254
Opal var: Andean Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: J.Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p. 58
Opal var: Opal-CT
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Fritsch, E., Gaillou, E., Ostroumov, M., Rondeau, B., Devouard, B., Barreau, A. (2004) Relationship between nanostructure and optical absorption in fibrous pink opals from Mexico and Peru. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16, 743-752.
Palygorskite
Formula: (Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003), Min. Record 34:254
'Pink Opal'
Reference: widespread in commerce from the country rock of this mine; J.Hyrsl (2012) Gemstones of Peru, p. 62
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003), Min. Record 34:254
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Hyrsl & Rosales (2003), Min. Record 34:254

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Andean Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Conichalcite8.BH.35CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Palygorskite9.EE.20(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Pink Opal-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Conichalcite41.5.1.2CaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Palygorskite74.3.1a.1(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
var: Andean Opal-SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-CT-SiO2 · nH2O
'Pink Opal'-
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Opal (var: Andean Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
H Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O Opal (var: Andean Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
O Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
MgMagnesium
Mg Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si Opal (var: Andean Opal)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si Opal (var: Opal-CT)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Palygorskite(Mg,Al)5(Si,Al)8O20(OH)2 · 8H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
CaCalcium
Ca ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
AsArsenic
As ConichalciteCaCu(AsO4)(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Fritsch, E., Gaillou, E., Ostroumov, M., Rondeau, B., Devouard, B., Barreau, A. (2004) Relationship between nanostructure and optical absorption in fibrous pink opals from Mexico and Peru. European Journal of Mineralogy, 16, 743-752.
- Jaroslav Hyrsl, Jack A.Crowley, Rock H.Currier, Terry Szenics.(2011): PERU - PARADISE OF MINERALS.544pp. / Acari Mine. page 434


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