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Western Antarctica, Antarcticai
Regional Level Types
Western AntarcticaRegion
AntarcticaContinent

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Key


West Antarctica, or Lesser Antarctica, one of the two major regions of Antarctica, is the part of that continent that lies within the Western Hemisphere, and includes the Antarctic Peninsula. It is separated from East Antarctica by the Transantarctic Mountains and is covered by the West Antarctic Ice Sheet. It lies between the Ross Sea (partly covered by the Ross Ice Shelf), and the Weddell Sea (largely covered by the Filchner-Ronne Ice Shelf). It may be considered a giant peninsula stretching from the South Pole towards the tip of South America.

West Antarctica is largely covered by the Antarctic ice sheet, but there have been signs that climate change is having some effect and that this ice sheet may have started to shrink slightly. The coasts of the Antarctic Peninsula are the only parts of West Antarctica that become (in summer) ice-free. These constitute the Marielandia Antarctic tundra and have the warmest climate in Antarctica. The rocks are clad in mosses and lichens that can cope with the intense cold of winter and the short growing season. [Wikipedia]

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Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

130 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine
Formula: NaFe3+Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Aegirine-augite
Formula: (NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Reference: Goldring, D. C. (1962). The geology of the Loubet Coast, Graham Land (Vol. 36). British Antarctic Survey. 1-50
Aenigmatite
Formula: Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Aerinite
Formula: (Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Albite var: Andesine
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 15 localities in this region.
'Alkali Feldspar'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Analcime
Formula: Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Anorthite
Formula: Ca(Al2Si2O8)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Anorthite var: Bytownite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Anorthite var: Labradorite
Formula: (Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'
Formula: (Na,K)AlSi3O8
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
'Apophyllite'
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
'Arctowskite'
Formula: Al9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
Reference: Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biol., 3,133-150(1990)
Arfvedsonite
Formula: [Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Augite
Formula: (CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Augite var: Ferroaugite
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 6 LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 169-174 LeMasurier, W. E., Choi, S. H., Hart, S. R., Mukasa, S., & Rogers, N. (2016). Reconciling the shadow of a subduction signature with rift geochemistry and tectonic environment in Eastern Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. Lithos, 260, 134-153.
Augite var: Titanian Augite
Formula: (Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)
Formula: Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Blödite
Formula: Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Vennum, W. (1986) Unusual magnesium- and iron-bearing salts from West Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 21(5), 55-57.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Reference: Rangel, C. V. G. T., Orlando, M. T. D. A., Jardim, H. A., Almeida, I. C. C., de Sá Mendonça, E., de Bortoli Teixeira, D., ... & Schaefer, C. E. (2019). Provenance and Alteration of Glacial Sediments in King George Island, Antarctica. Journal of Sedimentary Environments, 4(1), 124-142.
Brushite
Formula: Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Celadonite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
'Chabazite'
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Chabazite-K
Formula: (K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chloraluminite
Formula: AlCl3 · 6H2O
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
'Chlorite Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinochlore var: Diabantite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Fernandoy, F., Demant, A. (2013) Zeolites and Mafic Phyllosilicates in Livingston Island, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 666.
'Clinoptilolite'
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Copper Stain'
Reference: Cox, C.; Ciocanelea, R.; Pride, D. (1980) Genesis of mineralization associated with Andean intrusions, northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 15(5), 22-23.
Cordierite
Formula: (Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Reference: Edited by Rowley, P. D.; Vennum, W. R. (1988) Studies of the geology and mineral resources of the southern Antarctic Peninsula and eastern Ellsworth Land, Antarctica. USGS Professional Paper 1351B
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Reference: Geological Magazine; March 2002; v. 139; no. 2; p. 209-231
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Cowlesite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
Diaspore
Formula: AlO(OH)
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Earlandite (TL)
Formula: Ca3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs in ocean bottom sediments.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1106.
Enargite
Formula: Cu3AsS4
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Enstatite
Formula: MgSiO3
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Epistilbite
Formula: CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
'Faujasite'
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Fernandoy, F., Demant, A. (2013) Zeolites and Mafic Phyllosilicates in Livingston Island, Antarctica. Mineralogical Magazine, 77(5), 666. ; Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Demant, A., Deckart, K., & Torres, T. (2016). Very low-grade secondary minerals as indicators of palaeo-hydrothermal systems in the Upper Cretaceous volcanic succession of Hannah Point, Livingston Island, Antarctica. Applied Clay Science, 134, 246-256.
Fayalite
Formula: Fe2+2SiO4
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Localities: Reported from at least 26 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
'Feldspar Group var: Perthite'
Ferrihydrite
Formula: Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Ferrosaponite
Formula: Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: R.H. Grapes et al. , Mineralogical Magazine , August 2003, Vol. 67, N°4, pp. 639-651.
Galena
Formula: PbS
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Glass'
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graphite
Formula: C
Greigite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Description: Forms from conversion of iron monosulfide sublimates. Converts to framboidal pyrite.
Reference: Agusto et al (2004), Revista de la Asociación Geológica Argentina: 59(1), March 2004.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Hastingsite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 5 LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 235-237 LeMasurier, W. E., & Rex, D. C. (1982). Volcanic record of Cenozoic glacial history in Marie Byrd Land and western Ellsworth Land: Revised chronology and evaluation of tectonic factors. Antarctic Geoscience, 89, 725-734. Rocchi, S., LeMasurier, W. E., & Di Vincenzo, G. (2006). Oligocene to Holocene erosion and glacial history in Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica, inferred from exhumation of the Dorrel Rock intrusive complex and from volcano morphologies. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 118(7-8), 991-1005.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Hedenbergite var: Ferrosalite
Reference: Boudette, E.L., Ford, A.B. (1966) Physical properties of anorthoclase from Antarctica. The American Mineralogist, 51(9-10), 1374-1387. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Eruptive potential of volcanoes in Marie Byrd Land. Antarctic Journal of the United States, 17, 34-36. LeMasurier, W.E., Rex, D.C. (1982) Volcanic record of Cenozoic glacial history in Marie Byrd Land and Western Ellsworth Land: Revised chronology and evaluation of tectonic factors. In: Craddock, C. (ed.) (1977) Antarctic Geoscience, University of Wisconsin Press, Madison, WI, 725-734.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Heulandite-Sr
Formula: (Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
'Hornblende'
Hydrokenoralstonite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Hydroxylapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
'Hypersthene'
Formula: (Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'
Formula: MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Ikaite
Formula: CaCO3 · 6H2O
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kaersutite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'K Feldspar'
Kyanite
Formula: Al2(SiO4)O
Reference: Grew, E. S., and M. Halpern. 1979. Rubidium-strontium dates from the Shackleton Range Metamorphic Complex in the Mount Provender area, Shackleton Range, Antarctica. Journal of Geology, 87: 325-32.
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Leucophosphite
Formula: KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Leucoxene
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnesite ?
Formula: MgCO3
Reference: D. C. Armstrong, R. C. R. Willan (!996) Orthomagmatic quartz and post-magmatic carbonate veins in a reported porphyry copper deposit, Andean Intrusive Suite, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. Mineralium Deposita, May 1996, 31, # 4, 290–306.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Magnetite var: Titaniferous Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Mesolite
Formula: Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microperthite'
Reference: Davies, T. G. (1984). The geology of part of northern Palmer Land (Vol. 103). British Antarctic Survey, 1-46
Minyulite
Formula: KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Mogánite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Steve Sorrell Collection
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Molysite
Formula: FeCl3
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Mordenite
Formula: (Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrolite
Formula: Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline
Formula: Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nesquehonite
Formula: MgCO3 · 3H2O
Reference: Vennum, W. (1986) Unusual magnesium- and iron-bearing salts from West Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 21(5), 55-57.
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Hawkes, Donald D. and Littlefair, Michael J., 1981, An Occurrence of Molybdenum, Copper, and Ion Mineralization in the Argentine Islands, West Antarctica, Economic Geology, v 76, p. 898-904.
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
'Petrified Wood'
Reference: Mozer, A. (2012). Pre-glacial sedimentary facies of the Point Thomas Formation (Eocene) at Cytadela, Admiralty Bay, King George Island, West Antarctica. Polish Polar Research, 33(1), 41-62.
'Phillipsite'
Reference: Bastias, J., Fuentes, F., Aguirre, L., Hervé, F., Demant, A., Deckart, K., & Torres, T. (2016). Very low-grade secondary minerals as indicators of palaeo-hydrothermal systems in the Upper Cretaceous volcanic succession of Hannah Point, Livingston Island, Antarctica. Applied Clay Science, 134, 246-256.
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 8
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Vennum, W. (1986) Unusual magnesium- and iron-bearing salts from West Antarctica. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 21(5), 55-57.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Vennum, W.R.; Nishi, J.M. (1981) New Antarctic mineral occurrences. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 16(5), 14-15.
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
'Pumpellyite'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 16 localities in this region.
Pyrophyllite
Formula: Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090
'Pyroxene Group'
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 25 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Agate
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Jasper
Reference: Barton, C.M. (1965) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: III. The Stratigraphy of King George Island. British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, No.44, 33 pages plus plates.
Rhönite
Formula: Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Description: Destabilization of kaersutite.
Reference: R.H. Grapes et al. , Mineralogical Magazine , August 2003, Vol. 67, N°4, pp. 639-651.
Riebeckite
Formula: ◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Sanidine
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 5 LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 235-237 LeMasurier, W. E., & Rex, D. C. (1982). Volcanic record of Cenozoic glacial history in Marie Byrd Land and western Ellsworth Land: Revised chronology and evaluation of tectonic factors. Antarctic Geoscience, 89, 725-734. Rocchi, S., LeMasurier, W. E., & Di Vincenzo, G. (2006). Oligocene to Holocene erosion and glacial history in Marie Byrd Land, West Antarctica, inferred from exhumation of the Dorrel Rock intrusive complex and from volcano morphologies. Geological Society of America Bulletin, 118(7-8), 991-1005.
Saponite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite var: Bowlingite
Formula: Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
'Saussurite'
Reference: Barton, C.M. (1965) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: III. The Stratigraphy of King George Island. British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, No.44, 33 pages plus plates.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Scolecite
Formula: CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
'Smectite Group'
Formula: A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
Sodalite
Formula: Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Reference: Woolley A.R. (2019) Alkaline Rocks and Carbonatites of the World. Part 4: Antarctica, Asia and Europe, p. 6 LeMasurier, W. E., Thomson, J. W., Baker, P. E., Kyle, P. R., Rowley, P. D., Smellie, J. L., & Verwoerd, W. J. (1990). Volcanoes of the Antarctic Plate and Southern Ocean (Vol. 48). American Geophysical Union, 169-174 LeMasurier, W. E., Choi, S. H., Hart, S. R., Mukasa, S., & Rogers, N. (2016). Reconciling the shadow of a subduction signature with rift geochemistry and tectonic environment in Eastern Marie Byrd Land, Antarctica. Lithos, 260, 134-153.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Cox, C.; Ciocanelea, R.; Pride, D. (1980) Genesis of mineralization associated with Andean intrusions, northern Antarctic Peninsula region. Antarctic Journal of the U.S., 15(5), 22-23.
Spheniscidite (TL)
Formula: (NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Derived from chloritic phyllites in an ornithogenetic soil associated with a penguin rookery.
Reference: Mineralogical Magazine(1986) 50, 291-293
'Stilbite subgroup'
Struvite
Formula: (NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Sylvite
Formula: KCl
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Reference: Smellie, J.L., Pankhurst, R., Thomson, M.R.A., Davies, R.E.S. (1984) The geology of the South Shetland Islands: VI. Stratigraphy, geochemistry and evolution. Cambridge, British Antarctic Survey, 85 pages. (British Antarctic Survey Scientific Reports, 87).
Tamarugite
Formula: NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Taranakite
Formula: (K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Reference: Proc. NIPR Symp. Polar Biol., 3,133-150(1990); Tatur, A., & Barczuk, A. (1985). Ornithogenic phosphates on King George Island in the maritime Antarctic. In Antarctic nutrient cycles and food webs (pp. 163-168). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
'Tennantite'
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
'Thénardite'
Formula: Na2SO4
'Thomsonite'
Reference: Ref.: Birkenmajer K., Wieser T., Żabiński W. 1989: Zeolite associations from Tertiary basaltoids of King George Island, West Antarctica. Mineralogia Polonica, vol. 20, No 1, 3-34.
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tridymite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Barth, T.F.W. and Kvalheim, A. (1944): Christensenite, a solid solution of nepheline in tridymite. Det norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo, Scientific Results of the Norwegian Antartic expeditions 1927-1928 et sqq, instituted and financed by Consul Lars Christensen 22: 1-9
Tridymite var: Christensenite
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Barth, T.F.W. and Kvalheim, A. (1944): Christensenite, a solid solution of nepheline in tridymite. Det norske Videnskaps-Akademi i Oslo, Scientific Results of the Norwegian Antartic expeditions 1927-1928 et sqq, instituted and financed by Consul Lars Christensen 22: 1-9
'Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)'
Formula: Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
Reference: Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
'Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)'
Formula: Ca-Al-S-O-H
Reference: Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
'Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)'
Formula: (NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Reference: Barczuk, A., Tatur, A. (2003): Biogenic phosphate and sulphate minerals in the soils of Antarctic Peninsula. Mineralogia Special Papers: 23: 41-43
Vashegyite
Formula: Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
Vermiculite
Formula: Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Reference: Soto, C., & Paz, G. (2014). Episodios metamórficos de muy bajo grado en rocas volcánicas básicas cenozoicas en Península Fildes, Isla King George, Islas Shetland del Sur, Antártica.
Vivianite
Formula: Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Barczuk A. & Tatur A. 2003: BIOGENIC PHOSPHATE AND SULPHATE MINERALS IN THESOILS OF ANTARCTIC PENINSULA. Mineralogical Society of Poland - Special Papers, vol. 23, pp. 41-43
'Wad'
Reference: Petersen et al. (2004) Hydrothermal precipitates associated with bimodal volcanism in the Central Bransfield Strait, Antarctica. Mineralium Deposita 39: 358-379, DOI 10.1007/s00126-004-0414-3
Weberite
Formula: Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Reference: Viramonte, J.G., Sureda, R.J., Bossi, G.E., Fourcade, N.H., Omarini, R.H., Geochemical and mineralogical study of the high temperature fumaroles from Decepcion Island, South Shetland, Antarctica. Inst. Assoc. of Volc. and chemistry of the erath interior. Symposium Andean and Antarctic Volcanology Problems. Chile (1974).
Weddellite (TL)
Formula: Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Type Locality:
Description: Occurs as isolated crystakls in bottom muds.
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 1102.
'Zeolite Group'
Reference: Smelle, JL, Davie, R. E. S. and Thomson, M. R. A. (1980) Geology of a Mesozoic Intra-arc Sequence on Bters Peninsula, Livingston Island, South Shetland Islands. British Antartica Survey, 50:55-76
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Reference: Goldschmidt Conference: Journal of Conference Abstracts Volume 5(2), 1090

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Enargite2.KA.05Cu3AsS4
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Greigite2.DA.05Fe2+Fe3+2S4
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Orpiment2.FA.30As2S3
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
'Tennantite'2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Chloraluminite3.BC.05AlCl3 · 6H2O
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Hydrokenoralstonite3.CF.05 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Molysite3.AC.10FeCl3
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Sylvite3.AA.20KCl
Weberite3.CB.25Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Diaspore4.FD.10AlO(OH)
Ferrihydrite4.FE.35Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
var: Titaniferous Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Mogánite4.DA.20SiO2
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Agate4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Jasper4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tridymite4.DA.10SiO2
var: Christensenite4.DA.10SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Ikaite5.CB.25CaCO3 · 6H2O
Magnesite ?5.AB.05MgCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Nesquehonite5.CA.05MgCO3 · 3H2O
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Beaverite-(Cu)7.BC.10Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Blödite7.CC.50Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Fibroferrite7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Tamarugite7.CC.10NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
'Thénardite'7.AC.25Na2SO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Brushite8.CJ.50Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Leucophosphite8.DH.10KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Minyulite8.DH.05KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Spheniscidite (TL)8.DH.10(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Struvite8.CH.40(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Taranakite8.CH.25(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Vashegyite8.DB.10Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Vivianite8.CE.40Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Aegirine9.DA.25NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite9.DA.20(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Aenigmatite9.DH.40Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Aerinite9.DB.45(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Andesine9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Analcime9.GB.05Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Andalusite9.AF.10Al2(SiO4)O
Anorthite9.FA.35Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite9.FA.35(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Anorthoclase'9.FA.30(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Arfvedsonite9.DE.25[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Ferroaugite9.DA.15(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Titanian Augite9.DA.15(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Celadonite9.EC.15K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Chabazite-K9.GD.10(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Diabantite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Cordierite9.CJ.10(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Cowlesite9.GG.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite9.DA.05MgSiO3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epistilbite9.GD.45CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Fayalite9.AC.05Fe2+2SiO4
Ferrosaponite9.EC.45Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Hastingsite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
var: Ferrosalite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Heulandite-Sr9.GE.05(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Kaersutite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kyanite9.AF.15Al2(SiO4)O
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite9.GA.05Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Mordenite9.GD.35(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrolite9.GA.05Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Nepheline9.FA.05Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Pyrophyllite9.EC.10Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Rhönite9.DH.40Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Riebeckite9.DE.25◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Sanidine9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Saponite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
var: Bowlingite9.EC.45Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Scolecite9.GA.05CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Sodalite9.FB.10Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Vermiculite9.EC.50Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
'Zeolite Group'9.G0.
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Earlandite (TL)10.AC.10Ca3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
Weddellite (TL)10.AB.40Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
'Arctowskite'-Al9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Faujasite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Microperthite'-
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
'Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)'-Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
'Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)'-Ca-Al-S-O-H
'Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)'-(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:4
Greigite2.10.1.10Fe2+Fe3+2S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 4
Enargite3.2.1.1Cu3AsS4
3 <ø < 4
'Tennantite'3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Ferrihydrite4.3.2.2Fe3+10O14(OH)2
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Diaspore6.1.1.1AlO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
Sylvite9.1.1.2KCl
AX3
Chloraluminite9.3.3.1AlCl3 · 6H2O
Molysite9.3.1.1FeCl3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 11 - HALIDE COMPLEXES
Aluminofluorides - Isolated Octahedra
Hydrokenoralstonite11.6.12.1 Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Weberite11.6.13.1Na2Mg[AlF6]F
Group 13 - ACID CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Nesquehonite13.1.5.1MgCO3 · 3H2O
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Magnesite ?14.1.1.2MgCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Ikaite15.1.4.1CaCO3 · 6H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2XO4
'Thénardite'28.2.3.1Na2SO4
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Blödite29.3.3.1Na2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
AB(XO4)2·xH2O
Tamarugite29.5.3.1NaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Beaverite-(Cu)30.2.5.7Pb(Fe3+2Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Brushite39.1.1.1Ca(HPO4) · 2H2O
Miscellaneous
Taranakite39.3.6.1(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB(XO4)·xH2O
Struvite40.1.1.1(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Vivianite40.3.6.1Fe2+3(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Hydroxylapatite41.8.1.3Ca5(PO4)3(OH)
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Leucophosphite42.11.6.1KFe3+2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Minyulite42.11.5.1KAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Spheniscidite (TL)42.11.6.3(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
(AB)4(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Vashegyite42.12.2.1Al11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Weddellite (TL)50.1.2.1Ca(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Mellitates, Citrates, Cyanates, Acetates and Formates
Earlandite (TL)50.2.2.1Ca3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Fayalite51.3.1.1Fe2+2SiO4
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and >[4] coordination
Andalusite52.2.2b.1Al2(SiO4)O
Kyanite52.2.2c.1Al2(SiO4)O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with Al substituted rings
Cordierite61.2.1.1(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Aegirine65.1.3c.2NaFe3+Si2O6
Aegirine-augite65.1.3b.2(NaaCabFe2+cMgd)(Fe3+eAlfFe2+gMgh)Si2O6
Augite65.1.3a.3(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Enstatite65.1.2.1MgSiO3
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Kaersutite66.1.3a.18{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 68 - INOSILICATES Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Structures with Chains of More Than One Width
Aerinite68.1.3.1(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Group 69 - INOSILICATES Chains with Side Branches or Loops
Chains with Side Branches or Loops with P>2
Aenigmatite69.2.1a.1Na4[Fe2+10Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Rhönite69.2.1a.5Ca4[Mg8Fe3+2Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Celadonite71.2.2a.6K(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Pyrophyllite71.2.1.1Al2Si4O10(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Vermiculite71.2.2d.3Mg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Saponite71.3.1b.2Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Tridymite75.1.2.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
'Anorthoclase'76.1.1.6(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Sanidine76.1.1.2K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Nepheline76.2.1.2Na3K(Al4Si4O16)
Sodalite76.2.3.1Na8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Analcime77.1.1.1Na(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Cowlesite77.1.5.8CaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Epistilbite77.1.6.2CaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Mesolite77.1.5.4Na2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Mordenite77.1.6.1(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Natrolite77.1.5.1Na2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Scolecite77.1.5.5CaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Andesine
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Alkali Feldspar'-
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Anorthite-Ca(Al2Si2O8)
var: Bytownite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
var: Labradorite-(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Apophyllite'-
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Arctowskite'-Al9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
Arfvedsonite-[Na][Na2][Fe2+4Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Augite
var: Ferroaugite
-(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
var: Titanian Augite-(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chabazite'-
Chabazite-K-(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Diabantite
-(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
'Clinoptilolite'-
'Clinopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Faujasite'-
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-
'Feldspar Group'-
'var: Perthite'-
Ferrosaponite-Ca0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Glass'-
Hastingsite-{Na}{Ca2}{Fe2+4Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Hedenbergite
var: Ferrosalite
-CaFe2+Si2O6
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Heulandite-Sr-(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
'Hornblende'-
'Hypersthene'-(Mg,Fe)SiO3
'Iddingsite'-MgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
'K Feldspar'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
var: Titaniferous Magnetite
-Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
'Microperthite'-
Mogánite-SiO2
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Orthopyroxene Subgroup'-
'Petrified Wood'-
'Phillipsite'-
'Pumpellyite'-
'Pyroxene Group'-
Quartz
var: Agate
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Jasper-SiO2
Riebeckite-◻[Na2][Fe2+3Fe3+2]Si8O22(OH)2
Saponite
var: Bowlingite
-Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
'Saussurite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
'Smectite Group'-A0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
'Stilbite subgroup'-
'Thomsonite'-
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Tridymite
var: Christensenite
-SiO2
'Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)'-Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
'Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)'-Ca-Al-S-O-H
'Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)'-(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
'Wad'-
'Zeolite Group'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
H Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H EarlanditeCa3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
H Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
H ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
H Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
H AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
H NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
H ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
H MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H DiasporeAlO(OH)
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
H HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
H BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
H VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
H VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
H TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
H Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
H Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
H Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
H FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
H Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
H CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
H SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
H Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
H Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
H Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
H Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
H Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
H MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
H VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
H BruciteMg(OH)2
BBoron
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
C EarlanditeCa3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
C CalciteCaCO3
C IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
C GraphiteC
C Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
C Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
C MagnesiteMgCO3
NNitrogen
N Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
N Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
N Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
OOxygen
O WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
O Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O EarlanditeCa3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
O Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
O AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
O Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
O AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
O NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
O Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
O Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Smectite GroupA0.3D2-3[T4O10]Z2 · nH2O
O RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
O Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
O ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
O Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
O AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
O NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
O ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
O MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Tridymite (var: Christensenite)SiO2
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
O RutileTiO2
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O DiasporeAlO(OH)
O QuartzSiO2
O AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
O CorundumAl2O3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O SideriteFeCO3
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
O HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
O BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
O VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
O VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
O TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O AnglesitePbSO4
O Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
O HematiteFe2O3
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
O KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
O ThénarditeNa2SO4
O Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
O Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
O Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
O TridymiteSiO2
O FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
O MogániteSiO2
O Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
O AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
O CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
O SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
O Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
O Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
O Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
O Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
O Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
O SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O FayaliteFe22+SiO4
O EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
O Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
O Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
O MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
O VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O MagnesiteMgCO3
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
F WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
F MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
NaSodium
Na Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Na AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Na AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Na NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Na Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Na Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Na Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Na WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
Na AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Na Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Na NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Na HaliteNaCl
Na Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Na BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Na ThénarditeNa2SO4
Na Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Na Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Na SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Na Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Na SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Na Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Na Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Na MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Mg Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Mg Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Mg RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Mg WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Mg NesquehoniteMgCO3 · 3H2O
Mg Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Mg Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Mg FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Mg Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Mg Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Mg IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Mg VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg MagnesiteMgCO3
AlAluminium
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Al NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Al Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Al Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
Al Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
Al ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
Al Hydrokenoralstonite Na0.5(Al,Mg)2(F,OH)6•H2O
Al WeberiteNa2Mg[AlF6]F
Al AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Al NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Al ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Al MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al DiasporeAlO(OH)
Al AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
Al TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Al Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Al Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
Al Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
Al FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Al Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Al AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Al CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Al SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Al Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Al Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Al SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Al Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Al Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Al MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Al VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
SiSilicon
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Si AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Si Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Si AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Si NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
Si Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
Si Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si AnalcimeNa(AlSi2O6) · H2O
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Si NatroliteNa2Al2Si3O10 · 2H2O
Si ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Si Tridymite (var: Christensenite)SiO2
Si PyrophylliteAl2Si4O10(OH)2
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si QuartzSiO2
Si AndalusiteAl2(SiO4)O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si TourmalineA(D3)G6(Si6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si KyaniteAl2(SiO4)O
Si Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si TridymiteSiO2
Si FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Si MogániteSiO2
Si Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Si AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Si CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Si Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Si Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Si Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Si Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Si SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Si EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Si Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Si Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Si MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
Si VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
PPhosphorus
P Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P ArctowskiteAl9(PO4)8(OH)3 · 27H2O
P Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
P MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
P LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
P Struvite(NH4)Mg(PO4) · 6H2O
P HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
P BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
P VashegyiteAl11(PO4)9(OH)6 · 38H2O
P VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
P Unnamed (Al Phosphate Fluoride Hydrate)Al10F9(PO4) · nH2O
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
S SulphurS8
S BaryteBaSO4
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S ChalcociteCu2S
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S TamarugiteNaAl(SO4)2 · 6H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
S BlöditeNa2Mg(SO4)2 · 4H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S ThénarditeNa2SO4
S Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
S MarcasiteFeS2
S EnargiteCu3AsS4
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
S OrpimentAs2S3
ClChlorine
Cl ChloraluminiteAlCl3 · 6H2O
Cl MolysiteFeCl3
Cl SylviteKCl
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Cl HaliteNaCl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Cl SodaliteNa8(Al6Si6O24)Cl2
KPotassium
K NephelineNa3K(Al4Si4O16)
K Anorthoclase(Na,K)AlSi3O8
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Taranakite(K,NH4)Al3(PO4)3(OH) · 9H2O
K SylviteKCl
K Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
K MinyuliteKAl2(PO4)2(OH,F) · 4H2O
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
K CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
K SanidineK(AlSi3O8)
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
CaCalcium
Ca WeddelliteCa(C2O4) · (2.5-x)H2O
Ca EarlanditeCa3[CH2(COO)-CHOH(COO)-CH2(COO)]2 · 4H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca IkaiteCaCO3 · 6H2O
Ca Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ca Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Ca Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Ca RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca Mordenite(Na2,Ca,K2)4(Al8Si40)O96 · 28H2O
Ca ScoleciteCaAl2Si3O10 · 3H2O
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Albite (var: Andesine)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca HydroxylapatiteCa5(PO4)3(OH)
Ca BrushiteCa(HPO4) · 2H2O
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Ca Unnamed (Basic Ca-Al Sulphate)Ca-Al-S-O-H
Ca FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Ca Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Ca AnorthiteCa(Al2Si2O8)
Ca CowlesiteCaAl2Si3O10 · 6H2O
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Anorthite (var: Labradorite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Anorthite (var: Bytownite)(Ca,Na)[Al(Al,Si)Si2O8]
Ca Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Ca Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Ca Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca EpistilbiteCaAl2Si6O16 · 5H2O
Ca Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Ca Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
Ca MesoliteNa2Ca2Si9Al6O30 · 8H2O
TiTitanium
Ti Kaersutite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg3AlTi}(Al2Si6O22)O2
Ti AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Ti Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Ti Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Ti RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe Spheniscidite(NH4,K)(Fe3+,Al)2(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe AenigmatiteNa4[Fe102+Ti2]O4[Si12O36]
Fe Augite(CaxMgyFez)(Mgy1Fez1)Si2O6
Fe AegirineNaFe3+Si2O6
Fe Augite (var: Titanian Augite)(Ca,Na)(Mg,Ti, Fe,Al,)(Si,Al)2O6
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Magnetite (var: Titaniferous Magnetite)Fe2+(Fe3+,Ti)2O4
Fe RhöniteCa4[Mg8Fe23+Ti2]O4[Si6Al6O36]
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe GreigiteFe2+Fe23+S4
Fe MolysiteFeCl3
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe LeucophosphiteKFe23+(PO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Fe VivianiteFe32+(PO4)2 · 8H2O
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe FerrihydriteFe103+O14(OH)2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Cordierite(Mg,Fe)2Al3(AlSi5O18)
Fe Unnamed (NH4-(Mg) Urate)(NH4,K,Na)0.8(Mg,Ca,Fe)0.1C5H3O3N
Fe FerrosaponiteCa0.3(Fe2+,Mg,Fe3+)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · 4H2O
Fe Aerinite(Ca5.1Na0.5)(Fe3+,Al,Fe2+,Mg)4(Al,Mg)6[HSi12O36(OH)12][(CO3)1.2(H2O)12]
Fe SaponiteCa0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe CeladoniteK(Mg,Fe2+)Fe3+(Si4O10)(OH)2
Fe Clinochlore (var: Diabantite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)8
Fe Hypersthene(Mg,Fe)SiO3
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Fe Saponite (var: Bowlingite)Ca0.25(Mg,Fe)3((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe IddingsiteMgO · Fe2O3 · 3SiO2·4H2O
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe Aegirine-augite(NaaCabFec2+Mgd)(Fee3+AlfFeg2+Mgh)Si2O6
Fe Riebeckite◻[Na2][Fe32+Fe23+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe Hastingsite{Na}{Ca2}{Fe42+Fe3+}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Arfvedsonite[Na][Na2][Fe42+Fe3+]Si8O22(OH)2
Fe FayaliteFe22+SiO4
Fe VermiculiteMg0.7(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)8O20(OH)4 · 8H2O
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu EnargiteCu3AsS4
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D = Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As EnargiteCu3AsS4
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(X)2]As4S12S
As OrpimentAs2S3
SrStrontium
Sr Chabazite-K(K2,Ca,Na2,Sr,Mg)2[Al2Si4O12]2 · 12H2O
Sr Heulandite-Sr(Sr,Na,Ca)5(Si27Al9)O72 · 24H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb Beaverite-(Cu)Pb(Fe23+Cu)(SO4)2(OH)6

Geochronology

Mineralization age: Phanerozoic : 100.5 Ma to 0.1 Ma

Important note: This table is based only on rock and mineral ages recorded below and is not necessarily a complete representation of the geochronology, but does give an indication of possible mineralization events relevant to this locality. As more age information is added this table may expand in the future. A break in the table simply indicates a lack of data entered here, not necessarily a break in the geologic sequence. Grey background entries are from different, related, localities.

Geologic TimeRocks, Minerals and Events
Phanerozoic
 Cenozoic
  Quaternary
   Pleistocene
ⓘ Hawaiite (youngest age)0.1 MaMount Waesche and Chang Peak, Executive Committee Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Mugearite (youngest age)0.1 MaMount Andrus, Ames Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Peralkaline trachyte (youngest age)0.1 MaMount Berlin, Flood Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Basanite (youngest age)0.31 ± 0.09 MaMount Takahe, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Phonolite (youngest age)0.49 ± 0.06 MaKoerner Bluff, Mount Bursey, Flood Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Tuff (youngest age)0.94 ± 0.14 MaMount Murphy, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Hawaiite (oldest age)1.0 MaToney Mountain, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Comenditic rhyolite (youngest age)1.6 ± 0.2 MaMount Waesche and Chang Peak, Executive Committee Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Basalt (youngest age)1.7 ± 0.2 MaMount Frakes, Crary Mountains, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Tephrite (youngest age)2.30 ± 0.54 MaSims Island, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Peralkaline trachyte (oldest age)2.58 ± 0.2 MaMount Berlin, Flood Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
  Neogene
   Pliocene
ⓘ Phonolite (oldest age)4.9 ± 0.4 MaMount Moulton, Flood Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
   Miocene
ⓘ Comenditic rhyolite (oldest age)8.50 ± 0.33 MaMount Hartigan, Executive Committee Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Trachyte (youngest age)8.6 ± 0.5 MaMount Hampton, Executive Committee Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Basanite (oldest age)9.97 ± 0.4 MaHobbs Coast, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Tuff (oldest age)10 MaJones Mountains, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Basalt (oldest age)10.4 ± 0.4 MaMount Bursey, Flood Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Mugearite (oldest age)14.7 MaMount Andrus, Ames Range, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Phonolitic-tephrite15 ± 1 MaSoutheastern dikes, Alexander Island, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Trachyte (oldest age)19.1 ± 1.0 MaReynolds Ridge, Mount Flint, McCuddin Mountains, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Tephrite (oldest age)22 ± 12 MaJones Mountains, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
  Paleogene
   Oligocene
ⓘ Syenite28 ± 2 MaDorrel Rock, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Amphibole Supergroup33.46 ± 0.44 MaDorrel Rock, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Benmoreite33.63 ± 0.38 MaDorrel Rock, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
   Eocene
ⓘ Biotite34.15 ± 0.22 MaDorrel Rock, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Gabbro (youngest age)44 ± 2 MaDorrel Rock, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
ⓘ Gabbro (oldest age)53.1 ± 4.2 MaDorrel Rock, Marie Byrd Land, Western Antarctica, Antarctica
    
  
 Mesozoic
  Cretaceous
   Late Cretaceous
ⓘ Peralkaline alkali-feldspar-graniteLate Cretaceous
(66.0 - 100.5 Ma)
Fleming Glacier Granite, Western Antarctica, Antarctica

Other Databases

Wikipedia:https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/West_Antarctica
Wikidata ID:Q530917

Localities in this Region

Other Regions, Features and Areas that Intersect

Antarctic MeteoritesGroup of Meteorite Fall Locations
Antarctic PlateTectonic Plate
Shetland PlateTectonic Plate

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