SUPPORT US. We rely on your donations to survive.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for EducatorsMindat ArticlesThe ElementsBooks & Magazines
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
Mining CompaniesStatisticsUsersMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice SettingsThe Mineral Quiz
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesSearch by ColorNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day GalleryMineral Photography

Beldon Mine, Blanchland, Northumberland, England, UKi
Regional Level Types
Beldon MineMine
BlanchlandCivil Parish
EnglandConstituent Country

This page is currently not sponsored. Click here to sponsor this page.
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
54° 50' 27'' North , 2° 6' 38'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
Slaley711 (2017)9.3km
Allendale Town709 (2017)11.2km
Stanhope1,602 (2017)11.8km
Hexham11,388 (2017)14.3km
Riding Mill966 (2017)14.8km

Ancient lead workings 2 miles west of Baybridge. Surface trials for fluorspar made in 1924, but no further work was done. Veinstuff abundant on the dumps.
Veins worked were:
Standalone Vein
Fellgrove Vein
Shildon Vein
Old Shildon Vein
Garden Vein
Sluice Vein
Gin 'o the Wood Vein
Andrew's Vein
The grid reference given is for a pair of stone-walled shafts.


The Beldon lead mine and ore works is situated on two levels on the floor of the narrow Beldon Burn, 3.5 miles west-southwest of the village of Blanchland. Surface trials for fluorspar were made in 1924 although no further work was done. Vein material is abundant on the dumps. The Beldon mine worked a number of small lead veins, but the extent of the underground workings are unclear. The visible remains of the lead mine and ore works belong to two separate periods. The first ran from the 18th century, when the mine opened, until its closure by 1820. The mine was enlarged in 1805, when it is thought that a Boulton and Watt steam engine was installed. The mine along with the ore works was worked once again during the 1860s-70s. The remains of the lead mine are visible as a series of earthworks and ruined buildings and structures. Access to the mine was gained by two stone lined shafts, both of which are thought to belong to the first phase of mining; the first shaft, situated at the north west corner of the monument, is 10m square and its upper parts are visible as lengths of rubble walls partially obscured by spoil and waste material. Some 20m to the south, beyond a series of spoil heaps, lies the second shaft. This shaft is roughly circular in shape and is water filled. In addition to the two shafts there is also an adit situated immediately south east of the circular shaft. The adit is visible as two parallel rubble walls standing 2m high. The stone portal is buried beneath spreads of rubble. Immediately to the east of the latter there are further ruined structures, which it is thought may be the remains of a series of bouse teams, tall stone containers in which the mined ore was stored prior to processing. Attached to the south side of the circular shaft there are the remains of the engine house, thought to have housed a Boulton and Watt Rotary steam engine; the lower courses of this building are visible as a series of rubble walls 8m wide standing to a maximum height of 3m. There are also remains of other associated buildings on the site and the remains of the Beldon ore works are well preserved. They include evidence for a range of processing activities and retain significant archaeological deposits.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

6 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 222-223
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 222-223
Formula: PbS
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 222-223
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 222-223
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 222-223
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Dunham, Sir K. C. Geology of the North Pennine Orefield, Volume 1 Tyne to Stainmore (2nd Edition), pp 222-223

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Group 3 - Halides
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si

List of minerals for each chemical element

C CalciteCaCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
F FluoriteCaF2
Si QuartzSiO2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Pb GalenaPbS

External Links

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

British IslesGroup of Islands
Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat Discussions Facebook Logo Instagram Logo Discord Logo is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization. Public Relations by Blytheweigh.
Copyright © and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2020, except where stated. Most political location boundaries are © OpenStreetMap contributors. relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: December 2, 2020 13:40:30 Page generated: October 5, 2020 11:51:23
Go to top of page