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Helvetia, Helvetia-Rosemont Mining District, Santa Rita Mts, Pima Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Helvetia- not defined -
Helvetia-Rosemont Mining DistrictMining District
Santa Rita MtsMountain Range
Pima Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
31° 51' 28'' North , 110° 47' 17'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Corona de Tucson5,675 (2011)12.0km
East Sahuarita1,622 (2006)16.3km
Sahuarita25,707 (2017)19.3km
Green Valley21,391 (2011)19.4km
Vail10,208 (2011)22.3km


‡Ref.: Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from Arizona, American Mineralogist: 55: 709-713.

Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 117, 126, 174, 206.

Occurrences in the Helvetia area.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

59 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Description: Phenocrysts to 0.4 inches (1 cm) diameter in wall rocks.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 110.
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Description: Phenocrysts to 0.4 inches (1 cm) diameter in wall rocks.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 110.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Description: Occurs in contact-metamorphosed limestones.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 111.
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 112.
Anthophyllite
Formula: ☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 115.
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: Rob Lavinsky
'Apophyllite'
Description: Found in drill core through skarn developed in Paleozoic limestones & dolomites; vuggy, crystalline masses.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 13 localities in this region.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Description: Found in drill cores in contact-metamorphosed Paleozoic limestones & dolomites.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 134; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 50.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 20 localities in this region.
Chlorargyrite
Formula: AgCl
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10039414, MRDS ID #M050049.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Copper
Formula: Cu
'Copper Stain'
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 134.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 113.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Cuprotungstite
Formula: Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Description: Found in drill cores in contact-metamorphosed Paleozoic limestones & dolomites.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Localities:
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Localities: Reported from at least 8 localities in this region.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Collected personally; Cuprotungstite - knowledge among local collectors
Gold
Formula: Au
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: rolf luetcke
Kinoite
Formula: Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117, 206; Anthony, J.W. & R.B. Laughon (1970), Kinoite, a new hydrous copper calcium silicate mineral from AZ, Am.Min.: 55: 709-713.
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Localities: Reported from at least 12 localities in this region.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
'Molybdenite-2H'
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Frondel,Judith W. and Wickman ,Frans E,(1970) Molybdenite Polytypes In Theory And Occurrence,II.Some Naturally -Occurring Polytypes Of Molybdenite,The America MIneralogist,Vol.55,Nov-Dec,1970
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID file #10103745, MRDS ID #M050179.
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Opal var: Opal-AN
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
Reference: P Cristofono collection, 2008
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: Phenocrysts to 0.4 inches (1 cm) diameter in wall rocks.
Reference: Schrader, F.C. & J.M. Hill (1915), Mineral deposits of the Santa Rita and Patagonia Mountains, Arizona, USGS Bull. 582: 110.
Osarizawaite
Formula: Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Colour: Yellow-green
Description: Microcrystalline crusts.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 319.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
Powellite
Formula: Ca(MoO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 9 localities in this region.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Localities: Reported from at least 23 localities in this region.
Pyrite var: Cupriferous Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Localities: Reported from at least 7 localities in this region.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: P Cristofono collection, 2008
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Localities: Reported from at least 11 localities in this region.
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Localities: Reported from at least 6 localities in this region.
Stolzite ?
Formula: Pb(WO4)
Habit: Small (less than 1 mm)
Description: Occurs on rosasite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 384.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 27.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Localities:
Uraninite
Formula: UO2
Reference: Keith, Stanton B. (1974), AZ Bur. of Geol. & Min. Technology, Geol. Survey Br. Bull. 189, Index of Mining Properties in Pima County, AZ: 126 (Table 4); Schrader (1915): 119; Arizona Bureau of Mines file data.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
var: Cupriferous Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Chlorargyrite3.AA.15AgCl
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
var: Opal-AN4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Uraninite4.DL.05UO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Cuprotungstite7.GB.15Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite7.BC.10Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Powellite7.GA.05Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Stolzite ?7.GA.05Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Anthophyllite9.DD.05☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Kinoite9.BH.10Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Orthoclase9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apophyllite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Copper Stain'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Molybdenite-2H'-MoS2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 5 - OXIDES CONTAINING URANIUM OR THORIUM
AXO2·xH2O
Uraninite5.1.1.1UO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Chlorargyrite9.1.4.1AgCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Osarizawaite30.2.4.4Pb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Powellite48.1.2.2Ca(MoO4)
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Stolzite ?48.1.3.2Pb(WO4)
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)
Basic Anhydrous Molybdates and Tungstates
Cuprotungstite48.3.2.1Cu2(WO4)(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si3O10] groups
Kinoite57.1.2.1Ca2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Anthophyllite66.1.2.1☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite
var: Oligoclase
-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Apophyllite'-
'Chlorite Group'-
'Copper Stain'-
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Molybdenite-2H'-MoS2
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Opal
var: Opal-AN
-SiO2 · nH2O
Pyrite
var: Cupriferous Pyrite
-FeS2
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
OOxygen
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O TenoriteCuO
O PowelliteCa(MoO4)
O UraniniteUO2
O QuartzSiO2
O Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
O CupriteCu2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O StolzitePb(WO4)
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Anthophyllite☐{Mg2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Opal (var: Opal-AN)SiO2 · nH2O
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
PPhosphorus
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
SSulfur
S AcanthiteAg2S
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S ChalcociteCu2S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S Pyrite (var: Cupriferous Pyrite)FeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AnglesitePbSO4
S OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S CovelliteCuS
S GalenaPbS
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S Molybdenite-2HMoS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ClChlorine
Cl ChlorargyriteAgCl
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
FeIron
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Pyrite (var: Cupriferous Pyrite)FeS2
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu KinoiteCa2Cu2(H2O)2[Si3O10]
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
ZnZinc
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo PowelliteCa(MoO4)
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
Mo Molybdenite-2HMoS2
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
AgSilver
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag ChlorargyriteAgCl
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
WTungsten
W CuprotungstiteCu2(WO4)(OH)2
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)
W StolzitePb(WO4)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb OsarizawaitePb(Al2Cu2+)(SO4)2(OH)6
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb StolzitePb(WO4)
UUranium
U UraniniteUO2

Localities in this Region


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