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Longlands Fell Mine, Ireby and Uldale, Allerdale, Cumbria, England, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 54° 42' 19'' North , 3° 7' 46'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 54.70528,-3.12972
GeoHash:G#: gctz0yc12
UK National Grid Reference:NY272351
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:North and Western Region; Cumberland


Longlands mine consists of a series of small trials on a copper vein on the west flank of Longlands Fell. The mine was first worked in 1841 by a Mr Clemence who drove two levels, one on each side of the gill. But the vein was to prove almost barren with very little copper within the quartz, and the venture was soon abandoned. Then in 1853 a Samuel Merryweather took over the mine. He started by continuing the existing No2 level and soon encountered some good ore. However, it didn’t last and he was soon into poor ground and the level was abandoned. In 1854 he began driving a third, lower level, hoping to intersect the vein at depth. The level was driven a total of 258 yards through almost barren ground before he reached the 3ft wide vein. However, the copper was to prove very poor and it was decided that the mine was no longer worth the investment. The mine finally closed in 1857.

Today the lower level is now gated and used as a water supply.

Longlands Mine lies just within the edge of green zone of the Caldbeck Fells. Collecting is allowed although a permit is necessary as the same restrictions that cover the Caldbecks also apply here.


Regions containing this locality

Caldbeck Fells Mining Region, Cumbria, England, UK

Mining District - 289 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park, Cumbria, England, UK

National Park - 383 mineral species & varietal names listed

Lake District National Park Authority - Caldbeck and Uldale Green Zone, Cumbria, England, UK

Mineral Collecting Permit Zone - 179 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: BMS Database
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: BMS Database
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: BMS Database
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: BMS Database
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: BMS Database
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Paul Nicholson Collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Goethite'4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Aurichalcite'5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Baryte'7.AD.35BaSO4
'Brochantite'7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
'Linarite'7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
CuCopper
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3132076
Early Carboniferous limestone

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{claystone,siltstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 2033347
Ordovician Rocks (Undifferentiated)

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Mudstone, siltstone and sandstone

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Tyler, I. (2006), The Lakes & Cumbria Mines Guide. Blue rock Publications. 129.
Tyler, I. (2009), Roughton Gill And The Mines Of The Caldbeck Fells. Blue Rock Publishing. 279 -281
Adams, J. (1995), Mines Of The Lake District Fells. Dalesman Publishing Company. 102.


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