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Placer Deposits, Tulameen River, Similkameen Mining Division, British Columbia, Canadai
Regional Level Types
Placer DepositsGroup of Deposits
Tulameen RiverRiver
Similkameen Mining DivisionDivision
British ColumbiaProvince
CanadaCountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 49° 29' North , 121° 1' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 49.48333,-121.01667
GeoHash:G#: c2ccw0nm7
Locality type:Group of Deposits
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Yale186 (2011)31.1km
Hope4,598 (2016)32.7km


GPS coordinates are approximate.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


29 valid minerals. 3 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990
Chengdeite
Formula: Ir3Fe
Reference: Alfredo Petrov, SEM/EDS results October 2018.
Chromite
Formula: Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64; USGS Professional Paper 630
Cooperite
Formula: PtS
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Reference: USGS Professional Paper 630
Erlichmanite
Formula: OsS2
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Forsterite
Formula: Mg2SiO4
Reference: 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.
Genkinite
Formula: (Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Geversite
Formula: PtSb2
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.; USGS Professional Paper 630
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.
Hollingworthite
Formula: (Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Hydrocerussite
Formula: Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Habit: Powdery crust
Colour: white
Description: The Hydrocerussite grows on lead bird shot recovered in the Platinum washings.
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.
Irarsite
Formula: (Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Iridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Iridium var: Osmiridium
Formula: (Ir,Os,Ru)
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Isoferroplatinum (TL)
Formula: Pt3Fe
Type Locality:
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 117-126; 5th International Platinum Symposium Bulletin of The Geological Society of Finland Number 61, Part 1,1989,1-64
Kotulskite
Formula: Pd(Te,Bi)
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Laurite
Formula: RuS2
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Anthony, Bideaux, Bladh, Nichols: "Handbook of Mineralogy", Vol. 1, 1990; USGS Professional Paper 630
Osmium
Formula: (Os,Ir,Ru)
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Osmium var: Iridosmine
Formula: (Os,Ir)
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Platinum
Formula: Pt
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.; Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 117-126; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.; USGS Professional Paper 630
Platinum var: Polyxene
Formula: (Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Reference: Alfredo Petrov, SEM/EDS results October 2018.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.; USGS Professional Paper 630
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.
Sperrylite ?
Formula: PtAs2
Reference: Alfredo Petrov collection; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Tetraferroplatinum (TL)
Formula: PtFe
Type Locality:
Reference: CM 13 (1975), 117; HB1 (1990); Canadian Mineralogist (1975): 13: 117-126; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Tolovkite
Formula: IrSbS
Reference: Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
Tulameenite (TL)
Formula: Pt2CuFe
Type Locality:
Description: At both type localities, the Similkameen River and Tulameen River, tulameenite is found in placer deposits derived from the weathering of the Late Triassic Tulameen zoned ultramafic complex. Tulameenite occurs as minute, white metallic grains, associated with chalcopyrite, chromite, magnetite, almandine, spessartine, hematite, zircon, ilmenite, gold, isoferroplatinum and Pt-Fe alloys.
Reference: CABRI, L.J., OWENS, D.R. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1973): Tulameenite, a new platinum B iron B copper mineral from placers in the Tulameen River area, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 21-25.; Nixon, G. T., Cabri, L. J., & Laflamme, J. G. (1990). Platinum-group-element mineralization in lode and placer deposits associated with the Tulameen Alaskan-type complex, British Columbia. The Canadian Mineralogist, 28(3), 503-535.
'UM1979-19-Sb:Rh'
Formula: RhSb
Reference: Aubut, A.J. (1979): The Geology and Mineralogy of a Tertiary Buried Placer Deposit, Southern British Columbia. M.Sc. thesis, Univ. of Alberta; in: Dunn, P.J., Cabri, L.J., Chao, G.Y., Fleischer, M., Francis, C.A., Grice, J.D., Jambor, J.L., Pabst, A. (1984): New mineral names. American Mineralogist: 69: 411
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Canadian Mineralogist , 1973, 12, pp.21-25.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Chengdeite1.AG.35Ir3Fe
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Gold1.AA.05Au
Iridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
var: Osmiridium1.AF.10(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum (TL)1.AG.35Pt3Fe
Osmium1.AF.05(Os,Ir,Ru)
var: Iridosmine1.AF.05(Os,Ir)
Platinum1.AF.10Pt
var: Polyxene1.AF.10(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Tetraferroplatinum (TL)1.AG.40PtFe
Tulameenite (TL)1.AG.40Pt2CuFe
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Cooperite2.CC.35bPtS
Erlichmanite2.EB.05aOsS2
Genkinite2.AC.35a(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Geversite2.EB.05aPtSb2
Hollingworthite2.EB.25(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.EB.25(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Kotulskite2.CC.05Pd(Te,Bi)
Laurite2.EB.05aRuS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sperrylite ?2.EB.05aPtAs2
Tolovkite2.EB.25IrSbS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chromite4.BB.05Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Hydrocerussite5.BE.10Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Forsterite9.AC.05Mg2SiO4
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'UM1979-19-Sb:Rh'-RhSb

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Platinum Group Metals and Alloys
Chengdeite1.2.5.5Ir3Fe
Iridium1.2.1.2(Ir,Os,Ru)
Isoferroplatinum (TL)1.2.5.1Pt3Fe
Osmium1.2.2.1(Os,Ir,Ru)
Platinum1.2.1.1Pt
Tetraferroplatinum (TL)1.2.4.1PtFe
Tulameenite (TL)1.2.4.2Pt2CuFe
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 4:3
Genkinite2.6.4.1(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cooperite2.8.5.1PtS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Erlichmanite2.12.1.16OsS2
Geversite2.12.1.14PtSb2
Hollingworthite2.12.3.8(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Irarsite2.12.3.7(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Laurite2.12.1.10RuS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Sperrylite ?2.12.1.13PtAs2
Tolovkite2.12.3.5IrSbS
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Chromite7.2.3.3Fe2+Cr3+2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Hydrocerussite16a.2.2.1Pb3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with all cations in octahedral [6] coordination
Forsterite51.3.1.2Mg2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
Iridium
var: Osmiridium
-(Ir,Os,Ru)
Kotulskite-Pd(Te,Bi)
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Osmium
var: Iridosmine
-(Os,Ir)
Platinum
var: Polyxene
-(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
'UM1979-19-Sb:Rh'-RhSb

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
CCarbon
C HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O QuartzSiO2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O HematiteFe2O3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O ForsteriteMg2SiO4
O HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg ForsteriteMg2SiO4
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si ForsteriteMg2SiO4
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S PyriteFeS2
S Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
S CooperitePtS
S ErlichmaniteOsS2
S Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
S LauriteRuS2
S TolovkiteIrSbS
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
CrChromium
Cr ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
FeIron
Fe IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
Fe TetraferroplatinumPtFe
Fe TulameenitePt2CuFe
Fe ChromiteFe2+Cr23+O4
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe ChengdeiteIr3Fe
Fe Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
NiNickel
Ni Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
CuCopper
Cu TulameenitePt2CuFe
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CopperCu
Cu Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
AsArsenic
As Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
As Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
As SperrylitePtAs2
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
RuRuthenium
Ru Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ru Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ru LauriteRuS2
RhRhodium
Rh Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Rh Hollingworthite(Rh,Pt,Pd)AsS
Rh UM1979-19-Sb:RhRhSb
Rh Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
PdPalladium
Pd KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
Pd Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
SbAntimony
Sb Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Sb GeversitePtSb2
Sb TolovkiteIrSbS
Sb UM1979-19-Sb:RhRhSb
TeTellurium
Te KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)
OsOsmium
Os Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
Os ErlichmaniteOsS2
Os Osmium (var: Iridosmine)(Os,Ir)
Os Osmium(Os,Ir,Ru)
IrIridium
Ir Iridium(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Ir Iridium (var: Osmiridium)(Ir,Os,Ru)
Ir Osmium (var: Iridosmine)(Os,Ir)
Ir TolovkiteIrSbS
Ir ChengdeiteIr3Fe
PtPlatinum
Pt IsoferroplatinumPt3Fe
Pt TetraferroplatinumPtFe
Pt TulameenitePt2CuFe
Pt PlatinumPt
Pt Irarsite(Ir,Ru,Rh,Pt)AsS
Pt CooperitePtS
Pt Genkinite(Pt,Pd,Rh)4Sb3
Pt GeversitePtSb2
Pt Platinum (var: Polyxene)(Pt,Fe,Cu,Ni,Pd,Rh)
Pt SperrylitePtAs2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb HydrocerussitePb3(CO3)2(OH)2
BiBismuth
Bi KotulskitePd(Te,Bi)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186798
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Late Jurassic - Middle Jurassic
145 - 174.1 Ma



ID: 3420660
intrusive rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 174.1 Ma)

Description: Hornblende diorite and metavolcanics of the Zoa Complex

Comments: Post Accretionary terrane

Lithology: Dioritic intrusive rocks

Reference: Cui, Y., Miller, D., Schiarizza, P., and Diakow, L.J. British Columbia digital geology. British Columbia Ministry of Energy, Mines and Petroleum Resources, British Columbia Geological Survey Open File 2017-8. [205]

Late Jurassic - Middle Jurassic
145 - 174.1 Ma



ID: 685301
Middle Jurassic to Late Jurassic intrusive rocks

Age: Jurassic (145 - 174.1 Ma)

Description: Hornblende diorite and metavolcanics of the Zoa Complex

Comments: K. Bellefontaine, D. Alldrick and P.J. Desjardins, 1994, Geological Compilation of the Mid Coast, OF 1994-17, BCGS

Lithology: Dioritic intrusive rocks

Reference: B.C. Geological Survey. British Columbia Digital Geology. [3]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
CABRI, L.J., OWENS, D.R. & LAFLAMME, J.H.G. (1973): Tulameenite, a new platinum - iron - copper mineral from placers in the Tulameen River area, British Columbia. Canadian Mineralogist 12, 21-25.
SHAHMIRI, M., MURPHY, S. & VAUGHAN, D.J. (1985): Structural and phase equilibria studies in the system Pt-Fe-Cu and the occurrence of tulameenite (Pt2FeCu). Mineralogical Magazine 49, 547-554.
FINDLAY, D.C. (1969): Origin of the Tulameen ultramafic-gabbro complex, southern British Columbia. Canadian Journal of Earth Sciences 6, 399-425.


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