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Le Châtelet mine, Budelière, Aubusson, Creuse, Nouvelle-Aquitaine, Francei
Regional Level Types
Le Châtelet mineMine
BudelièreCommune
AubussonArrondissement
CreuseDepartment
Nouvelle-AquitaineRegion
FranceCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
46° 11' 39'' North , 2° 28' 12'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Évaux-les-Bains1,592 (2016)2.6km
Budelière752 (2016)2.8km
Chambon-sur-Voueize1,007 (2016)3.5km
Saint-Julien-la-Genête213 (2016)4.9km
Mazirat268 (2016)6.5km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Limousin


"(Coming from Évaux-les-Bains). Northeast of Évaux on the D996. Turn left in the bend at the junction with a small road. (Gold-bearing) arsenopyrite and pyrite." [Belot, 1978]

A gold mine with 1 kg Au / ton of ore. Mined between 1905 and 1956.
Gold is present as small patches (about 30 microns long) in arsenopyrite.
Arsenopyrite forms a crust of small crystals on lamellae of pyrrhotite replaced by pyrite and marcasite. These sulfides are disseminated in a quartz matrix.

Le Châtelet's ore also shows chalcopyrite, berthierite, stibnite, pyrite (big crystals), with late dolomite and calcite.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Gallery Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


23 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anatase
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Arsenic
Formula: As
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Bariand, P., Cesbron, F., and Geffroy, J. (1977) Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations. Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Wu, X., Delbove, F., and Touray, J.C. (1990) Conditions of formation of gold-bearing arsenopyrite: a comparison of synthetic crystals with samples from Le Chatelet gold deposit, Creuse, France. Mineralium Deposita, 25(1), 8-12.; Piantone, P., Wu, X., and Touray, J-C. (1994) Zoned hydrothermal alteration and genesis of the gold deposit at Le Chatelet (French Massif Central). Economic Geology, 89(4), 757-777.
Aurostibite
Formula: AuSb2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Berthierite
Formula: FeSb2S4
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist., 1964, LXXXVII, pp. 623-624.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist., 1964, LXXXVII, pp. 623-624.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist., 1964, LXXXVII, pp. 623-624.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist., 1964, LXXXVII, pp. 623-624.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM; Wu, X., Delbove, F., & Touray, J. C. (1990). Conditions of formation of gold-bearing arsenopyrite: a comparison of synthetic crystals with samples from Le Chatelet gold deposit, Creuse, France. Mineralium Deposita, 25(1), S8-S12.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: Lips, ALW (2006) A review of non-ferrous mineral deposits in Europe - Finalised initial database BRGM/RP -54957 - FR
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM; Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist., 1964, LXXXVII, pp. 623-624.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
Muscovite var. Fuchsite
Formula: K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM
Muscovite var. Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Muscovite var. Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Aubert, G., Phan, K.D., and Geffroy, J. (1964) Sur la localisation de l'or dans le minerai du Chatelet (Creuse). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 87(4), 623-624.; Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.; Piantone, P., Wu, X., and Touray, J-C. (1994) Zoned hydrothermal alteration and genesis of the gold deposit at Le Chatelet (French Massif Central). Economic Geology, 89(4), 757-777.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe1-xS
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist., 1964, LXXXVII, pp. 623-624.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM; Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Bull. Soc. Franç. Minér. Crist., 1964, LXXXVII, pp. 623-624.; Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777
Tosudite
Formula: Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Reference: Econ Geol (1994) 89:757-777

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Arsenic1.CA.05As
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Aurostibite2.EB.05aAuSb2
Berthierite2.HA.20FeSb2S4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Fuchsite9.EC.15K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var. Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Tosudite9.EC.60Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Arsenic1.3.1.1As
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe1-xS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Aurostibite2.12.1.11AuSb2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
ø = 2
Berthierite3.7.9.3FeSb2S4
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var. Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Tosudite71.4.2.4Na0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite
var. Fuchsite
-K(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
var. Sericite-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
H Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C SideriteFeCO3
C GraphiteC
OOxygen
O Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
O AnataseTiO2
O BrookiteTiO2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
NaSodium
Na TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Mg TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
AlAluminium
Al Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Al Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si TosuditeNa0.5(Al,Mg)6((Si,Al)8O18)(OH)12 · 5H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BerthieriteFeSb2S4
S StibniteSb2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
S SphaleriteZnS
KPotassium
K Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
K Muscovite var. SericiteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K Muscovite var. IlliteK0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti AnataseTiO2
Ti BrookiteTiO2
CrChromium
Cr Muscovite var. FuchsiteK(Al,Cr)3Si3O10(OH)2
FeIron
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe1-xS
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As ArsenicAs
SbAntimony
Sb BerthieriteFeSb2S4
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb AurostibiteAuSb2
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au AurostibiteAuSb2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Geffroy, J. (1958) La berthiérite du gisement aurifère du Châtelet (Creuse). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 81, 162.
Aubert, G., Phan, K.D., Geffroy, J. (1964) Sur la localisation de l'or dans le minerai du Chatelet (Creuse). Bulletin de la Société Française de Minéralogie et de Cristallographie, 87(4), 623-624.
Bariand, P., Cesbron, F., Geffroy, J. (1977) Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations. Editions Minéraux et Fossiles, BRGM.
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pages.
Johan, Z., Marcoux, E., Bonnemaison, M.E. (1989) Arsénopyrite aurifère: mode de substitution de As dans la structure de FeAsS. Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 308, série II, 185-191.
Marcoux, E., Bonnemaison, M.E., Braux, C., Johan, Z. (1989) Distribution de Au, Sb, As et Fe dans l'arsénopyrite aurifère du Châtelet et de Villeranges (Creuse, Massif Central français). Comptes Rendus de l'Académie des Sciences de Paris, 308, série II, 293-300.
Wu, X., Delbove, F., Touray, J.C. (1990) Conditions of formation of gold-bearing arsenopyrite: a comparison of synthetic crystals with samples from Le Chatelet gold deposit, Creuse, France. Mineralium Deposita, 25(1), 8-12.
Piantone, P., Wu, X., Touray, J-C. (1994) Zoned hydrothermal alteration and genesis of the gold deposit at Le Chatelet (French Massif Central). Economic Geology, 89(4), 757-777.

Other Regions, Features and Areas containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent

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