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Escaro, Pyrénées-Orientales, Occitanie, Francei
Regional Level Types
Escaro- not defined -
Pyrénées-OrientalesDepartment
OccitanieRegion
FranceCountry

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Neighbouring regions:
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Languedoc-Roussillon


"(Coming from Olette). West of Perpignan on the N116 until Joncet. Take the D27 to the left. Several mines (also at Thorrent) with manganite, siderite, fluorspar and various iron ore minerals." [Belot, 1978]

Old iron mine.
The site was probably already worked from the ancient Roman times, it is during the first half of the 19th century that the Escaro district was split into four large concessions :
- Aytua (East district)
- Escaro-Nord
- Escaro-Sud
- Escoums (West part, mainly in the Nyer village district)
At peak activity, more than 400 people worked in the four concessions during the first part of the 20th century.
Miners were also farmers and worked at the mine from 8 AM to 3.45 PM then went to the farm fields until 9 PM or even later.
An average mining career began at 14 years old to help carry the tools. At a later age, one would be in charge of pushing the ore wagons. Experienced miners had skills in many gallery tasks such as timbering, handling explosives and ore extracting.
Ore was brought down to the Têt valley by cable (to Joncet and Olette). (Escaro village alt. 885 m.)
In Escaro village a mining museum has opened in 2003 (visits from May to October).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

24 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J. (2005): Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières, Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed., 81-85.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles,
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Olivier Mével collection
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles,
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Manganite
Formula: Mn3+O(OH)
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Pyrolusite
Formula: Mn4+O2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Guitard, G. (2010): Catalogue raisonné de la collection de minéralogie régionale, C.E.R.P. de Tautavel, 102.
Ranciéite
Formula: (Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: "Les minéraux, leurs gisements, leurs associations", P. Bariand, F. Cesbron et J. Geffroy (1977), Editions Minéraux et Fossiles,
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: Berbain, C., Favreau, G. & Aymar, J.(2005): Mines et Minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie Ed.,85-90.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Manganite4.FD.15Mn3+O(OH)
Pyrolusite4.DB.05Mn4+O2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
Ranciéite4.FL.40(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Pyrolusite4.4.1.4Mn4+O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Manganite6.1.3.1Mn3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
AB4X9
Ranciéite7.10.1.1(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
H Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
CCarbon
C SideriteFeCO3
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O HematiteFe2O3
O SideriteFeCO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AragoniteCaCO3
O CalciteCaCO3
O CerussitePbCO3
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
O PyrolusiteMn4+O2
O QuartzSiO2
O Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SulphurS8
S SphaleriteZnS
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
MnManganese
Mn ManganiteMn3+O(OH)
Mn PyrolusiteMn4+O2
Mn Ranciéite(Ca,Mn2+)0.2(Mn4+,Mn3+)O2 · 0.6H2O
FeIron
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Belot, Victor R. (1978) Guide des minéraux, coquillages et fossiles: où les trouver en France, comment les reconnaître et les collectionner (Guides Horay). Pierre Horay (Ed.), 224 pp.
Berbain, C., Favreau, G., and Aymar, J. (2005) Mines et minéraux des Pyrénées-Orientales et des Corbières. Association Française de Microminéralogie (Ed.), 84.

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