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Frikstad 02 (Litjern pegmatite), Frikstad, Iveland, Aust-Agder, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Frikstad 02 (Litjern pegmatite)- not defined -
Frikstad- not defined -
IvelandMunicipality
Aust-AgderCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
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Name(s) in local language(s):Litjern (Frikstad 2; Kjørka; Litjønn), Frikstad (Frigstad), Iveland kommune, Aust-Agder fylke, Norge
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 58° 31' 11'' North , 7° 52' 23'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 58.51985,7.87314
GeoHash:G#: u4msgjjnc
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Byglandsfjord332 (2014)16.6km
Vennesla10,931 (2014)28.5km
Birkeland2,254 (2010)29.6km
Tveit1,397 (2010)35.0km
Strai1,266 (2013)36.9km


Located about 1.5 km W of Nedre Frigstad.
Three small, separate quarries in the same pegmatite.

The first one, in the south, is especially interesting for collectors of micro-minerals, with superb finds of microlite and fersmite. The one in the east yielded as far as known only coarse-grained graphic granite. The last quarry, in the north, yielded some very nice aquamarine in the early beginning in 2005.

The coordinates are about in the center of the three quarries.
Bjørlykke locality n° 89.

NOTE:
The quarries are now closed to the public due to collectors refusing to pay a small fee. It was estimated that only 1 in 10 collectors actually paid the fee.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
ScandinaviaRegion

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


19 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.(1935): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Barth, T.F.W (1931): Feltspat III. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 128 b, 111-154
'Albite-Anorthite Series'
Reference: Bjørlykke, H.(1934): The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift 14, 211-311
Ancylite-(Ce)
Formula: CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Reference: Pedersen, R (ed) (2007): Iveland V: Gruvedrift. Iveland Bygdesogenemd. p.335
Bavenite
Formula: Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Reference: Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Reference: Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Reference: Barth, T.F.W (1931): Feltspat III. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 128 b, 111-154
'Biotite'
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2007): Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 35, 21-24
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1999): Amazonittpegmatitter i Iveland-Evje. Bergverksmuseets Skrift 15: 60-73
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Fersmite
Formula: (Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Description: Good microcrystals have been found 2006 to 2008 in cavities in cleavelandite.
Reference: Nordrum, F.S. (2008): Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN 35 (2),p.15 ; Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2007): Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 35, 21-24
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2007): Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 35, 21-24
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Barth, T.F.W (1931): Feltspat III. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 128 b, 111-154
'Lepidolite'
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, M. (2007): Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 35, 21-24
'Lithian Muscovite'
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Knut Edvard Larsen observation at site aug. 2006 (see Larsen & Erambert (2007),
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: Barth, T.F.W (1931): Feltspat III. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 128 b, 111-154
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Colour: light yellow to reddish brown.
Description: Analyses show these to be a microlite with a large mol % content of pyrochlore
Reference: Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Reference: Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2007): Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 35, 21-24
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2007): Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 35, 21-24
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O. & Myre, K. (2008): Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift 38: 45-47
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Colour: pale orange
Reference: Larsen, A. O.(1980): Granater fra granittpegmatitter. NAGS-nytt 7(4),31-32
Tantalite-(Mn)
Formula: Mn2+Ta2O6
Reference: Frigstad, O. F. (1968): En undersøkelse av cleavelandittsonerte pegmatittganger i Iveland-Evje, Nedre Setesdal. Hovedfagsoppgave (Thesis), University of Oslo; p 136; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 78
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2007): Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 35, 21-24
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Reference: Larsen, A.O. & Erambert, Muriel (2007): Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Bergverksmuseets Skrift nr 35, 21-24

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Fersmite4.DG.05(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
'Microlite Group'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Tantalite-(Mn)4.DB.35Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ancylite-(Ce)5.DC.05CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Bavenite9.DF.25Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Lepidolite'-
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
AB2O6
Fersmite8.3.3.1(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Tantalite-(Mn)8.3.2.3Mn2+Ta2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Ancylite-(Ce)16b.1.1.1CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 70 - INOSILICATES Column or Tube Structures
Column or Tube Structures with chains linked by Be
Bavenite70.5.3.1Ca4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
'Albite-Anorthite Series'-
'Biotite'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Lepidolite'-
'Lithian Muscovite'-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
CCarbon
C Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
OOxygen
O Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O QuartzSiO2
FFluorine
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
NaSodium
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
AlAluminium
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
KPotassium
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K Lithian MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca BaveniteCa4Be2Al2Si9O26(OH)2
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
MnManganese
Mn Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
SrStrontium
Sr Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
CeCerium
Ce Ancylite-(Ce)CeSr(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ce Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6
TaTantalum
Ta Tantalite-(Mn)Mn2+Ta2O6
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta Fersmite(Ca,Ce,Na)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2(O,OH,F)6

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Proterozoic
541 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3186372
Proterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Granitoid gneiss; orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic - Paleoproterozoic
1000 - 2500 Ma



ID: 3133829
Proterozoic I gabbro

Age: Proterozoic (1000 - 2500 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Major:{gabbro}, Minor{diorite,plutonic ultramafic group,meta-gabbro}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Barth, T.F.W. (1931) Feltspat III. Forekomster i Iveland og Vegusdal i Aust-Agder og i flere herreder i Vest-Agder. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse, 128b, 111-154.
Bjørlykke, H. (1934) The Mineral Paragenesis and Classification of the Granite Pegmatites of Iveland, Setesdal, Southern Norway. Norsk Geologisk Tidsskrift, 14, 211-311.
Larsen, A.O. (1980) Granater fra granittpegmatitter. NAGS-nytt, 7(4), 31-32 [analysis on spessartine].
Larsen, A.O. and Erambert, M. (2007) Lepidolite from the Litjern pegmatite, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 35, 21-24.
Nordrum, F.S. (2008) Nyfunn av mineraler i Norge 2007-2008. STEIN, 35(2), 15.
Breivik, H., Larsen, A.O., and Myre, K. (2008) Litjern cleavelandittbrudd, Iveland. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrift, 38, 45-47.

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