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Alva Silver Mine, Silver Glen, Alva, Clackmannanshire, Scotland, UKi
Regional Level Types
Alva Silver MineMine
Silver Glen- not defined -
Alva- not defined -
ClackmannanshireCouncil Area
ScotlandCountry
UKCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
56° 9' 32'' North , 3° 47' 3'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
UK National Grid Reference:
NS892977
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Alva4,720 (2017)1.5km
Glenochil Village820 (2017)2.7km
Tillicoultry5,160 (2017)2.8km
Coalsnaughton850 (2017)3.6km
Tullibody8,710 (2017)4.4km
Other/historical names associated with this locality:
Clackmannanshire


The discovery of a rich bonanza style deposit of native silver in 1715 coinciding with the Jacobite rebellion of that year led to a remarkable story of fortunes made and lost, betrayal and intrigue (see: "Bonanzas and Jacobites: the Story of the Silver Glen", by Stephen Moreton). The mines were later worked for cobalt which was sold to a pottery near Edinburgh to make a blue glaze.
Small workings are still visible beside the Silver Burn in the Ochil Hills Woodland Park. The overgrown waste heap has been systematically dug by collectors, and by the National Museum of Scotland, but micromounts of dendritic silver can still occasionally be found, with difficulty and perseverance.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
EuropeContinent
British IslesGroup of Islands

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


28 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: [J. Russell Soc. 1998:23]
Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Moreton (2007) "Bonanzas and Jacobites", NMS Enterprises Ltd.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.; Moreton et al. (1998) Journal of the Russell Society, 7(1), 23-30.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Wet chemical identification by Dr Stephen Moreton
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Clinosafflorite
Formula: CoAs2
Description: Unusually rich masses for a very rare species.
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Digenite
Formula: Cu9S5
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Djurleite
Formula: Cu31S16
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.; BMS Database.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Maucherite
Formula: Ni11As8
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Nickeline
Formula: NiAs
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Picropharmacolite
Formula: Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Quartz var: Amethyst
Formula: SiO2
Description: From amygdales in surrounding lavas.
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Rammelsbergite
Formula: NiAs2
Reference: [J.Russell Soc 1998:23]
Safflorite
Formula: (Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Description: Tin-white patches associated with native silver crystals (2 mm) and erythrite in baryte gangue from old mine dump, Silver Glen, Alva, Clackmannanshire. Sample submitted for examination in 1982 by S. Moreton. [Identified by X-ray diffraction and electron-probe microanalysis.] Subsequent analysis has shown this to be Clinosafflorite.
Reference: Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth Supplementary List of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.
Silver
Formula: Ag
Habit: Dendritic
Description: Best UK locality for native silver. Occurs as crystalline dendrites up to 30 mm. Contains 12-16 % Hg.
Reference: Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth supplementary list of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.; BMS Database.
Tiemannite
Formula: HgSe
Reference: Parnell, J. (1988): Mercury and silver-bismuth selenides at Alva, Scotland. Mineral. Mag.: 52: 719-720; in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 711
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Description: Blue-green radiating pearly blades forming encrustation on country rock found loose in stream, Silver Glen, Alva, Clackmannanshire. Specimens collected by H. G. Macpherson and B. Jackson 1982. [Identified by X-ray diffraction.]
Reference: Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth Supplementary List of British minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, p. 99-105.;
'UM1988-21-Se:AgBiHg'
Formula: (Ag,Bi,Hg)2Se
Reference: Parnell, J. (1988): Mercury and silver-bismuth selenides at Alva, Scotland. Mineral. Mag.: 52: 719-720; in: Jambor, J.L., Vanko, D.A. (1990): New mineral Names. American Mineralogist: 75: 711

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clinosafflorite2.EB.15aCoAs2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Digenite2.BA.10Cu9S5
Djurleite2.BA.05Cu31S16
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Maucherite2.AB.15Ni11As8
Nickeline2.CC.05NiAs
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Rammelsbergite2.EB.15aNiAs2
Safflorite ?2.EB.15a(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Tiemannite2.CB.05aHgSe
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Amethyst4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Annabergite8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Picropharmacolite8.CH.15Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'UM1988-21-Se:AgBiHg'-(Ag,Bi,Hg)2Se

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
Digenite2.4.7.3Cu9S5
Djurleite2.4.7.2Cu31S16
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Nickeline2.8.11.1NiAs
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Tiemannite2.8.2.4HgSe
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Clinosafflorite2.12.4.6CoAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Rammelsbergite2.12.2.12NiAs2
Safflorite ?2.12.2.11(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
Miscellaneous
Maucherite2.16.16.1Ni11As8
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
(AB)5[HXO4]2[XO4]2.xH2O
Picropharmacolite39.2.4.1Ca4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Quartz
var: Amethyst
-SiO2
var: Chalcedony-SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz-SiO2
'UM1988-21-Se:AgBiHg'-(Ag,Bi,Hg)2Se

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
CCarbon
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O CalciteCaCO3
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
O PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
SiSilicon
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si Quartz (var: Amethyst)SiO2
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S PyriteFeS2
S MarcasiteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CovelliteCuS
S DigeniteCu9S5
S ChalcociteCu2S
S DjurleiteCu31S16
S AcanthiteAg2S
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
FeIron
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
CoCobalt
Co ClinosaffloriteCoAs2
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
NiNickel
Ni RammelsbergiteNiAs2
Ni NickelineNiAs
Ni MaucheriteNi11As8
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu DigeniteCu9S5
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu DjurleiteCu31S16
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
AsArsenic
As ClinosaffloriteCoAs2
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As RammelsbergiteNiAs2
As NickelineNiAs
As MaucheriteNi11As8
As PicropharmacoliteCa4Mg(AsO4)2(HAsO4)2 · 11H2O
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As Safflorite(Co,Ni,Fe)As2
SeSelenium
Se TiemanniteHgSe
Se UM1988-21-Se:AgBiHg(Ag,Bi,Hg)2Se
AgSilver
Ag SilverAg
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag UM1988-21-Se:AgBiHg(Ag,Bi,Hg)2Se
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
HgMercury
Hg TiemanniteHgSe
Hg UM1988-21-Se:AgBiHg(Ag,Bi,Hg)2Se
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS
BiBismuth
Bi UM1988-21-Se:AgBiHg(Ag,Bi,Hg)2Se

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Livingstone, A. and Macpherson, H.G. (1983) Fifth Supplementary List of British Minerals (Scottish). Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 47, n° 342, pp. 99-105.
Moreton, S. (1996) The Alva Silver Mine - Silver Glen Alva Scotland. Mineralogical Record, 27(6), 405-414.
Moreton et al. (1998) Journal of the Russell Society, 7(1), 23-30.
Moreton, S. (2007) Bonanzas and Jacobites: the story of the Silver Glen, published by NMS Enterprises Ltd., Edinburgh.


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