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Vigneria stope, Rio Mine (Rio Marina Mine), Rio Marina, Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italy

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 49' 16'' North , 10° 25' 47'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.82137,10.42994
GeoHash:G#: spx7t76ue
Locality type:Stope
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Name(s) in local language(s):cantiere Vigneria, Miniera di Rio (Miniera di Rio Marina), Rio Marina, Isola d'Elba, Livorno, Toscana, Italia


Immediately behind the Rio Marina houses at the north, cut by the provincial road to Cavo, it is the oldest stope, mining exploitation surely beginning in Etruscan times.

In modern times in the east part, between the road and the sea, have been placed ore refinement systems and the wharf for ore shipping. Historically this stope has supplied good hematite specimens and the best specimens of pyrite. Actually exhausted, with scanties residual ore bodies at the end of exploitation front. In 2002 part of it has been transformed into a public parking area.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: E. Manasse, 1911 – Sopra alcuni minerali della Toscana – Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. serie A, 27: 1-19.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: U. Panichi, 1909 - Sulla pirite dell’Elba - Riv. Min. Crist. It., 38: 12-35.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 625.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
Ferberite
Formula: FeWO4
Reference: Benvenuti, N., Dini, A., D’Orazio, M., Chiarantini, L., Corretti, A., Costagliola, P. (2013): The tungsten and tin signature of iron ores from Elba Island (Italy): a tool for provenance studies of iron production in the Mediterranean Region. Archaeometry, 55, 3, 479–506.
Fibroferrite
Formula: Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Reference: E. Manasse, 1911 – Sopra alcuni minerali della Toscana – Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., Mem. serie A, 27: 1-19; Palache, C., Berman, H., & Frondel, C. (1951), The System of Mineralogy of James Dwight Dana and Edward Salisbury Dana, Yale University 1837-1892, Volume II: 616.
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, A., 1997. I minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. I minerali dei Giacimenti metalliferi dell'Elba orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne. Ed. Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 245 pp.; Benvenuti, N., Dini, A., D’Orazio, M., Chiarantini, L., Corretti, A., Costagliola, P. (2013): The tungsten and tin signature of iron ores from Elba Island (Italy): a tool for provenance studies of iron production in the Mediterranean Region. Archaeometry, 55, 3, 479–506.
'K Feldspar'
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
'K Feldspar var: Adularia'
Formula: KAlSi3O8
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Reference: Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, A., 1997. I minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. I minerali dei Giacimenti metalliferi dell'Elba orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne. Ed. Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 245 pp.
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze and Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, A., 1997. I minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. I minerali dei Giacimenti metalliferi dell'Elba orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne. Ed. Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 245 pp.
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
Orthoclase
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Reference: U. Panichi, 1909 - Sulla pirite dell’Elba - Riv. Min. Crist. It., 38: 12-35.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: U. Panichi, 1909 - Sulla pirite dell’Elba - Riv. Min. Crist. It., 38: 12-35.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Orlandi, P., & Pezzotta, A., 1997. I minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. I minerali dei Giacimenti metalliferi dell'Elba orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne. Ed. Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 245 pp.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Benvenuti, N., Dini, A., D’Orazio, M., Chiarantini, L., Corretti, A., Costagliola, P. (2013): The tungsten and tin signature of iron ores from Elba Island (Italy): a tool for provenance studies of iron production in the Mediterranean Region. Archaeometry, 55, 3, 479–506.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: U. Panichi, 1909 - Sulla pirite dell’Elba - Riv. Min. Crist. It., 38: 12-35.
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Sphalerite'2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Ferberite'4.DB.30FeWO4
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Magnetite'4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Alunogen'7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
'Copiapite'7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
'Epsomite'7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
'Fibroferrite'7.DC.15Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Melanterite'7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
'Pickeringite'7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
'Scheelite'7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Orthoclase'9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Fibroferrite31.9.12.1Fe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Ferberite48.1.1.2FeWO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Orthoclase76.1.1.1K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'K Feldspar'-
'var: Adularia'-KAlSi3O8
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
OOxygen
O K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O FerberiteFeWO4
O FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
MgMagnesium
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
AlAluminium
Al K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
SiSilicon
Si K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
Si OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S SulphurS8
KPotassium
K K Feldspar (var: Adularia)KAlSi3O8
K OrthoclaseK(AlSi3O8)
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe FerberiteFeWO4
Fe FibroferriteFe3+(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
WTungsten
W FerberiteFeWO4
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous - Late Jurassic
66 - 163.5 Ma



ID: 3157604
Late Jurassic limestone

Age: Mesozoic (66 - 163.5 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{carbonates, consolidated,claystone,marlstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Paleozoic
251.902 - 541 Ma



ID: 3191991
Paleozoic intrusive rocks

Age: Phanerozoic (251.902 - 541 Ma)

Lithology: Intrusive igneous rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Orlandi, P. and Pezzotta, A. (1997) I minerali dell'Isola d'Elba. I minerali dei Giacimenti metalliferi dell'Elba orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne. Ed. Novecento Grafico, Bergamo, 245 pp.
Benvenuti, N., Dini, A., D’Orazio, M., Chiarantini, L., Corretti, A., and Costagliola, P. (2013) The tungsten and tin signature of iron ores from Elba Island (Italy): a tool for provenance studies of iron production in the Mediterranean Region. Archaeometry, 55, 3, 479–506.


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