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Solita Mine, Peramea, Baix Pallars, Pallars Sobirà, Lleida (Lérida), Catalonia, Spaini
Regional Level Types
Solita MineMine
Peramea- not defined -
Baix Pallars- not defined -
Pallars Sobirà- not defined -
Lleida (Lérida)- not defined -
Catalonia- not defined -
SpainCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Mina Solita, Peramea
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 19' 55'' North , 1° 2' 54'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.33222,1.04861
GeoHash:G#: sp88zf7e4
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate


Small abandoned mine (42° 19' 56.78" N, 1° 2' 55.69" E). The mineralization consists on Permian-Triassic conglomerates with Co-Ni disseminations, in an unconformity on Carboniferous black slates with coal beds.

The Solita Mine was a small mining operation of little importance were it not that is known worldwide for its magnificent specimens of Cobaltoan calcite/Aragonite in coral-shaped aggregates and also forming beautifully banded aggregates ("Onyx") intensely colored pink and green.
The primary mineralization consists of impregnation and small masses scattered among basal Buntsandstein conglomerates (Trias) of Ni-Co sulfarsenites (mainly Gersdorffite-Cobaltite-Cobaltoan Pyrite), with a second phase poorer in Ni-Co in which Tennantite-Pyriteare are deposited.
Subsequently, a series of alteration minerals were formed, such as oxides (Heterogenite), Arsenates (Erythrite), as well as the Calcite and Aragonite.
The genesis of this deposit is related to the mechanical contact (tectonic) of Buntsandstein conglomerates with black shales of Silurian age.
It should be noted that once the actual mining work ceased, extraction of Cobaltoan Calcite was started by the great collector Joaquim Folch.

Regions containing this locality

Eurasia Plate

Plate - 7,319 mineral species & varietal names listed

Iberian Peninsula

Peninsula - 1,610 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


20 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Annabergite
Formula: Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Bassetite
Formula: Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Habit: Mostly botyoidal
Colour: pink, in some specimens very intense
Description: Very nice specimens, some world.classs for this variety.
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Cobaltite
Formula: CoAsS
Reference: -Subias I.,Fanlo I., Manuel J.,Garcia B. y Paniagua A. (2006) La Mina Solita (Peramea, Lérida):Algo más que ejemplares de colección. Rev. Macla nº 6 pp.475-478
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Calvo, M. (2015). Minerales y Minas de España. Vol VII. Fosfatos, Arseniatos y Vanadatos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid. Fundación Gómez Pardo. 479 págs.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: -Subias I.,Fanlo I., Manuel J.,Garcia B. y Paniagua A. (2006) La Mina Solita (Peramea, Lérida):Algo más que ejemplares de colección. Rev. Macla nº 6 pp.475-478
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Graphite
Formula: C
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Heterogenite
Formula: Co3+O(OH)
Reference: -Subias I.,Fanlo I., Manuel J.,Garcia B. y Paniagua A. (2006) La Mina Solita (Peramea, Lérida):Algo más que ejemplares de colección. Rev. Macla nº 6 pp.475-478
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Calvo, M. (2012): Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp
Pharmacolite
Formula: Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Tennantite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Reference: -Subias I.,Fanlo I., Manuel J.,Garcia B. y Paniagua A. (2006) La Mina Solita (Peramea, Lérida):Algo más que ejemplares de colección. Rev. Macla nº 6 pp.475-478
'Zeiringite'
Reference: Rocks & Minerals (1955) 30:377

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Cobaltite'2.EB.25CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Tennantite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Heterogenite4.FE.20Co3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Aragonite'5.AB.15CaCO3
'Azurite'5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
'Calcite'5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Annabergite'8.CE.40Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
'Bassetite'8.EB.10Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacolite8.CJ.50Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Zeiringite-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Cobaltite2.12.3.1CoAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tennantite3.3.6.2Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heterogenite6.1.4.2Co3+O(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 39 - HYDRATED ACID PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A[HXO4]·xH2O
Pharmacolite39.1.1.2Ca(HAsO4) · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Bassetite40.2a.16.1Fe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Annabergite40.3.6.4Ni3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
Calcite
var: Cobaltoan Calcite
-(Ca,Co)CO3
'Zeiringite'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
C Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
C GraphiteC
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AragoniteCaCO3
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O HematiteFe2O3
O HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
O QuartzSiO2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CobaltiteCoAsS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
CoCobalt
Co CobaltiteCoAsS
Co Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co HeterogeniteCo3+O(OH)
NiNickel
Ni AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
AsArsenic
As AnnabergiteNi3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As CobaltiteCoAsS
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
As PharmacoliteCa(HAsO4) · 2H2O
As TennantiteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]As4S13
UUranium
U BassetiteFe2+(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 10H2O

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 3147636
Early Cretaceous sandstone

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{marl,limestone,conglomerate}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Early Cretaceous
100.5 - 145 Ma



ID: 2512898

Age: Early Cretaceous (100.5 - 145 Ma)

Description: Marl and marlstone. Clayey marl turbidites. Sandy limestone, sandstone, sand and marl

Lithology: Dolomite, limestone and marl. sandstone

Reference: Mapa Geológico de la Península Ibérica, Baleares y Canarias a escala 1:1.000.000. Instituto Geológico y Minero de España. [77]

Early Triassic
247.2 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3110273
Triassic sedimentary rocks

Age: Early Triassic (247.2 - 251.902 Ma)

Description: Conglomerats, gresos i lutites. Fàcies Buntsandstein. Triàsic inferior-mitjà. English: Conglomerate, sandstone and mudstone. Buntsandstein Facies Lower-middle triassic

Reference: Institut Cartogràfic i Geològic de Catalunya. Mapa geològic comarcal de Catalunya 1:50.000. Generalitat de Catalunya. [140]

Paleozoic - Precambrian
251.902 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3187500
Precambrian-Phanerozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Eoarchean to Triassic (251.902 - 4000 Ma)

Comments: Pyrenees

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Calvo, M. (2012) Minerales y Minas de España. Vol. V, Carbonatos y Nitratos. Boratos. Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros de Minas de Madrid - Fundación Gómez Pardo. 711 pp.
Subias, I., Fanlo, I., Manuel, J., Garcia, B., and Paniagua, A. (2006) La Mina Solita (Peramea, Lérida): Algo más que ejemplares de colección. Rev. Macla nº 6, 475-478.
Mata-Perelló, J.M. (1990) Els Minerals de Catalunya. Institut d´'Estudis Catalans. Barcelona. 441 pp.

External Links



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