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Underberget Mining Field, Kongsberg, Buskerud, Norwayi
Regional Level Types
Underberget Mining FieldMining Field
KongsbergMunicipality
BuskerudCounty
NorwayCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
59° North , 9° East (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~29km
Locality type:
Köppen climate type:
Other Languages:
Norwegian:
Underberget gruvefelt, Kongsberg kommune, Buskerud, Norge


Mine-field following the silver-bearing veins, starting with Samuel Mine in south to Louise Augusta Mine in north. The mines are connected with the 5 km long Underberg adit at the 150 m level.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded from this region.


Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

31 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Acanthite
Formula: Ag2S
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 126
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: Nordrum, F.S.(1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Bergverksmuseets skrift nr 9 ,42-47
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bugge, C. (1916): Kort oversigt over de sølvførende ganger paa Kongsberg. Norsk Gelogisk Tidsskrift.4, 139-146
Chalcomenite
Formula: CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68
Clausthalite
Formula: PbSe
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Description: Small greenish-grey plates in muscovite-quartz shist. V-bearing variety (up to 2 mas.% V2O3) - (Mg2.92Fe"2.08)5.00(Al.68Fe"'.23V"'.09)1.00 [Si3AlO10](OH)8.00.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2005)
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Unusually violet in reflected light films around Se-bearing chalcopyrite in association with Ag-selenides. Composition vary in ranges (Cu1.05Fe.10)1.15(S.82Se.03).85 - (Cu1.03Fe.08)1.11(S.72Se.17).89.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2005)
Devilline
Formula: CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au,Ag)
Localities: Reported from at least 10 localities in this region.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Nordrum, F.S.(1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Bergverksmuseets skrift nr 9 ,42-47
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, p 88
Eucairite
Formula: AgCuSe
Description: 1-2 cm size masses composed by grains with perfect cleavage. Intimately associated with naumannite, clausthallite and Se-bearing chalcopyrite and covellite. Composition of the mineral is Cu.95Ag1.04Se1.01.
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2005)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)
Formula: KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Reference: Larsen,A.O.(1980):Fluorapofyllitt og hydroksyapofyllitt" NAGS-nytt 7(2),36-37
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bancroft, P., Nordrum, F.S. & Lyckberg, P.(2001): Kongsberg revisited. Mineralogical Record 32: 181-205
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 126
'Ganomatite' ?
Description: In the collection of Mineralogical Museum of Oslo, there is a sample labelled 'Gänseköthigerts, Gamle Segen Gottes'. There is no trace of the mineral on the sample, it might have been used for analyses, but it is unknown.
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 126
Gold
Formula: Au
Harmotome
Formula: (Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Reference: Ström, H. C. (1826): Om Harmotomens Krystalformer. Nyt Magazin for naturvidenskaberne: 17 (2): 185-191
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2013)
Microcline var: Hyalophane
Formula: (K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: Nordrum, F. S. ; Larsen, A. O. & Erambert, M. (2003): Ba,Sr-mineraler i Kongsberg sølvforekomster- en foreløpig rapport. Norsk Bergverksmuseum skrift 25: 43-50
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Description: Schumacher (1801) describes molybdenite under the name "wasserblei"
Reference: Schumacher, C.F (1801): Versuch eines Verzeichnisses der in den Dänisch-Nordischen Staaten sich findenden einfachen Mineralien. Kopenhagen (p. 112-113)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Pavel M. Kartashov analytical data (2005)
Naumannite
Formula: Ag2Se
Posnjakite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Reference: Nordrum, F.S.(1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Bergverksmuseets skrift nr 9 ,42-47
Prehnite
Formula: Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Reference: Nordrum, F.S.(1995): Mineralfunn på Kongsberg etter nedleggelsen av Sølvverket. Bergverksmuseets skrift nr 9 ,42-47
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Silver
Formula: Ag
Localities: Reported from at least 19 localities in this region.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p 126
Stellerite
Formula: Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Reference: Neumann, H. (1944): Silver deposits at Kongsberg. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 162, p 108
Sternbergite ?
Formula: AgFe2S3
Description: Cronstedt mention occurens of "sølv-holdig kis" (silver bearing sulphide) from this mine. Probably sternbergite.
Reference: Cronstedt, A.F.(1758): Försök til en Mineralogie, eller Mineralrikets Uppstälning. Stockholm 1758; Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68 p. 23).

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au,Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Silver1.AA.05Ag
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Acanthite2.BA.35Ag2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Clausthalite2.CD.10PbSe
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Eucairite2.BA.50AgCuSe
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Naumannite2.BA.55Ag2Se
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Sternbergite ?2.CB.65AgFe2S3
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Chalcomenite4.JH.05CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Devilline7.DD.30CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Posnjakite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluorapophyllite-(K)9.EA.15KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Harmotome9.GC.10(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
9.FA.30(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Prehnite9.DP.20Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Stellerite9.GE.15Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Ganomatite' ?-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Silver1.1.1.2Ag
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Acanthite2.4.1.1Ag2S
Eucairite2.4.6.2AgCuSe
Naumannite2.4.1.2Ag2Se
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Clausthalite2.8.1.2PbSe
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
Sternbergite ?2.9.12.1AgFe2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Posnjakite31.4.1.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Devilline31.6.1.1CaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Group 34 - SELENITES, TELLURITES AND SULFITES
A(XO3)·xH2O
Chalcomenite34.2.2.1CuSeO3 · 2H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 72 - PHYLLOSILICATES Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 4-membered rings
Prehnite72.1.3.1Ca2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Two-Dimensional Infinite Sheets with Other Than Six-Membered Rings with 3-, 4-, or 5-membered rings and 8-membered rings
Fluorapophyllite-(K)72.3.1.1KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Microcline
var: Hyalophane
76.1.1.3(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Harmotome77.1.3.5(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Stellerite77.1.4.4Ca4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Electrum'-(Au,Ag)
'Ganomatite' ?-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
H DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
H Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
BBoron
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
O DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O BaryteBaSO4
O Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O QuartzSiO2
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
O CalciteCaCO3
O Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si QuartzSiO2
Si StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S GalenaPbS
S AcanthiteAg2S
S PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
S DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
S CovelliteCuS
S SternbergiteAgFe2S3
KPotassium
K Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
K Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
K Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Fluorapophyllite-(K)KCa4(Si8O20)(F,OH) · 8H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca PrehniteCa2Al2Si3O10(OH)2
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca StelleriteCa4(Si28Al8)O72 · 28H2O
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
FeIron
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SternbergiteAgFe2S3
CoCobalt
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
CuCopper
Cu EucairiteAgCuSe
Cu PosnjakiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · H2O
Cu DevillineCaCu4(SO4)2(OH)6 · 3H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
SeSelenium
Se EucairiteAgCuSe
Se NaumanniteAg2Se
Se ClausthalitePbSe
Se ChalcomeniteCuSeO3 · 2H2O
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
AgSilver
Ag EucairiteAgCuSe
Ag SilverAg
Ag NaumanniteAg2Se
Ag AcanthiteAg2S
Ag Electrum(Au,Ag)
Ag SternbergiteAgFe2S3
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
Ba Microcline (var: Hyalophane)(K,Ba)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ba Harmotome(Ba0.5,Ca0.5,K,Na)5[Al5Si11O32] · 12H2O
AuGold
Au Electrum(Au,Ag)
Au GoldAu
PbLead
Pb ClausthalitePbSe
Pb GalenaPbS

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