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Um Garayat mine (Umm Garaiart), Wadi Allaqi District, Eastern Desert, Red Sea, Egypti
Regional Level Types
Um Garayat mine (Umm Garaiart)Mine
Wadi Allaqi DistrictDistrict
Eastern DesertDesert
Red SeaGovernorate
EgyptCountry

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Key
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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 34' 14'' North , 33° 22' 45'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 22.57083,33.37917
GeoHash:G#: ssp8rscuw
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


Ancient and reworked gold mine.

Regions containing this locality

African PlateTectonic Plate
Sahara Desert, North AfricaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.


Mineral List


17 valid minerals.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Select Rock List Type

Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: http://www.egsma.gov.eg/GoldGarayat.htm; Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: http://www.egsma.gov.eg/GoldGarayat.htm; Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Clinochlore var: Pyknochlorite
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Clinochlore var: Ripidolite
Formula: (Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
'Electrum'
Formula: (Au, Ag)
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Gersdorffite
Formula: NiAsS
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Gold
Formula: Au
Reference: http://www.egsma.gov.eg/GoldGarayat.htm; Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Graphite
Formula: C
Reference: http://www.egsma.gov.eg/GoldGarayat.htm; Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: http://www.egsma.gov.eg/GoldGarayat.htm; Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: http://www.egsma.gov.eg/GoldGarayat.htm; Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I. K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., & Cooper, M. J. (2018). Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Electrum'1.AA.05(Au, Ag)
Gold1.AA.05Au
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Gersdorffite2.EB.25NiAsS
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 9 - Silicates
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Pyknochlorite9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite9.EC.55(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Gold1.1.1.1Au
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Gersdorffite2.12.3.2NiAsS
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinochlore
var: Pyknochlorite
-Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
var: Ripidolite-(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
'Electrum'-(Au, Ag)
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Clinochlore (var: Pyknochlorite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C GraphiteC
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Clinochlore (var: Pyknochlorite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
O RutileTiO2
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Clinochlore (var: Pyknochlorite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
AlAluminium
Al Clinochlore (var: Pyknochlorite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Clinochlore (var: Pyknochlorite)Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S GersdorffiteNiAsS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
KPotassium
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe Clinochlore (var: Ripidolite)(Mg,Fe,Al)6(Si,Al)4O10(OH)8
NiNickel
Ni GersdorffiteNiAsS
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu CovelliteCuS
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
As GersdorffiteNiAsS
AgSilver
Ag Electrum(Au, Ag)
AuGold
Au GoldAu
Au Electrum(Au, Ag)
PbLead
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ediacaran - Cryogenian
541 - 720 Ma



ID: 3308532

Age: Neoproterozoic (541 - 720 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcaniclastic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Stenian - Ectasian
1000 - 1400 Ma



ID: 3185002
Mesoproterozoic sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1400 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary and volcanic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Abdelnasser, A. and Kumral, M. (2017) The nature of gold-bearing fluids in Atud gold deposit, Central Eastern Desert, Egypt. International Geology Review, 59(15), 1845-1860.
Zoheir, B., Emam, A., Pitcairn, I.K., Boskabadi, A., Lehaye, Y., and Cooper, M.J. (2018) Trace elements and isotope data of the Um Garayat gold deposit, Wadi Allaqi district, Egypt. Mineralium Deposita, 1-16.

External Links



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