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Drangedal, Telemark, Norway

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Books of "lepidolite" (polylithionite-trilithionite series)

Høydalen, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
The famous Heftetjern pegmatite - June 2008

Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
Books of "lepidolite" (polylithionite-trilithionite series)

Høydalen, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
The famous Heftetjern pegmatite - June 2008

Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
Books of "lepidolite" (polylithionite-trilithionite series)

Høydalen, Tørdal, Drangedal, Telemark, Norway
Neighbouring regions:
Locality type:Municipality
Name(s) in local language(s):Drangedal kommune, Telemark fylke, Norge


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Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

Mineral list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

81 valid minerals. 5 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals. 3 (FRL) - first recorded locality of unapproved mineral/variety/etc.

Rock Types Recorded

Note: this is a very new system on mindat.org and data is currently VERY limited. Please bear with us while we work towards adding this information!

Rock list contains entries from the region specified including sub-localities

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Alphabetical List Tree Diagram

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Agakhanovite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Reference: Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Černý, P. and Kristiansen, R. (2013) Agakhanovite-(Y), IMA 2013-090. CNMNC Newsletter No. 18, December 2013, page 3256; Mineralogical Magazine, 77, 3249-3258 ; Hawthorne, F. C., Abdu, Y.A., Ball, N.A., Černý, P. & Kristiansen, R. (2014): Agakhanovite-(Y), ideally (YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30, a new milarite-group mineral from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Southern Norway: Description and crystal structure. American Mineralogist. 99, 2084-2088.
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Reference: collection of the British Museum of Natural History #1911,196 (1975)
Albite var: Cleavelandite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Albite var: Oligoclase
Formula: (Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Reference: collection of the British Museum of Natural History #1911,196 (1975)
Albite var: Oligoclase-Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Allanite Group'
Formula: {A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'
'Axinite Group'
Bastnäsite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(CO3)F
Bazzite
Formula: Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite
Formula: Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beryl var: Morganite
Formula: Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Beusite
Formula: Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
'Biotite'
Bismoclite
Formula: BiOCl
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Bismutite
Formula: (BiO)2CO3
Bohseite
Formula: Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Brookite
Formula: TiO2
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Cascandite
Formula: Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce4+,Th)O2
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Euxenite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Fergusonite-(Y)
Formula: YNbO4
Fluocerite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)F3
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Fluorite var: Yttrofluorite
Formula: (Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Fluor-schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
'Gadolinite Group'
Formula: A2MQ2T2O8φ2
Gadolinite-(Y)
Formula: Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Gahnite
Formula: ZnAl2O4
Galena
Formula: PbS
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heftetjernite (TL)
Formula: ScTaO4
Reference: Kristiansen, R. (2009): A unique assemblage of Scandium-bearing minerals from the Heftetjern-pegmatite, Tørdal, south Norway. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 41, 75-104; Kolitsch, U., Kristiansen, R., Raade, G. & Tillmanns, E. (2010): Heftetjernite, a new scandium mineral from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway. Eur. J. Mineral. 22, 309-316.
Hellandite-(Y)
Formula: (Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Hellandite-(Y) var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y) (FRL)
Formula: Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Reference: Miyawaki, R., Momma, K., Yokoyama, K., Shigeoka, M., Matsubara, S., Ito, M., Nakai, I., and Kristiansen, R. (2015) Mn-bearing hellandite-(Y) from Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway. Canadian Mineralogist: 53: 345-356.; Kristiansen, R. (2018) Nye mineralfunn fra Heftetjern-pegmatitten. Norsk Mineralsymposium 2018: 79-92.
Helvine
Formula: Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hingganite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Ilmenite var: Manganoan Ilmenite
Formula: (Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ixiolite
Formula: (Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ixiolite var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve)
Formula: ~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Kainosite-(Y)
Formula: Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kamphaugite-(Y)
Formula: Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Kristiansenite (TL)
Formula: Ca2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Reference: Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G., Nespolo, M. & Raade, G. (2001): Crystal structure of kristiansenite: a case of class IIB twinning by metric merohedry. Zeitschrift für Kristallographie. 216, 442-448. ; Raade, G., Ferraris, G., Gula, A., Ivaldi, G. & Bernhard, F. (2002): Kristiansenite, a new calcium-scandium-tin sorosilicate from granite pegmatite in Tørdal, Telemark, Norway. Mineralogy and Petrology. 75(1/2), 89-99.
Kuliokite-(Y)
Formula: Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
Laumontite
Formula: CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
'Lepidolite'
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Microcline var: Amazonite
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group'
Formula: A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Microlite Group var: Scandium Microlite (of Bergstøl & Juve)'
Milarite
Formula: K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Monazite-(Ce)
Formula: Ce(PO4)
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Muscovite var: Ferroan muscovite
'Muscovite-2M1'
Nontronite
Formula: Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Oftedalite (TL)
Formula: K(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Reference: Cooper, M.A., Hawthorne, F.C., Ball, N.A., Černý, P., Kristiansen, R. (2006): Oftedalite, (ScCa)KBe3Si12O30, a new mineral species of the milarite group from the Heftetjern pegmatite, Tørdal, Norway: description and crystal structure. Canadian Mineralogist, 44, 943-949; Kristiansen, R. (2005): Milarittgruppens mineraler i Norge. Norsk Bergverksmuseum Skrifter, 30, 21-29
Opal
Formula: SiO2 · nH2O
'Pegmatite'
Phenakite
Formula: Be2SiO4
Plattnerite
Formula: PbO2
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Polycrase-(Y)
Formula: Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Polylithionite
Formula: KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
'Polylithionite-Trilithionite Series'
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
'Pyrochlore Group'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Group var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Smoky Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Rutile var: Ilmenorutile
Formula: Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Rutile var: Strüverite
Formula: (Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Rynersonite
Formula: CaTa2O6
Scandiobabingtonite
Formula: Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Siderophyllite
Formula: KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Siderophyllite var: Magnesian Siderophyllite
Formula: K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'
Spessartine
Formula: Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Stilpnomelane
Formula: (K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Synchysite-(Y)
Formula: CaY(CO3)2F
'Tantalite'
Formula: (Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)
Formula: FeTa2O6
Tengerite-(Y)
Formula: Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Thorite
Formula: Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite
Formula: Sc2Si2O7
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Titanite var: Triclinic Titanite (FRL)
Reference: Lussier, A. J.; Cooper, M.A.; Hawthorne, F.C. and Kristiansen, R. (2009): Triclinic titanite from the Heftetjern granitic pegmatite, Tørdal, southern Norway. Mineralogical Magazine: 73: 709-722.
Topaz
Formula: Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
'Tourmaline'
Formula: A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Trilithionite
Formula: K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Tveitite-(Y) (TL)
Formula: (Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Reference: Bergstøl, S.; Jensen, B.B. & Neumann, H. (1977): Tveitite, a new calcium yttrium fluoride. LITHOS 10: 81-87; Greis (1978); Bevan et al. (1980); Neumann (1985, p. 51).
Uedaite-(Ce)
Formula: {Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))' (FRL)
Formula: (Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Reference: Chukanov, N.V., Aksenov, S.M., Rastvetaeva, R.M., Kristiansen, R., Pekov, I., Belakovskiy, D., Van, V.K., Bychkova, Y.V., Britvin, S., Bychkova, Y.V. (2017) Crystal structure of the OH-dominant gadolinite-(Y) analogue,(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2 from Heftetjern pegmatite, Norway. Acta Crystallographica: B73: 899-906.
Xenotime-(Y)
Formula: Y(PO4)
Yttrialite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,Th)2Si2O7
Reference: Nilssen, B. (1965): 4.1.1965. in Geologisk Museum. Interne notater 1961-1990. Published by Geologisk Museums Venner, Oslo 1991, p 14
'Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)'
Formula: A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Yttrotantalite-(Y)
Formula: (Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
'Zinnwaldite'
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Zircon var: Alvite
Formula: Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Bismoclite3.DC.25BiOCl
Fluocerite-(Ce)3.AC.15(Ce,La)F3
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
var: Yttrofluorite3.AB.25(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Tveitite-(Y) (TL)3.AB.30(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.DL.05(Ce4+,Th)O2
Euxenite-(Y)4.DG.05(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Gahnite4.BB.05ZnAl2O4
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Heftetjernite (TL)4.DB.30ScTaO4
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
var: Manganoan Ilmenite4.CB.05(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ixiolite4.DB.25(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve)4.DB.25~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Microlite Group4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'var: Scandium Microlite (of Bergstøl & Juve)'4.00.A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Opal4.DA.10SiO2 · nH2O
Plattnerite4.DB.05PbO2
Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)4.DH.15
Polycrase-(Y)4.DG.05Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Pyrochlore Group4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'4.00.A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Smoky Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.DB.05Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.DB.05(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Rynersonite4.DF.05CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)4.DB.35FeTa2O6
Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)4..A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Yttrotantalite-(Y)'4.DG.10(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Bastnäsite-(Ce)5.BD.20aCe(CO3)F
Bismutite5.BE.25(BiO)2CO3
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Kamphaugite-(Y)5.DC.10Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Synchysite-(Y)5.BD.20cCaY(CO3)2F
Tengerite-(Y)5.CC.10Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Fergusonite-(Y)7.GA.05YNbO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Beusite8.AB.20Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
Monazite-(Ce)8.AD.50Ce(PO4)
Xenotime-(Y)8.AD.35Y(PO4)
Group 9 - Silicates
'Actinolite'9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Albite'9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Cleavelandite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase9.FA.35(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite-(Ce)'9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Bazzite9.CJ.05Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Bertrandite9.BD.05Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Beryl9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
var: Morganite9.CJ.05Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Cascandite9.DG.07Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fluor-schorl9.CK.Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Gadolinite-(Y)9.AJ.20Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hellandite-(Y)9.DK.20(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y) (TL)9.DK.20Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Helvine9.FB.10Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Hingganite-(Ce)9.AJ.20(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)9.AJ.20(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Kainosite-(Y)9.CF.10Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Kristiansenite (TL)9.BC.30Ca2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Kuliokite-(Y)9.AG.50Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
Laumontite9.GB.10CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
var: Amazonite9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Milarite9.CM.05K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Ferroan muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Nontronite9.EC.40Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Oftedalite (TL)9.CM.05K(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Phenakite9.AA.05Be2SiO4
Polylithionite9.EC.20KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Scandiobabingtonite9.DK.05Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
'Schorl'9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
'Siderophyllite'9.EC.20KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
var: Magnesian Siderophyllite9.EC.20K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
Spessartine9.AD.25Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Stilpnomelane9.EG.40(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Thorite9.AD.30Th(SiO4)
Thortveitite9.BC.05Sc2Si2O7
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
var: Triclinic Titanite (TL)9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Topaz9.AF.35Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Trilithionite9.EC.20K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Uedaite-(Ce)9.BG.05{Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Yttrialite-(Y)9.BC.05(Y,Th)2Si2O7
'Zircon'9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
var: Alvite9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Agakhanovite-(Y)' (TL)-(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Apatite-
Axinite Group-
Biotite-
Bohseite-Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Gadolinite Group-A2MQ2T2O8φ2
Lepidolite-
Limonite-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Muscovite-2M1-
Pegmatite-
Polylithionite-Trilithionite Series-
Pyrochlore Supergroup-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'-
Tantalite-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Tourmaline-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y)) (TL)-(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
'Zinnwaldite'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Cerianite-(Ce)4.4.12.1(Ce4+,Th)O2
Plattnerite4.4.1.6PbO2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
var: Ilmenorutile4.4.1.2Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
var: Strüverite4.4.1.3(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Gahnite7.2.1.4ZnAl2O4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 8 - MULTIPLE OXIDES CONTAINING NIOBIUM,TANTALUM OR TITANIUM
ABO4
Fergusonite-(Y)8.1.1.1YNbO4
Heftetjernite (TL)8.1.13.ScTaO4
Ixiolite8.1.10.1(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Yttrotantalite-(Y)8.1.3.1(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
A2B2O6(O,OH,F)
'Microlite Group'8.2.2.1A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
'Plumbomicrolite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.2.3
'Pyrochlore Group'8.2.1.1A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.1.4A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
'Yttrobetafite (of Hogarth 1977)'8.2.3.2A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
AB2O6
Euxenite-(Y)8.3.8.2(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Polycrase-(Y)8.3.8.1Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Rynersonite8.3.7.2CaTa2O6
Tantalite-(Fe)8.3.2.1FeTa2O6
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Tveitite-(Y) (TL)9.2.1.3(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
AX3
Fluocerite-(Ce)9.3.4.1(Ce,La)F3
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Bismoclite10.2.1.2BiOCl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Tengerite-(Y)15.4.3.1Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Bastnäsite-(Ce)16a.1.1.1Ce(CO3)F
Synchysite-(Y)16a.1.3.2CaY(CO3)2F
Bismutite16a.3.5.1(BiO)2CO3
Group 16b - HYDRATED CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Kamphaugite-(Y)16b.1.7.1Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Group 38 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL PHOSPHATES, ARSENATES, AND VANADATES
(AB)3(XO4)2
Beusite38.3.3.2Mn2+Mn2+2 (PO4)2
AXO4
Monazite-(Ce)38.4.3.1Ce(PO4)
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [4] coordination
Phenakite51.1.1.1Be2SiO4
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Spessartine51.4.3a.3Mn2+3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Thorite51.5.2.3Th(SiO4)
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Topaz52.3.1.1Al2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 54 - NESOSILICATES Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates
Borosilicates and Some Beryllosilicates with B in [4] coordination
Gadolinite-(Y)54.2.1b.3Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Hellandite-(Y)54.2.2.1(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Hingganite-(Ce)54.2.1a.2(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Hingganite-(Y)54.2.1a.3(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Group 55 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups,Generally with no Additional Anions
Si2O7 Groups, Generally with no Additional Anions with cations in [6] coordination
Thortveitite55.2.1a.4Sc2Si2O7
Yttrialite-(Y)55.2.1b.3(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Bertrandite56.1.1.1Be4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Uedaite-(Ce)58.2.9.4{Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 60 - CYCLOSILICATES Four-Membered Rings
Four-Membered Rings with other anion groups
Kainosite-(Y)60.2.1.1Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Bazzite61.1.1.2Be3Sc2(Si6O18)
Beryl61.1.1.1Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 63 - CYCLOSILICATES Condensed Rings
Condensed Rings (Milarite - Osumilite group)
Milarite63.2.1a.12K2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Cascandite65.2.1.6Ca(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Polylithionite71.2.2b.8KLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Siderophyllite71.2.2b.5KFe2+2Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Nontronite71.3.1a.3Na0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined islands
Stilpnomelane74.1.1.1(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with H2O and organics
Opal75.2.1.1SiO2 · nH2O
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Al-Si Framework Feldspathoids and related species
Helvine76.2.4.1Be3Mn2+4(SiO4)3S
Group 77 - TECTOSILICATES Zeolites
Zeolite group - True zeolites
Laumontite77.1.1.4CaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Group 78 - Unclassified Silicates
Kuliokite-(Y)78.7.8.1Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Agakhanovite-(Y) (TL)-(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Albite
var: Cleavelandite
-Na(AlSi3O8)
var: Oligoclase-(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
var: Oligoclase-Albite-Na(AlSi3O8)
'Allanite Group'-{A12+REE3+}{M3+2M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
'Apatite'-
'Axinite Group'-
Beryl
var: Morganite
-Be3Al2(Si6O18)
'Biotite'-
Bohseite-Ca4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Fluor-schorl-Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fluorite
var: Yttrofluorite
-(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
'Gadolinite Group'-A2MQ2T2O8φ2
Hellandite-(Y)
var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y) (FRL)
-Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Ilmenite
var: Manganoan Ilmenite
-(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ixiolite
var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve)
-~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Kristiansenite (TL)-Ca2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
'Lepidolite'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Microcline
var: Amazonite
-K(AlSi3O8)
'Microlite Group
var: Scandium Microlite (of Bergstøl & Juve)'
-A2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Muscovite
var: Ferroan muscovite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
'Muscovite-2M1'-
Oftedalite (TL)-K(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
'Pegmatite'-
'Polylithionite-Trilithionite Series'-
'Pyrochlore Supergroup'-A2-mD2X6-wZ1-n
Quartz
var: Smoky Quartz
-SiO2
Scandiobabingtonite-Ca2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Siderophyllite
var: Magnesian Siderophyllite
-K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
'Siderophyllite-Polylithionite Series'-
'Tantalite'-(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Titanite
var: Triclinic Titanite (FRL)
-CaTi(SiO4)O
'Tourmaline'-A(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
Trilithionite-K(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
'Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))' (FRL)-(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Xenotime-(Y)-Y(PO4)
'Zinnwaldite'-
Zircon
var: Alvite
-Zr(SiO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
H BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
H BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
H CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
H Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
H Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
H Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
H KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
H Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
H LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H Siderophyllite (var: Magnesian Siderophyllite)K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
H MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
H Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H OpalSiO2 · nH2O
H Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
H Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
H Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
H Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
H TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
H Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
H Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
H Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
LiLithium
Li PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Li TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
BeBeryllium
Be Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Be BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Be BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Be BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Be BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Be Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Be HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Be Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Be MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Be Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Be OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Be PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Be Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
BBoron
B Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
B Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
B Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
CCarbon
C Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
C Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
C Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
C Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
C Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
OOxygen
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Zircon (var: Alvite)Zr(SiO4)
O Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
O Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
O BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
O BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
O BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
O BeusiteMn2+Mn22+ (PO4)2
O BismocliteBiOCl
O Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
O BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
O BrookiteTiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
O CassiteriteSnO2
O Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
O CerussitePbCO3
O Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
O Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
O Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
O Gadolinite GroupA2MQ2T2O8φ2
O Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
O GahniteZnAl2O4
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HeftetjerniteScTaO4
O Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
O HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
O Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
O Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
O Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
O Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
O KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
O Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
O LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O Siderophyllite (var: Magnesian Siderophyllite)K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
O Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
O Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
O Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
O Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
O Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
O OpalSiO2 · nH2O
O PhenakiteBe2SiO4
O PlattneritePbO2
O Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
O PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
O Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O QuartzSiO2
O RutileTiO2
O RynersoniteCaTa2O6
O Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
O ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
O Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
O SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
O Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
O Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
O Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
O Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
O Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
O Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
O ThoriteTh(SiO4)
O ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O TourmalineA(D3)G6(T6O18)(BO3)3X3Z
O TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
O Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
O Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
O Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
O Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
O Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
FFluorine
F Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
F Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
F FluoriteCaF2
F Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
F Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
F PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
F Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
F TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
F Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
F Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
NaSodium
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Na BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Na Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Na NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Na Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Na Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
MgMagnesium
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg Siderophyllite (var: Magnesian Siderophyllite)K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
Mg Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
AlAluminium
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Al BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Al BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Al Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Al GahniteZnAl2O4
Al Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Al Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
Al LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Al Siderophyllite (var: Magnesian Siderophyllite)K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Al Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Al Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Al Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Al PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Al SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Al Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Al TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Al TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Al Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
SiSilicon
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Allanite Group{A12+REE3+}{M23+M32+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Zircon (var: Alvite)Zr(SiO4)
Si Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
Si BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Si BertranditeBe4(Si2O7)(OH)2
Si BerylBe3Al2(Si6O18)
Si BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Si CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Si Albite (var: Cleavelandite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Si Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Si Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Si HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Si Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Si Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Si KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Si Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
Si LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Si Siderophyllite (var: Magnesian Siderophyllite)K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Si Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Si Beryl (var: Morganite)Be3Al2(Si6O18)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Si Albite (var: Oligoclase-Albite)Na(AlSi3O8)
Si OpalSiO2 · nH2O
Si PhenakiteBe2SiO4
Si PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
Si QuartzSiO2
Si ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Si Quartz (var: Smoky Quartz)SiO2
Si SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Si Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Si ThoriteTh(SiO4)
Si ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si TopazAl2(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
Si Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Si Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
PPhosphorus
P BeusiteMn2+Mn22+ (PO4)2
P Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
P Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
SSulfur
S GalenaPbS
S HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
ClChlorine
Cl BismocliteBiOCl
KPotassium
K Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
K Microcline (var: Amazonite)K(AlSi3O8)
K Siderophyllite (var: Magnesian Siderophyllite)K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
K PolylithioniteKLi2Al(Si4O10)(F,OH)2
K SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
K Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
K TrilithioniteK(Li1.5Al1.5)(AlSi3O10)(F,OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca BohseiteCa4Be3+xAl1-xSi9O25-x(OH)3+x
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Ca Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ca Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Ca Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Ca KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Ca LaumontiteCaAl2Si4O12 · 4H2O
Ca MilariteK2Ca4Al2Be4Si24O60 · H2O
Ca Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Ca Albite (var: Oligoclase)(Na,Ca)[Al(Si,Al)Si2O8]
Ca RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ca ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Ca Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Ca Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Ca Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Ca Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
ScScandium
Sc BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Sc CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Sc HeftetjerniteScTaO4
Sc KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Sc OftedaliteK(Sc,Ca,Mn2+)22[(Be,Al)3Si12O30]
Sc Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Sc ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Sc ThortveititeSc2Si2O7
TiTitanium
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Ti Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ti Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Ti Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Ti Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
MnManganese
Mn BeusiteMn2+Mn22+ (PO4)2
Mn HelvineBe3Mn42+(SiO4)3S
Mn Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Mn Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Mn Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Mn ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Mn SpessartineMn32+Al2(SiO4)3
Mn Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Mn Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
FeIron
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe BazziteBe3Sc2(Si6O18)
Fe CascanditeCa(Sc,Fe3+)(HSi3O9)
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Fluor-schorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3F
Fe Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe Siderophyllite (var: Magnesian Siderophyllite)K(Fe2+,Mg)2Al(Si2Al2)O10(OH)2
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Ilmenite (var: Manganoan Ilmenite)(Fe,Mn)2+TiO3
Fe Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Fe NontroniteNa0.3Fe2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Fe ScandiobabingtoniteCa2(Fe2+,Mn)ScSi5O14(OH)
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe SiderophylliteKFe22+Al(Al2Si2O10)(OH)2
Fe Stilpnomelane(K,Ca,Na)(Fe2+,Mg,Al)8(Si,Al)12(O,OH)36 · nH2O
Fe Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Fe Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Fe Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
Fe Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Fe Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
ZnZinc
Zn GahniteZnAl2O4
Zn SphaleriteZnS
YYttrium
Y Agakhanovite-(Y)(YCa)□2KBe3Si12O30
Y Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Y Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Y Gadolinite-(Y)Y2Fe2+Be2Si2O10
Y Hellandite-(Y)(Ca,REE)4Y2Al◻2(B4Si4O22) (OH)2
Y Hingganite-(Y)(Y,REE,Ca)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Y Kainosite-(Y)Ca2(Y,Ce)2(Si4O12)(CO3) · H2O
Y Kamphaugite-(Y)Ca(Y,REE)(CO3)2(OH) · H2O
Y Kuliokite-(Y)Y4Al(SiO4)2(OH)2F5
Y Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
Y Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Y Synchysite-(Y)CaY(CO3)2F
Y Tengerite-(Y)Y2(CO3)3 · 2-3H2O
Y Tveitite-(Y)(Y, Na)6Ca6Ca6F42
Y Unnamed (OH-analogue of Gadolinite-(Y))(Y,Ca)2(Fe,☐)Be2Si2O8(OH,O)2
Y Xenotime-(Y)Y(PO4)
Y Yttrialite-(Y)(Y,Th)2Si2O7
Y Fluorite (var: Yttrofluorite)(Ca1-xYx)F2+x where 0.05< x <0.3
Y Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
ZrZirconium
Zr Zircon (var: Alvite)Zr(SiO4)
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
NbNiobium
Nb Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Nb Fergusonite-(Y)YNbO4
Nb Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Nb Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Nb Polycrase-(Y)Y(Ti,Nb)2(O,OH)6
Nb Pyrochlore GroupA2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Nb Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Nb Pyrochlore Group (var: Yttropyrochlore (of Hogarth 1977))A2Nb2(O,OH)6Z
Nb Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
Sn KristianseniteCa2ScSn(Si2O7)(Si2O6OH)
Sn Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ce Bastnäsite-(Ce)Ce(CO3)F
Ce Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Ce Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ce Fluocerite-(Ce)(Ce,La)F3
Ce Hingganite-(Ce)(Ce,REE)2(□,Fe2+)Be2[SiO4]2(OH)2
Ce Monazite-(Ce)Ce(PO4)
Ce Uedaite-(Ce){Mn2+Ce}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
YbYtterbium
Yb Hellandite-(Y) (var: Mn-bearing Hellandite-(Y))Ca1.34Mn1.07Y2.75Yb0.38Al0.92Fe0.08Si4B4O21.21(OH)2.79
TaTantalum
Ta Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Ta HeftetjerniteScTaO4
Ta Rutile (var: Ilmenorutile)Fex(Nb,Ta)2x · 4Ti1-xO2
Ta Ixiolite(Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Mn)4O8
Ta Microlite GroupA2-mTa2X6-wZ-n
Ta RynersoniteCaTa2O6
Ta Ixiolite (var: Scandian Ixiolite (of Bergstøl & Juve))~(Sc,Ta,Nb,Sn,Fe,Ti)4O8
Ta Rutile (var: Strüverite)(Ti,Ta,Fe)O2
Ta Tantalite(Mn,Fe)(Ta,Nb)2O6
Ta Tantalite-(Fe)FeTa2O6
Ta Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb PlattneritePbO2
BiBismuth
Bi BismocliteBiOCl
Bi BismuthBi
Bi Bismutite(BiO)2CO3
ThThorium
Th Cerianite-(Ce)(Ce4+,Th)O2
Th Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
Th ThoriteTh(SiO4)
UUranium
U Euxenite-(Y)(Y,Ca,Ce,U,Th)(Nb,Ta,Ti)2O6
U Yttrotantalite-(Y)(Y,U4+,Fe2+)(Ta,Nb)(O,OH)4

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