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Phoenixville tunnel (Conrail tunnel; Black Rock tunnel), Phoenixville, Schuylkill Township, Chester Co., Pennsylvania, USAi
Regional Level Types
Phoenixville tunnel (Conrail tunnel; Black Rock tunnel)Tunnel
Phoenixville- not defined -
Schuylkill TownshipTownship
Chester Co.County
PennsylvaniaState
USACountry

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Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 40° 8' 44'' North , 75° 30' 56'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 40.14556,-75.51556
GeoHash:G#: dr4k3s72b
Locality type:Tunnel
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Phoenixville16,658 (2017)1.7km
Spring City3,322 (2017)4.4km
Royersford4,771 (2017)4.7km
Trappe3,553 (2017)6.8km
Collegeville5,287 (2017)7.0km


Tunnel of the P. & R. Railway at Phoenixville, cut through Triassic shale, hydrothermal veins.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlatePlate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


10 valid minerals.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Anatase ?4.DD.05TiO2
Brookite4.DD.10TiO2
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite ?5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX2
Anatase ?4.4.4.1TiO2
Brookite4.4.5.1TiO2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite ?14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
OOxygen
O QuartzSiO2
O CalciteCaCO3
O BrookiteTiO2
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O BaryteBaSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O AnataseTiO2
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
SiSilicon
Si QuartzSiO2
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S BaryteBaSO4
CaCalcium
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti BrookiteTiO2
Ti AnataseTiO2
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
CuCopper
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 2940623
Lockatong Formation

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Lockatong Formation

Description: Dark-gray to black, thick-bedded argillite containing a few zones of thin-bedded black shale; locally has thin layers of impure limestone and calcareous shale.

Comments: Original map source: Pennsylvania Bureau of Topographic and Geologic Survey, Department of Conservation and Natural Resources, Miles, C.E., and Whitfield, T.G., compilers, 2001, Bedrock Geology of Pennsylvania, edition: 1.0, digital map, scale 1:250,000.

Lithology: Major:{argillite}, Minor:{shale,limestone}, Incidental:{black shale}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Triassic
201.3 - 251.902 Ma



ID: 3186144
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Triassic (201.3 - 251.902 Ma)

Comments: Newark Graben System; Newark-Gettysburg Basin

Lithology: Shale,conglomerate,quartz-feldspar sandstone,siltstone,limestone

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Dana (1844): 545, 654.
Genth, F. A. (1874), Second Geological survey of Pennsylvania: 1874 Preliminary Report on the Mineralogy of Pennsylvania: 157.
Gordon, S.G. (1922) The Mineralogy of Pennsylvania. 255 pp., Philadelphia: 175.


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