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Vallone stope, Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine), Capoliveri, Elba Island, Livorno Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Vallone stopeStope
Cape Calamita Mine (Calamita Mine)Mine
Capoliveri- not defined -
Elba IslandIsland
Livorno ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Cantiere Vallone, Miniera di Capo Calamita (Miniera di Calamita), Capoliveri, Isola d'Elba, Livorno, Toscana, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 42° 43' 10'' North , 10° 26' 0'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 42.71963,10.43340
GeoHash:G#: spx7j2v7g
Locality type:Stope
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Capoliveri2,049 (2014)5.4km
Porto Azzurro3,088 (2014)6.1km
Rio Marina1,220 (2014)10.5km
Rio nell'Elba782 (2014)10.6km
Magazzini128 (2014)10.8km


Altitude: 0-167 m asl. It is the biggest stope of the mine and is divided in two, alto (= high) and basso (= low) parts by the internal road at Q 112.
The old Francesche stope is now the west side of Vallone basso and "Grotta Rame" (= Copper cave) was in the Vallone basso at Q. 49, while "Grotta dell'Ebreo" was in the Vallone alto at Q. 130-140.
At the sea limit there are Punta Calamita and Punta Bianca with the ruins of the wharf; at the west of the point, there is Francesche beach.

The presence of small scheelite crystals in association with magnetite has been reported at Vallone basso (Pierini, 1984).

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


54 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: L. Dell'Anna, C.L. Garavelli (1967) - Plancheite di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Per. Min., 36: 126-146.
Alunogen
Formula: Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Amarantite
Formula: Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Reference: F. Quagliarella (1966) - Su alcuni solfati di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Rend. Soc. Min. It., 22: 210.
Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Guelfo Balestri Collection (See Giuliano Bettini Photo); Cocco G.,Garavelli C. (1954): Studio di alcuni problemi geochimici relativi al giacimento di ferro di capo Calamita Elba. Rendiconti della Societa Mineralogica Italiana. 10: 269-350
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze
Bieberite
Formula: CoSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Minerali di cobalto nel giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita – Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., P.V., 64: 16-32.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: N. Calanchi, G. Dal Rio, A. Prati (1976) - Miniere e minerali dell'Elba orientale - Tip. Cacciari, Bologna
Botryogen
Formula: MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Reference: PXRD by Roegner
Brochantite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Reference: W. Strohschneider (1975) - Neue Elba Minerallen - Der Aufschluss, 12.
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: F. Millosevich (1910) - Una varietà di calcite cobaltifera del Capo Calamita nell'Isola d'Elba - Atti R. Acc. Naz. Lincei, Rend., 19: 91-92.
Calcite var: Cobaltoan Calcite
Formula: (Ca,Co)CO3
Reference: F. Millosevich (1910) - Una varietà di calcite cobaltifera del Capo Calamita nell'Isola d'Elba - Atti R. Acc. Naz. Lincei, Rend., 19: 91-92.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Clinoatacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Connellite
Formula: Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Reference: W. Strohschneider (1975) - Neue Elba Minerallen - Der Aufschluss, 12.
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Copper
Formula: Cu
Coquimbite
Formula: Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze
Cyanotrichite
Formula: Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Dioptase
Formula: CuSiO3 · H2O
Reference: L. Dell'Anna, C.L. Garavelli (1967) - Plancheite di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Per. Min., 36: 126-146.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: P. Orlandi, F. Pezzotta (1996) - Minerali dell’Isola d’Elba - Ed. Novecento Grafico, Bergamo
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: N. Calanchi, G. Dal Rio, A. Prati (1976) - Miniere e minerali dell'Elba orientale - Tip. Cacciari, Bologna
Erythrite
Formula: Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Reference: L. Bombicci (1862) - Corso di Mineralogia. Ia parte. - Tip. Fava e Garagnani, Bologna
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1955) – Sulla presenza di paratacamite e di gesso cuprifero fra i minerali secondari del giacimento di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) – Rend. Soc. Min. It., 11: 147-175.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: [mentioned for Calamite Mine]
Humboldtine
Formula: Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Reference: Garavelli C.L. (1955): Ritrovamento di oxalite tra i minerali secondari del giacimento di Capo Calamita – Rend. Soc. Miner. Ital., 11, 176-181.
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: “L' Elba e i suoi minerali : guida alla ricerca”, Giuliano Bettini, Pacini Editore Pisa, 1st Edition 1996, 2nd Edition 1997. (Collana Uomonatura) translated as: “Die Insel Elba und Ihre Mineralien”, Giuliano Bettini, Pacini Editore Pisa, 1997. (Collana Uomonatura).
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1955) – Sulla presenza di paratacamite e di gesso cuprifero fra i minerali secondari del giacimento di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) – Rend. Soc. Min. It., 11: 147-175.
Kröhnkite
Formula: Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Reference: F. Quagliarella (1966) - Su alcuni solfati di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Rend. Soc. Min. It., 22: 210.
'Limonite'
Formula: (Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Löllingite
Formula: FeAs2
Reference: L. Bombicci (1862) - Corso di Mineralogia. Ia parte. - Tip. Fava e Garagnani, Bologna
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: F. Millosevich (1914) - I 5000 Elbani del Museo di Firenze - R. Ist. Studi Sup. Prat. e Perf. Firenze
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Melanterite var: Cuprian Melanterite
Formula: (Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Reference: P. Rögner, M. Hanauer, F. Senesi (2000) - Elba orientale: nuovi ritrovamenti - Riv. Min. It., 24, 2: 102-109.
Minguzzite (TL)
Formula: K3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Type Locality:
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1955) – Un nuovo minerale tra i prodotti secondari del giacimento di Capo Calamita (Isola d ' Elba). – Atti Acc. Naz. Lincei, Rend., v.18, s.8, f.4: 392-402.
Natrochalcite
Formula: NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Reference: F. Quagliarella (1966) - Su alcuni solfati di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Rend. Soc. Min. It., 22: 210.
Natrojarosite
Formula: NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Barsotti, G., & Nannoni, R. (2006). Rocce, minerali e miniere delle isole dell'Arcipelago Toscano. Pacini editore, 152 pp.
Paratacamite
Formula: Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1955) – Sulla presenza di paratacamite e di gesso cuprifero fra i minerali secondari del giacimento di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) – Rend. Soc. Min. It., 11: 147-175.
Pharmacosiderite
Formula: KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Reference: N. Calanchi, G. Dal Rio, A. Prati (1976) - Miniere e minerali dell'Elba orientale - Tip. Cacciari, Bologna
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Reference: L. Dell'Anna, C.L. Garavelli (1967) - Plancheite di Capo Calamita (Isola d'Elba) - Per. Min., 36: 126-146.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Quartz var: Chalcedony
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
Quartz var: Prase
Formula: SiO2
Reference: no ref. in literature
Scheelite
Formula: Ca(WO4)
Reference: Giuliano Bettini Collection
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Skutterudite
Formula: CoAs3
Reference: L. Bombicci (1862) - Corso di Mineralogia. Ia parte. - Tip. Fava e Garagnani, Bologna
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Reference: Giorgio Bortolozzi visual identification
Tyrolite
Formula: Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Reference: W. Strohschneider (1975) - Neue Elba Minerallen - Der Aufschluss, 12.
'Wad'
Reference: C.L. Garavelli (1957) – Minerali di cobalto nel giacimento elbano di Capo Calamita – Atti Soc. Tosc. Sc. Nat., P.V., 64: 16-32.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Löllingite2.EB.15aFeAs2
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Skutterudite2.EC.05CoAs3
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Clinoatacamite3.DA.10bCu2(OH)3Cl
Connellite3.DA.25Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Paratacamite3.DA.10cCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
var: Chalcedony4.DA.05SiO2
var: Prase4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
var: Cobaltoan Calcite5.AB.05(Ca,Co)CO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunogen7.CB.45Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Amarantite7.DB.30Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Bieberite7.CB.35CoSO4 · 7H2O
Botryogen7.DC.25MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Brochantite7.BB.25Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Coquimbite7.CB.55Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Cyanotrichite7.DE.10Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Kröhnkite7.CC.30Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
var: Cuprian Melanterite7.CB.35(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Natrochalcite7.DF.15NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Natrojarosite7.BC.10NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Scheelite7.GA.05Ca(WO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Erythrite8.CE.40Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Pharmacosiderite8.DK.10KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Tyrolite8.DM.10Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Dioptase9.CJ.30CuSiO3 · H2O
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 10 - Organic Compounds
Humboldtine10.AB.05Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Minguzzite (TL)10.AB.25K3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Chlorite Group'-
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
'Wad'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Löllingite2.12.2.9FeAs2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Skutterudite2.12.17.1CoAs3
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Paratacamite10.1.2.1Cu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
A2B(XO4)2·xH2O
Kröhnkite29.3.2.1Na2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
AXO4·xH2O
Bieberite29.6.10.4CoSO4 · 7H2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
A2(XO4)3·H2O
Alunogen29.8.6.1Al2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Coquimbite29.8.3.1Fe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Brochantite30.1.3.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq·xH2O, where m:p > 6:1
Connellite31.1.1.1Cu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
(AB)6(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Cyanotrichite31.2.1.1Cu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
(AB)3(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Natrochalcite31.8.1.1NaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Amarantite31.9.3.1Fe3+2(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Botryogen31.9.6.1MgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
A3(XO4)2·xH2O
Erythrite40.3.6.3Co3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Group 42 - HYDRATED PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq·xH2O
Tyrolite42.4.3.1Ca2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
(AB)5(XO4)3Zq·xH2O
Pharmacosiderite42.8.1a.1KFe3+4(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Scheelite48.1.2.1Ca(WO4)
Group 50 - ORGANIC COMPOUNDS
Oxalates
Humboldtine50.1.3.1Fe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Minguzzite (TL)50.1.4.1K3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with [Si6O18] rings; possible (OH) and Al substitution
Dioptase61.1.3.1CuSiO3 · H2O
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Calcite
var: Cobaltoan Calcite
-(Ca,Co)CO3
'Chlorite Group'-
Clinoatacamite-Cu2(OH)3Cl
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
'Limonite'-(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Melanterite
var: Cuprian Melanterite
-(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Natrojarosite-NaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Quartz
var: Chalcedony
-SiO2
var: Prase-SiO2
'Wad'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
H Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
H ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
H BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
H BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
H TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
H AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
H NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
H KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
H AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
H BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
CCarbon
C MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
C HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
C TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
C SideriteFeCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C CalciteCaCO3
OOxygen
O MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
O Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
O ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
O BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
O BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
O TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
O QuartzSiO2
O SideriteFeCO3
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
O NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
O KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
O AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
O Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O CalciteCaCO3
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O ScheeliteCa(WO4)
O Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
NaSodium
Na NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Na NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Na KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
MgMagnesium
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
AlAluminium
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
SiSilicon
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Quartz (var: Prase)SiO2
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si Quartz (var: Chalcedony)SiO2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
SSulfur
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
S ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
S BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
S NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
S KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
S AlunogenAl2(SO4)3 · 17H2O
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
S MarcasiteFeS2
S BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
ClChlorine
Cl ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cl ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cl ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
CaCalcium
Ca Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca ScheeliteCa(WO4)
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
FeIron
Fe MinguzziteK3Fe3+(C2O4)3 · 3H2O
Fe Limonite(Fe,O,OH,H2O)
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe LöllingiteFeAs2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HumboldtineFe2+(C2O4) · 2H2O
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe NatrojarositeNaFe3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe SideriteFeCO3
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
Fe AmarantiteFe23+(SO4)2O · 7H2O
Fe Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe CoquimbiteFe2-xAlx(SO4)3 · 9H2O, x ~0.5
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe BotryogenMgFe3+(SO4)2(OH) · 7H2O
CoCobalt
Co SkutteruditeCoAs3
Co ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
Co Calcite (var: Cobaltoan Calcite)(Ca,Co)CO3
Co BieberiteCoSO4 · 7H2O
CuCopper
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
Cu DioptaseCuSiO3 · H2O
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu ConnelliteCu19(SO4)(OH)32Cl4 · 3H2O
Cu BrochantiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6
Cu TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
Cu CopperCu
Cu CyanotrichiteCu4Al2(SO4)(OH)12 · 2H2O
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu NatrochalciteNaCu2(SO4)2(OH) · 2H2O
Cu KröhnkiteNa2Cu(SO4)2 · 2H2O
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ClinoatacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu Melanterite (var: Cuprian Melanterite)(Fe,Cu)SO4 · 7H2O
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
ZnZinc
Zn ParatacamiteCu3(Cu,Zn)(OH)6Cl2
AsArsenic
As LöllingiteFeAs2
As SkutteruditeCoAs3
As ErythriteCo3(AsO4)2 · 8H2O
As TyroliteCa2Cu9(AsO4)4(CO3)(OH)8 · 11H2O
As PharmacosideriteKFe43+(AsO4)3(OH)4 · 6-7H2O
WTungsten
W ScheeliteCa(WO4)

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Ma



ID: 3159158
submarine continental crust

Age: Anthropocene ( Ma)

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cocco, G. and Garavelli, C. (1954) Studio di alcuni problemi geochimici relativi al giacimento di ferro di capo Calamita Elba. Rendiconti della Società Mineralogica Italiana, 10, 269-350.
Pierini, G. (1984) Scheelite xx negli skarn della miniera di Capo Calamita Isola d'Elba). Rivista Mineralogica Italiana, 8(4), 127-128.
Orlandi, P. and Pezzotta, F. (1996) Minerali dell'isola d'Elba. I Minerali dei Giacimenti Metalliferi dell'Elba Orientale e delle Pegmatiti del Monte Capanne.


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