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Espedalen, Vegårshei, Aust-Agder, Norwayi
Regional Level Types

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Name in Norwegian:Espedalen, Vegårshei kommune, Aust-Agder, Norge
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 58° 44' 42'' North , 8° 57' 38'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 58.74521,8.96059
GeoHash:G#: u4qq5yhzs
Locality type:Farm
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
Myra544 (2014)5.7km
Eikeland408 (2012)10.1km
Tvedestrand1,975 (2016)13.8km
Gjerstad339 (2010)15.4km
Risør4,475 (2016)16.0km

A sample of enstatite collected by Olaf Anderson in 1914, labelled "Espedalen, Vegaardsheien" is discussed in Washington & Merwin (1923).

The coordinates given are for the Espedalen farm. Studies of maps doesn't shows any obvious signs of mining in the vicinity of the farm

Coordinates © Kartverket -

Regions containing this locality

Eurasian PlateTectonic Plate
Fennoscandian ShieldShield

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List

2 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Formula: Ca5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Neumann, H. (1985): Norges Mineraler. Norges geologiske Undersøkelse Skrifter 68, p. 123
Formula: MgSiO3
Colour: Light smoke gray
Reference: Washington, H.S. & Merwin, H.E. (1923): Notes on enstatite, hypersthene and actinolite. American Mineralogist. 8, 63-67
Reference: Bjørlykke, H. (1939) Feltspat V. De sjeldne mineraler på de norske granittiske pegmatittganger. Norges Geologiske Undersøkelse 154: 24 + 50

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Group 9 - Silicates
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.

List of minerals for each chemical element

O ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
O EnstatiteMgSiO3
Mg EnstatiteMgSiO3
Si EnstatiteMgSiO3
P ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Cl ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl
Ca ChlorapatiteCa5(PO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on

541 - 2500 Ma

ID: 3186372
Proterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Proterozoic (541 - 2500 Ma)

Lithology: Granitoid gneiss; orthogneiss/paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

1000 - 1600 Ma

ID: 3131151
Proterozoic II quartzite

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Description: undifferentiated metamorphic

Lithology: Quartzite

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Data and map coding provided by, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Washington, H.S. & Merwin, H.E. (1923): Notes on enstatite, hypersthene and actinolite. American Mineralogist. 8, 63-67 [with an analysis of Enstatite from Espedalen]

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