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Lead mines, Obernberg am Brenner, Obernberg valley, Sill valley (Wipp valley), North Tyrol, Tyrol, Austria

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 47° 0' 35'' North , 11° 23' 47'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 47.00969,11.39648
Other regions containing this locality:The Alps, Europe
Köppen climate type:Dfc : Subarctic climate
Name(s) in local language(s):Bleigruben, Obernberg am Brenner, Obernberger Tal, Silltal (Wipptal), Nordtirol, Tirol, Österreich

Ancient lead-zinc mines, working irregularly distributed, vein- and lens-like, unmetamorphosed fluorite-galena-sphalerite mineralizations (rarely also fahlore) in dolomitized Triassic limestones of the Wetterstein formation.
Several adits, e.g., Viktor adit (Viktorstollen) and Friedrich adit (Friedrichstollen).

Fluorite crystals (colourless or violet) are mined by collectors.

Mining apparently already started during Roman times, later followed by activities in the 14th century until the early 17th century. An old adit was re-opened in the early 19th century but soon abandoned. No activity since 1920.

Located on Kühberg mountain near Obernberg.

Mineral List

35 valid minerals. 1 erroneous literature entry.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

252.17 - 541 Ma

ID: 1382151
Paleozoic intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Age: Paleozoic (252.17 - 541 Ma)

Comments: Mixtures of metamorphic and intrusive or plutonic rocks, tracts known as crystalline, migmatitic terranes, moderately to highly metamorphosed rocks of unknown origin with or without intrusions. This classification is inherently prone to variable interpretation, as other compilers might distinguish some packages by their metamorphic or gneissic protoliths, and the associated age ranges may be more variable.

Lithology: Intrusive and metamorphic terranes

Reference: Geological Survey of Canada. Generalized geological map of the world and linked databases. doi:10.4095/195142. Open File 2915d. [18]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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- Gasser, G. (1913): Die Mineralien Tirols. Innsbruck.
- Canaval, R. (1913): Das Erzvorkommen von Obernberg bei Gries am Brenner. Z. f. prakt. Geol. 21, 293-299.
- Canaval, R. (1914): Über den Silbergehalt der Bleierze in den triadischen Kalken der Ostalpen. Z. f. prakt. Geol. 22, 157-163.
- Werthmann, E. (1966): Die Blei-Zink-Lagerstätten Hochgleirsch (Nördliche Kalkalpen) und Obernberg (Brennermesozoikum), ein Vergleich. Unveröff. Diss., Univ. Innsbruck, 82 S.
- Kühn, H. M. (1967): Zum Flußspat von Obernberg. Aufschluss, 18 (5), 162.
- Vohryzka, K. (1968): Die Erzlagerstätten von Nordtirol und ihr Verhältnis zur alpinen Tektonik. Jb. Geol. B.-A., 111, 3-88.
- MEIXNER, H. (1968): Neue Mineralfunde in den österreichischen Ostalpen XXIII. Carinthia II, 158./78., 96-115.
- Werthmann, E. (1969): Gefügekundliche und genetische Untersuchungen an der Blei-Zink-Erzlagerstätte "Obernberg" am Brenner. Radex-Rdsch., 1969 (4), 681-689.
- Brandstätter, F. (1993): 909. Vermiculit aus dem ehemaligen Pb-Zn-Bergbau Obernberg am Brenner, Tirol. P. 275 in NIEDERMAYR, G., F. BRANDSTÄTTER, B. MOSER, W. H. PAAR, W. POSTL, J. Taucher & H.-P. BOJAR (1993): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich XIIL. Carinthia II, 183./103., 265-290.
- Schedl, A. (2003): Lagerstätten und Vorkommen mineralischer Rohstoffe (Erze, Industrieminerale, Energierohstoffe) auf Blatt 148 Brenner. Geologische Bundesanstalt - Arbeitstagung 2003: „Brenner“, Geologische Bundesanstalt, Wien, 129-139. [http://opac.geologie.ac.at/wwwopacx/wwwopac.ashx?command=getcontent&server=images&value=ATA_2003_129.pdf]
- Strasser, M. & Hanke, M. (2004): Nicht nur Fluorit: Kleine mineralogische Kostbarkeiten von Obernberg, Tirol. Lapis 29 (6), 13-21; 50.
- Hanke, M. & Strasser, M. (2004): Neufunde und Neubestimmungen von Obernberg/Tirol. Lapis 29 (6), 22-24; 50.
- Mang, M. (2004): Fluorit aus Obernberg. Lapis 29 (6), 25.
- Kolitsch, U., Brandstätter, F. & Strasser, M. (2010): 1633) Bindheimit, Geokronit und Langit von Obernberg am Brenner, Obernberger Tal, Silltal (Wipptal), Nordtirol. Pp. 220-221 in Niedermayr et al. (2010): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LIX. Carinthia II, 200./120., 199-260.
- Hanke, M. & Kotal, K. (2010): Neues von Obernberg in Tirol: Geokronit und Mimetesit. Lapis 35 (12), 24.
- Kolitsch, U. (2016): 1969) Nadeliger und hohlzylindrischer Boulangerit sowie Kommentare zum beschriebenen „Antimonit“ und „Jamesonit“ aus der Pb-Zn-Lagerstätte Obernberg am Brenner, Nordtirol. Pp. 215-216 in Walter, F. et al. (2016): Neue Mineralfunde aus Österreich LXV. Carinthia II, 206./126., 203-250.

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