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Old Reliable Mine (Reliable Mine; Calumet Mine; Clark-Scanlon group; Copper Creek Mining Co. property), Copper Creek, Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon), Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District), Galiuro Mts, Pinal Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
Old Reliable Mine (Reliable Mine; Calumet Mine; Clark-Scanlon group; Copper Creek Mining Co. property)Mine
Copper CreekCreek
Copper Creek (Copper Creek Canyon)Creek
Bunker Hill District (Copper Creek District)Mining District
Galiuro MtsMountain Range
Pinal Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

This page kindly sponsored by Douglas Merson
Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° 45' 6'' North , 110° 29' 21'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Mammoth1,487 (2017)14.5km
San Manuel3,551 (2011)21.5km
Oracle3,686 (2011)30.7km
Dudleyville959 (2011)36.3km
Winkelman346 (2017)37.1km


A former underground Cu-Ag-Au-Pb-Mo-Ba(Bartye) mine located in the N½ sec. 10, T8S, R18E (Oak Grove Canyon 7.5 minute topo map), approximately 1,000 feet (300 meters) west of the Childs-Adwinkle Mine, about 1¼ miles W of Copper Creek (ghost town), on Copper Creek (stream), and about 10 miles East of Mammoth. Produced 1890-1981. Also known as / designated: Arizona Mining Co. of Bisbee property; Patented claims MS 4059; Copper State Metals property. Additional names which apply to this property: Clark-Scanlon Mine; Clark Mine.

Mineralization is a mineralized breccia pipe structure hosted in Glory Hole Volcanics (hornfels from andesite) and the Copper Creek Granodiorite. Alteration includes sericitization. Ore control was the breccia pipe and veins near the contact of the granodiorite and andesite tuff. Alteration includes the highly silicified central part of the pipe (silicification).

The original (conventional) mine workings are now obscured by subsequent mining operations. Apparently a local (within the narrow canyon) railroad, apparently of narrow gauge, serviced this mine as well as the area of the underground workings of the Childs-Adwinkle Mine in the adjacent peak.

The most recent mining efforts involved an attempt to mine this deposit in situ by drilling the mineralized areas of the breccia pipe and using a single large blast of some 20 tons of explosives to shatter the rock. An acid leaching operation was installed on the terraced mountain slopes afterward. The attempt was allegedly a failure due to an inadequate copper content of only some 0.5% Cu. The operation left the entire mountain side scarred and stained yellow by the sulphur from the H2SO4, destroyed most of the specimen value of the deposit, and obliterated most of the original, conventional mine workings.

Assay data: Cu average 2.71% (range 2.13-4.06%). Concentrate assayed 17.81% Cu, 17.26% Fe, 20.52% S and 42.10% insolubles. Mixed oxide-sulfide ore from the 100 level assayed 3.65% Cu. Sulfide ore from the 100 level assayed 1.20% Cu. Ore in raise from 100 level to surface averaged 0.86% Cu (range 0.22-2.17% Cu).

Redhawk Resources is the current owner of many of the mining claims in the Copper Creek District. In speaking to the mine geologist in Feb 2016, Redhawk Resources may consider requests to collect in the area if given advanced notice and information about those who will be collecting. Collecting without permission may be considered as trespassing.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


22 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Reference: Rolf Luetcke
'Apatite'
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 161; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 72.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Habit: Small crystals
Colour: Green
Description: Occurs on the main level
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 45.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: Tabular; crystal groups
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 57.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126.
Chalcanthite
Formula: CuSO4 · 5H2O
Description: Coatings on mine walls.
Reference: Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 60.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126; MRDS database Dep. ID #10109778, MRDS ID #M241186..
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 167; Denton, T.C. (1947a), Old Reliable copper mine, Pinal Co., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4006.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126.
Libethenite
Formula: Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 277.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 302; Simons, F.S. (1964), Geology of the Klondyke quadrangle, Graham and Pinal Cos., AZ, USGS PP 461; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 24.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126; MRDS database Dep. ID #10109778, MRDS ID #M241186..
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126; MRDS database Dep. ID #10109778, MRDS ID #M241186..
Olivenite
Formula: Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Habit: Small crystals
Colour: Olive-green
Description: Occurs on the main level.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 316; Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of AZ: 45, 72.
Pseudomalachite
Formula: Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Colour: Green
Description: Botryoidal crusts and coatings between and on breccia fragments.
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (self-collected)
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 117.
Schorl
Formula: Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: Prismatic, radiating
Colour: Dark grey
Description: Masses of radiating crystals in matrix.
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (self-collected)
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Reference: C. Lemanski, Jr. (self-collected)
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Reference: MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126.
Torbernite
Formula: Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Reference: Jerry Cone Collection

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Chalcanthite7.CB.20CuSO4 · 5H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Libethenite8.BB.30Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite8.BB.30Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Pseudomalachite8.BD.05Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Torbernite8.EB.05Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Schorl9.CK.05Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Chalcanthite29.6.7.1CuSO4 · 5H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 40 - HYDRATED NORMAL PHOSPHATES,ARSENATES AND VANADATES
AB2(XO4)2·xH2O, containing (UO2)2+
Torbernite40.2a.13.1Cu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)5(XO4)2Zq
Pseudomalachite41.4.3.1Cu5(PO4)2(OH)4
A2(XO4)Zq
Libethenite41.6.6.2Cu2(PO4)(OH)
Olivenite41.6.6.1Cu2(AsO4)(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Schorl61.3.1.10Na(Fe2+3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Apatite'-Ca5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
'Chlorite Group'-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
H ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
H LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
H PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
H SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
BBoron
B SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
CCarbon
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
O RutileTiO2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
O BaryteBaSO4
O ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
O LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
O PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
O SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O TenoriteCuO
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
FFluorine
F ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
NaSodium
Na SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
AlAluminium
Al SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
SiSilicon
Si SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
PPhosphorus
P ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
P LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
P PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
P TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S CovelliteCuS
S TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PyriteFeS2
ClChlorine
Cl ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca ApatiteCa5(PO4)3(Cl/F/OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe SchorlNa(Fe32+)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
Cu ChalcanthiteCuSO4 · 5H2O
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu LibetheniteCu2(PO4)(OH)
Cu PseudomalachiteCu5(PO4)2(OH)4
Cu TenoriteCuO
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
Cu TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O
ZnZinc
Zn TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
AsArsenic
As OliveniteCu2(AsO4)(OH)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
SbAntimony
Sb TetrahedriteCu6Cu4(Fe2+,Zn)2Sb4S12S
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
UUranium
U TorberniteCu(UO2)2(PO4)2 · 12H2O

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Weed, W.H. (1913) Mining and Engineering World: 38: 375-378.
Tenny, J.B. (1927-1929) History of Mining in Arizona, Special Collection, University of Arizona Library & Arizona Bureau of Mines Library: 329-333.
Kuhn, T.H. (1941) Pipe deposits of the Copper Creek area. Economic Geology: 36(5): 512-522.
Denton, T.C. (1947a), Old Reliable copper mine, Pinal County, Arizona, US Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 4006.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 24.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1951), Arizona zinc and lead deposits, part II, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 158: 56-65.
US Atomic Energy Commission Preliminary Reconnaissance Report 172-488 (1953): 35.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 45, 57, 60, 72.
Simons, F.S. (1964), Geology of the Klondyke quadrangle, Graham and Pinal Counties, Arizona, USGS PP 461: 158-168.
Greeley (1978) Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Special Report #2.
Elevatorski, E.A. (1980) Arizona Industrial Minerals: 53.
Phillips, K.A. (1987), Arizona Industrial Minerals, 2nd. Edition, Arizona Department of Mines & Minerals Mineral Report 4, 185 pp.
Peirce, H. Wesley (1990), Arizona Geological Survey Industrial Minerals card file.
Niemuth, N.J. & K.A. Phillips (1992), Copper Oxide Resources, Arizona Department of Mines & Mineral Resources Open File Report 92-10: 15 (Table 1).
Sawyer, M.B., Gurmendi, A.C., Daley, M.R., and Howell, S.B. (1992) Principal Deposits of Strategic and Critical Minerals in Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Special Publication, 334 pp.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 117, 161, 167, 277, 302, 316.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mining Technology file data.
U.S. Bureau of Mines War Minerals Report #275.
USGS Oak Grove Canyon Quadrangle map.
U.S. Bureau of Land Management Mining District Sheet 741.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Old Reliable Copper Mine file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Magma Chief Mine file.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources U files.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Ranchers Expl. active file.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mining Technology file data.
Yale Peabody GNIS database (NOTE: this database is derived from USGS 1:24,000 topographic map data).
MRDS database Dep. ID #10103740, MRDS ID #M050126; and Dep. ID #10109778, MRDS ID #M241186; and Dep. ID #10113856, MAS ID #0040211040; and Dep. ID #10161716 MAS ID #0040210037.

USGS MRDS Record:10103740

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