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Oxbow Mine (Oxbow claim; Golden Wreath claim; Golden Wreath Mine; Osborn prospect), Oxbow Gulch, Moore Mountain area, Oxbow Estates area, Payson District (Green Valley District), Gila Co., Arizona, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 34° 10' 6'' North , 111° 21' 14'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 34.16833,-111.35389
Other regions containing this locality:Sonoran Desert, North America
Köppen climate type:Csa : Hot-summer Mediterranean climate

A former surface and underground Cu-Au-Ag-Mo-Pb-V-Fluorspar mine located in the SE¼NW¼ sec. 32, T10N, R10E, at the head of Oxbow Gulch, about 1 mile E of Moore Mountain, about 0.8 miles W of the top of Oxbow Hill, and about 1½ miles SSW of Oxbow Estates, 7 miles S of Payson, on National Forest land. The property consists of 18 claims, (2 patented: the Oxbow and Golden Wreath). Discovered by Al Sieber, William Moore and St. John in 1875. Produced 1916-1936. Previous owners and operators include: the Atlantis Mining Company (1917); J.P. Walker; W.E. McCules; A.M. Packard; P.J., C.W. and P.H. Harrison; and Alva Buckley (1941). Owned by Mr. Pete Saccuci (1973). Operated by Mr. Clay Thorne (1980).

Mineralization is a vein of considerable with with a linear shaped ore body hosted in Payson Diorite. The ore zone is 609.6 meters long, 1.83 meters wide, 160.93 meters thick, strikes N-S and dips 45-85W. The fissure vein runs N-S for much of its length but turns toward the east at its northern and southern ends. The vein shows 5 ore shoots, and numerous cross veinlets. There are also placer deposits on the property. Vein widths vary from 18 inches to 6 feet. Orange-yellow scales on a fracture plane associated with cuprodescloizite. Ore control was the curving fissure (Oxbow-shaped fault fissure) zone, NE-trending dikes, intrusions and faulting. Associated rock units include rhyolite and granite.

Area structures include Tertiary sediments approximately 1 mile south of the mine. The local diorite has a uniform texture, is coarse-grained, and is cut by a complex set of dikes and fault fissures. (See Conway's thesis (1976) for the regional geology).

Workings include a 528 foot tunnel cutting the vein along its full length, a two-compartment shaft down 200 feet, with 40 feet of drifts, and a 40 foot tunnel. The main tunnel contains 3 raises connecting it to the surface and 3 winzes of 110, 45 and 145 feet. There are also numerous pits and trenches on the surface.

Mineral List

14 valid minerals.

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

1600 - 1800 Ma

ID: 2877588
Early Proterozoic granitic rocks

Age: Statherian (1600 - 1800 Ma)

Description: Wide variety of granitic rocks, including granite, granodiorite, tonalite, quartz diorite, diorite, and gabbro. These rocks commonly are characterized by steep, northeast-striking foliation. (1600-1800 Ma)

Comments: ~ 1.6 - 1.8 Ga

Lithology: Major:{granite,granodiorite,tonalite}, Minor:{quartz diorite,diorite,gabbro}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

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Sort by Year (asc) | by Year (desc) | by Author (A-Z) | by Author (Z-A)
Arizona Mining Journal (1920) May, 1920: 56-58.
Lausen, C. & E.D. Wilson (1925), Gold and copper deposits near Payson, Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 120: 7, 31, 37-41.
Lausen C. and Wilson, E.D. (1927) Arizona Mining Journal: 10(19): 5-7, 12-14.
Wilson, E.D., et al (1934), AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 137: 183-184.
Galbraith, F.W. (1941) Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 149: 65.
Galbraith, F.W. & D.J. Brennan (1959), Minerals of Arizona: 70, 84, 96.
Van Alstine, R.E. and Moore, R.T. (1969) Fluorspar, in Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 180 (USGS Bull. 871): 351.
Johnson, M.G. (1972), Placer gold deposits of Arizona, USGS Bull. 1355: 9.
Conway, C.M. (1976) Petrology, Structure, and Evolution of a Precambrian Volcanic and Plutonic complex, Tonto Basin, Gila County, Arizona, California Institute of Technology PhD thesis.
Elevatorski, E.A. (1978), Arizona Industrial Minerals, Arizona Department of Mineral Resources, Minerals Report No. 2: 30.
Sawyer, M.B., Gurmendi, A.C., Daley, M.R., and Howell, S.B. (1992) Principal Deposits of Strategic and Critical Minerals in Arizona, U.S. Bureau of Mines Special Publication, 334 pp.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 201, 205, 223.
U.S. Bureau of Mines - Arizona Bureau of Geology and Mining Technology file data.
USGS Payson South Quadrangle map.
Arizona Department of Mineral Resources Oxbow Mine file.
MRDS database Dep. ID #10046305, MRDS ID #M241207; and Dep. ID #10233866, MAS ID #0040070535.

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