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Axe Handle mine (Axhandle Butte Mine), Horse Heaven District, Jefferson Co., Oregon, USA

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 44° 44' 49'' North , 120° 39' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 44.74717,-120.66640
GeoHash:G#: 9rfnw1vrj
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:Csb : Warm-summer Mediterranean climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Axehandle Mine


Sec 35 T9S R17E. Sb rich cinnabar. Prospected for gold and silver.

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


12 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Antimony
Formula: Sb
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Calomel
Formula: (Hg2)2+Cl2
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Cinnabar
Formula: HgS
Reference: USGS Bull 969
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: USGS Bull 969
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: USGS Bull 969
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: USGS Bull 969
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: USGS Bull 969
Orpiment
Formula: As2S3
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: USGS Bull 969
Realgar
Formula: As4S4
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: USGS Bull 969
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Reference: U.S. Geological Survey, 2005, Mineral Resources Data System: U.S. Geological Survey, Reston, Virginia.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Antimony'1.CA.05Sb
'Sulphur'1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Cinnabar'2.CD.15aHgS
'Marcasite'2.EB.10aFeS2
'Orpiment'2.FA.30As2S3
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
'Realgar'2.FA.15aAs4S4
'Stibnite'2.DB.05Sb2S3
Group 3 - Halides
'Calomel'3.AA.30(Hg2)2+Cl2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Gypsum'7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
'Jarosite'7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
'Melanterite'7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Antimony1.3.1.2Sb
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Cinnabar2.8.14.1HgS
Realgar2.8.21.1As4S4
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Orpiment2.11.1.1As2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Calomel9.1.8.1(Hg2)2+Cl2
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
OOxygen
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
SSulfur
S CinnabarHgS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S OrpimentAs2S3
S PyriteFeS2
S RealgarAs4S4
S StibniteSb2S3
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
CaCalcium
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
FeIron
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
AsArsenic
As OrpimentAs2S3
As RealgarAs4S4
SbAntimony
Sb AntimonySb
Sb StibniteSb2S3
HgMercury
Hg Calomel(Hg2)2+Cl2
Hg CinnabarHgS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Neogene
2.588 - 23.03 Ma



ID: 3186305
Cenozoic volcanic rocks

Age: Neogene (2.588 - 23.03 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Columbia River Basalt

Comments: Columbia Plateau

Lithology: Flood basalt(s); mafic volcanic rocks; basalt

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Oligocene - Eocene
23.03 - 56 Ma



ID: 1499317
John Day/Clarno Group; Clarno Formation

Age: Paleogene (23.03 - 56 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Clarno Formation

Description: Clarno Formation; sedimentary/volcanic rocks; mixed lithologies; mixed lithologies; crystals/grains

Lithology: Major:: {epiclastic conglomerate}; Major:: {volcanic conglomerate}; Major:: {breccia pyroclastic rocks}; Major:: {epiclastic sandstone}; Major:: {volcanic siltstone, fossils: abundant leaf stem impressions fossils}; Major:: {lapilli tuff, lithology: pumice}; Major:: {volcaniclastic rocks, andesitic dacitic rock fragments}; Major:: {tuff}; Major:: {epiclastic siltstone}; Major:: {volcanic sandstone} Minor:: {volcanic claystone}; Minor:: {breccia}; Minor:: {saprolite}; Minor:: {ash-flow tuff}

Reference: R.L. Smith, W.P. Roe (compilers). Oregon Geologic Data Compilation, release 6. State of Oregon Department of Geology and Mineral Industries. [20]

Rupelian - Eocene
28.1 - 56 Ma



ID: 2805893
Predominantly tuffaceous facies of Clarno Formation

Age: Paleogene (28.1 - 56 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Clarno Formation

Description: Mapped separately by Swanson (1969a) in the Ochoco and Maury Mountains of the Blue Mountains Province

Lithology: Major:{rhyolite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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