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Old Glencrieff Vein, Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland, UK

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 55° 24' 4'' North , 3° 47' 20'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 55.40111,-3.78889
GeoHash:G#: gcv71v3nb
UK National Grid Reference:NS869133
Locality type:Vein
Köppen climate type:Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate
Other/historical names associated with this locality:Dumfriesshire


The vein has been traced for about 1 1/2 miles courseing N-S, but only developed at its southern end. The ore is said to have been of a sporadic nature. Some of the dumps are occasionally productive for micro collectors.

Regions containing this locality

Strathclyde, Scotland, UK

Region (Historical) - 346 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


18 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Reference: No reference listed
Caledonite
Formula: Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Tim Neall and David I. Green (2008): Kegelite, a first British occurrence, from Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society 8, 110-111.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: BMS Database
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Reference: BMS Database
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: No reference listed
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Tim Neall and David I. Green (2008): Kegelite, a first British occurrence, from Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society 8, 110-111.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: BMS Database
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: No reference listed
Kegelite
Formula: Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Reference: Tim Neall and David I. Green (2008): Kegelite, a first British occurrence, from Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society 8, 110-111.
Leadhillite
Formula: Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Tim Neall and David I. Green (2008): Kegelite, a first British occurrence, from Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society 8, 110-111.
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: BMS Database
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: BMS Database
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Tim Neall and David I. Green (2008): Kegelite, a first British occurrence, from Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society 8, 110-111.
Steverustite
Formula: Pb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Description: Steverustite was visually identified by comparison with confirmed specimens from several Welsh and Scotish locations.
Reference: S. Rust Collection
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Tim Neall and David I. Green (2008): Kegelite, a first British occurrence, from Wanlockhead, Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Journal of the Russell Society 8, 110-111.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
'Chalcopyrite'2.CB.10aCuFeS2
'Galena'2.CD.10PbS
'Pyrite'2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Hematite'4.CB.05Fe2O3
'Quartz'4.DA.05SiO2
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
'Cerussite'5.AB.15PbCO3
'Dolomite'5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
'Leadhillite'5.BF.40Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
'Malachite'5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
'Anglesite'7.AD.35PbSO4
'Caledonite'7.BC.50Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
'Linarite'7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
'Steverustite'7.JA.10Pb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
'Pyromorphite'8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
'Vanadinite'8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 9 - Silicates
'Chrysocolla'9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
'Hemimorphite'9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
'Kegelite'9.EC.80Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 17 - COMPOUND CARBONATES
Miscellaneous
Leadhillite17.1.2.1Pb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Miscellaneous
Steverustite30.4.4.Pb2+5(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Group 32 - COMPOUND SULFATES
Anhydrous Compound Sulfates containing Hydroxyl or Halogen
Caledonite32.3.2.1Pb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with other anions
Kegelite71.5.1.1Pb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
H LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
CCarbon
C CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
C LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O AnglesitePbSO4
O CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
O CerussitePbCO3
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
O LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O QuartzSiO2
O SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
SiSilicon
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Si QuartzSiO2
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S AnglesitePbSO4
S CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S GalenaPbS
S KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
S LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S PyriteFeS2
S SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
CaCalcium
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
FeIron
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe PyriteFeS2
CuCopper
Cu CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
PbLead
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb CaledonitePb5Cu2(SO4)3(CO3)(OH)6
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb KegelitePb8Al4(Si8O20)(SO4)2(CO3)4(OH)8
Pb LeadhillitePb4(CO3)2(SO4)(OH)2
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb SteverustitePb52+(OH)5[Cu+(S6+O3S2-)3](H2O)2
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Early Carboniferous
323.2 - 358.9 Ma



ID: 3186080
Paleozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Mississippian (323.2 - 358.9 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Ordovician
443.8 - 485.4 Ma



ID: 3137211
Ordovician sandstone

Age: Ordovician (443.8 - 485.4 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{sandstone}, Minor{conglomerate,claystone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Caradocian
449 - 458.4 Ma



ID: 2026208
Portpatrick Formation And Glenwhargen Formation (Undifferentiated)

Age: Late Ordovician (449 - 458.4 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Scaur Group

Lithology: Wacke

Reference: British Geological Survey. DiGMapGB-625. British Geological Survey ©NERC. [23]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License


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