Clouds Veins, Mallerstang, Cumbria, England, UK
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||54° 23' 31'' North , 2° 24' 23'' West|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||54.39195,-2.40662|
|UK National Grid Reference:||SD736997|
|Other regions containing this locality:||The Pennines, England, UK|
|Köppen climate type:||Cfb : Temperate oceanic climate|
|Other/historical region names associated with this locality:||North Pennines; South Eastern Region; Westmorland; North Pennines; South Eastern Region; Westmorland|
Group of small veins including Johnson's, Clouds, Clouds North and Fell End Clouds Scrins. The scrins are small veins which have been worked by shallow trenching, these occurring on the southern flank of the hill known as Fell End Clouds.
Further north on Stennerskeugh Clouds the veins open out to widths of up to 3ft and Clouds Vein itself is marked by a line of shallow shafts 1500ft in length.
The grid reference supplied is the location of the southern extremity of Johnson's Vein (Dr. G.A.L. Johnson, presumably).
Although mentioned in various 19th century works as the major copper producer of the area, output can't have been more than a few tons.
10 valid minerals.
Rock Types Recorded
Select Rock List TypeAlphabetical List Tree Diagram
Entries shown in red are rocks recorded for this region.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
323.2 - 358.9 Ma
|Dinantian Rocks (Undifferentiated)|
Dakyns, J.R., Tiddeman, R.H., Russell, R., Clough, C.T., and Strahan, A. (1891) The geology of the country around Mallerstang, with parts of Wensleydale, Swaledale and Arkendale. Mem. Geol. Surv. G.B.
Small, A.T. (1982) Proc. Yorks. Geol. Soc. 44, 153-8.
Braithwaite, R.S.W. (1988) Cuproadamite and tennantite from Higher Longrigg mine, Hartley Birkett, Cumbria. Mineralogical Magazine, vol. 52, n° 367, 552-553 (referring to Goodchild, 1881-2, Dakyns et al., 1891, and Small, 1982).
Robinson, N.G. (1990) Ravenstonedale. British Mining 41, 19-21. Northern Mine Research Society, Sheffield, UK.