O & G Southbury Quarry (Silliman Quarry; O & G No. 2 Quarry), Southbury, New Haven Co., Connecticut, USA
|Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):||41° 30' 50'' North , 73° 12' 57'' West|
|Latitude & Longitude (decimal):||41.51389,-73.21611|
|Köppen climate type:||Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate|
Note, the entrance road to this quarry is on State Route 67 in Southbury; however, the quarry starts about 0.5 mile north of the entrance road and the vast majority of it is mostly in Woodbury. Because O & G operates another quarry farther north in Woodbury (O & G No. 1 or the "Woodbury" Quarry), this locality has almost universally been referred to as the "Southbury" Quarry to differentiate it, even though it too is technically in Woodbury. It has been referred to as the Silliman Quarry, but that name initially referred to an earlier sand pit a little to the south. However, Brunet (1977) states that the Silliman family, descended from Yale mineralogist Benjamin Silliman, owned the trap rock quarry, too, at that time.
Collecting field trips were kindly allowed until about 2000 when someone violated the rules, closing the site for all but a few with special permission.
Well known Connecticut locality for prehnite. Three varieties are found - the standard green, rare yellow prehnite, and the extremely rare white prehnite that is almost completely free of iron impurities. Particularly noteworthy are prehnite floater specimens called "hearts". According to Garabedian (1998) these formed via a 5-step process:
1. Chalcedony precipitation on vesicle walls as "fortification" agate.
2. Chalcedony (or partial white, fine-grained, chalky quartz replacement of initial chalcedony) is replaced by fine-grained, white, granular datolite.
3. Prehnite encrusts and/or partly replaces the datolite replacement.
4. Datolite dissolves, leaving a floater of prehnite with large crystals on the inside (small ones may be present on the outside where the datolite was partly replaced by initial prehnite).
5. More prehnite forms on the outside of the prehnite floater, resulting in aggregates with large prehnite crystals on both sides.
Examples of all the intermediate steps can be found in the vesicles.
Other noteworthy pseudomorphing described by Garabedian (1998) include:
- Pumpellyite replacement of chalcedony.
- Tabular anhydrite crystals epimorphed by chalcedony, quartz, a trapezohedral zeolite, or pumpellyite; the anhydrite later dissolves.
- Prehnite or pumpellyite encrust a trapezohedral zeolite (wairakite or analcime), which later dissolves, and more prehnite or pumpellyite partly or completely fill in the void.
- Sequential "water level" vesicle fillings by thin layers of ferroan calcite that are later epimorphed by quartz, chalcedony, datolite or pumpellyite.
Late forming minerals include pyrite, gemmy green sphalerite crystals to about 6mm, calcite as dogteeth or various rhombohedra, apophyllite, babingtonite, julgoldite/pumpellyite, drusy quartz (some amethystine) and zeolites.
Faulting created brecciated zones and cross-cutting veins filled with coarse-grained, columnar, parallel-growth calcite the grew from opposite walls and commonly stained with red, earthy hematite. These veins can reach around 1 meter thick.
23 valid minerals.
This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.
Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org
174.1 - 201.3 Ma
Age: Early Jurassic (174.1 - 201.3 Ma)
Stratigraphic Name: Holyoke Basalt
Description: Greenish-gray to black (weathers bright orange to brown), fine- to coarse-grained, grading from basalt near contacts to gabbro in the interior, composed of pyroxene and plagioclase with accessory opaques and locally olivine or devitrified glass.
Comments: Part of Central Lowlands; Newark Terrane - Hartford and Pomperaug Mesozoic Basins. Part of Newark Supergroup (Upper Triassic and Lower Jurassic). Part of Meriden Formation of Krynine (1950) (Lower Jurassic); CT005.
Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052.