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Transvaal Mine (Main Mine; Argent Main Mine), Argent, Delmas, Nkangala District, Mpumalanga, South Africai
Regional Level Types
Transvaal Mine (Main Mine; Argent Main Mine)Mine
Argent- not defined -
Delmas- not defined -
Nkangala DistrictDistrict
MpumalangaProvince
South AfricaCountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
26° 1' 54'' South , 28° 48' 58'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal):
Locality type:
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Delmas92,046 (2012)18.4km
Bronkhorstspruit27,343 (2012)25.7km
Ekangala37,650 (2018)37.9km
Witbank262,491 (2012)45.3km
Springs186,394 (2018)48.1km


One of the two mines in the area of interest to collectors. Some slag minerals have been found from a failed attempt to smelt the ores on site. Includes slag locality & dumps from the No.1 shaft, No.2 shaft as well as other named lodes, located on Dwarsfontein farm 209 IR (coordinates are for the farm location).
This farm is also the locality for the Shimwell vein also called Pretoria mine.

There seems to have been confusion over mine names due to the many changes of ownership and leasing rights. From the start it was called the Transvaal mine and also often called the Main mine, in the 1920s it was also referred to as the Argent mine or the Argent Main mine, apart from this period it has been continuously known as the Transvaal mine.

Reference to the Dwarsfontein No 1 shaft is confused with the No. 1 shaft of the Transvaal mine (Debbie Woolf).

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


14 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Description: Crystals up to 20mm where found during mining activity in the 1920s. Forms crusts around oxidized galena crystals & may itself be coated with cerussite.
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa. 183. Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. 31
Antlerite
Formula: Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Description: Slag mineral
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 103.
Crocoite
Formula: PbCrO4
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Descloizite
Formula: PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Laurionite
Formula: PbCl(OH)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Linarite
Formula: PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Pyromorphite
Formula: Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Reference: Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 109.
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Vanadinite
Formula: Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Wroewolfeite
Formula: Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Reference: Minerals of South Africa
Wulfenite
Formula: Pb(MoO4)
Reference: Minerals of South Africa

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Laurionite3.DC.05PbCl(OH)
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Antlerite7.BB.15Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
Crocoite7.FA.20PbCrO4
Linarite7.BC.65PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Wroewolfeite7.DD.10Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Wulfenite7.GA.05Pb(MoO4)
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Descloizite8.BH.40PbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pyromorphite8.BN.05Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite8.BN.05Pb5(VO4)3Cl

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A(O,OH)Xq
Laurionite10.2.2.1PbCl(OH)
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)m(XO4)pZq, where m:p>2:1
Antlerite30.1.12.1Cu3(SO4)(OH)4
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Linarite30.2.3.1PbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)4(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Wroewolfeite31.4.2.1Cu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
Group 35 - ANHYDROUS CHROMATES
AXO4
Crocoite35.3.1.1PbCrO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Descloizite41.5.2.1PbZn(VO4)(OH)
A5(XO4)3Zq
Pyromorphite41.8.4.1Pb5(PO4)3Cl
Vanadinite41.8.4.3Pb5(VO4)3Cl
Group 48 - ANHYDROUS MOLYBDATES AND TUNGSTATES
AXO4
Wulfenite48.1.3.1Pb(MoO4)

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
H AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
H WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
H LaurionitePbCl(OH)
CCarbon
C CerussitePbCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
OOxygen
O CerussitePbCO3
O PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
O VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
O DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
O AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
O AnglesitePbSO4
O WulfenitePb(MoO4)
O CrocoitePbCrO4
O WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
O LaurionitePbCl(OH)
PPhosphorus
P PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
SSulfur
S LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
S AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
S GalenaPbS
S SphaleriteZnS
S AnglesitePbSO4
S WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
ClChlorine
Cl PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Cl VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Cl LaurionitePbCl(OH)
VVanadium
V VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
V DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
CrChromium
Cr CrocoitePbCrO4
CuCopper
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Cu AntleriteCu3(SO4)(OH)4
Cu WroewolfeiteCu4(SO4)(OH)6 · 2H2O
ZnZinc
Zn DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Zn SphaleriteZnS
MoMolybdenum
Mo WulfenitePb(MoO4)
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb PyromorphitePb5(PO4)3Cl
Pb VanadinitePb5(VO4)3Cl
Pb DescloizitePbZn(VO4)(OH)
Pb LinaritePbCu(SO4)(OH)2
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
Pb WulfenitePb(MoO4)
Pb CrocoitePbCrO4
Pb LaurionitePbCl(OH)

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa: 102.
Reeks, G. (2012) A History of Silver Mining in the greater Pretoria region, 1885-1999.

External Links


Other Regions, Features and Areas containg this locality

Somali PlateTectonic Plate
South Africa

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