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San Manuel orebody, San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group), San Manuel, San Manuel Mining District, Pinal Co., Arizona, USAi
Regional Level Types
San Manuel orebodyOre Body
San Manuel Mine (Apex Lead & Vanadium Mining Corp Mine; Quarelli group)Mine
San Manuel- not defined -
San Manuel Mining DistrictMining District
Pinal Co.County
ArizonaState
USACountry

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Key
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84):
32° 40' 12'' North , 110° 40' 12'' West (est.)
Estimate based on other nearby localities or region boundaries.
Margin of Error:
~0km
Locality type:


This is the upper segment of the original monolithic San Manuel orebody. The present San Manuel orebody outcrops and contains an oxidized zone, while the Kalamazoo orebody (downfaulted segment) now tops out about 2,600 feet below surface.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate
Sonoran Desert, North AmericaDesert

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


39 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Allophane
Formula: (Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Description: Occurs in hydrothermally altered monzonite and quartz monzonite porphyries.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 105; Lovering, T.S., et al (1950), Dispersion of copper from the San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 45: 493-514; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.
Alunite
Formula: KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Occurs in the most intensely altered rocks.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 107, 167, 203; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Description: Occurs in the inner altered zone of mineralized monzonite & quartz monzonite porphyry, associated with quartz, sericite & sulfides.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 113; Lowell, J.D. (1968), Geology of the Kalamazoo orebody, San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 63: 645-654.
Atacamite
Formula: Cu2(OH)3Cl
Habit: Lath-like
Description: Laths in massive chrysocolla & along fractures in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 121; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Thomas, L.A. (1966), Geology of the San Manuel ore body, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 133-142.
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Description: Occurs in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126, 287; Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, Econ.geol.: 44: 253-277.
Beidellite
Formula: (Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Description: Minor constituent of hydrothermally altered quartz monzonite and monzonite porphyries in a quartz-sericite-pyrite-chalcopyrite aggregate.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352.
'Biotite'
Formula: K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Description: Secondary.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 215.
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 164; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256; Lovering, T.S. (1948), Geothermal gradients, recent climate changes, and rate of sulphide oxidation in the San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 43: 1-20; Chapman, T.L. (1947), San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4108; Lowell, J.D. (1968), Geology of the Kalamazoo orebody, San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 63: 645-654.
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Description: In hydrothermally altered monzonite & quartz monzonite porphyry, replacing chalcopyrite in the secondary sulfide zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 164; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, Econ.geol.: 44: 253-277; Lovering, T.S. (1948), Geothermal gradients, recent climate changes, and rate of sulphide oxidation in the San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 43: 1-20; Chapman, T.L. (1947), San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4108; Lowell, J.D. (1968), Geology of the Kalamazoo orebody, San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 63: 645-654; Thomas, L.A. (1966), Geology of the San Manuel ore body, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 133-142.
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Description: Hypogene origin and principal ore mineral.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132, 164, 167; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Thomas, L.A. (1966), Geology of the San Manuel ore body, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 133-142; Chapman, T.L. (1947), San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4108; Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of AZ, AZ Bur. Mines Bull. 153: 19.
'Chlorite Group'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 215.
Chrysocolla
Formula: Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Description: Occurs in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 121, 126, 164, 174, 287, 391; Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of AZ, AZ Geol. Soc. Digest: 3: 53-56; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, Econ.geol.: 44: 253-277; Chapman, T.L. (1947), San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4108;
Clinozoisite
Formula: {Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: As coarse grains with epidote - hydrothermal alteration product.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.
Copper
Formula: Cu
Description: Generally in lower part of the supergene sulfide zone.
Reference: Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, Econ.geol.: 44: 253-277; Lowell, J.D. (1968), Geology of the Kalamazoo orebody, San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 63: 645-654.
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Description: Widespread but sparse.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 191; Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, Econ.geol.: 44: 253-277; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256; Chapman, T.L. (1947), San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., AZ, US Bur. Mines Rept. Inv. 4108.
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Description: Occurs near the base of the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126, 164, 197, 287, 391; Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, Econ.geol.: 44: 253-277; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256; Thomas, L.A. (1966), Geology of the San Manuel ore body, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 133-142; .
Dickite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Occurs with alunite in the most intensely altered rocks.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 167, 203.
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Description: In hydrothermally altered quartz monzonite & monzonite porphyries associated with less intensely altered rocks.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 179; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256; Lowell, J.D. (1968), Geology of the Kalamazoo orebody, San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 63: 645-654; Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373.
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Description: Coating mine openings on the 2015 and 2700 levels.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 216, 251, 264; Anthony, J.W. & W.J. McLean (1976), Jurbanite, a new post-mining aluminum sulfate mineral from San Manuel, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1-4.
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Description: Abundant in surface rocks.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 233; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.
Halloysite-10Å
Formula: Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Description: Occurs in small veinlets in alunite-kaolinite rock.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 213; Lovering, T.S., et al (1950), Dispersion of copper from the San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 45: 493-514; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.
Hexahydrite
Formula: MgSO4 · 6H2O
Description: Occurs as a post-mining product on the 2015 and 2700 levels.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251, 264; Anthony, J.W. & W.J. McLean (1976), Jurbanite, a new post-mining aluminum sulfate mineral from San Manuel, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1-4.
Hydrobiotite
Formula: K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Description: Minor constituent of hydrothermally altered monzonite & quartz monzonite porphyries in the marginal, less intensely altered areas.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 215, 254; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol.: 53: 164-177; Lowell, J.D. (1968), Geology of the Kalamazoo orebody, San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 63: 645-654; Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373; .
'Hydromuscovite'
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352.
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Description: Small amounts formed from the breakdown of pyrite.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 262; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.
Jurbanite (TL)
Formula: Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Type Locality:
Colour: Colorless
Description: As sparse, minute, clear crystals deposited on lagings and overhead pipes (post-mining product).
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 264; Anthony, J.W. & W.J. McLean (1976), Jurbanite, a new post-mining aluminum sulfate mineral from San Manuel, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1-4.
Kaolinite
Formula: Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Description: Comprises most of the rock in the intensely, hydrothermally altered zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 107, 132, 167, 266; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Schwartz. G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol.: 53: 164-177; Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373.
Leucoxene
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352.
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Description: Occurs in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 126, 287; Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, Econ.geol.: 44: 253-277.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 302; Lovering, T.S., et al (1950), Dispersion of copper from the San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., AZ, Econ.Geol.: 45: 493-514; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132, 309; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373.
Muscovite var: Illite
Formula: K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Description: Abundant minor constituent in hydrothermally altered monzonite & quartz monzonite porphyries.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 257; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol.: 53: 164-177.
Muscovite var: Sericite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132, 309; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373.
Pickeringite
Formula: MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 264; Anthony, J.W. & W.J. McLean (1976), Jurbanite, a new post-mining aluminum sulfate mineral from San Manuel, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1-4.
Plancheite
Formula: Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Habit: Tablets
Colour: Blue
Description: Occurs as tablets in chrysocolla in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 330; Thomas, L.A. (1966), Geology of the San Manuel ore body, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 133-142.
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Description: Most abundant sulfide mineral.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 132, 341; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, Econ.geol.: 44: 253-277; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol.: 53: 164-177; Lovering, T.S. (1948), Geothermal gradients, recent climate changes, and rate of sulphide oxidation in the San Manuel district, AZ, Econ.Geol.: 43: 1-20; Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373; .
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 107.
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Description: In hydrothermally altered monzonite & quartz monzonite porphyries associated with chlorite pseudomorphs after biotite; found in the propylitic, potassium silicate & argillic phases of alteration.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 359; Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Econ.Geol.: 42: 319-352; Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, Econ.geol.: 44: 253-277; Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econ.Geol.: 53: 164-177; Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Econ.Geol.: 54: 351-373;
Shattuckite
Formula: Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Description: As veinlets in chrysocolla in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 370.
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 370.
Starkeyite
Formula: MgSO4 · 4H2O
Description: Occurs on mine iopenings on the 2015 and 2700 levels.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 251, 264, 380; Anthony, J.W. & W.J. McLean (1976), Jurbanite, a new post-mining aluminum sulfate mineral from San Manuel, AZ, Am.Min.: 61: 1-4.
Tenorite
Formula: CuO
Description: Occurs in the oxidized zone.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 391; Thomas, L.A. (1966), Geology of the San Manuel ore body, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, Univ. AZ Press, Tucson: 133-142.
Zoisite
Formula: Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 215.
Zunyite
Formula: Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Description: Occurs in very small quantities in highly altered monzonite porphyry.
Reference: Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd.ed.: 432; Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel copper deposit, AZ, USGS PP 256.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Copper1.AA.05Cu
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Group 3 - Halides
Atacamite3.DA.10aCu2(OH)3Cl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Tenorite4.AB.10CuO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Alunite7.BC.10KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Hexahydrite7.CB.25MgSO4 · 6H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jurbanite (TL)7.DB.15Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Pickeringite7.CB.85MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Starkeyite7.CB.15MgSO4 · 4H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Allophane9.ED.20(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Beidellite9.EC.40(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Chrysocolla9.ED.20Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Clinozoisite9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Dickite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hydrobiotite9.EC.60K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Kaolinite9.ED.05Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite9.EC.15K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
var: Sericite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Plancheite9.DB.35Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Shattuckite9.DB.40Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Zoisite9.BG.10Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Zunyite9.BJ.55Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Hydromuscovite'-
Leucoxene-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Metals, other than the Platinum Group
Copper1.1.1.3Cu
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Tenorite4.2.3.1CuO
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 10 - OXYHALIDES AND HYDROXYHALIDES
A2(O,OH)3Xq
Atacamite10.1.1.1Cu2(OH)3Cl
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Hexahydrite29.6.8.1MgSO4 · 6H2O
Starkeyite29.6.6.2MgSO4 · 4H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Pickeringite29.7.3.1MgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Alunite30.2.4.1KAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Jurbanite (TL)31.9.10.1Al(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Group 57 - SOROSILICATES Si3O10 Groups and Larger Noncyclic Groups
Insular Si3O10 and Larger Noncyclic Groups with [Si5O16] groups
Zunyite57.3.1.1Al13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Clinozoisite58.2.1a.4{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Zoisite58.2.1b.1Ca2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Shattuckite65.1.7.1Cu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Ca subgroup
Plancheite66.2.1.1Cu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Allophane71.1.5.1(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Dickite71.1.1.1Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Hydrobiotite71.2.2d.1K(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
var: Illite71.2.2d.2K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 clays
Beidellite71.3.1a.1(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Group 74 - PHYLLOSILICATES Modulated Layers
Modulated Layers with joined strips
Chrysocolla74.3.2.1Cu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
'Biotite'-K(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
'Chlorite Group'-
Halloysite-10Å-Al2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
'Hydromuscovite'-
Kaolinite-Al2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Leucoxene-
Muscovite
var: Sericite
-KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
H Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
H AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
H KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
H ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
H Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
H Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
H Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
H HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
H BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
H HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
H Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
H ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
H ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CCarbon
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C SideriteFeCO3
OOxygen
O JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
O Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
O AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
O KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O QuartzSiO2
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
O ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O CupriteCu2O
O DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
O Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
O Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
O Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
O HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
O BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
O HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
O Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
O RutileTiO2
O ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
O SideriteFeCO3
O TenoriteCuO
O ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
FFluorine
F BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
F ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
NaSodium
Na Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
MgMagnesium
Mg HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Mg BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
Mg HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
Mg PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
AlAluminium
Al JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
Al Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Al AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
Al KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Al Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Al Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Al Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Al HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Al BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Al Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Al PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Al ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SiSilicon
Si Allophane(Al2O3)(SiO2)1.3-2 · 2.5-3H2O
Si KaoliniteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si QuartzSiO2
Si Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si DickiteAl2(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si Halloysite-10ÅAl2Si2O5(OH)4 · 2H2O
Si Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Si Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
Si HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Si BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Si Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
Si PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Si ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Si ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
SSulfur
S JurbaniteAl(SO4)(OH) · 5H2O
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S PyriteFeS2
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CovelliteCuS
S ChalcociteCu2S
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S StarkeyiteMgSO4 · 4H2O
S HexahydriteMgSO4 · 6H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S PickeringiteMgAl2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S MolybdeniteMoS2
ClChlorine
Cl AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cl ZunyiteAl13Si5O20(OH,F)18Cl
KPotassium
K AluniteKAl3(SO4)2(OH)6
K Muscovite (var: Sericite)KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
K BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
K Muscovite (var: Illite)K0.65Al2.0[Al0.65Si3.35O10](OH)2
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca Beidellite(Na,Ca0.5)0.3Al2((Si,Al)4O10)(OH)2 · nH2O
Ca Clinozoisite{Ca2}{Al3}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca ZoisiteCa2Al3[Si2O7][SiO4]O(OH)
TiTitanium
Ti RutileTiO2
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe HydrobiotiteK(Mg,Fe2+)6((Si,Al)8O20)(OH)4 · nH2O
Fe BiotiteK(Fe2+/Mg)2(Al/Fe3+/Mg)([Si/Al]Si2O10)(OH/F)2
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu AtacamiteCu2(OH)3Cl
Cu ChrysocollaCu2-xAlx(H2-xSi2O5)(OH)4 · nH2O
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CopperCu
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu PlancheiteCu8(Si8O22)(OH)4 · H2O
Cu ShattuckiteCu5(Si2O6)2(OH)2
Cu TenoriteCuO
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Chapman, T.L. (1947), San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., Arizona, US Bureau of Mines Report of Investigation 4108.
Galbraith, F.W. (1947), Minerals of Arizona, Arizona Bureau of Mines Bull. 153: 19.
Schwartz, G.M. (1947), Hydrothermal alteration in the 'porphyry copper' deposits, Economic Geology: 42: 319-352.
Lovering, T.S. (1948), Geothermal gradients, recent climate changes, and rate of sulphide oxidation in the San Manuel district, Arizona, Economic Geology: 43: 1-20.
Schwartz, G.M. (1949), Oxidation and enrichment in the San Manuel copper deposit, Arizona, Economic Geology: 44: 253-277;
Lovering, T.S., et al (1950), Dispersion of copper from the San Manuel copper deposit, Pinal Co., Arizona, Economic Geology: 45: 493-514.
Schwartz, G.M. (1953), Geology of the San Manuel Copper Deposit, Arizona, USGS PP 256.
Schwartz, G.M. (1958), Alteration of biotite under mesothermal conditions, Econmic Geology: 53: 164-177.
Creasey, S.C, (1959), Some phase relations in the hydrothermally altered rocks of porphyry copper deposits, Economic Geology: 54: 351-373.
Bideaux, R.A., et al (1960), Some new occurrences of minerals of Arizona, Arizona Geological Society Digest: 3: 53-56.
Thomas, L.A. (1966), Geology of the San Manuel ore body, in S.R. Titley and C.L. Hicks (editors), Geology of the porphyry copper deposits, southwestern North America, University of Arizona Press, Tucson: 133-142.
Lowell, J.D. (1968), Geology of the Kalamazoo orebody, San Manuel district, Arizona, Economic Geology: 63: 645-654.
Anthony, J.W. & W.J. McLean (1976), Jurbanite, a new post-mining aluminum sulfate mineral from San Manuel, Arizona, American Mineralogist: 61: 1-4.
Welty, J.W. (1988) Strontium isotopic compositions of igneous rocks at the San Manuel-Kalamazoo porphyry copper deposit, Pinal County, Arizona: Tucson, University of Arizona, M.S. prepublication manuscript, 27 p.
Anthony, J.W., et al (1995), Mineralogy of Arizona, 3rd. ed.: 105, 107, 113, 121, 126, 132, 143, 164, 167, 174, 179, 186, 191, 197, 203, 213, 215, 216, 233, 251, 254, 257, 262, 264, 266, 287, 302, 309, 330, 341, 359, 370, 380, 391, 432.


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