IMPORTANT MESSAGE. We need your support now to keep mindat.org running. Click here to find out why.
Log InRegister
Home PageAbout MindatThe Mindat ManualHistory of MindatCopyright StatusWho We AreContact UsAdvertise on Mindat
Donate to MindatCorporate SponsorshipSponsor a PageSponsored PagesMindat AdvertisersAdvertise on Mindat
Learning CenterWhat is a mineral?The most common minerals on earthInformation for Educators
Minerals by PropertiesMinerals by ChemistryAdvanced Locality SearchRandom MineralRandom LocalitySearch by minIDLocalities Near MeSearch ArticlesSearch GlossaryMore Search Options
Search For:
Mineral Name:
Locality Name:
Keyword(s):
 
The Mindat ManualAdd a New PhotoRate PhotosLocality Edit ReportCoordinate Completion ReportAdd Glossary Item
StatisticsThe ElementsUsersBooks & MagazinesMineral MuseumsMineral Shows & EventsThe Mindat DirectoryDevice Settings
Photo SearchPhoto GalleriesNew Photos TodayNew Photos YesterdayMembers' Photo GalleriesPast Photo of the Day Gallery

Venetia Mine, Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa

This page is currently not sponsored. Contact us for sponsorship opportunities.
Key
Lock Map
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 22° 25' 59'' South , 29° 18' 50'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): -22.43333,29.31389
GeoHash:G#: kshb7h1sr
Owned/operated by:De Beers Group of Companies (85%) - a group of companies owned by Anglo American plc
Locality type:Mine
Köppen climate type:BWh : Hot deserts climate


An open pit diamond mine in kimberlite pipes, owned by De Beers. The deposit was discovered in 1980 and consists of 14 kimberlite bodies of which the largest two are being mined. The open pit centered on the main pipes also encompasses some of the smaller bodies, though. Venetia is currently the largest diamond producer in South Africa. In 2005, it produced 7.18 million ct from 5.8 million tons of ore.

Regions containing this locality

Transvaal, South Africa

Province (Former) - 832 mineral species & varietal names listed

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


2 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Diamond
Formula: C
Reference: The Nature of Diamonds (Harlow)
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Reference: Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
'Diamond'1.CB.10aC
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
'Spinel'4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Diamond1.3.6.1C
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3

List of minerals for each chemical element

CCarbon
C DiamondC
OOxygen
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O SpinelMgAl2O4
MgMagnesium
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
AlAluminium
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
SiSilicon
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 2239484
Gumbu Group of Beit Bridge Complex

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Gumbu Group

Description: Calc-silicate rocks and marble, together with leucogneisses and subordinate pink hornblende granitoid gneiss, metaquartzite and amphibolite

Reference: Council for Geoscience. Geologic map of South Africa, 1:1M. National Science Councils of South Africa. [41]

Archean
2500 - 4000 Ma



ID: 3191072
Archean crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Archean (2500 - 4000 Ma)

Lithology: Crystalline metamorphic rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Paleoarchean
3200 - 3600 Ma



ID: 3309681

Age: Paleoarchean (3200 - 3600 Ma)

Lithology: Volcanic-sedimentary and metamorphic

Reference: Thiéblemont, D. (ed.). New edition of the 1:10,000,000 geological map of Africa. CGMW-BRGM. [190]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, SA.
Field, M., Stiefenhofer, J., Robey, J., and Kurszlaukis, S. (2008): Kimberlite-hosted diamond deposits of southern Africa: A review. Ore Geology Reviews 34, 33-75.
Cairncross, B. (2014) South African Diamonds, Rocks & Minerals Diamond special issue 89(1) 76-86.

External Links



This page contains all mineral locality references listed on mindat.org. This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in mindat.org without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.
Mineral and/or Locality  
Mindat.org is an outreach project of the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy, a 501(c)(3) not-for-profit organization.
Copyright © mindat.org and the Hudson Institute of Mineralogy 1993-2018, except where stated. Mindat.org relies on the contributions of thousands of members and supporters.
Privacy Policy - Terms & Conditions - Contact Us Current server date and time: October 20, 2018 05:22:22 Page generated: October 20, 2018 01:37:58
Go to top of page