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Lime Crest Quarry (Lime Crest-Southdown Quarry; Limecrest Quarry), Franklin Marble, Sparta Township, Sussex Co., New Jersey, USAi
Regional Level Types
Lime Crest Quarry (Lime Crest-Southdown Quarry; Limecrest Quarry)Quarry
Franklin Marble- not defined -
Sparta TownshipTownship
Sussex Co.County
New JerseyState
USACountry

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Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 41° 3' 20'' North , 74° 40' 59'' West
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 41.05556,-74.68333
GeoHash:G#: dr6cs9cmb
USGS MRDS Record:10150218
Locality type:Quarry
Köppen climate type:Dfb : Warm-summer humid continental climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Sparta19,722 (2018)4.5km
Lake Mohawk9,916 (2017)4.6km
Newton7,979 (2017)5.8km
Ogdensburg2,286 (2017)8.2km
Andover581 (2017)9.2km


The spelling "Lime Crest" is that used by the historical records and the current (2016) operators, although at least one sign is known with no space between words. A marble/lime quarry worked for road construction and new home building, etc. Located in a disjunct block of the Precambrian Franklin Marble. The outcrop area is pictured on USGS map GQ-1707. It is lens shaped with dimensions of approximately 1.35 mile long, 0.22 miles wide and an estimated depth, in the area of the quarry, from the surface (which was originally a raised ridge [crest], to an underlying thrust fault of approximately 750 feet. The quarry excavation is approximately 3000 X 1500 X 300 feet.

Started about 1895. Operated in 1906 by Thomas Alva Edison to provide lime for his iron mining business and, shortly thereafter, his Portland cement business. Later owned for many years by the Limestone Products Corp. using the Lime Crest trade name. Several short-term owners have also operated this property. Currently operated by the Braens Corporation.

The marble (limestone) portion of the quarry was closed by increasing production costs, including pumping water up from an increasingly deep pit. Folklore contends that a recent operator, Oldcastle, a huge, multinational construction materials company based in Ireland, bought the Lime Crest quarry in order to remove its production from the local construction market and anticipating increased cost of crush rock products. They removed a competitor to other Oldcastle operations that are large, lower cost and produce similar products but are more distant from the Northeastern US market. In short, Lime Crest fell victim to the trend of concentrating production in fewer, but larger operations that make a standardized product line. The quarry was allowed to flood to a prescribed level as road aggregate quarrying in the overlying microcline gneiss continues to produce construction aggregate .

The marble exposed in the Lime Crest Quarry is a southern extension of the Franklin marble of the main outcrop belt. It contains the same assemblage(s) of skarn minerals and also epigenetic mineral assemblages in veins, and pegmatites. Some skarn bodies containing aluminium-rich assemblages with corundum or spinel, may represent a single stratigraphic horizon (Cummings, 2016). The epigenetic assemblages are thought to be Mississippi Valley Type (MVT) lead-zinc and ferroaxinite-bearing Alpine cleft. In more recent years the quarrying operation encountered large masses of very coarse white graphic granite, which was host to the Alpine cleft assemblages. Also encountered late in the operation was a large cavernous opening, partially filled with a mud, and lined with secondary calcite crystals that fluoresced an unusual (for the location) greenish white with strong phosphorescence (Chet Lemanski field notes).

Locality update: 2013 - the quarry has been dewatered and is now being operated by the Braen organization. It is producing marble for use in the manufacture of landscaping blocks and agricultural lime. Recent mineralization include masses of purple to colorless fluorite in the marble.

Regions containing this locality

North America PlateTectonic Plate

Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


45 valid minerals. 1 (TL) - type locality of valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Actinolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: coarse granular to elongated euhedral crystals
Colour: pale to dark green
Description: Clusters of elongated crystals in calcite to several cm or massive in skarn layers with other Mg rich minerals.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Albite
Formula: Na(AlSi3O8)
Habit: massive
Colour: white to gray
Description: As cleavable, pseudormophous masses replacing calcite, with microcline, quartz, scapolite in skarn layers.
Reference: Harold Moritz
Allanite-(Ce)
Formula: {CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Habit: tabular
Colour: black
Description: Black tabular crystals to a few cm in microcline, quartz, hedenbergite, titanite matrix.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
'Amphibole Supergroup'
Formula: AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Reference: Van King
Arsenopyrite
Formula: FeAsS
Reference: Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334
Axinite-(Fe)
Formula: Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Description: Occurs as transparent, bladed, tabular crystals of delicate color in fracture surface cavities in microcline-quartz-rich pegmatite within the Precambrain Franklin marble.
Reference: Common knowledge among local collectors. Ferro-axinite was analyzed and confirmed as that member of the group.
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Habit: Thin tabular.
Colour: Snow-white
Fluorescence: tan to creamy white
Description: Occurs in a Mississippi Valley-like deposit vein in Precambrian Franklin marble as bladed masses and paper-thin, tabular crystals in cavities. Associated with fluorite, sphalerite, galena, quartz, pyrite.
Reference: Collected personally - C. Lemanski, Jr.
'Biotite'
Brucite
Formula: Mg(OH)2
Habit: micaceous
Colour: pale to dark green
Fluorescence: pale blue
Description: Micaceous layers with other Mg-rich minerals in skarns. Much or what has been called muscovite from here is likely brucite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: anhedral cleavable masses, rare hexagonal prisms with rhomb terminations
Colour: white to pale grey
Fluorescence: magenta to pink (MW)
Description: Extremely coarse-grained cleavable masses of white to pale gray calcite make up most of the formation. Secondary calcite crystals in small dissolution cavities can reach 1 cm associated with quartz, pyrite, hematite, dolomite.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Chondrodite
Formula: (Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Habit: rounded grains
Colour: orange-brown
Description: Mostly as rounded grains or crude crystals to 1 cm.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Chrysotile
Formula: Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Clinochlore
Formula: Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Reference: Common knowledge among local collectors.
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'
Reference: Van King
Corundum
Formula: Al2O3
Habit: crude hexagonal prisms
Colour: Pink, purplish, light to dark blue
Fluorescence: Red (LW) (pink colored only).
Description: As crude crystals to a few cm, some partly replaced by serpentine, rimmed by talc. Usually in a tough, massive tremolite, spinel, phlogopite, rutile rich rock.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Diopside
Formula: CaMgSi2O6
Reference: Common knowledge among local collectors.
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Habit: rhombohedral, massive
Colour: gray
Description: Commonly massive with sphalerite, pyrite, barite, fluorite. Very rarely as micro-rhombs in dissolution cavities with calcite, pyrite.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Dravite
Formula: Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Habit: long to short prismatic terminated by rhombohedrons and pedion.
Colour: Nearly white to very dark brown.
Fluorescence: yellow
Description: terminated prismatic crystals to a few cm, massive to many cm.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Edenite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluoborite
Formula: Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Reference: Dunn(1995):Pt5:641
Fluorapatite
Formula: Ca5(PO4)3F
Habit: elongated hexagonal prismatic
Colour: light blue, gray-brown
Description: Prismatic crystals to a few cm. Surprisingly rare.
Reference: Modris Baum photo; Harold Moritz collection.
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Habit: massive
Colour: Colorless, purple, pale greenish.
Fluorescence: Bright blue (LW) (colorless & pale green only).
Description: Large masses of transparent, colorless fluorite with masses of dark purple and pale greenish material were found on a one-time basis in a Mississippi Valley-like deposit in the Franklin marble. Associated with baryte, sphalerite, galena, dolomite.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Fluoro-tremolite (TL)
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Type Locality:
Reference: Oberti, R., Cámara, F.,Bellatreccia, F., Radica, F. and Gianfagna,A. (2016) Fluoro-tremolite, IMA 2016-018.CNMNC Newsletter No. 32, August 2016,page 917; Mineralogical Magazine, 80: 915–922; Oberti, R., Camara, F., Bellatrecia, F., Radica, F., Gianfagna, A., Boiocchi, M. (2018): Fluoro-tremolite from the Limecrest-Southdown quarry, Sparta, NJ, USA: crystal chemistry of a newly approved end-members of the amphibole supergroup. MIneralogical Magazine: 82: 145-157.
Galena
Formula: PbS
Habit: anhedral to crude
Colour: gray
Description: Mostly small grains or crude crystals associated with fluorite, baryte, pyrite, dolomite, sphalerite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Galena var: Argentiferous Galena
Formula: PbS
Description: Mr. Cummings extracted a bead of silver from a sample of the galena in the Mississippi-Valley-Type-Deposit occurrence in the quarry.
Reference: Mr. Warren Cummings, Geologist, New Jersey Dept. of Transportation.
'Garnet Group'
Formula: X3Z2(SiO4)3
Graphite
Formula: C
Habit: thin tabular disks
Colour: black
Description: Thin disks around 1 cm in the marble and skarn.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978): 9; Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334; Jaszczak, John A. (1998), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: The Picking Table: 39(1): 20-24.
Grossular
Formula: Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Reference: Kuitems, Steven (2000) Field Trip Report. Lime Crest Quarry, The Picking Table, v. 41 (1), p. 6.
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Habit: anhedral
Colour: dark greenish black
Description: In skarn units with titanite, microcline, quartz, albite, scapolite, etc.
Reference: Volkert, Richard A. (2010): Deep Drilling at Limecrest Quarry, Sparta, New Jersey. Picking Table, Volume 51, No. 1, p. 10-13.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Habit: fine granular, earthy
Colour: red
Description: As inclusions in secondary calcite crystals and coatings on adjacent, etched quartz, with fluorite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Common knowledge among local collectors.
'Heulandite subgroup'
Colour: Yellowish
Description: Occurs as druses of tiny crystals on fracture seams in silicate rocks.
Reference: Chester S. Lemanski, Jr.
Magnesio-hornblende
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Reference: No reference listed
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Habit: anhedral grains and masses
Colour: black
Description: A concentration of ~5mm grains and masses in otherwise typical calcite marble found in 1991.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Microcline
Formula: K(AlSi3O8)
Description: The microcline can occur as pure white crystalline masses, sometimes as graphic granite with intergrown quartz, and fluoresces deep magenta-red (SW UV).
Reference: Common knowledge among local collectors.
Molybdenite
Formula: MoS2
Reference: Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Description: more likely to be brucite
Norbergite
Formula: Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Habit: Crystals vary from somewhat acute appearing rhombic cross-sections to blocky.
Colour: Light yellow to orange brown
Fluorescence: Yellow
Description: Rounded euhedral crystals to several cm, or more commonly as anhedral grains, sometimes in large, nearly pure masses, associated with spinel.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Pargasite
Formula: {Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Description: light purple to brown, nonfluorescent
Reference: John Cianciulli, ID by optics
Phlogopite
Formula: KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Habit: micaceous
Colour: brown
Reference: Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Habit: cubic, octahedral, rare diploidal
Description: Crystals generally up to about 1 cm in marble, micro crystals in dissolution pockets with calcite, dolomite, quartz.
Reference: Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Habit: anhedral masses
Colour: bronze
Description: Masses to several cm in marble commonly associated with spinel, humite group minerals.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.; Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Habit: massive, rare prismatic crystals
Colour: smoky, colorless, white
Description: Massive with microcline, albite, hedenbergite, titanite, scapolite in skarn units. Rarely as etched prismatic crystals in dissolution pockets with calcite, pyrite, dolomite, hematite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Rutile
Formula: TiO2
Reference: Common knowledge among local collectors. Ferro-axinite was analyzed and confirmed as that member of the group.
'Scapolite'
Habit: massive to subhedral
Colour: pale gray, pale green, pink
Description: Tough, massive material common in skarn units but inconspicuous, associated with actinolite, microcline, quartz, titanite, hedenbergite, albite, brucite, serpentine.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
'Serpentine Subgroup'
Formula: D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
Habit: massive
Colour: gray, brown, olive, bright green
Description: As massive material with other Mg-rich minerals or calc-silicates, as a bright green rind around corundum, with talc, spinel and phlogopite.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: massive
Colour: yellow, oil-green & dark brown
Description: Occurred in a Mississippi Valley-like deposit within the Franklin marble associated with baryte, fluorite, dolomite, pyrite. Some masses of oil-green spahalerite were transparent and faceting grade material.
Reference: Collected by C. Lemanski, Jr.; Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334
Spinel
Formula: MgAl2O4
Habit: octahedral
Colour: pink, maroon, dark blue, purplish-gray, dark gray
Description: Commonly as subhedral to euhedral grains associated with humite group and pyrrhotite. Best crystals to 1.5 cm and reddish in a dense, medium-grained, white calcite with excellent norbergite crystals and graphite.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Talc
Formula: Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Habit: massive
Colour: shades of green
Description: Massive material in shear zones, along the contact of skarn zones with calcite, as a rind around some corundum crystals partly altered to serpentine.
Reference: Harold Moritz collection
Titanite
Formula: CaTi(SiO4)O
Habit: tabular
Colour: brown
Description: Abundant crystals to 2-3 cm in zones within skarn units associated with hedenbergite, quartz, microcline, albite, scapolite, allanite. Some crystals pseudomorphed by a black mineral.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Tremolite
Formula: ☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Habit: elongated sprays of prismatic crystals, tough massive
Colour: gray
Description: Sprays of euhedral crystals can reach several cm.
Reference: A Quest for New Jersey Minerals, Robert Speiser (1978):9.
Wollastonite
Formula: CaSiO3
Description: Occurs in typical snow-white masses of divergent fibers.
Reference: Common knowledge among local collectors.
Zircon
Formula: Zr(SiO4)
Colour: Brown
Reference: in the collection of J. Esche, EDS-confirmed by Dr. J. Gröbner, TU Clausthal; personally collected by C. Lemanski, Jr.

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Graphite1.CB.05aC
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Arsenopyrite2.EB.20FeAsS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
var: Argentiferous Galena2.CD.10PbS
Molybdenite2.EA.30MoS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Brucite4.FE.05Mg(OH)2
Corundum4.CB.05Al2O3
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Rutile4.DB.05TiO2
Spinel4.BB.05MgAl2O4
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Group 6 - Borates
Fluoborite6.AB.50Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Group 8 - Phosphates, Arsenates and Vanadates
Fluorapatite8.BN.05Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 9 - Silicates
Actinolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Albite9.FA.35Na(AlSi3O8)
Allanite-(Ce)9.BG.05b{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Axinite-(Fe)9.BD.20Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Chondrodite9.AF.45(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Chrysotile9.ED.15Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Clinochlore9.EC.55Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Diopside9.DA.15CaMgSi2O6
Dravite9.CK.05Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Edenite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Fluoro-tremolite (TL)9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Grossular9.AD.25Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Magnesio-hornblende9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Microcline9.FA.30K(AlSi3O8)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Norbergite9.AF.40Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Pargasite9.DE.15{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Phlogopite9.EC.20KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc9.EC.05Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Titanite9.AG.15CaTi(SiO4)O
Tremolite9.DE.10☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Wollastonite9.DG.05CaSiO3
Zircon9.AD.30Zr(SiO4)
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'-
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Graphite1.3.6.2C
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Arsenopyrite2.12.4.1FeAsS
Molybdenite2.12.10.1MoS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X3
Corundum4.3.1.1Al2O3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
AX2
Rutile4.4.1.1TiO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
X(OH)2
Brucite6.2.1.1Mg(OH)2
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Spinel7.2.1.1MgAl2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
AB(XO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 25 - ANHYDROUS BORATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Monoborates
Fluoborite25.1.2.1Mg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Group 41 - ANHYDROUS PHOSPHATES, ETC.CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
A5(XO4)3Zq
Fluorapatite41.8.1.1Ca5(PO4)3F
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Grossular51.4.3b.2Ca3Al2(SiO4)3
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in >[6] coordination
Zircon51.5.2.1Zr(SiO4)
Group 52 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups and O,OH,F,H2O
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] coordination only
Chondrodite52.3.2b.2(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Norbergite52.3.2a.1Mg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Insular SiO4 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [6] and/or >[6] coordination
Titanite52.4.3.1CaTi(SiO4)O
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Axinite-(Fe)56.2.2.1Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Allanite-(Ce)58.2.1a.1{CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 61 - CYCLOSILICATES Six-Membered Rings
Six-Membered Rings with borate groups
Dravite61.3.1.9Na(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Diopside65.1.3a.1CaMgSi2O6
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=3
Wollastonite65.2.1.1cCaSiO3
Group 66 - INOSILICATES Double-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=2)
Amphiboles - Mg-Fe-Mn-Li subgroup
Edenite66.1.3a.10{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Pargasite66.1.3a.12{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Tremolite66.1.3a.1☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 1:1 layers
Chrysotile71.1.5.1Mg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Phlogopite71.2.2b.1KMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Talc71.2.1.3Mg3Si4O10(OH)2
Sheets of 6-membered rings interlayered 1:1, 2:1, and octahedra
Clinochlore71.4.1.4Mg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Group 76 - TECTOSILICATES Al-Si Framework
Al-Si Framework with Al-Si frameworks
Albite76.1.3.1Na(AlSi3O8)
Microcline76.1.1.5K(AlSi3O8)
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Actinolite-☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
'Amphibole Supergroup'-AX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
'Biotite'-
'Clinozoisite-Epidote Series'-
Fluoro-tremolite (TL)-☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Galena
var: Argentiferous Galena
-PbS
'Garnet Group'-X3Z2(SiO4)3
'Heulandite subgroup'-
Magnesio-hornblende-☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
'Scapolite'-
'Serpentine Subgroup'-D3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
H DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
H Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
H ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
H Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
H FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
H Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
H Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
H TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
H BruciteMg(OH)2
H Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
BBoron
B Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
B DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
B FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
CCarbon
C GraphiteC
C CalciteCaCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
OOxygen
O Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
O NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
O Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
O PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
O SpinelMgAl2O4
O CorundumAl2O3
O CalciteCaCO3
O TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
O DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
O Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
O DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
O ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
O RutileTiO2
O WollastoniteCaSiO3
O Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
O Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
O Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
O ZirconZr(SiO4)
O FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
O Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
O FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
O Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
O GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
O QuartzSiO2
O BaryteBaSO4
O TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O HematiteFe2O3
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O BruciteMg(OH)2
O AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
O Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FFluorine
F Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
F NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
F Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
F FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
F FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
F Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Na Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Na Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Na AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
MgMagnesium
Mg Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Mg NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Mg Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Mg PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Mg SpinelMgAl2O4
Mg DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Mg Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Mg DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Mg ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Mg Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Mg FluoboriteMg3(BO3)(F,OH)3
Mg Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Mg TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Mg BruciteMg(OH)2
Mg Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AlAluminium
Al PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Al SpinelMgAl2O4
Al CorundumAl2O3
Al DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Al Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Al MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Al Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Al Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Al Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Al GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Al AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Al Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
SiSilicon
Si Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Si NorbergiteMg3(SiO4)(F,OH)2
Si Chondrodite(Mg,Fe2+)5(SiO4)2(F,OH)2
Si PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Si TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Si DraviteNa(Mg3)Al6(Si6O18)(BO3)3(OH)3(OH)
Si Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si ClinochloreMg5Al(AlSi3O10)(OH)8
Si DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Si ChrysotileMg3(Si2O5)(OH)4
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
Si WollastoniteCaSiO3
Si Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Si Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Si Garnet GroupX3Z2(SiO4)3
Si ZirconZr(SiO4)
Si Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Si Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
Si GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Si QuartzSiO2
Si TalcMg3Si4O10(OH)2
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Si AlbiteNa(AlSi3O8)
Si Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
PPhosphorus
P FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
SSulfur
S PyriteFeS2
S SphaleriteZnS
S Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
S ArsenopyriteFeAsS
S MolybdeniteMoS2
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S BaryteBaSO4
S GalenaPbS
ClChlorine
Cl Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
KPotassium
K PhlogopiteKMg3(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
K MicroclineK(AlSi3O8)
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca Fluoro-tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)F2
Ca Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ca Magnesio-hornblende☐{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca DiopsideCaMgSi2O6
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca WollastoniteCaSiO3
Ca Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca Tremolite☐{Ca2}{Mg5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Edenite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg5}(AlSi7O22)(OH)2
Ca Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Ca Pargasite{Na}{Ca2}{Mg4Al}(Al2Si6O22)(OH)2
Ca FluorapatiteCa5(PO4)3F
Ca GrossularCa3Al2(SiO4)3
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
TiTitanium
Ti TitaniteCaTi(SiO4)O
Ti RutileTiO2
Ti Amphibole SupergroupAX2Z5((Si,Al,Ti)8O22)(OH,F,Cl,O)2
MnManganese
Mn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
FeIron
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe Axinite-(Fe)Ca2Fe2+Al2BSi4O15OH
Fe Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Actinolite☐{Ca2}{Mg4.5-2.5Fe0.5-2.5}(Si8O22)(OH)2
Fe ArsenopyriteFeAsS
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
NiNickel
Ni Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
ZnZinc
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn Serpentine SubgroupD3[Si2O5](OH)4 D= Mg, Fe, Ni, Mn, Al, Zn
AsArsenic
As ArsenopyriteFeAsS
ZrZirconium
Zr ZirconZr(SiO4)
MoMolybdenum
Mo MolybdeniteMoS2
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
CeCerium
Ce Allanite-(Ce){CaCe}{Al2Fe2+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
PbLead
Pb Galena (var: Argentiferous Galena)PbS
Pb GalenaPbS

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 3188605
Mesoproterozoic crystalline metamorphic rocks

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Lithology: Paragneiss; paragneiss

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Mesoproterozoic
1000 - 1600 Ma



ID: 2853020
Franklin Marble

Age: Mesoproterozoic (1000 - 1600 Ma)

Stratigraphic Name: Franklin Marble

Description: White- to light-gray-weathering, white, grayish-white, or, less commonly pinkish-orange, coarse- to locally fine-crystalline calcite marble with accessory amounts of graphite, phlogopite, chondrodite, clinopyroxene, and serpentine. Contains pods and layers of clinopyroxene-garnet skarn, hornblende skarn, and clinopyroxene-rich rock. Thin layers of metaquartzite occur locally. Intruded by the Mount Eve Granite in the Pochuck Mountain area. Franklin Marble is host to the Franklin and Sterling Hill zinc ore bodies; exploited for talc and asbestiform minerals near Easton, Pennsylvania. Subdivided into an upper marble, "Wildcat marble," and a lower marble, "Franklin marble," by New Jersey Zinc Co. geologists (Hague and others, 1956).

Comments: Metasedimentary Rocks (Middle Proterozoic) Original map source: Dalton, R.F., Herman, G.C., Monteverde, D.H., Pristas, R.S., Sugarman, P.J., and Volkert, R.A., 1999, New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, Bedrock Geology and Topographic Base Maps of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey CD Series CD 00

Lithology: Major:{marble}, Minor:{skarn,quartzite}

Reference: Horton, J.D., C.A. San Juan, and D.B. Stoeser. The State Geologic Map Compilation (SGMC) geodatabase of the conterminous United States. doi: 10.3133/ds1052. U.S. Geological Survey Data Series 1052. [133]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
Speiser, Robert (1978), A Quest for New Jersey Minerals: 9 (privately published).
Jaszczak, John A. (1997), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: Rocks & Minerals: 72(5): 330-334.
Jaszczak, John A. (1998), Unusual graphite crystals from the Lime Crest quarry, Sparta, New Jersey: The Picking Table (Journal of the Franklin-Ogdensburg Mineralogical Society [FOMS]): 39(1): 20-24.
Wolf, A., Rakovan, J. and Cahill, C. (2003) Ferroaxinite From Lime Crest Quarry, Sparta, New Jersey. Rocks and Minerals: 78: 252-256.
Volkert, Richard A. (2010): Deep Drilling at Limecrest Quarry, Sparta, New Jersey. The Picking Table: 51(1): 10-13.
Information Letter re: Minerals, published by the Limestone Products Corp.
USGS map GQ-1707.
Cummings, Warren L. (2016) Aluminum-Rich Mineral Assemblages at Lime Crest Quarry, Sparta Township, New Jersey. The Picking Table: 57(1): 17-22.
Oberti, R., Camara, F., Bellatrecia, F., Radica, F., Gianfagna, A., Boiocchi, M. (2018): Fluoro-tremolite from the Limecrest-Southdown quarry, Sparta, NJ, USA: crystal chemistry of a newly approved end-members of the amphibole supergroup. MIneralogical Magazine: 82: 145-157.

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