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Messina Mine (No. 5 shaft; Musina Mine), Musina (Messina), Vhembe District, Limpopo Province, South Africa

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Location is approximate, estimate based on other nearby localities.
Latitude & Longitude: 22° South , 30° East (est.)
Margin of Error:~150km
Other regions containing this locality:Transvaal, South Africa
Name(s) in local language(s):Five Shaft

Located approx 8 Km south of the Limpopo river.

Note: No. 5 shaft or Five Shaft is a local term used to distinguish this particular mine from others in the Messina mining area.

Commodity List

This is a list of exploitable or exploited mineral commodities recorded at this locality.

Mineral List

41 valid minerals.

This page contains all mineral locality references listed on This does not claim to be a complete list. If you know of more minerals from this site, please register so you can add to our database. This locality information is for reference purposes only. You should never attempt to visit any sites listed in without first ensuring that you have the permission of the land and/or mineral rights holders for access and that you are aware of all safety precautions necessary.


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Emery, A.B., (1930). The Messina copper mining industry. Imperial Mining and Metallurgical Congress, III, 245-293.
Preller, G.S. (1941). Copper mining and smelting at Messina. Official Journal of the Department of Commerce, South Africa, 4(10), 159-161.
Söhnge, P.G., (1945). The geology of the Messina copper mines and surrounding country. Geological Survey of South Africa, Memoir 40, 272 pp.
Schwellnus, C.M. (1953). Geology of Messina copper deposits. South African Mining and Engineering Journal, 64, 557-559.
Spence, W.I., (1961). The Messina Copper Mine. Transactions of the Seventh Commonwealth Mining and Metallurgical Congress, Papers and Discussions Vol. I. South African Institute of Mining and Metallurgy, Johannesburg, 123-144.
Van Graan, S.J., (1964). Geology of the Messina copper deposits. In: Haughton, S.H., (Ed.). The Geology of some Ore Deposits in Southern Africa, vol. 2. Geological Society of South Africa, 739 pp.
Jacobsen, J.B.E., (1967). The geology of the Artonvilla mine, Messina district. Ph.D thesis (unpublished). University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, 123 pp.
Laing, G.J.S., (1973). The geology, structure and the origin of the West Lode Breccia Pipe, Campbell Mine, Messina district. B.Sc (engineering) mining geology thesis. University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa, 59 pp.
Jacobsen, J.B.E. and McCarthy, T.S., (1975). Possible late Karroo carbonatite and basalt intrusions at Messina. Transactions of the Geological Society of South Africa, 78, 153-159.
Jacobsen, J.B.E., McCarthy, T.S. and Laing, G.J.S., (1976). The copper bearing breccia pipes of the Messina district, South Africa. Mineralium Deposita, 11, 33-45.
Bahnemann, K.P., (1972). A review of the structure, the stratigraphy and the metamorphism of the basement rocks in the Messina district northern Transvaal. D.Sc. thesis (unpublished). University of Pretoria, Pretoria, 354 pp.
Bahnemann, K.P., (1986). A review of the geology of the Messina copper deposits, northern Transvaal. In: Anhaeusser, C.R. and Maske, S., (Eds.). Mineral Deposits of Southern Africa, Vols I & II, Geological Society of South Africa, Johannesburg, 1671-1688.
Cairncross, B. (1991): The Messina Mining District, South Africa. Mineralogical Record 22(3) 187-199.
Cairncross, B. and Dixon, R., (1995) Minerals of South Africa. The Geological Society of South Africa.
Cairncross, B. (2004) Field Guide To Rocks & Minerals Of Southern Africa. Struik Publishers, Cape Town, SA.

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