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Boccheggiano mines, Montieri, Grosseto Province, Tuscany, Italyi
Regional Level Types
Boccheggiano minesGroup of Mines
Montieri- not defined -
Grosseto ProvinceProvince
TuscanyRegion
ItalyCountry

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Name(s) in local language(s):Miniere di Boccheggiano, Montieri, Grosseto, Toscana, Italia
Latitude & Longitude (WGS84): 43° 5' 34'' North , 11° 2' 45'' East
Latitude & Longitude (decimal): 43.09279,11.04572
GeoHash:G#: spxv5kg1x
Locality type:Group of Mines
Köppen climate type:Cfa : Humid subtropical climate
Nearest Settlements:
PlacePopulationDistance
Boccheggiano311 (2014)1.0km
Montieri360 (2014)4.9km
Prata584 (2014)5.0km
Ciciano310 (2014)5.8km
Chiusdino734 (2014)7.5km


The object of exploitation has been the so-called "Boccheggiano lode", a quartz vein with chalcopyrite, pyrite, and other sulfides, sizing over 2 km in length and ranging from 1 to 25 meters in thickness. The main works for copper exploitation date back to 1889-1914 while pyrite was mined from the first decade of the 20th century to 1994.

Boccheggiano is one of the most important historical Italian localities for fluorescent minerals, which yielded literally tons of the so-called “strontian aragonite” or “aragostrontianite” (that is, in most cases, calcite with a very special red fluorescence under LW-UV). Aragonite, as a metastable polymorph of CaCO3 is normally transformed into calcite, so it results rare. However, the two polymorphs do coexist at Boccheggiano (as proved by means of optical microscope analyses coupled with Raman microspectrography). Studies on the Boccheggiano carbonate minerals are in progress. According to the available preliminary information (Dallegno et al., 2015), Boccheggiano aragonites are actually Sr-rich but more important than the Sr content is their content in other chemical elements in specific associations, combined with corresponding variations in morphology (crystal habit), color in non-excited conditions (under natural white light), and in luminescence behavior. From all these features it is possible to divide them into three different types. Each type is representative of precise and specific conditions in mineral-forming processes within the multi-stage hydrothermal evolution which deposited both the ore and the gangue minerals, hence the three types are a clear example of typomorphism of carbonate minerals. In particular, the "type III aragonite" shows both a specific photoluminescence response excited by SW-256 nm UV (carmine-red) and spectrographic features (a broadband red luminescence with a minimum emission also in the blue and green band), due to a specific geochemical pattern which renders it as probably unique in the world. It is an azure colored high-Mg aragonite, normally metastable but preserved in geodes within dolostone levels in the lower part of Tuscan sedimentary succession, which remained as micro-environments like a closed chemical system during the multi-stage evolution of hydrothermal processes. Due to the uniqueness of this mineral phase, Dallegno et al. (2015) propose for it the denomination "Boccheggiano-type aragonite" and the locality has to be considered as its "type locality". The genesis of this aragonite is a key to explain the specific enrichment processes in a precise location of Boccheggiano extensional fault, which yielded the typical association (as trace elements) of Li, Mo, Sn, Zr, Al, V, Fe and LREEs (above all, Ce, Pr, and La), but also Na, Ba, Mg, and Mn, accompanied with a not negligible content of Sr. Such association is clearly related to the overall geochemical ‘signature’ of granitoid petrofacies grouped in the Tuscan Magmatic Province (regarding the deep hydrothermal fluids) with probable mixing processes, partial dilution and exchange with shallower hydrothermal fluids crossing the sulphate-carbonate rocks of the Tuscan sedimentary succession (see also http://forum.amiminerals.it/viewtopic.php?t=12039).

Regions containing this locality

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Select Mineral List Type

Standard Detailed Strunz Dana Chemical Elements

Mineral List


57 valid minerals.

Detailed Mineral List:

Andradite
Formula: Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 2: 78-89
Anglesite
Formula: PbSO4
Habit: elongated prismatic
Colour: colorless
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Anhydrite
Formula: CaSO4
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 2: 78-89
Ankerite
Formula: Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Habit: rombohedric
Colour: ivory-white
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Aragonite
Formula: CaCO3
Habit: prismatic or bypiramidal
Colour: white
Fluorescence: red
Description: It is present also as mammillary concretions.
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Aragonite var: Strontian Aragonite
Formula: (Ca,Sr)CO3
Reference: Peter Seroka specimen (see https://www.mineralienatlas.de/lexikon/index.php/MineralData?mineral=Strontian%2520Aragonite&lang=en&language=english)
Aurichalcite
Formula: (Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Habit: lamellar
Colour: light-blue
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Azurite
Formula: Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Colour: blue
Description: It has been found as coatings, crusts or grains.
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Baryte
Formula: BaSO4
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Bassanite
Formula: CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Bismuth
Formula: Bi
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Bismuthinite
Formula: Bi2S3
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Bornite
Formula: Cu5FeS4
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Calcite
Formula: CaCO3
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Calkinsite-(Ce)
Formula: (Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Cassiterite
Formula: SnO2
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Celestine
Formula: SrSO4
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Cerussite
Formula: PbCO3
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Chalcocite
Formula: Cu2S
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Chalcopyrite
Formula: CuFeS2
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Copiapite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Covellite
Formula: CuS
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Cuprite
Formula: Cu2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Dietrichite
Formula: (Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Reference: Ballirano P., Bellatreccia F., 2004. Nuovi dati sulla dietrichite di Boccheggiano, Grosseto. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4: 213-214
Dolomite
Formula: CaMg(CO3)2
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Epidote
Formula: {Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Epsomite
Formula: MgSO4 · 7H2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Fluorite
Formula: CaF2
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Galena
Formula: PbS
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Goethite
Formula: α-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Gypsum
Formula: CaSO4 · 2H2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Halite
Formula: NaCl
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Hedenbergite
Formula: CaFe2+Si2O6
Reference: Bazzoni et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 2: 78-89.
Hematite
Formula: Fe2O3
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Hemimorphite
Formula: Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Ilmenite
Formula: Fe2+TiO3
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Ilvaite
Formula: CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Jarosite
Formula: KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Lepidocrocite
Formula: γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Magnetite
Formula: Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Malachite
Formula: Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Marcasite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Melanterite
Formula: Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Meta-aluminite
Formula: Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Muscovite
Formula: KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Pyrite
Formula: FeS2
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Pyrrhotite
Formula: Fe7S8
Habit: hexagonal
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Quartz
Formula: SiO2
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Rhodochrosite
Formula: MnCO3
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Rosasite
Formula: (Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Habit: spherulae
Colour: light-blue
Description: It is associated with aurichalcite, hemimorphite and malachite.
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Siderite
Formula: FeCO3
Colour: reddish
Description: It is associated with gypsum, fluorite, galena, sphalerite and pyrite.
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Siderotil
Formula: FeSO4 · 5H2O
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Smithsonite
Formula: ZnCO3
Habit: rhombohedric; globular aggregates
Colour: colorless
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Sphalerite
Formula: ZnS
Habit: Tetrahedric
Colour: black, brown, reddish, green
Description: It is associated with galena, chalcopyrite, pyrite, quartz, calcite and fluorite.
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Stibnite
Formula: Sb2S3
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Sulphur
Formula: S8
Description: It is associated with anhydrite; as incrustations on pyrite and gypsum. In massive form in the limestone.
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Tetrahedrite
Formula: Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Habit: tetrahedric
Colour: black
Description: It is associated with fluorite and calcite
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 1: 78-89
Zincite
Formula: ZnO
Reference: Bazzoni C. et al., 2003. Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Miner. Ital., 2: 78-89

List of minerals arranged by Strunz 10th Edition classification

Group 1 - Elements
Bismuth1.CA.05Bi
Sulphur1.CC.05S8
Group 2 - Sulphides and Sulfosalts
Bismuthinite2.DB.05Bi2S3
Bornite2.BA.15Cu5FeS4
Chalcocite2.BA.05Cu2S
Chalcopyrite2.CB.10aCuFeS2
Covellite2.CA.05aCuS
Galena2.CD.10PbS
Marcasite2.EB.10aFeS2
Pyrite2.EB.05aFeS2
Pyrrhotite2.CC.10Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.CB.05aZnS
Stibnite2.DB.05Sb2S3
Tetrahedrite2.GB.05Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 3 - Halides
Fluorite3.AB.25CaF2
Halite3.AA.20NaCl
Group 4 - Oxides and Hydroxides
Cassiterite4.DB.05SnO2
Cuprite4.AA.10Cu2O
Goethite4.00.α-Fe3+O(OH)
Hematite4.CB.05Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.CB.05Fe2+TiO3
Lepidocrocite4.FE.15γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Magnetite4.BB.05Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Quartz4.DA.05SiO2
Zincite4.AB.20ZnO
Group 5 - Nitrates and Carbonates
Ankerite5.AB.10Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Aragonite5.AB.15CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite5.AB.15(Ca,Sr)CO3
Aurichalcite5.BA.15(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Azurite5.BA.05Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Calcite5.AB.05CaCO3
Calkinsite-(Ce)5.CC.25(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Cerussite5.AB.15PbCO3
Dolomite5.AB.10CaMg(CO3)2
Malachite5.BA.10Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rhodochrosite5.AB.05MnCO3
Rosasite5.BA.10(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Siderite5.AB.05FeCO3
Smithsonite5.AB.05ZnCO3
Group 7 - Sulphates, Chromates, Molybdates and Tungstates
Anglesite7.AD.35PbSO4
Anhydrite7.AD.30CaSO4
Baryte7.AD.35BaSO4
Bassanite7.CD.45CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Celestine7.AD.35SrSO4
Copiapite7.DB.35Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Dietrichite7.CB.85(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Epsomite7.CB.40MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum7.CD.40CaSO4 · 2H2O
Jarosite7.BC.10KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Melanterite7.CB.35Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Meta-aluminite7.DC.05Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
Siderotil7.CB.20FeSO4 · 5H2O
Group 9 - Silicates
Andradite9.AD.25Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Epidote9.BG.05a{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Hedenbergite9.DA.15CaFe2+Si2O6
Hemimorphite9.BD.10Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Ilvaite9.BE.07CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Muscovite9.EC.15KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Unclassified Minerals, Rocks, etc.
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-

List of minerals arranged by Dana 8th Edition classification

Group 1 - NATIVE ELEMENTS AND ALLOYS
Semi-metals and non-metals
Bismuth1.3.1.4Bi
Sulphur1.3.5.1S8
Group 2 - SULFIDES
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:1
Chalcocite2.4.7.1Cu2S
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 3:2
Bornite2.5.2.1Cu5FeS4
AmXp, with m:p = 1:1
Covellite2.8.12.1CuS
Galena2.8.1.1PbS
Pyrrhotite2.8.10.1Fe7S8
Sphalerite2.8.2.1ZnS
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:1
Chalcopyrite2.9.1.1CuFeS2
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 2:3
Bismuthinite2.11.2.3Bi2S3
Stibnite2.11.2.1Sb2S3
AmBnXp, with (m+n):p = 1:2
Marcasite2.12.2.1FeS2
Pyrite2.12.1.1FeS2
Group 3 - SULFOSALTS
3 <ø < 4
Tetrahedrite3.3.6.1Cu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Group 4 - SIMPLE OXIDES
A2X
Cuprite4.1.1.1Cu2O
AX
Zincite4.2.2.1ZnO
A2X3
Hematite4.3.1.2Fe2O3
Ilmenite4.3.5.1Fe2+TiO3
AX2
Cassiterite4.4.1.5SnO2
Group 6 - HYDROXIDES AND OXIDES CONTAINING HYDROXYL
XO(OH)
Goethite6.1.1.2α-Fe3+O(OH)
Lepidocrocite6.1.2.2γ-Fe3+O(OH)
Group 7 - MULTIPLE OXIDES
AB2X4
Magnetite7.2.2.3Fe2+Fe3+2O4
Group 9 - NORMAL HALIDES
AX
Halite9.1.1.1NaCl
AX2
Fluorite9.2.1.1CaF2
Group 14 - ANHYDROUS NORMAL CARBONATES
A(XO3)
Calcite14.1.1.1CaCO3
Cerussite14.1.3.4PbCO3
Rhodochrosite14.1.1.4MnCO3
Siderite14.1.1.3FeCO3
Smithsonite14.1.1.6ZnCO3
AB(XO3)2
Ankerite14.2.1.2Ca(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Dolomite14.2.1.1CaMg(CO3)2
Group 15 - HYDRATED NORMAL CARBONATES
AmBn(XO3)p·xH2O, with (m+n):p < 1:1
Calkinsite-(Ce)15.4.1.1(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
Group 16a - ANHYDROUS CARBONATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
Azurite16a.2.1.1Cu3(CO3)2(OH)2
Malachite16a.3.1.1Cu2(CO3)(OH)2
Rosasite16a.3.1.2(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Aurichalcite16a.4.2.1(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Group 28 - ANHYDROUS ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4
Anglesite28.3.1.3PbSO4
Anhydrite28.3.2.1CaSO4
Baryte28.3.1.1BaSO4
Celestine28.3.1.2SrSO4
Group 29 - HYDRATED ACID AND NORMAL SULFATES
AXO4·xH2O
Bassanite29.6.1.1CaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Epsomite29.6.11.1MgSO4 · 7H2O
Gypsum29.6.3.1CaSO4 · 2H2O
Melanterite29.6.10.1Fe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Siderotil29.6.7.2FeSO4 · 5H2O
AB2(XO4)4·H2O
Dietrichite29.7.3.4(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Group 30 - ANHYDROUS SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq
Jarosite30.2.5.1KFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Group 31 - HYDRATED SULFATES CONTAINING HYDROXYL OR HALOGEN
(AB)2(XO4)Zq·xH2O
Meta-aluminite31.7.5.1Al2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
Miscellaneous
Copiapite31.10.5.1Fe2+Fe3+4(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Group 51 - NESOSILICATES Insular SiO4 Groups Only
Insular SiO4 Groups Only with cations in [6] and >[6] coordination
Andradite51.4.3b.1Ca3Fe3+2(SiO4)3
Group 56 - SOROSILICATES Si2O7 Groups, With Additional O, OH, F and H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] coordination
Hemimorphite56.1.2.1Zn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si2O7 Groups and O, OH, F, and H2O with cations in [4] and/or >[4] coordination
Ilvaite56.2.3.3CaFe3+Fe2+2(Si2O7)O(OH)
Group 58 - SOROSILICATES Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups
Insular, Mixed, Single, and Larger Tetrahedral Groups with cations in [6] and higher coordination; single and double groups (n = 1, 2)
Epidote58.2.1a.7{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Group 65 - INOSILICATES Single-Width,Unbranched Chains,(W=1)
Single-Width Unbranched Chains, W=1 with chains P=2
Hedenbergite65.1.3a.2CaFe2+Si2O6
Group 71 - PHYLLOSILICATES Sheets of Six-Membered Rings
Sheets of 6-membered rings with 2:1 layers
Muscovite71.2.2a.1KAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Group 75 - TECTOSILICATES Si Tetrahedral Frameworks
Si Tetrahedral Frameworks - SiO2 with [4] coordinated Si
Quartz75.1.3.1SiO2
Unclassified Minerals, Mixtures, etc.
Aragonite-CaCO3
var: Strontian Aragonite-(Ca,Sr)CO3
'Fayalite-Forsterite Series'-

List of minerals for each chemical element

HHydrogen
H CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
H Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
H EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
H GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
H Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
H HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
H MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
H MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
H BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
H Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
H IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
H JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
H Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
H Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
H MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
H SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
H Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
H Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
H Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
H AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
CCarbon
C AragoniteCaCO3
C CalciteCaCO3
C CerussitePbCO3
C DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
C MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
C Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
C RhodochrositeMnCO3
C Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
C AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
C Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
C SmithsoniteZnCO3
C SideriteFeCO3
C Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
C AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
OOxygen
O AragoniteCaCO3
O BaryteBaSO4
O CalciteCaCO3
O CelestineSrSO4
O CerussitePbCO3
O CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
O CupriteCu2O
O DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
O Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
O EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
O GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
O Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
O HematiteFe2O3
O HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
O MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
O MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
O MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
O QuartzSiO2
O BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
O Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
O CassiteriteSnO2
O IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
O IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
O JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
O Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
O Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
O MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
O RhodochrositeMnCO3
O SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
O AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
O AnhydriteCaSO4
O ZinciteZnO
O HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
O Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
O Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
O AnglesitePbSO4
O AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
O Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
O SmithsoniteZnCO3
O SideriteFeCO3
O Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
O AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
FFluorine
F FluoriteCaF2
NaSodium
Na HaliteNaCl
MgMagnesium
Mg DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Mg EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
Mg AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
AlAluminium
Al Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Al Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
Al MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Al Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
SiSilicon
Si Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Si HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Si QuartzSiO2
Si IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Si MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
Si AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Si HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
SSulfur
S BaryteBaSO4
S BismuthiniteBi2S3
S BorniteCu5FeS4
S CelestineSrSO4
S ChalcociteCu2S
S ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
S CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
S CovelliteCuS
S EpsomiteMgSO4 · 7H2O
S GalenaPbS
S GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
S MarcasiteFeS2
S MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
S PyriteFeS2
S BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
S JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
S Meta-aluminiteAl2(SO4)(OH)4 · 5H2O
S SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
S StibniteSb2S3
S AnhydriteCaSO4
S SphaleriteZnS
S PyrrhotiteFe7S8
S Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
S AnglesitePbSO4
S TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
S SulphurS8
ClChlorine
Cl HaliteNaCl
KPotassium
K JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
K MuscoviteKAl2(AlSi3O10)(OH)2
CaCalcium
Ca AragoniteCaCO3
Ca CalciteCaCO3
Ca DolomiteCaMg(CO3)2
Ca Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Ca FluoriteCaF2
Ca GypsumCaSO4 · 2H2O
Ca BassaniteCaSO4 · 0.5H2O
Ca IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Ca AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Ca AnhydriteCaSO4
Ca HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Ca Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
Ca AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
TiTitanium
Ti IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
MnManganese
Mn RhodochrositeMnCO3
Mn Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
FeIron
Fe BorniteCu5FeS4
Fe ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Fe CopiapiteFe2+Fe43+(SO4)6(OH)2 · 20H2O
Fe Epidote{Ca2}{Al2Fe3+}(Si2O7)(SiO4)O(OH)
Fe Goethiteα-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe HematiteFe2O3
Fe MagnetiteFe2+Fe23+O4
Fe MarcasiteFeS2
Fe MelanteriteFe2+(H2O)6SO4 · H2O
Fe PyriteFeS2
Fe IlmeniteFe2+TiO3
Fe IlvaiteCaFe3+Fe22+(Si2O7)O(OH)
Fe JarositeKFe3+ 3(SO4)2(OH)6
Fe Lepidocrociteγ-Fe3+O(OH)
Fe SiderotilFeSO4 · 5H2O
Fe AndraditeCa3Fe23+(SiO4)3
Fe PyrrhotiteFe7S8
Fe HedenbergiteCaFe2+Si2O6
Fe Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Fe AnkeriteCa(Fe2+,Mg)(CO3)2
Fe TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Fe SideriteFeCO3
CuCopper
Cu BorniteCu5FeS4
Cu ChalcociteCu2S
Cu ChalcopyriteCuFeS2
Cu CovelliteCuS
Cu CupriteCu2O
Cu MalachiteCu2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Cu TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Cu Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
Cu AzuriteCu3(CO3)2(OH)2
ZnZinc
Zn HemimorphiteZn4Si2O7(OH)2 · H2O
Zn ZinciteZnO
Zn SphaleriteZnS
Zn Dietrichite(Zn,Fe2+,Mn2+)Al2(SO4)4 · 22H2O
Zn Aurichalcite(Zn,Cu)5(CO3)2(OH)6
Zn TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
Zn SmithsoniteZnCO3
Zn Rosasite(Cu,Zn)2(CO3)(OH)2
SrStrontium
Sr CelestineSrSO4
Sr Aragonite (var: Strontian Aragonite)(Ca,Sr)CO3
SnTin
Sn CassiteriteSnO2
SbAntimony
Sb StibniteSb2S3
Sb TetrahedriteCu6[Cu4(Fe,Zn)2]Sb4S13
BaBarium
Ba BaryteBaSO4
LaLanthanum
La Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
CeCerium
Ce Calkinsite-(Ce)(Ce,La)2(CO3)3 · 4H2O
PbLead
Pb CerussitePbCO3
Pb GalenaPbS
Pb AnglesitePbSO4
BiBismuth
Bi BismuthBi
Bi BismuthiniteBi2S3

Regional Geology

This geological map and associated information on rock units at or nearby to the coordinates given for this locality is based on relatively small scale geological maps provided by various national Geological Surveys. This does not necessarily represent the complete geology at this locality but it gives a background for the region in which it is found.

Click on geological units on the map for more information. Click here to view full-screen map on Macrostrat.org

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3146373
Cretaceous limestone

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Major:{limestone}, Minor{sandstone,marlstone}

Reference: Asch, K. The 1:5M International Geological Map of Europe and Adjacent Areas: Development and Implementation of a GIS-enabled Concept. Geologisches Jahrbuch, SA 3. [147]

Cretaceous
66 - 145 Ma



ID: 3186392
Mesozoic sedimentary rocks

Age: Cretaceous (66 - 145 Ma)

Lithology: Sedimentary rocks

Reference: Chorlton, L.B. Generalized geology of the world: bedrock domains and major faults in GIS format: a small-scale world geology map with an extended geological attribute database. doi: 10.4095/223767. Geological Survey of Canada, Open File 5529. [154]

Data and map coding provided by Macrostrat.org, used under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License

References

Sort by

Year (asc) Year (desc) Author (A-Z) Author (Z-A)
- Lotti, B. (1893): Descrizione geologico-mineraria dei dintorni di Massa Marittima. Mem. Descr. Carta Geol. Ital.
- Scortecci, P., Tazzini, M. (1979): The Niccioleta and Bocceggiano pyrite mines, Tuscany. Mineralogical Record, 10, 281-291.
- Simeone, R. (1980): La «stronzianite» di Boccheggiano (GR) è calcite. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 4, 1, (1-1980), 27-28.
- De Michele, V. (1974). Guida mineralogica d'Italia. Istituto Geografico De Agostini, Novara, 2 vol
- Bazzoni, C., Betti, C., Capperi, M. (2003): Il "Filone di Boccheggiano": miniere e minerali. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 27, 2: 78-89
- Ballirano, P., Bellatreccia, F., 2004. Nuovi dati sulla dietrichite di Boccheggiano, Grosseto. Riv. Mineral. Ital., 28, 4, 213-214.
- Mazzoleni, G. (2010): Luminescenza nel regno minerale. La magia dell'arcobaleno di pietra. Sandit, Albino (Bergamo), 240 pp.
- Dallegno, A., Mazzoleni, G., Menegazzi, R. (2015): Typomorphic luminescence properties of natural aragonites from Boccheggiano mining area (Southern Tuscany, Italy): correlations between their geochemical signature and spectrophotoluminescence response. (In preparation).

External Links



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